Devendra, Deva-indra: 17 definitions


Devendra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Devendra (देवेन्द्र).—Name given to a work on grammar, presumably the same as जैनेद्र-शब्दानुशासन (jainedra-śabdānuśāsana) written by पूज्यपाद-देवनन्दिन् (pūjyapāda-devanandin). See जेनेन्द्रव्याकरण (jenendravyākaraṇa).

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Devendra in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Devendra (देवेन्द्र) refers to the “god of gods”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.11.—Accordingly, as Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) said to Śiva: “[...] There is none more fortunate than me; there is none more meritorious than me, since you have come to perform penance on my summit. O great lord, I consider myself greater than the god of gods [i.e., devendra]. You have come here with your Gaṇas and made me blessed. O lord of gods, independently and without any obstacles perform your great penance. O lord, I am your slave always. I shall do all service to you”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Devendra (देवेन्द्र).—See Indra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 269; IV. 12. 35; Matsya-purāṇa 146. 20; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 8. 26; 9. 16, 139.

1b) Gods of prime importance, of secondary importance; share in sacrifices; they are Gurus, Lords, Kings and Forefathers; protect the subjects.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 64. 21-23.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Genealogy of the South Indian Deities

Devendra is the king of gods. The Devas bring their grievances before him. His conference hall is so big that not only the 330,000,000 gods, but also the many sages and the servants can all have places simultaneously.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Devendra (देवेन्‍द्र): King of the Gods.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: Vajrayogini

Devendra (देवेन्द्र) is another name for Indra: protector deity of the eastern cremation ground.—Indra is the king of the gods, also called Śakra (Śmaśānavidhi 4) and Devendra (Guhyasamayasādhanamālā). In the Śmaśānavidhi he is described mounted on his elephant, Airāvata. He is white and holds a vajra (left) and skull bowl (right); in Adbhutaśmaśānālaṃkāra he is said to hold a vajra (left), and make the threatening gesture, the tarjanīmudrā (right)

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Devendra (देवेन्द्र) refers to the “lord of the Gods” (i.e., Śakra), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said to the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja: “Son of good family, I will invoke Śakra, the lord of the gods (devendraśakro devānām indraḥ), and by pronouncing the knowledge-mantra he will remain for protecting this exposition of the dharma so that it may last long. The mantra is as follows: ‘[...]’. Son of good family, these are the words for invoking the lord of gods by which he will be invoked and remain for this exposition of the dharma to last long”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Devendra (देवेन्द्र) refers to the “Lord of the Devas” (i.e., Śakra), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “Now the Bhagavān was residing in the abode of Brahmā. Many Deva multitudes assembled with a great assembly, multitudes of Bodhisattvas assembled; Śakra, the Lord of the Devas (devendradevānām indra), Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśvara, Nāga Lords of great supernatural power, they all assembled. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Devendra (देवेन्द्र) refers to “chief of the gods”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the reverence of the chief of the gods (devendrapūjyatvam) for those who perform the doctrine (dharmakartṛṇāṃ)]—The thirty gods, whose heads are bowed, bow down to the line of lotus feet of those whose hearts have become a refuge only for the doctrine. That very same doctrine, which is devoted to the helpless, is a preceptor and a friend, and the doctrine is a master and a brother. It is a protector without a motive”.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

1) Devendra (देवेन्द्र) (alias Nemicandrasūri) is the author of the Sukhabodhā commentary on the Uttarādhyayanasūtra (dealing with the Mūlasūtra section of Jain Canonical literature), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Sukhabodhā was composed by Devendra alias Nemicandrasūri in Patan in VS 1129 and was introduced by its author as an adaptation of Śāntisūri’s Śiṣyahitā, the first prose commentary on the Uttarādhyayana. Here Devendra’s commentary with its own praśasti is followed by another long praśasti in flowery Sanskrit which provides the following data: Cāritrasiṃhamuni, the disciple of Matibhadragaṇi, from the Kharataragaccha, extracted this Uttarādhyayana commentary (vss. 10ff.).

2) Devendra (देवेन्द्र) or Devendrasūri is the author of the Siddhidaṇḍikāstava (dealing with the Cosmology of Jain Canonical literature).—Devendrasūri was the founder of the tapāgaccha and renowned author of the new Karmagranthas who is said to have died in VS 1327 (1270 CE).

3) Devendra (देवेन्द्र) or Devendrasūri is the author of various Karmagrantha works (dealing with the Karma section of Jain Canonical literature).—Devendrasūri of the tapāgaccha (13th century) is also the author of Sanskrit commentaries on his Karmagranthas, which, in turn are the basis for the Gujarati commentaries.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devendra (देवेन्द्र).—[masculine] lord of the gods (Indra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Devendra (देवेन्द्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—See Deveśvara.

2) Devendra (देवेन्द्र):—guru of Rāmānanda (Kāśīkhaṇḍaṭīkā). Oxf. 72^a.

Devendra has the following synonyms: Rāmendravana.

3) Devendra (देवेन्द्र):—Tyāgarājāṣṭaka. Burnell. 198^b.

4) Devendra (देवेन्द्र):—Saṃgītamuktāvalī. Bik. 521. Burnell. 60^a.

5) Devendra (देवेन्द्र):—pupil of Gīrvāṇendra Sarasvatī and Amarendramuni: Svānubhūtiprakāśa. Hall. p. 97.

6) Devendra (देवेन्द्र):—son of Vāgbhaṭa: Kavikalpalatā.

Devendra has the following synonyms: Deveśvara.

7) Devendra (देवेन्द्र):—guru of Rāmānanda (Kāśīkhaṇḍaṭīkā). Oxf. 72^a.

Devendra has the following synonyms: Rāmendravana.

8) Devendra (देवेन्द्र):—guru of Brahmendra Sarasvatī (Advaitāmṛta).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Devendra (देवेन्द्र):—[from deva] m. ‘chief of the g°’, Name of Indra or Śiva, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] of sub voce authors, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Devendra (देवेन्द्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Deviṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Devendra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dēvēṃdra (ದೇವೇಂದ್ರ):—[noun] Indra, the chief of gods.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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