Kavi: 20 definitions



Kavi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Kavi (कवि):—One of the ten sons of Śrāddhadeva (current Manu) and Śraddhā. In other places this name is replaced with Nābhāga (not to be confused with Nabhaga) (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa )

2) Kavi (कवि):—One of the sons of Duritakṣaya (son of Mahāvīrya). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.19-20)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kavi (कवि).—A son of Vaivasvata Manu. Vivasvān was the son of Kaśyapa and Aditi. Vaivasvata Manu was the son of Vivasvān. Manu had sixteen sons who were-Manu, Yama, Yamī, Aśvinīkumāras, Revanta, Sudyumna, Ikṣvāku, Nṛga, Śaryāti, Diṣṭa, Dhṛṣta, Karūṣa, Nariṣyanta, Nābhāga, Pṛṣadhra and Kavi.

2) Kavi (कवि).—There is a reference to a sage named Kavi who was the son of the sage Bhṛgu, in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 42,. He was among the sages who stole the lotus of Agastya. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 32).

3) Kavi (कवि).—An agni who was the fifth son of Bṛhaspati, is named Kavi. This agni is situated in the sea in the form of Baḍavāgni. This agni has two other names also—Udāha and Ūrddhvabhāk. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 219, Verse 20).

4) Kavi (कवि).—In Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Verse 132, Chapter 85, we find that three persons, namely, Kavi, Bhṛgu and Aṅgiras took their birth from the sacrificial fire at the famous Yāga of Brahmā. Of them Brahmā made Kavi his own son. This Kavi had eight sons known as the Varuṇas. One of them was named Kavi and another was named Kāvya.

5) Kavi (कवि).—Ṛgveda, 1st Maṇḍala, 17th Anuvāka. 116th Sūkta refers to a blind sage named Kavi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kavi (कवि).—A son of Kṛṣṇa and Kālindī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 14; 90. 34.

1b) A son of Dakṣinā and Yajña; a Tuṣita god.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 7-8.

1c) A son of Bhṛgu (Prāṇa—Burnouf) and father of the great Śukrācārya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 45.

1d) A son of Prīyavrata and Barhiṣmati. Remained a bachelor all life, being engaged in ātmavidyā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 1. 25-26.

1e) A son of Ṛṣabha and a bhāgavata. A sage who expounded to Nimi the bhāgavata dharma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 4. 11; XI. 2. 21, 33-43[1].

1f) A surname of Brahmā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 9. 34.

1g) A son of Śrāddradeva and Śraddhā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1. 12.

1h) A son of Vaivasvata Manu. Left kingdom and its pleasures, and became devoted to Hari. Attained Parabrahman at an early age.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1. 12; 2. 15.

1i) A son of Duritakṣaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 19.

1j) Is Uśīrāgni; the Agni who married Svadhā; after him came Kāvyas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 85; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 29.

1k) The father of Bhautya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 51.

1l) A god of Sutāra group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 89.

1m) A sage of the Tāmasa epoch; a mantrakṛt.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 15; 145. 103.

1n) One of the seven sons of Kauśika.*

  • * B. 20. 3.

1o) The son of Urukṣava and Viśālā, became a Brāhmaṇa, and one of the three best maharṣis among the Kāvyas.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 49. 39.

1p) A son of Śveta; avatār of the 23rd dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 205.

1q) Sons of, originators of Pitṛs with forms; their daughter Gauh belonging to dvija gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 35-36.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of kavi in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Kavi (कवि, “poet”).—According to Abhinavagupta a poet (kavi) may be compared with a connoisseur—But it is to be pointed out here that a poet when actually realizes aesthetic pleasure, at that particular moment he becomes transformed into a connoisseur, so it has been said in the Bālabodhini, a commentary on the Kāvyaprakāśa. According to Hemacandra there are three kinds of utilities of poetry. These are supreme bliss, attainment of fame, acquisition of advice in the charming manner of a beloved. Of these three the most important purpose is spontaneous and supreme delight. It is equally accrued by a poet (kavi) and a connoisseur of poetic art. Attainment of fame and acquisition of advice are gained respectively by a poet and an appreciator.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of kavi in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Kavi (कवि) refers to:—A poet or great thinker. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of kavi in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kavi (कवि) refers to “one who composes literary productions” and represents one of the eight divisions of Prabhāvanā (“propogation”), according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Vajranābha acquired strong Tirthakṛt-body-making and family-karma by the twenty sthānakas as follows:—[...] The twentieth is the propagation of the doctrine by Vidyās, prognostication, literary composition, discussion, discourses on dharma, etc. [viz., Kavi] Of these (i.e., of the twenty) one is cause for gaining tīrthakṛtnāma-karma”.—(Cf. note 120 and Yogaśāstra 2.16, p. 65)

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of kavi in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kavi : (m.) poet.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kavi, (Vedic kavi) a poet S. I, 38; II, 267; Dāvs. I, 10; four classes enumerated at A. II, 230 & DA. I, 95, viz. 1. cintā° an original p. 2. suta° one who puts into verse what he Las heard. 3. attha° a didactic p. 4. paṭibhāṇa° an improvisor.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of kavi in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kavi (कवि).—m (S) A poet. Pr. jēṃ dēkhalēṃ nāhīṃ ravi tēṃ dēkhalēṃ kavi Where are the bounds of the vision of the poet? What the sun in his wide circuit hath never discovered that hath been seen by the poet. "The poet's eye" &c. Shaks.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kavi (कवि).—m A poet.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of kavi in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kavi (कवि).—a. [ku-i Uṇ.4.138]

1) Omniscient; Mb.1.5. 27; कविं पुराणमनुशासितारम् (kaviṃ purāṇamanuśāsitāram) Bg.8.9; Ms.4.24.

2) Intelligent, clever, wise; कविर्मूकवदात्मानं स दृष्ट्या दर्शयेन्नृणाम् (kavirmūkavadātmānaṃ sa dṛṣṭyā darśayennṛṇām) Bhāg.7.13,1.18.

3) Thinking, thoughtful.

4) Praiseworthy.

-viḥ 1 A wise man, a thinker, a sage; कवीनामुशना कविः (kavīnāmuśanā kaviḥ) Bg.1.37; Ms.7.49,2.151.

2) A poet; तद् ब्रूहि रामचरितं आद्यः कविरसि (tad brūhi rāmacaritaṃ ādyaḥ kavirasi) U.2; मन्दः कवियशः- प्रार्थी (mandaḥ kaviyaśaḥ- prārthī) R.1.3; इदं कविभ्यः पूर्वेभ्यो नमोवाकं प्रशास्महे (idaṃ kavibhyaḥ pūrvebhyo namovākaṃ praśāsmahe) U.1.1; Śi.2.86.

3) An epithet of Śukra, the preceptor of the Asuras; कविरिव वृषपर्वणः (kaviriva vṛṣaparvaṇaḥ) K.56.

4) Vālmīki, the first poet.

5) Brahmā; Bhāg.5.18.6.

6) The sun. -f. The bit of a bridle; see कविका (kavikā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kavi (कवि).—mfn. (-viḥ-viḥ or -vī-vi) Learned, wise. m.

(-viḥ) 1. A poet. 2. The sun. 3. Sukra, the regent of the planet Venus, and preceptor of the demons. 4. A name of Valmiki, the author of the Ramayana, the inventor of poesy. 5. A name of Brahma. f. (-viḥ-vī) The bit of a bridle, or the reins altogether; also kavikā. E. ku to sound, to celebrate, and in Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kavi (कवि).—i. e. kū + i, I. adj. Wise (ved.). Ii. m. 1. A wise man, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 49. 2. A poet, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 203. 3. A proper name, Mahābhārata 13, 4123. Iii. f. The bit of a bridle, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 53, 18 (cf. kavala).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kavi (कवि).—[adjective] wise, thoughtful; [masculine] a wise man, seer, sage, poet ([especially] of artificial poems); [Name] of [several] men.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kavi (कवि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—pupil of Rāmānujācārya: Vṛttarāmāyaṇa, metrics. Oudh. V, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kavi (कवि):—mfn. (√1. cf. 2. kava, ākūta, ākūti, kāvya, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska iii, 15; Nirukta, by Yāska xii, 13; Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 138]) gifted with insight, intelligent, knowing, enlightened, wise, sensible, prudent, skilful, cunning

2) m. a thinker, intelligent man, man of understanding, leader

3) a wise man, sage, seer, prophet

4) a singer, bard, poet (but in this sense without any technical application in the Veda), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa i, 4, 2, 8; Kaṭha-upaniṣad iii, 14; Mahābhārata; Bhagavad-gītā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Manu-smṛti vii, 49; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

5) Name of several gods, ([especially]) of Agni, [Ṛg-veda ii, 23, 1; x, 5, 4, 3; iii, 5, 1; i, 31, 2; 76, 5]

6) of Varuṇa, Indra, the Aśvins, Maruts, Ādityas

7) of the Soma

8) of the Soma priest and other sacrificers

9) (probably) Name of a particular poet

10) cf. aṅgiras ([Manu-smṛti ii, 151]) and uśanas ([Bhagavad-gītā x, 37])

11) of the ancient sages or patriarchs (as spirits now surrounding the sun)

12) of the Ṛbhus (as skilful in contrivance)

13) of Pūṣan (as leader or guider)

14) Name of a son of Brahmā, [Mahābhārata xiii, 4123, 4142-4150]

15) of Brahmā, [Horace H. Wilson]

16) of a son of Bhṛgu and father of Śukra, [Mahābhārata i, 2606] (cf. [3204; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 1, 45 and; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti on Manu-smṛti iii, 198])

17) that of Śukra (regent of the planet Venus and preceptor of the demons), [Rājataraṅgiṇī iv, 495]

18) of the planet Venus, [Boehtlingk’s Sanskrit-Woerterbuch in kuerzerer fassung]

19) of the sons of several Manus, [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

20) of a son of Kauśika and pupil of Garga, [Harivaṃśa]

21) of a son of Ṛṣabha, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

22) of Vālmīki, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) a keeper or herd, [Ṛg-veda vii, 18, 8]

24) ([figuratively]) Name of the gates of the sacrificial enclosure, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā v, 11, 1, 2] (cf. kavaṣ)

25) the sun, [Horace H. Wilson]

26) of various men

27) the soul in the Sāṃkhya philosophy [commentator or commentary]

28) a cunning fighter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) an owl, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

30) f(is, or ī, [Horace H. Wilson]). the bit of a bridle, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) the reins (cf. kavikā), [Horace H. Wilson]

32) a ladle (cf. kambi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kavi (कवि):—(viḥ) 2. m. A poet; the sun; Sukra; Brahmā, Vālmīki. a. Learned, wise, literary.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kavi (कवि):—

--- OR ---

Kavi (कवि):—2. f. Gebiss eines Zaumes [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 413.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 519.] [Medinīkoṣa v. 4.] Auch kavī [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1250.] [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. kavika, kavikā, kaviya, kavīya .

--- OR ---

Kavi (कवि):—3. f. Löffel [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1021] (v. l. kambi).

--- OR ---

Kāvī (कावी):—f. zum patron. kāvya gaṇa śārṅgaravādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 73.]

--- OR ---

Kavi (कवि):—1.

1) tatkavayo vadanti [Prātiśākha zum Atharvaveda 3, 65.] [Spr. 4053.] Gegens. jaḍa [4197. 4636.] —

3) [Oxforder Handschriften 53,b,7.] Bhārgava [Weber’s Indische Studien.3,212,b.] ein Sohn Kṛṣṇa’s [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 61, 14. 90, 34.] ein älterer Bruder Kalki's [KALKI-Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2. 3 im Śabdakalpadruma] = vālmīki [VIŚVA] bei [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 4, 138.] —

4) = puruṣa [Sânkhya Philosophy 18.] —

5) = caurayoddhar [Śabdakalpadruma] mit folgendem Belege: vedhasthāne raṇe bhaṅgo durge khaṇḍiḥ prajāyate . kavipraveśanaṃ tatra yodhāghātaśca tatra vai .. iti sarvatobhadracakre jyotistattvam . — Vgl. kāvya .

--- OR ---

Kavi (कवि):—2. nach [BENFEY] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 53, 18], wo aber kiṅkiṇīka vibhūṣita abzutrennen ist.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kavi (कवि):—1. —

1) Adj. sinnig , verständig , klug , weise ; m. ein Denker , Weiser , kluger Mann. Auch Götter erhalten dieses Beiwort. Compar. kavitara , Superl. kavitama. —

2) m. — a) Dichter , insbes. Kunstdichter. — b) im Sāṃkhya die Seele. — c) ein hinterlistiger Kämpfer. — d) Nomen proprium oder blosser Beiname verschiedener Männer. — e) der Planet Venus [Indische sprüche 7632.7861] (an beiden Stellen zugleich Dichter). — f) *Eule [Rājan 19,91.]

--- OR ---

Kavi (कवि):—2. f.

1) Gebiss eines Zaumes.

2) Löffel.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kavi in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kavi (कवि):—(nm) a poet; —[karma] poetic function, composition/creation; -[prasiddhi] poetic convention; ~[rāja] a physician; a king of poets; ~[vara] a leading poet, an excellent poet; —[samaya] age-old traditional description.

context information


Discover the meaning of kavi in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: