Terrible: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Terrible means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Gitashastra (science of music)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (gita)

The Terrible Sentiment (in Sanskrit: bhayānaka-rasa) refers to one of the nine kinds of Sentiment (rasa) in Indian classical Music. They have an inherent relationship with the svaras (“musical notes”).—There are nine kinds of sentiments: [e.g., Terrible (bhayānaka)]. In the Nāṭyaśāstra some particular svaras are determined for the delineation of some specific sentiments. In the Nāṭyaśāstra it is accepted that—the note dhaivata is used to delineate the sentiments of bībhatsa and bhayānaka.

context information

Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

The Terrible Sentiment is denoted by the Sanskrit term Bhayānaka-rasa, which represents one of the nine kinds of Rasa (“soul of Drama”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa bhayānaka is the sentiment of fear which arises from the commitment of a self committing offence. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, bhayānakarasa (the terrible sentiment) is accepted as the result of bībhatsa. In the Nāṭyaśāstra, Bharata gives numerous causes of fear viz., horrible noise, sight of ghosts, sound of jackal and owls, scene of dark forest, sight of death or imprisonment of dear ones etc.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (shilpa)

The Terrible (sentiment) refers to one of the Nine Sentiments (citrarasa) in ancient Indian Painting (citra), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—Painting is a medium of showing the inner feelings and emotions of a painter which can strikes the inherent sentiments of connoisseur’s mind [e.g., the terrible sentiment (bhayānaka)]. [...] According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, bhayānakarasa can be manifested in a Painting through the portrayal of wicked or terrible looking persons engaged in crazy and violent activities. It can be deduced that if a painter paints the picture of the scene of abduction of Sītā by Rāvaṇa as described in the 49th chapter of the Araṇyakāṇḍa of the Rāmāyaṇa, it would definitely reflect the sentiment of fear.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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