Drona, Droṇā, Droṇa: 32 definitions


Drona means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Droṇa (द्रोण, “bucket”) is a Sanskrit technical term translating in english to “bucket”, referring to ‘a measure of capacity’. It is used through vāstu-śāstra literature.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Droṇa (द्रोण) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘10.24 kilograms’ used in Ayurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Droṇa unit corresponds to 4 Āḍhaka units (a single Āḍhaka unit equals 2.56 kilograms). You need 4 Droṇa units to make a single Droṇī unit (1 Droṇī equals 40.96 kilograms).

Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:

  • Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
  • 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
  • 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
  • 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
  • 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
  • 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
  • 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
  • 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
  • 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
  • 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
  • 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
  • 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
  • 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

1) Droṇa (द्रोण) refers to a unit of measurement of weight (1 droṇa equals 12.288kg; 2 droṇas = 1 surpa = 24.576kg), as defined in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning droṇa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

A relative overview of weight-units is found below, droṇa indicated in bold. In case of liquids, the metric equivalents would be the corresponding litre and milliliters.

1 Ratti or Guñjā = 125mg,
8 Rattis - 1 Māṣa = 1g,
4 Māṣa - 1 Kaḻañc = 4g,
12 Māṣas - 1 Karṣa = 12g,
1 Karṣa /Akṣa - 1 Niṣka = 12g,
2 Karṣas - 1 Śukti = 24g,
2 Śukti - 1 Pala = 48g,
2 Palas - 1 Prasṛti = 96g,
2 Prasṛtis - 1 Kuḍava = 192g,
2 Kuḍava - 1 Mānikā = 384g,
2 Mānikās - 1 Prastha (Seru) = 768g,
4 Prasthas - 1 Āḍhaka (Kaṃsa) = 3.072kg,
4 Āḍhakas or Kalaśas - 1 Droṇa = 12.288kg,
2 Droṇas - 1 Surpa = 24.576kg,
2 Surpas - 1 Droṇī (Vahi) = 49.152kg,
4 Droṇīs - 1 Khari = 196.608kg,
1 Pala = 48g,
100 Palas - 1 Tulā = 4.8kg,
20 Tulās - 1 Bhāra = 96kg.

2) Droṇa (द्रोण) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Leucas aspera Spreng” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning droṇa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Droṇa (द्रोण):—A unit of Measurement; Sixteen prastha will make one drona equivalent to 12. 228 kg / l metric units

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Droṇa (द्रोण) is another name for Hemaparvata, one of the seven major mountains in Kuśadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 87. Kuśadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Vapuṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Droṇa (द्रोण).—The teacher in archery of the Pāṇḍavas and the Kauravas. Birth. Droṇa was the son of Bharadvāja who had his hermitage erected on the bank of the Ganges. Once Bharadvāja went to bathe in the river. When he got into the river he saw the celestial maid Ghṛtācī. The celestial maid ran away as soon as she saw the hermit. But her cloth was caught in grass and slipped off her body. When the hermit saw the complete form of her body which was bright and beautiful, he had seminal discharge. The discharged semen was kept in a Droṇa (trough). A child was born from that and he was named Droṇa, who was brought up in the hermitage. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 13). (See full article at Story of Droṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Droṇa (द्रोण).—A bird. A son born to the hermit Mandapāla of Jaritā, a bird. (See under Khāṇḍavadāha, Para 8).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Droṇa (द्रोण) refers to one of the four “terrible clouds (toyada) causing dissolution (pralaya)” that arose after Brahmā spilled four drops of semen unto the ground, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Śiva said to Brahmā:—“[...] the semen drops that fell in the middle of the altar-ground from you when you were excited by lust and seen by me will not be retained by any one. Four drops of your semen (caturbindu) fell on the ground. Hence so many terrible clouds (toyada) causing dissolution (pralaya) shall rise up in the sky (vyoman). In the meantime, (when Śiva said so) in front of the Devas and the sages, so many clouds emanated from the semen drops. O dear one, four types of great clouds that caused destruction are the Saṃvartaka, the Āvarta, the Puṣkara and the Droṇa. O excellent sage, those clouds rumbling and roaring with hideous sounds dropping showers at the slightest wish of Śiva burst asunder in the sky”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Droṇa (द्रोण).—Married Kṛpī, and was the father of Aśvatthāma.1 Taught Dhanurveda to the Pāṇḍavas but served Duryodhana's army, succeeding Bhīṣma as commander, and after a five days' battle was killed by Dhṛṣṭadyumna;2 met by Kṛtavarman, Kṛṣṇa and Rāma.3 Informed by Uddhava of Rāma's visit to Hastināpura; invited for the Rājasuya of Yudhiṣṭhira.4 Went to Syamantapañcaka for solar eclipse and met there Kṛṣṇa and the Vṛṣṇis.5 Ācārya of the Pāṇḍavas and the Kurus.6 Baladeva's respect for.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 7. 27; IX. 21. 36. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 68; V. 35. 5, 27.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 15. 15-16; X. 78 [(95 (V) 16], 29-36.
  • 3) Ib. X. 52. [56 (V) 4], 12; 57. 2.
  • 4) Ib. X. 68. 17 and 28; 74. 10.
  • 5) Ib. X. 82. 24; 84. 57, 69 [1].
  • 6) Matsya-purāṇa 103. 5.
  • 7) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 35. 36; 38. 16, 47, 64.

1b) Mountain in Bhāratavarṣa, touching the sea;1 entered the waters for fear of Indra.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 16; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 76.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 121. 73.

1c) A Vasu born as Nanda; his wife was Abhimatī, and sons were Harṣa, Śoka, Bhaya and others.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 11; X. 8. 48-50.

1d) Mountain a hill of Śālmalidvīpa (Kuśadvīpa, Matsya-purāṇa) noted for great medicinal plants, viśalyakaraṇī and mṛtasanjīvini, capable of bringing back the dead to life.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 38-39; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 26; Matsya-purāṇa 122. 56.

1e) One of the seven Pralaya clouds.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 2. 8.

1f) A measure of grain.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 83. 12; 84. 2.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Droṇa (द्रोण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.31.8, VI.68.2, VI.83.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Droṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Droṇa (द्रोण) refers to “ or Droṇācārya; Commander of the Kaurava army”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (shaivism)

Droṇa (द्रोण) refers to one of the various leaves and flowers used in the worship of Śiva, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—The text refers the following flowers and leaves to be offered to Lord Śiva [viz., Droṇa][...]. It is stated that if a person offers these flowers to Lord Śiva, planting himself, the Lord Himself receives those flowers.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Droṇa (द्रोण) refers to a measurement unit equaling four khārikās, according to Kāśīnātha Upādhye’s Dharmasindhu, a commentary on the Rāma Daivajña’s Muhūrtacintāmaṇi (an astrological work).—Accordingly, “[...] Then that vessel becomes the standard measure for the period of one ghaṭī. There the unit of one prastha contains sixteen palas. For it has been said: one pala is four suvarṇas; then kuḍava, prastha, āḍhaka, droṇa and khārikā, are respectively each four times the previous unit. In another text, it has been said that four fistfuls are one kuḍava, four kuḍavas are one prastha. Some others say that the time taken for uttering sixty long syllables is one pala, and that the duration of sixty palas is one nāḍikā. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Droṇa (द्रोण) denotes in the Rigveda a ‘wooden trough’, and more specifically it designates in the plural vessels used for holding Soma. The great wooden reservoir for Soma is called a Droṇa-kalaśa. The altar was sometimes made in the form of a Droṇa.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In the epic Mahābhārata, Drona was the royal guru to Kauravas and Pandavas. He was a master of advanced military arts, including the Devāstras. Arjuna was his favorite student. Droṇa's love for Arjuna was second only to his love for his son Aśhvatthāma. He was considered to be a partial incarnation of Bṛhaspati.

Droṇācārya had been the preceptor of most kings involved in the Kurukṣetra, on both sides. Droṇācārya strongly condemned the sending into exile of Pāṇḍavas by the wicked prince Duryodhana and his brothers and for their abusive treatment of the Pāṇḍavas, beside usurping their kingdom. But being a servant of Hastināpura, Droṇācārya was duty-bound to fight for the Kauravas, and thus against his favorite Pāṇḍavas.

Dronacharya was one of the most powerful and destructive warriors in the Kurukshetra War. He was an invincible warrior, whom no person on earth could defeat. He single-handedly slayed hundreds of thousands of Pandava soldiers, with his powerful armory of weapons and incredible skill. After the fall of Bhīṣma, he became the Chief Commander of the Kuru Army for 5 days of the war.

Droṇa implies that he was not gestated in a womb, but outside the human body in a droṇa (vessel or a basket). Droṇācārya spent his youth in poverty, but studied religion and military arts such as archery, in which he gained expertise, together with the then prince of Pañcāla, Drupada. Drupada and Droṇācārya became close friends. Droṇācārya married Kṛipi, the sister of Kṛipa, the royal teacher of the princes of Hastinapura. Like Droṇa himself, Kṛipī and her brother had not been gestated in a womb, but outside the human body (see Kṛipī page). Kṛpi and Droṇa had a son, Aśvatthāma.[3]

etymology: Drona (Sanskrit: द्रोण, droṇa) or Dronacharya (Sanskrit: द्रोणाचार्य, droṇācārya)

Source: Oxford Reference: A Dictionary of Hinduism

A protagonist in several key episodes in the first half of the Mahābhārata. A great brahmin warrior (the son of the ṛṣi Bharadvāja), Droṇa is the teacher of both the Kauravas and the Pāṇḍavas, including his great favourite, Arjuna. In the war, Droṇa fights on the Kaurava side, and succeeds Bhīṣma as the commander of their army. By his own account he can only be defeated if tricked. This comes about when he is told by Yudhiṣṭhira that ‘Aśvatthāman’, his son, is dead, although this ‘Aśvatthāman’ is in fact an elephant. Believing Yudhiṣṭhira, a renowned man of truth, Droṇa allows himself to die in a yogic pose, and is subsequently beheaded by Drupada's son, Dhṛṣṭadyumna, in revenge for Droṇa's killing of his father. The real Aśvatthāman swears to destroy both the Pāñcālas and the Pāṇḍavas for these adharmic acts.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Droṇā (द्रोणा) is one of the four daughters of Siṃhahana: an ancient king of the solar clan (āditagotra or sūryavaṃśa) according to the Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya mentioned in a footnote in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). The Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya attributes four sons and four daughters to Siṃhahana: Śuddhodana, Śuklodana, Droṇodana, Amṛtodana, Śuddhā, Śuklā, Droṇā, Amṛtā.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Droṇa.—(IE 8-6; Chamba), a grain measure; often regarded as equal to four āḍhakas; between one maund fourteen seers and two maunds, according to Bengali authors. (IE 8-1; EI 24, 29, 30), name of a land measure derived from that of a measure of capacity; shortened form of droṇavāpa. Note: droṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Drona in India is the name of a plant defined with Lepidium sativum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Crucifera nasturtium E.H.L. Krause (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Acta Biologica Cracoviensia, Series Botanica (1980)
· Deutschlands Flora, Abtheilung II, Cryptogamie (1902)
· Research Bulletin (1976)
· Acta Facultatis Rerum Naturalium Universitatis Comenianae, Botanica (1986)
· Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici (1794)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Drona, for example extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

drōṇa (द्रोण).—m (S) pop. drōṇā m A vessel made of leaves tacked together, to hold ghee and other liquid substances; a butterboat. 2 Any vessel (of wood, stone &c.) in the shape of a boat,--as a bathingtub, a baling-vessel, a watering-trough, a scuttle. hātācā or hātāpāyācē drōṇa hōṇēṃ To draw up or contract--hand, arm, limbs.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

drōṇa (द्रोण).—m A vessel made of leaves to hold ghee, &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Droṇa (द्रोण).—[cf. Un. 3. 1.]

1) A lake 4 poles long.

2) A cloud (or a particular kind of cloud) abounding in water (from which rain streams forth as from a bucket). कोऽयमेवंविधे काले कालपाशस्थिते मयि । अनावृष्टिहते शस्ये द्रोणमेघ इवोदितः (ko'yamevaṃvidhe kāle kālapāśasthite mayi | anāvṛṣṭihate śasye droṇamegha ivoditaḥ) || Mṛcchakaṭika 1.26.

3) A raven or a carrion crow.

4) A scorpion.

5) A tree (in general).

6) A tree bearing (white) flowers.

7) Name of the preceptor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas. [Droṇa was the son of the sage Bharadvāja, and was so called because the seed, which fell at the sight of a nymph called Ghṛtāchī, was preserved by the sage in a droṇa. Though a Brāhmaṇa by birth, he was well-versed in the science of arms which he learnt from Paraśurāma. He afterwards taught the Kauravas and the Pāṇḍavas the science of arms and archery. When, however, the great war commenced, he attached himself to the side of the Kauravas, and after Bhīṣma had been mortally wounded-'lodged in the cage of darts'he assumed the command of the Kaurava forces and maintained the struggle for four successive days, achieving wonderful exploits and killing thousands of warriors on the Pāṇḍava side. On the fifteenth day of the battle the fight continued even during the night, and it was on the morning of the 16th that Bhīma, at the suggestion of Kṛṣṇa, said within Droṇa's hearing that Aśvatthāman was slain (the fact being that an elephant named Aśvatthaman had fallen on the field). Being at a loss to understand how that could be, he appealed to Yudhiṣṭhira, 'the truthful', who also, at the advice of Kṛṣṇa, gave an evasive reply--uttered loudly the word Aśvatthāman and added 'Gaja or elephant' in a very low tone; sec Ve.3.9. Sorely grieved at the death of his only son, the kind-hearted old father fell in a swoon, and Dhṛṣṭadyumna, his avowed enemy, took advantage of this circumstance, and cut off his head.]

-ṇaḥ, -ṇam A measure of capacity, either the same as an Āḍhaka or equal to 4 Āḍhakas or 1/16 of a Khāri, or 32 or 64 shers; द्रोणस्तु खार्याः खलु षोडशांशः (droṇastu khāryāḥ khalu ṣoḍaśāṃśaḥ) Lilā (Mar. adamaṇa).

-ṇam 1 A wooden vessel or cup, bucket; ततोऽस्य रेतश्चस्कन्द तदृषिर्द्रोण आदधे (tato'sya retaścaskanda tadṛṣirdroṇa ādadhe) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.13. 37.

2) A tub.

Derivable forms: droṇaḥ (द्रोणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Droṇa (द्रोण).—(°-), valley (so Sanskrit droṇī), implied in droṇa- mukha, q.v.; [Boehtlingk and Roth] state that v.l. droṇī° occurs for droṇa° in Mahāvyutpatti (5285), but Mironov droṇa° with no v.l.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Droṇa (द्रोण).—mn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ) 1. A measure of capacity, the same as an Ad'haka: see āḍhaka. 2. A measure of four Ad'hakas. 3. In common use, a measure of thirty-two Seers, or rather more than sixty-four lbs. avoirdupois. 4. The sixteenth part of a Khari, or forty-eight gallons. m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. A proper name, the military preceptor of the Pandus. 2. A raven, or perhaps the carrion crow. 3. A scorpion: see druṇa. 4. A large piece of water, one four hundred poles long. 5. One of the principal clouds. 6. A small tree bearing white flowers. f. (-ṇiḥ-ṇī) 1. Any oval vessel made of wood, stone, &c. in the shape of a boat, and used for holding or pouring out water, as a bathing tub, a baling vessel, a bucket, a watering pot, &c. 2. A trough or rack for feeding cattle. 3. The name of country. 4. The name of a mountain. m.

(-ṇiḥ) The name of a river. f. (-ṇī) 1. The indigo plant. 2. The union of two mountains, the valley or chasm between them. 3. A sort of boat, implying the sort of water vessel, probably described above. 4. A measure of capacity equal to 128 Seers. E. dru to go, na or ni Unadi affix, and ṅīṣ added to either form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Droṇa (द्रोण).—probably dru + van (t) + a, I. n. A wooden tub, Mahābhārata 1, 5105. Ii. m. and n. 1. A measure of capacity, = āḍhaka, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 126. 2. A cloud abounding in water, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 163, 8. Iii. m. A proper name, the military preceptor of the Pāṇḍus and Kurus, Mahābhārata 1, 2434. Iv. f. ṇī. 1. A wooden tub, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3866. 2. A valley, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 10, 5; [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 141.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Droṇa (द्रोण).—[neuter] trough, bucket, cup, a cert. measure; [masculine] [Name] of an ancient hero, the teacher of the Kurus and Pāṇḍavas, & of [several] other men; also = droṇamegha; [feminine] droṇā a woman’s name; [feminine] droṇī = [neuter] + channel, valley.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Droṇa (द्रोण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Ratnakaraṇḍikā [dharma]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Droṇa (द्रोण):—n. ([from] 4. dru) a wooden vessel, bucket, trough etc.; a Soma vessel (cf. [Zend] draona), [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata] etc. (ifc. f(ā). , [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi])

2) mn. a measure of capacity (= 4 Āḍhakas = 16 Puṣkalas = 128 Kuñcis = 1024 Muṣṭis, or = 200 Palas = 1/20 Kumbha, or = 1/16 Khārī= 4 Āḍhakas, or = 2 Āḍhakas = 1/2 Śūrpa= 64 Śeras, or = 32 Śeras), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

3) a measure for measuring fields (as much land as is sown with a D° of corn), [Colebrooke]

4) n. an altar shaped like a trough, [Śulba-sūtra iii, 216]

5) m. a lake or large piece of water of 400 poles length, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) a kind of cloud (from which the rain streams forth as from a bucket), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. -megha and -vṛṣṭi below)

7) a raven or crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. -kāka)

8) a scorpion (cf. druṇa)

9) a kind of plant ([probably] Leucas Linifolia), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Name of one of the 8 Vasus (husband of Abhimati and father of Harṣa, Śoka, Bhaya etc.), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

11) of a Brāhman said to have been generated by Bharad-vāja in a bucket (the military preceptor of both the Kuru and Paṇḍu princes; afterwards king of a part of Pañcāla and general of the Kurus, the husband of Kṛpī and father of Aśvatthāman), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa] etc.

12) of one of the 4 sons of Mandapāla and Jaritā (born as birds), [Mahābhārata i, 8345 etc.] (as author of [Ṛg-veda x, 142, 3, 4], with the [patronymic] Śārṅga)

13) of a Brāhman, [Pañcatantra]

14) of sub voce other men, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

15) of sub voce mountains, [ib.]

16) Droṇā (द्रोणा):—[from droṇa] f. a kind of shrub, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] Name of a daughter of Siṃha-hanu, [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Droṇa (द्रोण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ)] 1. m. n. A measure; commonly 34 sers or 641b. m. The military teacher of the Pāndus; a raven; a scorpion; a large piece of water; large cloud; a tree with white flowers. f. (ṇiḥ-ṇī) Oval vessel made of wood or stone, a trough; a country; a mountain; indigo plant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Droṇa (द्रोण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Doṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Drona in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of drona in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Drōṇa (ದ್ರೋಣ):—

1) [noun] a wooden vessel, bucket, trough, etc.

2) [noun] a cup made of a leaf of a plant.

3) [noun] a measure of capacity equal to four koḷagas.

4) [noun] a kind of cloud (from which the rain streams forth as from a bucket).

5) [noun] the largest crow (Corvus corax), with a straight, sharp beak; a raven.

6) [noun] an arachnid of an order (Scorpionida) that has an elongated body and a narrow segmented tail bearing a venomous stinger at the tip; a scorpion.

7) [noun] the eighth sign of the zodiac, entered by the sun about October 24; Scorpio.

8) [noun] any of various families of tailless, leaping anuran amphibians with long, powerful hind legs, short forelegs, a smooth skin, and webbed feet; a frog.

9) [noun] the celebrated teacher in Mahābhārata, who tought martial arts to Pāndava and Kaurava princes.

10) [noun] a curved, flexible strip of wood or metal, with a tightly drawn cord connecting the two ends, used for shooting arrows; a bow.

11) [noun] the administrative city that has jurisdiction over four surrounding towns and villages.

12) [noun] the small plant Leucas aspera of Lamiaceae family.

13) [noun] its small, white flower.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of drona in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

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