Sharana, aka: Sārana, Sarana, Saraṇa, Sāraṇā, Śaraṇa, Sāraṇa, Saraṇā; 14 Definition(s)


Sharana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaraṇa can be transliterated into English as Sarana or Sharana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[Sharana in Rasashastra glossaries]

Sāraṇa (सारण):—Fourteenth of the eighteen Saṃskāra (special purification process). They are used to purify rasa (mercury) as per Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy), and are mentioned in texts such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. In Āyurveda, Saṃskāra refers to the “detoxification” process of metals and herbs. The Sāraṇa-saṃskāra is mainly used for transmutational alchemical purposes. In other words: the last ten saṃskāras are sequentially used for the ends of transmutational and elixir alchemy. Sāraṇa refers to the process of ‘flowing’ and coprises the potentiation of mercury in preparation for transmutation, effected by heating it in oil into which various molten seeds of metals, diamond, etc. are subsequently poured.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sāraṇa (literally, “flowing”), the “potentialization” of mercury in preparation for transmutation, is effected by heating it in oil into which molten “seeds” of metals, diamond, etc. are poured.

(Source): Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Sāraṇa (सारण, “blending”) refers to “blending for transformation” represents to the fifteenth of eighteen alchemical purification processes of mercury (mahārasa, rasendra or pārada). A religio-philosophic base was given to mercury-based alchemy in India. Mercury was looked upon as the essence of God Śiva, and sulphur as that of Goddess Pārvatī.

Mercury had to undergo 18 processes (eg., sāraṇa) before it could be used for transforming either metals or the human body. A combination of male and female principles (i.e. mercury and sulphur) forming cinnabar or mercuric sulphide or even of mercury and mica, was supposed to be highly potent and was therefore consumed as a Rasāyana or medicine for increasing body fluids or vitality. The earliest mention of Rasāyana was found in Āyurveda which was probably composed by 8th or 9th century BC, since it was a part of Atharvaveda, the last of the four Vedas.

(Source): History of Indian Science Technology (rasashastra)
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

[Sharana in Vastushastra glossaries]

Śaraṇa (शरण) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra XVIII.8-9, which is a populair treatise on Vāstuśāstra literature.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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[Sharana in Purana glossaries]

1a) Sāraṇa (सारण).—A son of Vasudeva (Ānakadundubhi) and Rohiṇī and father of Sārṣṭhi and others.1 Followed Vṛṣṇis to Bāṇa's city. Was consulted by Kṛṣṇa on the eve of attack on Jarāsandha; being on the left detachment of Kṛṣṇa's army, defended Dvārakā against Śālva.2 Went to see the Pāṇḍavas at Upaplāvya, and to Syamantapañcaka for the solar eclipse.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 28; IX. 24. 46. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 71. 164 and 168, Matsya-purāṇa 46. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 162;
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 63. 3; [50 (v) 8], [11]; 76. 14;
  • 3) Ib. X. 78. [95 (v) 3]; 82. 6.

1b) A son of Devajani, an Yakṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 130.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Sharana in Itihasa glossaries]

Sāraṇa (सारण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sāraṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śaraṇa is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.6, I.57, XIV.8.30, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Sharana in Theravada glossaries]

1. Sarana. One Of the two chief disciples (J.i..34; Bu.v.26) and also step brother (BuA.120) of Sumana Buddha.

2. Sarana. One of the chief lay supporters of Sumana Buddha. Bu.v.28.

3. Sarana. One of the two chief disciples of Sumedha Buddha (Bu.xii.23: J.i.38). He was the Buddhas younger brother. BuA.164.

4. Sarana. The city of birth of Dhammadassi Buddha (J.i.39; Bu.xvi.13). It was there that be met his two chief disciples, Paduma and Phussadeva. BuA.183.

5. Sarana. Father of Dhammadassi Buddha. Bu.xvi.14.

6. Sarana Thera: A monk. He was given the name because, when he was in his mothers womb, she was rescued from death by her virtue. She was the daughter of Sumana and Sujampatika of Savatthi. Sarana later became an arahant. For details see Ras.i.15f.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

s. ti-sarana.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Sharana in Pali glossaries]

saraṇa : (nt.) protection; help; refuge; a shelter.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sāraṇā, (f.) (fr. sāreti2) reminding, remonstrating with Vin. V, 158, 164. (Page 705)

— or —

Sārana, (fr. sarati1) going DhsA. 133. (Page 706)

— or —

1) Saraṇa, 3 (fr. smṛ; i.e. sarati2) (nt.) remembrance; —tā (f.) remembering Dhs. 14, 23; Pug. 21, 25. (Page 697)

2) Saraṇa, 2 (adj.) (sa+raṇa) concomitant with war Dhs. 1294; DhsA. 50. (Page 697)

3) Saraṇa, 1 (nt.) (cp. Vedic śaraṇa protection, shelter, house, śarman id.; śālā hall; to Idj. *kel to hide, as in Lat. celo, Gr. kalu/ptw to conceal, Oir. celim, Ohg. Ags. helan, Goth. huljan to envelop; Ohg. hella=E. hell; also E. hall, and others) shelter, house Sn. 591; refuge, protection D. III, 187; Sn. 503; J. II, 28; DA. I, 229; especially the three refuges-the Buddha, the Dhamma, and the Brotherhood-A. I, 56; D. I, 145; J. I, 28; usually combined with verbs like upeti Vv 532; Sn. 31; gacchati D. I, 116; A. III, 242; Vin. I, 4; Dh. 190; Sn. p. 15, 25; It. 63; or yāti Sn. 179; Dh. 188; asaraṇa, asaraṇībhūta without help and refuge Miln. 148. See leṇa 2.

—āgamana=°gamana D. I, 146; SnA 42, 157. —gamana (nt.) taking refuge in the three Saraṇas Vin. III, 24; S. IV, 270. (Page 697)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Sharana in Marathi glossaries]

śaraṇa (शरण).—n (S) Protection, preservation, defence. 2 A protector, preserver, one that defends or shelters. śa0 asaṇēṃ To be unto a supplicant for protection. śa0 jāṇēṃ or yēṇēṃ To go or come to as a supplicant for protection. Pr. śa0 ālyāsa maraṇa dēūṃ or cintūṃ nayē. See Deut. xxiii. 15, 16. śa0 righaṇēṃ To betake one's self to for protection. Ex. raghunandanā śa0 righāvēṃ || viṃvasī kiṃ hē parama sītā || anarthakāraka ghōra saritā ||.

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śaraṇa (शरण).—n (Or saraṇa) A pyre or funeral pile.

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saraṇa (सरण).—n (śaraṇa S?) A pyre or funeral pile.

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sāraṇa (सारण).—n S Pushing, moving on, off, or away, removing.

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sāraṇa (सारण).—f C (sāraṇī S) A watercourse or water-channel in general. 2 C A shred or slip (off from a bamboo &c.)

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sāraṇa (सारण).—f A large netting to receive mangoes &c. gathered from the tree into the small netting.

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sāraṇa (सारण).—n Stuffing material, esp. of gurgions or coarse wheaten meal well-kneaded with gūḷa or gūḷakhōbarēṃ (as for purī, karañjī, guravaḷī, sāṭōrī, kacōrī &c.)

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śaraṇa (शरण).—n Protection. A preserver. A pyre. śaraṇa asaṇēṃ Be to a supplicant for pro- tection. śaraṇa jāṇēṃ-yēṇēṃ Go or come to as a supplicant for protection. śaraṇa righaṇēṃ Betake one's self for protection.

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saraṇa (सरण).—n A funeral pile, a pyre.

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sāraṇa (सारण).—n Pushing, moving on. f A water course.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 95 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Śaraṇāgata (शरणागत).—a. gone to for refuge or protection, taking shelter with, fugitive. Śaraṇā...
Niḥsaraṇa (निःसरण).—1) Going out, exit.2) An egress or outlet from a house, a gate.3) Final dep...
Śaraṇāgati (शरणागति).—approach for protection. Derivable forms: śaraṇāgatiḥ (शरणागतिः).Śaraṇāga...
Triśaraṇa (त्रिशरण).—a Buddha. Derivable forms: triśaraṇaḥ (त्रिशरणः).Triśaraṇa is a Sanskrit c...
Śaraṇaiṣin (शरणैषिन्).—a. 1) seeking refuge or protection; इतश्च शरणार्थिनः शिखरिणां गणाः शेरते...
Śaraṇārthin (शरणार्थिन्).—a., Śaraṇārthin is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śaraṇa...
Śaraṇālaya (शरणालय).—a place of refuge, asylum. Derivable forms: śaraṇālayaḥ (शरणालयः).Śaraṇāla...
Susaraṇa (सुसरण).—Name of Śiva. Susaraṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and ...
Ekaśaraṇa (एकशरण).—the sole recourse or refuge (especially applied to a deity). Derivable forms...
Agniśaraṇa (अग्निशरण).—a fire-sanctuary; °मार्गमादेशय (mārgamādeśaya) Ś.5; a house or place for...
Śaraṇāpanna (शरणापन्न).—a. gone to for refuge or protection, taking shelter with, fugitive. Śar...
Ambusaraṇa (अम्बुसरण).—flow or current of water. Derivable forms: ambusaraṇam (अम्बुसरणम्).Ambu...
Śaraṇonmukha (शरणोन्मुख).—a. looking up to for protection; असौ शरण्यः शरणोन्मुखानाम् (asau śara...
Yajñaśaraṇa (यज्ञशरण).—a sacrificial shed or hall, a temporary structure under which a sacrific...
Śaraṇaprada (शरणप्रद).—a. affording protection.Śaraṇaprada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of...

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