Bhagavat; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bhagavat means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Bhagavat (भगवत्) is a synonym for the Buddha according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV).

Why is he called P’o k’ie p’o (Bhagavat)?:

1) In the word Bhagavat, bhāga means quality (guṇa) and vat indicates its possession: “the one who possesses qualities”.

2) Bhāga means to analyze (vibhāga) and vat indicates skill (kuśala). Skillful in analyzing the general and specific characteristics (svasāmānyalakṣaṇa) of the dharmas, he is called Bhagavat.

3) Bhāga means glory (yaśas-) and vat indicates its possession. Thus this word means “the one who possesses glory”. No-one else has as much glory as the Buddha. The noble Cakravartin kings, Indra, Brahmā, the Lokapālas, are inferior to the Buddha. What then could be said of ordinary men (pṛthagjana)?

4) Bhāga means to crush (bhaṅga) and vat indicates the ability. The person who can crush desire (rāga), hatred (dveṣa) and stupidity (moha) is called Bhagavat.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

There are many different meanings: one who possesses auspicious signs, one who destroys illusions evil, one who is provided with such auspicious virtues of freedom as the law, fame, good signs, desire and diligence, one who has completely understood the Four Noble Truths, one who receives and keeps various excellent practices, one who has abandoned the wandering of transmigration.(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

bhagavat (भगवत्).—This is, in Sanskrit, the neuter termination of the adjective bhagavān, or the form in composition of bhagavān (the common name of God); as bhagavatkṛpā Divine favor, bhagavatsattā Divine power, bhagavadicchā The divine will, bhagavatsēvā, bhagavadrūpa, bhaga- vanmāyā, bhagavadbhakti or bhagavadbhajana, bhagavatprāpti, bhagavaddāsa.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhagavat (भगवत्).—a.

1) Glorious, illustrious.

2) Revered, venerable, divine, holy (an epithet applied to gods, demigods and other holy or respectable personages); स्वर्गप्रकाशो भगवान् प्रदोषः (svargaprakāśo bhagavān pradoṣaḥ) Rām.5.5.8; अथ भगवान् कुशली काश्यपः (atha bhagavān kuśalī kāśyapaḥ) Ś.5; भगवन् परवानयं जनः (bhagavan paravānayaṃ janaḥ) R.8.81; so भगवान् वासुदेवः (bhagavān vāsudevaḥ) &c.; उत्पत्तिं च विनाशं च भूतानामागतिं गतिम् । वेत्ति विद्यामविद्यां च स वाच्यो भगवानिति (utpattiṃ ca vināśaṃ ca bhūtānāmāgatiṃ gatim | vetti vidyāmavidyāṃ ca sa vācyo bhagavāniti) ||

3) Fortunate (Ved.). -m.

1) A god, deity.

2) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

3) Of Śiva.

4) Of Jina.

5) Of Buddha.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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