Sapta, Shapta, Śapta, Saptan: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Sapta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śapta can be transliterated into English as Sapta or Shapta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sapt.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Śapta (शप्त, “cursed”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., śapta—cursed], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sapta (सप्त) or Saptadina refers to “seven (days)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Śveta Ketu is a comet which appears in the east about midnight with its tail pointing to the south. Ka Ketu is a comet of the shape of a carriage pole and appears in the west. Both the above Ketus are seen simultaneously for 7 days [i.e., sapta-dina-dṛśya]. If both should appear glossy, there will be prosperity and happiness in the land; if the Ka Ketu should be visible for over 7 days, there will be much suffering from wars for ten years”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sapta (सप्त) or Saptasuta refers to the “seven sons” (of Diti), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.14 (“The Birth of Tāraka and Vajrāṅga”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] The distressed Diti sought refuge in Kaśyapa and and serving him with devotion and observing the sacred rites she conceived. On coming to know of it, Indra entered her womb forcibly and cut it off many a time with his thunderbolt. By the power of her sacred rites, the child in the womb did not die as she was sleeping at that time, by a stroke of good luck. They were cut into seven pieces and so she had seven sons [i.e., sapta-sutasapta saptābhavansutāḥ]. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Sapta (सप्त) or Saptadina refers to “seven (days)”, according to the Mataṅgapārameśvara (with Rāmakaṇṭha’s commentary).—Accordingly, “Having worshipped the Lord, he should oblate into the fire at the three junctures of the day a thousand pieces of Udumbara-wood smeared with the three [sweet substances]. Consuming [only] milk, he should make oblations [in this manner] for seven days (sapta-dina). He will become one who has accomplished the vidyāvrata”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saptan (सप्तन्) refers to the “seven (reals)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Consequently, the sages have said that the seven reals (saptan-tattvasaptaiva tattvānyūcur ) are sentient soul, non-sentient matter, the influx of karma, the binding of karma, stopping the influx of karma, wearing away karma and liberation”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sapta (सप्त).—a (S) Seven.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sapta (सप्त).—a Seven.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śapta (शप्त).—p. p.

1) Cursed; निशम्य शप्तमतदर्हं नरेन्द्रम् (niśamya śaptamatadarhaṃ narendram) Bhāgavata 1. 18.41.

2) Sworn.

3) Reviled, abused; (see śap).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—num. a. (always pl.; sapta nom. and acc.) Seven.

 

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śapta (शप्त).—mfn.

(-ptaḥ-ptā-ptaṃ) 1. Cursed. 2. Sworn. 3. Abused. m.

(-ptaḥ) A sort of grass, (Saccharum cylindricum.) E. śap to curse, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—mfn. Plural only, (sapta) Seven. E. ṣap to be collected, Unadi aff. kanin and tuṭ augment.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—numeral adj. Seven, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śapta (शप्त).—[adjective] cursed, conjured; [neuter] curse, oath.

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Sāpta (साप्त).—[neuter] the number seven.

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Sāpta (साप्त).—[neuter] the number seven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्).—[adjective] [plural] seven (used also to express an indefinite plurality).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śapta (शप्त):—[from śap] mfn. idem, [Suparṇādhyāya; Mahābhārata] etc. (-vat mfn. = [perfect tense] śaśāpa, [Mahābhārata])

2) [v.s. ...] adjured, conjured, [Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] sworn, taken as an oath, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Saccharum Cylindricum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. a curse, imprecation, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Kāṭhaka]

6) [v.s. ...] an oath, [Rāmāyaṇa]

7) Sapta (सप्त):—[from saptan] ifc. (cf. tri-ṣapta, tri-sapta) and in [compound] for saptan, seven

8) [v.s. ...] mfn. = tama, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Viṣṇu, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra iii, 44] (where sapta mahā-bhāga may be two words; cf. sapta-mahā-bh).

10) Sāpta (साप्त):—1. sāpta n. or sāpta ([from] saptan, of which it is also the Vṛddhi form in [compound]) the number seven, a heptade, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

11) a team of seven horses ([according to] to others m. and a proper Name), [Ṛg-veda viii, 55, 5.]

12) 2. sāpta n. ([from] sapti) a horse-race, running-match for horses or the prize given for one, [Ṛg-veda ii, 19, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saptan (सप्तन्):—sg. and [plural] ([nominative case] [accusative] sapta; [instrumental case] tabhis; [dative case] [ablative] tabhyas; [genitive case] tānām [locative case] tasu) seven (a favourite number with the Hindūs, and regarded as sacred, often used to express an indefinite plurality [in the same manner as ‘three’, by which it is sometimes multiplied] ; hence 7 Mātṛs, 7 streams, 7 oceans, 7 cities [Ṛg-veda i, 63, 7], 7 divisions of the world, 7 ranges of mountains, 7 Ṛṣis, 7 Vipras [Ṛg-veda i, 62, 4], 7 Ādityas, 7 Dānavas, 7 horses of the Sun, 7 flames of fire, 7 Yonis of fire, 7 steps round the fire at marriage, 7 Samidhs, 7 tones, 7 sacrificial rites, 7 Maryādās, thrice 7 Padāni or mystical steps to heaven [Ṛg-veda i, 72, 6], thrice 7 cows etc.), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

2) cf. Zend hapta; [Greek] ἑπτά; [Latin] septem; [Lithuanian] septynī; [Slavonic or Slavonian] sedmĭ; [Gothic] sibun; [German] sieben; [English] seven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śapta (शप्त):—(ptaḥ) 1. m. A sort of grass. a. Cursed; sworn by.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptan (सप्तन्):—a. Seven.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śapta (शप्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Satta, Savia.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saptan (सप्तन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Satta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sapta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sapta (सप्त) [Also spelled sapt]:—(a) seven; (nm) the number seven; ~[ka] octave; the seven notes in music; an aggregate of seven; ~[daśa] seventeen; the number seventeen; ~[padī] the ceremony of seven circumambulations of the sacred sacrificial fire as an integral part of the Hindu wedding process; ~[bhuvana] see ~[loka; ~ma] seventh; ~[] the seventh day of each half of a lunar month; the locative case (in Grammar); ~[rṣi] Ursa Major; the seven sages ([marīci, atri, aṃgirā, pulaha, ṛtu, pulastya, vasiṣṭha); ~loka]the seven worlds ([bhūloka, bhuvarloka, svarloka, maharloka, janaloka, tapoloka, satyaloka); ~svara] the seven notes of music ([sa re ga ma pa dha nī]).

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sapta (ಸಪ್ತ):—[adjective] totaling to seven.

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Sapta (ಸಪ್ತ):—[noun] the cardinal number seven; 7.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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