Shakala, Sakalā, Sakala, Śākala: 24 definitions


Shakala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śākala can be transliterated into English as Sakala or Shakala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shakal.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kubjikāmata-tantra

Sakalā (सकला):—First of the eight Mātṛs born from the body of Ātmī, according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra. These eight sub-manifestations (mātṛ), including Sakalā, symbolize the different kinds of souls, as well as the impurities by which these souls are bound (except for Niṣkala or Śiva). They are presided over by the Bhairava Caṇḍa and his consort Brāhmī. Ātmī is the second of the Eight Mahāmātṛs, residing within the Mātṛcakra (third of the five cakras) and represents the ātman.

Source: Kashmir Saivism

Sakala is a state of objective consciousness. When you look at a flower intently, you become the flower; the self-awareness is gone; the subjectivity dissolves in the object. This is complete objectivity of Sakala state. This is starting point in the fifteen steps in the ascent. You move from Sakala Pramatri of looking at the flower and become aware of yourself, the flower disappears; you remain and become you, the perceiver. The next step is to forget yourself and leave the object (flower) and you behind. Though the perceiver and the perceived object are in background, you fall into the void of absent subject and absent object experience; that is voidness of the Pralayakalar-Pralayakala Pramatri. The next step in the ascent is Vijnanakala Pramatri, when there is no subject-object awareness and yet you retain your consciousness. The other ascending steps are Mantrapramatri, Mantresvara Pramatri, Mantramahesvara Pramatri and finally to the state if Siva. These steps inovolve an effort up to Maya Tattva. Any ascent above it is automatic. This is called fifteen-step process- Panchadasividhih. There is the thirteen-fold process for the more accomplished ones. In the latter you have to rise being an individual to the Universal Being of Siva. The others are the 11-fold process, 9-fold process, 7-fold process, 5-fold process, and threefold process. In the last one, Sadasiva is the object and Siva is the subject-perceiver. You become Siva, the subject-observer and perceived object. Idam is found in Siva; Siva is found in Idam. The beginning point and the ending point are Siva. Compare it to the Salmon redd, the beginning and the end point.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

The material realm (sakala) is a reflection of the transcendental realm (niṣkala).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śākala (शाकल).—A city made famous in the Purāṇas. Once it was the capital of the Madra kingdom. (Sabhā Parva Chapter 32, Verse 14), Modern scholars opine that the modern Siyalkot was the old Śākala.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sakala (सकल) and Sakala both refer to epithets of Śiva, as explained in the Śivapurāṇa 1.5.—Accordingly, “Śiva alone is glorified as Niṣkala (nameless and formless) since He is identical with supreme Brahman. He is also Sakala as He has an embodied form. He is both Sakala and Niṣkala. It is in his Niṣkala aspect that the liṅga is appropriate. In the Sakala aspect the worship of his embodied form is appropriate. Since He has the Sakala and Niṣkala aspects He is worshipped both in the phallic and in the embodied form by the people and is called the highest Brahman. Other deities, not being Brahman, have no Niṣkala aspect anywhere”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śākala (शाकल).—The king of the Madras; see under Aśvapati.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 208. 5.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śākala (शाकल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.29.13) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śākala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Śākala (शाकल).—A word frequently used in the Mahabhasya for a grammatical operation or injunction (विधि (vidhi)) which forms a specific feature of the grammar of शाकल्य (śākalya), viz. that the vowels इ, उ,ऋ (i, u, ), and लृ (lṛ) remain without phonetical combination and a shortening of them, if they are long;cf.इको (iko)sसवर्णे शाकल्यस्य ह्रस्वश्च (savarṇe śākalyasya hrasvaśca) P.VI. 1. 127; शाकल्यस्य इदं शाकल्यम् । (śākalyasya idaṃ śākalyam |) ; cf. also M.Bh. on P.VI.1.77, VI.1.125,VI. 1.27;VI.2.52, VII.3.3 and VIII. 2.108; (2) pupils of शाकल्य (śākalya); cf. शाकल्यस्य छात्राः शाकलाः (śākalyasya chātrāḥ śākalāḥ) M. Bh. on P. IV.I.18;(3) a village in the Vahika district; cf. शाकलं नाम वाहीकग्रामः (śākalaṃ nāma vāhīkagrāmaḥ) M. Bh. on IV.2.104 Vart. 3.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Shakala in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śākala (शाकल) is the name of an ancient city in the Madra country, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 44. Accordingly, as Vajraprabha said to Naravāhanadatta: “of old there was in the country of the people of Madra a town named Śākala; Candraprabha, the son of Aṅgāraprabha, was king of it”.

Also “... in that city [Śākala] great rejoicing took place on account of his arrival; in one place there was the occupation of dancing, in another the delight of music; in one place the amusement of drinking, in another the toilet rites of fair-eyed ladies; in another the voice of bards loud in the praise of him [Sūryaprabha] who had obtained what he desired”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śākala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shakala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sakala : (adj.) whole; entire.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sakala, (adj.) (cp. Sk. sakala) all, whole, entire Vin. II, 109; Vism. 321; SnA 132; PvA. 93, 97, 111. Cp. sākalya. (Page 660)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śakala (शकल).—n (S) A piece or bit, esp. a slice.

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śakala (शकल).—f ( A Form &c.) A device, contrivance, expedient, stratagem; a scheme or invention for effecting. v kāḍha, pāḍa, kara, yōja, nigha. 2 f n Face, form, air, cast, features, aspect; appearance or apparent quality and character (of an affair or a matter).

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sakala (सकल).—a (S) Whole, entire, complete, perfect. 2 All or every one; the whole number, mass, or quantity.

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sakala (सकल).—a & n (Better sakhala) Low or short: also a low spot or place.

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sakaḷa (सकळ).—a (sakala S) Whole or entire. 2 All or every one; the whole quantity or the whole number.

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sakaḷa (सकळ).—ad R sakaḷavēḷīṃ ad R (sa, kāḷa, & vēḷa) Early in the morning. 2 In good time, betimes, in sufficient time beforehand. Ex. tū cākarī sōḍaṇāra asalāsa tara malā sakaḷavēḷīṃ sāṅga mhaṇajē dusarā kōṇhī pāhīna.

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sakāḷa (सकाळ).—f ē (sukāla S) Early morning, the season about sunrise.

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sakāḷa (सकाळ).—ad sakāḷāṃ or ḷīṃ ad (sakāḷa) Tomorrow morning. 2 Early in the morning: also in the morning.

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sākaḷa (साकळ) [or सांकळ, sāṅkaḷa].—f (śṛṅkhalā S) A chain: and, when considered with reference to sāṅkaḷī, a large chain. 2 A chain or row (of teeth).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śakala (शकल).—n A bit, slice. f A device. f n Features.

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sakala (सकल).—a Whole, entire. All or everyone.

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sakaḷa (सकळ).—a Whole. All. ad Early in the morning. In good time, betimes.

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sakāḷa (सकाळ).—f Early morning. ad In the morning.

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sakāḷa (सकाळ).—ad sakāḷāṃ-ḷīṃ ad To-morrow morning.

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sākaḷa (साकळ).—f A chain.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śakala (शकल).—[śak-kalak Uṇ.1.19]

1) A part, portion, piece, fragment, bit; ताभ्यां स शकलाभ्यां च दिवं भूमिं च निर्ममे (tābhyāṃ sa śakalābhyāṃ ca divaṃ bhūmiṃ ca nirmame) Ms.1.13; उपलशकलमेतद्भेदकं गोमयानाम् (upalaśakalametadbhedakaṃ gomayānām) Mu.3.15; R.2.46;5.73.

2) A pot-sherd; प्रतिगृह्य पुटेनैव पाणिना शकलेन वा (pratigṛhya puṭenaiva pāṇinā śakalena vā) Ms.6.28.

3) A spark; उद्यत्कृशानुशकलेषु खुराभि- घातात् (udyatkṛśānuśakaleṣu khurābhi- ghātāt).

-lam 1 Bark.

2) The scales (of a fish).

3) A half; as in चन्द्रशकलम् (candraśakalam).

4) Cinnamon.

Derivable forms: śakalaḥ (शकलः), śakalam (शकलम्).

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Śākala (शाकल).—a. (- f.) [शकल-अन् (śakala-an)]

1) Relating to a piece (śakala).

2) Relating, belonging to or derived from the शाकल (śākala)s.

-laḥ A school of the Ṛigveda or the followers of this school (pl.)

-lam 1 A brown variety of sandal; शाकलं कपलमिति (śākalaṃ kapalamiti) Kau. A.2.11.

2) A chip, piece.

3) The text or ritual of शाकल्य (śākalya).

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Sakala (सकल).—a.

1) Together with the parts.

2) All, whole, entire, complete.

3) Having all the digits, full (as the moon); as in सकलेन्दुमुखी (sakalendumukhī).

4) Having a soft or low sound.

-lam 1 Everything.

2) The whole.

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Sakāla (सकाल).—a. Seasonable, opportune.

-lam ind. Seasonably, betimes, early in the morning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śakalā (शकला).—(-śakalā), see asthi-ś°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakala (शकल).—mn.

(-laḥ-laṃ) A part, a portion, a piece. n.

(-laṃ) 1. Skin. 2. Bark. 3. A kind of (black) pigment or die. 4. The scales of a fish. E. śak to be able, kalac Unadi aff.

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Sakala (सकल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) All, whole, entire. f.

(-lā) 1. Together with a part. 2. Entire. 3. With all the digits, full, (as the moon.) 4. Having a soft or low sound. E. sa with, kalā a part, ac aff.

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Sakāla (सकाल).—n. Adv.

(-laṃ) Betimes, early in the morning. E. sa with, kāla time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakala (शकल).— (a form of śarkara by intermediate *śakkara, and with l for r, cf. śarkarā), I. m. and n. A part, a portion, a piece, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 46, 19; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 193 (194); 262, 25; a potsherd, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 28. Ii. n. 1. Skin. 2. Bark. 3. The scales of a fish. 4. A kind of (black) pigment.

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Śākala (शाकल).—adj. Epithet of a kind of sacrifice, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 200; cf. 256.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śakala (शकल).—[masculine] [neuter] chip, splint, potsherd; piece morsel, fragment; [neuter] a half ([especially] of an egg-shell).

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Śākala (शाकल).—[masculine] [neuter] = śakala; [masculine] [plural] the adherents of Śākalya, [adjective] relating to them.

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Sakala (सकल).—[adjective] having parts, divisible, material; all, whole, entire; [neuter] everything.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śakala (शकल):—mn. (in, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] also śakara, of doubtful derivation) a chip, fragment, splint, [logic] piece, bit, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc. (śakalānikṛ, with [accusative], ‘to separate, divide, dissipate’ [Raghuvaṃśa])

2) a potsherd, [Manu-smṛti vi, 28]

3) a spark (in kṛśānu-ś), [Śiśupāla-vadha v 9]

4) n. a half, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa] (candra-ś, the half-moon, [Kādambarī])

5) a half-verse, [Kedāra’s Vṛtti-ratnākara]

6) the half of an egg-shell, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) skin, bark, [Divyāvadāna]

8) the scales of a fish (cf. śalka, śalkala), [ib.]

9) the skull (in kapāla-ś)

10) cinnamon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) a kind of black pigment or dye, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) m. Name of a man [gana] gargādi.

13) Śākala (शाकल):—mfn. ([from] śakala) dyed with the substance called Śakala, [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 4-2, 2]

14) relating to a piece or portion, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

15) derived from or belonging or relating to the Śākalas, [Manu-smṛti ix, 200] (cf. [Pāṇini 4-3, 128])

16) m. or n. a chip, piece, fragment, splinter, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; ???]

17) m. ([scilicet] maṇi) an amulet made of chips of wood, [Kauśika-sūtra]

18) Name of an ancient teacher, [Catalogue(s)]

19) a kind of serpent, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

20) ([plural]) the Śākalas (id est.) followers of Śākalya, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya] ([gana] kaṇvādi)

21) the inhabitants of the town Śākala, [Mahābhārata]

22) n. the text or ritual of Śākalya, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Patañjali]

23) Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

24) of a town of the Madras, [Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara]

25) of a village of the Bāhīkas, [Patañjali on Pāṇini 4-2, 104], [vArttika] 4.

26) Sakala (सकल):—[=sa-kala] [from sa > sa-kaṅkaṭa] 1. sa-kala mfn. (for 2. See sub voce) having a soft or low sound, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

27) Sakāla (सकाल):—[=sa-kāla] [from sa > sa-kaṅkaṭa] mfn. seasonable, [ib.]

28) Sakala (सकल):—[=sa-kala] 2. sa-kala mf(ā)n. ([from] 7. sa + kalā; for 1. sa-kala See p. 1123, col. 3) consisting of parts, divisible, material (opp. to aand niṣ-k), [Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata]

29) [v.s. ...] possessing all its component parts, complete, entire, whole, all (pratijñāṃ sakalāṃ-√kṛ, ‘to fulfil one’s promise’; m. [sometimes with api] ‘everybody’; n. ‘everything’ or ‘one’s whole property’), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

30) [v.s. ...] whole = wholesome, sound (opp. to vi-kala), [Nīlakaṇṭha]

31) [v.s. ...] affected by the elements of the material world (with Śaivas applied to a soul which has not advanced beyond the lowest stage of progress), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

32) [v.s. ...] paying interest, [Naiṣadha-carita]

33) Sākala (साकल):—n. Name of a town in Madras (also written śākala), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śakala (शकल):—[(laḥ-laṃ)] 1. m. n. A part. n. Skin, bark, fish scales; black die.

2) Sakala (सकल):—[sa-kala] (laḥ-lā-laṃ) a. All, whole, entire.

3) Sakāla (सकाल):—[sa-kāla] (laṃ) adv. Early.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śakala (शकल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sayala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shakala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shakala in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śakala (शकल) [Also spelled shakal]:—(nf) same as [śakla;-sūrata] see [śakla-sūrata].

2) Sakala (सकल) [Also spelled sakal]:—(a) whole, all, entire; total.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śakala (ಶಕಲ):—

1) [noun] a small portion separated from a whole; a piece.

2) [noun] any of the two equal portions of a whole; a half.

3) [noun] a broken piece of a pot; a pot-sherd.

4) [noun] the entire bony or cartilaginous framework of the head of a human; the skull.

5) [noun] any outer layer suggestive of skin, as rind, bark, etc.

6) [noun] a thin, horny plate forming the outer protective covering of the body in many fishes; the scale.

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Śakaḷa (ಶಕಳ):—[noun] = ಶಕಲ [shakala].

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Sakala (ಸಕಲ):—

1) [adjective] consisting of parts.

2) [adjective] possessing all its component parts.

3) [adjective] complete; entire; full.

4) [adjective] having, consisting of a soft vowel.

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Sakala (ಸಕಲ):—

1) [noun] that which is consisting of parts.

2) [noun] he who has infinite knowledge; the Omniscient.

3) [noun] a large number people, animals, things etc. gathered at a place; a group; a multitude.

4) [noun] (myth.) name of a hell.

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Sakaḷa (ಸಕಳ):—[adjective] = ಸಕಲ [sakala]1.

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Sakaḷa (ಸಕಳ):—[noun] = ಸಕಲ [sakala]2.

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Sakāla (ಸಕಾಲ):—[noun] a right time or moment.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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