Yajus, Yajush: 11 definitions


Yajus means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Yajus (यजुस्) is the name of a Brāhman from Dākṣiṇa (the Deccan), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 73. Accordingly, as Bhūrivasu said to king Bhūnandana: “... for I am a Brāhman named Bhūrivasu, the son of a sacrificing Brāhman of the Deccan, named Yajuḥ, and I am a chief among magicians. My father communicated his knowledge to me, and I learned from a treatise on Pātāla the proper charms and ceremonies for propitiating Hāṭakeśāna”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Yajus, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Yajus (यजुस्) refers to “sacrificial formulae”, according to the Mattavilāsaprahasana.—Accordingly, as the Kāpālika cries out: “My darling, look. This pub resembles the Vedic sacrificial ground. For its signpost resembles the sacrificial pillar; in this case alcohol is the Soma, drunkards are the sacrificial priests, the wine glasses are the special cups for drinking Soma, the roasted meat and other appetizers are the fire oblations, the drunken babblings (matta-vacana) are the sacrificial formulae (yajus), the songs are the Sāman-hymns, the pitchers are the sacrificial ladles, thirst is the fire and the owner of the pub is the patron of the sacrifice”

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yajus (यजुस्).—n. [yaj-usi]

1) A sacrificial prayer or formula; तां कामयानां भगवानुवाह यजुषां पतिः (tāṃ kāmayānāṃ bhagavānuvāha yajuṣāṃ patiḥ) Bhāgavata 4.1.6.

2) A text of the Yajurveda, or the body of sacred mantras in prose muttered at sacrifices; वृत्तगीतिवर्जितत्वेन प्रश्लिष्टपठिता मन्त्रा यजूंषि (vṛttagītivarjitatvena praśliṣṭapaṭhitā mantrā yajūṃṣi) Sāyaṇa; cf. मन्त्र (mantra).

3) Name of the Yajurveda.

4) Ved. Worship, oblation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajus (यजुस्).—n.

(-juḥ) The Yajur or Yajush, one of the four Vedas; it is divided into two principal portions, the white and black, or Vajasaneyi and Taittiriya, the former of which is attributed to the saint Yajnawalkya, to whom it was revealed by the sun, in the form of a horse; and the latter to Taittiri, to whom it was communicated by Yaska, the first pupil of its original author, the sage Vaisampayana: according to the Puranas the Taittiriya portion was named from Tittiri a partridge; the disciples of Vaisampayana being changed into those birds, to pick up the texts of the Veda as they were disgorged in a tangible shape by Yajnawalkya, at the command of Vaisam- Payana: both portions of this Veda are very full on the subject of religious rites, and the prayers peculiar to it, are chiefly in measured and poetical prose. E. yaj to worship, Unadi aff. usi .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajus (यजुस्).—[yaj + us], n. The Yajus, one of the four Vedas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajus (यजुस्).—[neuter] sacred awe, worship, sacrifice; sacrificial text, also = yajurveda (sgl. & [plural]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yajuṣ (यजुष्):—[from yaj] in [compound] for yajus.

2) Yajus (यजुस्):—[from yaj] n. religious reverence, veneration, worship, sacrifice, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] a sacrificial prayer or formula (technical term for [particular] Mantras muttered in a peculiar manner at a sacrifice; they were properly in prose and distinguished from the ṛc and sāman q.v.), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Name of the Yajur-veda q.v. (also [plural])

5) [v.s. ...] of a [particular] sacrificial text, [Nṛsiṃha-tāpanīya-upaniṣad]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yajus (यजुस्):—(juḥ) 5. n. The Yajur Veda.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Yajuṣ (यजुष्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jau.

[Sanskrit to German]

Yajus in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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