Kavi: 14 definitions


Kavi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Kavi (कवि):—One of the ten sons of Śrāddhadeva (current Manu) and Śraddhā. In other places this name is replaced with Nābhāga (not to be confused with Nabhaga) (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa )

2) Kavi (कवि):—One of the sons of Duritakṣaya (son of Mahāvīrya). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.19-20)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kavi (कवि).—A son of Vaivasvata Manu. Vivasvān was the son of Kaśyapa and Aditi. Vaivasvata Manu was the son of Vivasvān. Manu had sixteen sons who were-Manu, Yama, Yamī, Aśvinīkumāras, Revanta, Sudyumna, Ikṣvāku, Nṛga, Śaryāti, Diṣṭa, Dhṛṣta, Karūṣa, Nariṣyanta, Nābhāga, Pṛṣadhra and Kavi.

2) Kavi (कवि).—There is a reference to a sage named Kavi who was the son of the sage Bhṛgu, in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 42,. He was among the sages who stole the lotus of Agastya. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 32).

3) Kavi (कवि).—An agni who was the fifth son of Bṛhaspati, is named Kavi. This agni is situated in the sea in the form of Baḍavāgni. This agni has two other names also—Udāha and Ūrddhvabhāk. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 219, Verse 20).

4) Kavi (कवि).—In Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Verse 132, Chapter 85, we find that three persons, namely, Kavi, Bhṛgu and Aṅgiras took their birth from the sacrificial fire at the famous Yāga of Brahmā. Of them Brahmā made Kavi his own son. This Kavi had eight sons known as the Varuṇas. One of them was named Kavi and another was named Kāvya.

5) Kavi (कवि).—Ṛgveda, 1st Maṇḍala, 17th Anuvāka. 116th Sūkta refers to a blind sage named Kavi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kavi (कवि).—A son of Kṛṣṇa and Kālindī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 14; 90. 34.

1b) A son of Dakṣinā and Yajña; a Tuṣita god.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 7-8.

1c) A son of Bhṛgu (Prāṇa—Burnouf) and father of the great Śukrācārya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 45.

1d) A son of Prīyavrata and Barhiṣmati. Remained a bachelor all life, being engaged in ātmavidyā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 1. 25-26.

1e) A son of Ṛṣabha and a bhāgavata. A sage who expounded to Nimi the bhāgavata dharma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 11; XI. 2. 21, 33-43[1].

1f) A surname of Brahmā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 9. 34.

1g) A son of Śrāddradeva and Śraddhā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1. 12.

1h) A son of Vaivasvata Manu. Left kingdom and its pleasures, and became devoted to Hari. Attained Parabrahman at an early age.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1. 12; 2. 15.

1i) A son of Duritakṣaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 19.

1j) Is Uśīrāgni; the Agni who married Svadhā; after him came Kāvyas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 85; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 29.

1k) The father of Bhautya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 51.

1l) A god of Sutāra group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 89.

1m) A sage of the Tāmasa epoch; a mantrakṛt.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 15; 145. 103.

1n) One of the seven sons of Kauśika.*

  • * B. 20. 3.

1o) The son of Urukṣava and Viśālā, became a Brāhmaṇa, and one of the three best maharṣis among the Kāvyas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 39.

1p) A son of Śveta; avatār of the 23rd dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 205.

1q) Sons of, originators of Pitṛs with forms; their daughter Gauh belonging to dvija gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 35-36.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Kavi (कवि, “poet”).—According to Abhinavagupta a poet (kavi) may be compared with a connoisseur—But it is to be pointed out here that a poet when actually realizes aesthetic pleasure, at that particular moment he becomes transformed into a connoisseur, so it has been said in the Bālabodhini, a commentary on the Kāvyaprakāśa. According to Hemacandra there are three kinds of utilities of poetry. These are supreme bliss, attainment of fame, acquisition of advice in the charming manner of a beloved. Of these three the most important purpose is spontaneous and supreme delight. It is equally accrued by a poet (kavi) and a connoisseur of poetic art. Attainment of fame and acquisition of advice are gained respectively by a poet and an appreciator.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kavi : (m.) poet.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kavi, (Vedic kavi) a poet S. I, 38; II, 267; Dāvs. I, 10; four classes enumerated at A. II, 230 & DA. I, 95, viz. 1. cintā° an original p. 2. suta° one who puts into verse what he Las heard. 3. attha° a didactic p. 4. paṭibhāṇa° an improvisor.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kavi (कवि).—m (S) A poet. Pr. jēṃ dēkhalēṃ nāhīṃ ravi tēṃ dēkhalēṃ kavi Where are the bounds of the vision of the poet? What the sun in his wide circuit hath never discovered that hath been seen by the poet. "The poet's eye" &c. Shaks.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kavi (कवि).—m A poet.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kavi (कवि).—a. [ku-i Uṇ.4.138]

1) Omniscient; Mb.1.5. 27; कविं पुराणमनुशासितारम् (kaviṃ purāṇamanuśāsitāram) Bg.8.9; Ms.4.24.

2) Intelligent, clever, wise; कविर्मूकवदात्मानं स दृष्ट्या दर्शयेन्नृणाम् (kavirmūkavadātmānaṃ sa dṛṣṭyā darśayennṛṇām) Bhāg.7.13,1.18.

3) Thinking, thoughtful.

4) Praiseworthy.

-viḥ 1 A wise man, a thinker, a sage; कवीनामुशना कविः (kavīnāmuśanā kaviḥ) Bg.1.37; Ms.7.49,2.151.

2) A poet; तद् ब्रूहि रामचरितं आद्यः कविरसि (tad brūhi rāmacaritaṃ ādyaḥ kavirasi) U.2; मन्दः कवियशः- प्रार्थी (mandaḥ kaviyaśaḥ- prārthī) R.1.3; इदं कविभ्यः पूर्वेभ्यो नमोवाकं प्रशास्महे (idaṃ kavibhyaḥ pūrvebhyo namovākaṃ praśāsmahe) U.1.1; Śi.2.86.

3) An epithet of Śukra, the preceptor of the Asuras; कविरिव वृषपर्वणः (kaviriva vṛṣaparvaṇaḥ) K.56.

4) Vālmīki, the first poet.

5) Brahmā; Bhāg.5.18.6.

6) The sun. -f. The bit of a bridle; see कविका (kavikā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kavi (कवि).—mfn. (-viḥ-viḥ or -vī-vi) Learned, wise. m.

(-viḥ) 1. A poet. 2. The sun. 3. Sukra, the regent of the planet Venus, and preceptor of the demons. 4. A name of Valmiki, the author of the Ramayana, the inventor of poesy. 5. A name of Brahma. f. (-viḥ-vī) The bit of a bridle, or the reins altogether; also kavikā. E. ku to sound, to celebrate, and in Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kavi (कवि).—[adjective] wise, thoughtful; [masculine] a wise man, seer, sage, poet ([especially] of artificial poems); [Name] of [several] men.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kavi (कवि):—mfn. (√1. cf. 2. kava, ākūta, ākūti, kāvya, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 15; Nirukta, by Yāska xii, 13; Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 138]) gifted with insight, intelligent, knowing, enlightened, wise, sensible, prudent, skilful, cunning

2) m. a thinker, intelligent man, man of understanding, leader

3) a wise man, sage, seer, prophet

4) a singer, bard, poet (but in this sense without any technical application in the Veda), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i, 4, 2, 8; Kaṭha-upaniṣad iii, 14; Mahābhārata; Bhagavad-gītā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Manu-smṛti vii, 49; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

5) Name of several gods, ([especially]) of Agni, [Ṛg-veda ii, 23, 1; x, 5, 4, 3; iii, 5, 1; i, 31, 2; 76, 5]

6) of Varuṇa, Indra, the Aśvins, Maruts, Ādityas

7) of the Soma

8) of the Soma priest and other sacrificers

9) (probably) Name of a particular poet

10) cf. aṅgiras ([Manu-smṛti ii, 151]) and uśanas ([Bhagavad-gītā x, 37])

11) of the ancient sages or patriarchs (as spirits now surrounding the sun)

12) of the Ṛbhus (as skilful in contrivance)

13) of Pūṣan (as leader or guider)

14) Name of a son of Brahmā, [Mahābhārata xiii, 4123, 4142-4150]

15) of Brahmā, [Horace H. Wilson]

16) of a son of Bhṛgu and father of Śukra, [Mahābhārata i, 2606] (cf. [3204; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 1, 45 and; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti on Manu-smṛti iii, 198])

17) that of Śukra (regent of the planet Venus and preceptor of the demons), [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 495]

18) of the planet Venus, [Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]

19) of the sons of several Manus, [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

20) of a son of Kauśika and pupil of Garga, [Harivaṃśa]

21) of a son of Ṛṣabha, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

22) of Vālmīki, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) a keeper or herd, [Ṛg-veda vii, 18, 8]

24) ([figuratively]) Name of the gates of the sacrificial enclosure, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā v, 11, 1, 2] (cf. kavaṣ)

25) the sun, [Horace H. Wilson]

26) of various men

27) the soul in the Sāṃkhya philosophy [commentator or commentary]

28) a cunning fighter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) an owl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

30) f(is, or ī, [Horace H. Wilson]). the bit of a bridle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) the reins (cf. kavikā), [Horace H. Wilson]

32) a ladle (cf. kambi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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