Utsanga, aka: Utsaṅga; 7 Definition(s)


Utsanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Utsaṅga (उत्सङ्ग) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with ‘combined hands’ (saṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

One of the saṃyutta-hastāni (Twenty-four combined Hands).—Utsaṅga (embrace): Mṛga-śīrṣa hands held upon opposite armpits. Usage: embrace, modesty, armlet, education of children.

According to another book: Arāla hands held crosswise on the shoulders. The patron deity is Gautama. Usage: modesty,embrace, assent, cold, saying “Sādhu”, hiding the breasts, etc.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Utsaṅga (उत्सङ्ग).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with combined hands (saṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): When the Arāla hands are contrarily placed and are held upturned and bent, the Utsaṅga hand will be the result.

(Uses): It is used to indicate feeling of touch. It is also used to indicate acts of anger and indignation, in pressing of hands similar to women’s acts of jealousy.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Utsaṅga (उत्सङ्ग) is the twenty-fourth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (eg., utsaṅga), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

utsaṅga (उत्संग).—m S The lap.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

utsaṅga (उत्संग).—m The lap.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Utsaṅga (उत्सङ्ग).—[ud-sañj-ādhāraṃ ghañ]

1) The lap; पुत्रपूर्णोत्सङ्गा (putrapūrṇotsaṅgā) with a boy seated in the lap U.1; उत्सङ्गवर्धितानां गुरुषु भवेत्कीदृशः स्नेहः (utsaṅgavardhitānāṃ guruṣu bhavetkīdṛśaḥ snehaḥ) V.5.1; न केवलमुत्सङ्गश्चिरान्मनोरथोऽपि मे पूर्णः (na kevalamutsaṅgaścirānmanoratho'pi me pūrṇaḥ) U.4; Me.88; cf. also विशालतरमुत्सङ्गं कुरु (viśālataramutsaṅgaṃ kuru) (spread out the garment on the lap Pratimā Act. I.).

2) Embrace, contact, union; विस्तारिस्तनकुम्भकुडमलभरोत्सङ्गेन संभाविता (vistāristanakumbhakuḍamalabharotsaṅgena saṃbhāvitā) (mālā) Māl.8.6;

3) Interior, vicinity; दरिगृहो- त्सङ्गनिषक्तभासः (darigṛho- tsaṅganiṣaktabhāsaḥ) Ku.1.1; कर्ण° (karṇa°) K.15; शय्योत्सङ्गे (śayyotsaṅge) Me.95.

4) Surface, side, slope; दृषदो वासितोत्सङ्गाः (dṛṣado vāsitotsaṅgāḥ) R.4.74; 14.76.

5) The haunch or part above the hip (nitamba).

6) The upper part, top; सौधोत्सङ्गप्रणयविमुखो मा स्म भूरुज्जयिन्याः (saudhotsaṅgapraṇayavimukho mā sma bhūrujjayinyāḥ) Me.27; K.52.

7) (a) The acclivity or edge of a hill; तुङ्गं नगोत्सङ्गमिवारुरोह (tuṅgaṃ nagotsaṅgamivāruroha) R.6.3; (b Peak, summit; utsaṅge mahādreḥ Ki.7.21.

8) The roof of a house.

9) Vault, canopy (as of sky); अपिहितगगनोत्सङ्ग- मङ्गं धुनोति (apihitagaganotsaṅga- maṅgaṃ dhunoti) Mv.5.53.

1) The bottom or deep part of an ulcer.

11) A high number (= 1 Vivāhas).

12) An ascetic (utkrāntaḥ saṅgam).

-gam A high number.

Derivable forms: utsaṅgaḥ (उत्सङ्गः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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ōsaṅga (ओसंग).—m The lap. Tree-shade.
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