Vishti, Viṣṭi: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vishti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Visti or Vishti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Viṣṭi (विष्टि).—A daughter of Vivasvān and Chāyā; became Kāla of cruel deeds.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 11. 9, 39.

1b) A yugādi for śrāddha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 17. 3.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Viṣṭi (विष्टि) was born to Tapatī: (possibly ) the daughterr of Chāyā and Bhāskara (sun-god): the son of Aditi and Kaśyapa according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Saurapurāṇa 30.27-73 and chapter 31 descibes the vaṃśānucarita in an abridged form. It is stated that Aditi got from Kaśyapa, Bhāskara, the Sun-god. The Sun-god had four wives—Saṃjñā, Rājñī, Prabhā and Chāyā. Saṃjñā gave birth to Manu from the Sun-god in whose race were born the kings. Chāyā gave birth to Sāvarṇi (and possibly a daughter Tapatī). Tapatī gave birth to Sani and Viṣṭi.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Viṣṭi.—(IE 8-5; CII 4; HRS), labour which the villa- gers were obliged to provide to the king or landlord on occa- sions; unpaid labour; forced labour. Cf. veṭṭi (SITI), unpaid labour for public works in the vil- lage without time or other limits; usually mentioned along with vetana as veṭṭi-vetanai. Cf. veṭṭi-ccoṟu, the obligation of feed- ing veṭṭi labourers free of cost; also cf. Tamil veṭṭi-pāṭṭam (EI 24), explained as ‘a kind of tax’; tax in lieu of viṣṭi. Note: viṣṭi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viṣṭi (विष्टि).—f S Labor or service exacted without remuneration. 2 The name of the seventh karaṇa. See karaṇa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Viṣṭi (विष्टि).—f. [viṣ-ktin ktic vā]

1) Pervading.

2) An act, occupation.

3) Hire, wages.

4) Unpaid labour; दण्ड- विष्टिकराबाधै रक्षेदुपहतां कृषिम् (daṇḍa- viṣṭikarābādhai rakṣedupahatāṃ kṛṣim) Kau. A.

5) Sending.

6) Residence in hell to which one is condemned.

7) See विष्टिकारिन् (viṣṭikārin); Mb.12.59.41.

Derivable forms: viṣṭiḥ (विष्टिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Viṣṭi (विष्टि).—(m. or) f., °ṭiḥ Mahāvyutpatti 4397, comet according to Tibetan, ḥjug (mjug) phod; note mjug phod can, having a tail, according to [Tibetan-English Dictionary] comet; in a list of prodigies and omens.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣṭi (विष्टि).—mfn. (-ṣṭiḥ-ṣṭiḥ-ṣṭi) Working, labouring, a workman. f.

(-ṣṭiḥ) 1. Unpaid labour, working without wages. 2. Occupation, act, action. 3. Hire, wages. 4. The seventh of the variable Karanas, or astrological periods so termed, each answering to half a lunar day. 5. Sending, dispatching. 6. Consigning to torture, casting into hell, &c. E. viś to enter, (into pain by it,) and ktin or ktic aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣṭi (विष्टि).—i. e. 2. viṣ + ṭi, I. adj. and sbst. Working, a workman. Ii. f. 1. Occupation, Chr. 294, 3 = [Rigveda.] i. 92, 3; act, action. 2. Unpaid labour. 3. Hire, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 63, 55, Seramp. 4. Sending, dispatching. 5. Sending to hell.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Viṣṭi (विष्टि).—[feminine] bustle, stirring, activity, service; one’s turn, times (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viṣṭi (विष्टि):—[from viṣ] 1. viṣṭi f. (for 2. See p. 999, col. 1) service, ([especially]) forced s°, compulsory work, drudgery (also collectively ‘servants, slaves, bondsmen’), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Inscriptions] (ifc. also ṭika)

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of one of the seven Ṛṣis in the 11th Manv-antara, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) Viṣṭī (विष्टी):—[from viṣṭi > viṣ] ind. changing, alternatively, by turns, [Ṛg-veda] (in this sense [according to] to some from vi + √1. as; cf. abhi-, pari-ṣṭi).

4) Viṣṭi (विष्टि):—2. viṣṭi f. (for 1. See p. 996, col. 2) = vṛṣṭi, rain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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