Sharana, Sārana, Sarana, Saraṇa, Sāraṇā, Śaraṇa, Sāraṇa, Saraṇā: 25 definitions



Sharana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaraṇa can be transliterated into English as Sarana or Sharana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Sāraṇa (सारण):—Fourteenth of the eighteen Saṃskāra (special purification process). They are used to purify rasa (mercury) as per Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy), and are mentioned in texts such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. In Āyurveda, Saṃskāra refers to the “detoxification” process of metals and herbs. The Sāraṇa-saṃskāra is mainly used for transmutational alchemical purposes. In other words: the last ten saṃskāras are sequentially used for the ends of transmutational and elixir alchemy. Sāraṇa refers to the process of ‘flowing’ and coprises the potentiation of mercury in preparation for transmutation, effected by heating it in oil into which various molten seeds of metals, diamond, etc. are subsequently poured.

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Sāraṇa (literally, “flowing”), the “potentialization” of mercury in preparation for transmutation, is effected by heating it in oil into which molten “seeds” of metals, diamond, etc. are poured.

Source: History of Indian Science Technology (rasashastra)

Sāraṇa (सारण, “blending”) refers to “blending for transformation” represents to the fifteenth of eighteen alchemical purification processes of mercury (mahārasa, rasendra or pārada). A religio-philosophic base was given to mercury-based alchemy in India. Mercury was looked upon as the essence of God Śiva, and sulphur as that of Goddess Pārvatī.

Mercury had to undergo 18 processes (e.g., sāraṇa) before it could be used for transforming either metals or the human body. A combination of male and female principles (i.e. mercury and sulphur) forming cinnabar or mercuric sulphide or even of mercury and mica, was supposed to be highly potent and was therefore consumed as a Rasāyana or medicine for increasing body fluids or vitality. The earliest mention of Rasāyana was found in Āyurveda which was probably composed by 8th or 9th century BC, since it was a part of Atharvaveda, the last of the four Vedas.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Śaraṇa (शरण) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra XVIII.8-9, which is a populair treatise on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śaraṇa (शरण).—A serpent born in Vāsuki’s dynasty. It was burnt to death at Janamejaya’s serpent yajña. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 57, Verse 6).

2) Sāraṇa (सारण).—General information. A Kṣatriya of the Yadu clan. It is stated in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 218, Verse 17, that he was the son of Vasudeva by Devakī and the brother of Śrī Kṛṣṇa and Subhadrā. Other details.

2) (i) This Sāraṇa was one of those who took the dowry to Hastināpura at the marriage of Arjuna and Subhadrā. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 220, Verse 32).

2) (ii) Sāraṇa shone in the court of Yudhiṣṭhira: (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 30).

2) (iii) Sāraṇa participated in the Rājasūya sacrifice of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 34, Verse 15).

2) (iv) When Śrī Krṣṇa went to Hastināpura from Dvārakā to take part in the horse-sacrifice of Yudhiṣṭhira, Sāraṇa also accompanied him. (Mahābhārata Aśvamedha Parva, Chapter 66, Verse 4).

2) (v) Sāraṇa was the foremost of those who disguised Samba the son of Jāmbavatī as a woman, and abused the hermits. (Mahābhārata Mausala Parva, Chapter 1, Verse 15).

3) Sāraṇa (सारण).—A minister of Rāvaṇa. (For details see the word Śukasāraṇas).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śaraṇa (शरण) refers to a “refuge”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.40.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] after going beyond Alakā, the capital of the king of Yakṣas and the Saugandhika park, they saw the fig-tree of Śiva. [...] Beneath that vaṭa of yogic potentialities, Viṣṇu and other Devas saw Śiva seated. The vaṭa was the refuge (i.e., śaraṇa) of those seeking salvation. Śiva was being served and venerated by Brahmā’s sons, the great Siddhas engrossed in devotion to Śiva joyously. They were calm. Their very physical body inspired calmness”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sāraṇa (सारण).—A son of Vasudeva (Ānakadundubhi) and Rohiṇī and father of Sārṣṭhi and others.1 Followed Vṛṣṇis to Bāṇa's city. Was consulted by Kṛṣṇa on the eve of attack on Jarāsandha; being on the left detachment of Kṛṣṇa's army, defended Dvārakā against Śālva.2 Went to see the Pāṇḍavas at Upaplāvya, and to Syamantapañcaka for the solar eclipse.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 14. 28; IX. 24. 46. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 71. 164 and 168, Matsya-purāṇa 46. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 162;
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 63. 3; [50 (v) 8], [11]; 76. 14;
  • 3) Ib. X. 78. [95 (v) 3]; 82. 6.

1b) A son of Devajani, an Yakṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 130.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sāraṇa (सारण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sāraṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śaraṇa is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.6, I.57, XIV.8.30, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sarana. One Of the two chief disciples (J.i..34; Bu.v.26) and also step brother (BuA.120) of Sumana Buddha.

2. Sarana. One of the chief lay supporters of Sumana Buddha. Bu.v.28.

3. Sarana. One of the two chief disciples of Sumedha Buddha (Bu.xii.23: J.i.38). He was the Buddhas younger brother. BuA.164.

4. Sarana. The city of birth of Dhammadassi Buddha (J.i.39; Bu.xvi.13). It was there that be met his two chief disciples, Paduma and Phussadeva. BuA.183.

5. Sarana. Father of Dhammadassi Buddha. Bu.xvi.14.

6. Sarana Thera: A monk. He was given the name because, when he was in his mothers womb, she was rescued from death by her virtue. She was the daughter of Sumana and Sujampatika of Savatthi. Sarana later became an arahant. For details see Ras.i.15f.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

s. ti-sarana.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Sāraṇa (सारण) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Sāraṇa] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sharana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saraṇa : (nt.) protection; help; refuge; a shelter.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāraṇā, (f.) (fr. sāreti2) reminding, remonstrating with Vin. V, 158, 164. (Page 705)

— or —

Sārana, (fr. sarati1) going DhsA. 133. (Page 706)

— or —

1) Saraṇa, 3 (fr. smṛ; i.e. sarati2) (nt.) remembrance; —tā (f.) remembering Dhs. 14, 23; Pug. 21, 25. (Page 697)

2) Saraṇa, 2 (adj.) (sa+raṇa) concomitant with war Dhs. 1294; DhsA. 50. (Page 697)

3) Saraṇa, 1 (nt.) (cp. Vedic śaraṇa protection, shelter, house, śarman id.; śālā hall; to Idj. *kel to hide, as in Lat. celo, Gr. kalu/ptw to conceal, Oir. celim, Ohg. Ags. helan, Goth. huljan to envelop; Ohg. hella=E. hell; also E. hall, and others) shelter, house Sn. 591; refuge, protection D. III, 187; Sn. 503; J. II, 28; DA. I, 229; especially the three refuges-the Buddha, the Dhamma, and the Brotherhood-A. I, 56; D. I, 145; J. I, 28; usually combined with verbs like upeti Vv 532; Sn. 31; gacchati D. I, 116; A. III, 242; Vin. I, 4; Dh. 190; Sn. p. 15, 25; It. 63; or yāti Sn. 179; Dh. 188; asaraṇa, asaraṇībhūta without help and refuge Miln. 148. See leṇa 2.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śaraṇa (शरण).—n (S) Protection, preservation, defence. 2 A protector, preserver, one that defends or shelters. śa0 asaṇēṃ To be unto a supplicant for protection. śa0 jāṇēṃ or yēṇēṃ To go or come to as a supplicant for protection. Pr. śa0 ālyāsa maraṇa dēūṃ or cintūṃ nayē. See Deut. xxiii. 15, 16. śa0 righaṇēṃ To betake one's self to for protection. Ex. raghunandanā śa0 righāvēṃ || viṃvasī kiṃ hē parama sītā || anarthakāraka ghōra saritā ||.

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śaraṇa (शरण).—n (Or saraṇa) A pyre or funeral pile.

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saraṇa (सरण).—n (śaraṇa S?) A pyre or funeral pile.

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sāraṇa (सारण).—n S Pushing, moving on, off, or away, removing.

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sāraṇa (सारण).—f C (sāraṇī S) A watercourse or water-channel in general. 2 C A shred or slip (off from a bamboo &c.)

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sāraṇa (सारण).—f A large netting to receive mangoes &c. gathered from the tree into the small netting.

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sāraṇa (सारण).—n Stuffing material, esp. of gurgions or coarse wheaten meal well-kneaded with gūḷa or gūḷakhōbarēṃ (as for purī, karañjī, guravaḷī, sāṭōrī, kacōrī &c.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śaraṇa (शरण).—n Protection. A preserver. A pyre. śaraṇa asaṇēṃ Be to a supplicant for pro- tection. śaraṇa jāṇēṃ-yēṇēṃ Go or come to as a supplicant for protection. śaraṇa righaṇēṃ Betake one's self for protection.

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saraṇa (सरण).—n A funeral pile, a pyre.

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sāraṇa (सारण).—n Pushing, moving on. f A water course.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaraṇa (शरण).—a. See शरण्य (śaraṇya); शरणान्यशरण्यानि आश्रमाणि कृतानि नः (śaraṇānyaśaraṇyāni āśramāṇi kṛtāni naḥ) Rām.7.6.5.

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Śaraṇa (शरण).—[śṝ-lyuṭ]

1) Protection, help, succour, defence; भूत्वा शरण्या शरणार्थमन्यं कथं प्रपत्स्ये त्वयि दीप्यमाने (bhūtvā śaraṇyā śaraṇārthamanyaṃ kathaṃ prapatsye tvayi dīpyamāne) R.14.64; V.1.3; U.4.23.

2) Refuge, shelter; तस्याः करिष्यामि दृढानुतापं प्रवालशय्याशरणं शरीरम् (tasyāḥ kariṣyāmi dṛḍhānutāpaṃ pravālaśayyāśaraṇaṃ śarīram) Ku.3.8; Pt.2.

3) A place of refuge, resort, asylum (applied to persons also); सुरासुरस्य जगतः शरणम् (surāsurasya jagataḥ śaraṇam) Ki.18.22; संतप्तानां त्वमसि शरणम् (saṃtaptānāṃ tvamasi śaraṇam) Me.7; शरणं गम्-इ-या (śaraṇaṃ gam-i-yā) &c. 'to go to for protection, take shelter with, to submit to'; यामि हे कमिह शरणं (yāmi he kamiha śaraṇaṃ) Gīt. 7.

4) A sanctuary, closet, an apartment; अग्निशरणमार्ग- मादेशय (agniśaraṇamārga- mādeśaya) Ś.5; अतोऽग्निहोत्रशरणादग्निमाधायात्मानमुद्दीपयामः (ato'gnihotraśaraṇādagnimādhāyātmānamuddīpayāmaḥ) Nāg. 5; Bhāg.7.12.2.

5) An abode, a house, habitation; शरणमपि समिद्भिः शुष्यमाणाभिराभिः (śaraṇamapi samidbhiḥ śuṣyamāṇābhirābhiḥ) Mu.3.15; Bk.6.9; Ve.5.26.

6) Lair, resting-place.

7) Injuring, killing.

Derivable forms: śaraṇam (शरणम्).

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Saraṇa (सरण).—a. [sṛ-lyuṭ] Going, moving, flowing.

-ṇam 1 Proceeding, going or flowing.

2) Running, quick motion; आजेः सरणम् (ājeḥ saraṇam) Ch. Up.1.3.5; आरोहे पर्यवस्कन्दे सरणे सान्तरप्लुते (ārohe paryavaskande saraṇe sāntaraplute) Mb.6.76.8;7.114.5.

3) Locomotion.

4) Iron rust.

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Saraṇā (सरणा).—Pæderia Fœtida (Mar. haraṇavela).

See also (synonyms): saraṇī.

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Sāraṇa (सारण).—a. (-ṇī f.)

1) Causing to go or flow.

2) Cracked, split.

-ṇaḥ 1 Dysentery.

2) The hog-plum.

3) Wind during the autumn.

-ṇam 1 A kind of perfume.

2) Leading home.

3) Butter-milk.

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Sāraṇā (सारणा).—

1) A kind of process to which metals. particularly mercury, are subjected.

2) Stretching out, extension.

3) Producing a sound or note.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śaraṇa (शरण).—(Sanskrit), refuge: in the Buddhist formula of ordination, buddhaṃ śaraṇaṃ gacchāmi dharmaṃ ś° g° saṃghaṃ ś° g°, followed by other variations, cited in extenso Mahāvastu iii.268.8 ff.; compare also Mahāvastu iii.310.7 ff., trīṇi śaraṇagamanāni (Pali saraṇagamana).

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Saraṇa (सरण).—(sa-raṇa), adj. [bahuvrīhi] (see raṇa, and a-raṇa), affected by impurity, passion, depravity: Mahāvyutpatti 618; 2158; sabhayāḥ saraṇāḥ sādīnavāḥ sadoṣā(ḥ) Lalitavistara 213.1 (prose). In Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 112.6 (verse) sa śuṣyate parasaraṇeṣu, he withers in the houses of others (so Tibetan gzhan gyi khyim na), saraṇa = Sanskrit śaraṇa (rightly Burnouf; wrongly Kern).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaraṇa (शरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. A house. 2. A preserver, a protector, what or who protects or preserves. 3. Preservation, protection, defence. 4. Killing, slaying. f. (-ṇī) A plant, (Celtis.) E. śa to injure, aff. lyuṭ.

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Saraṇa (सरण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) Going, moving, who or what goes or moves. n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Oxidized iron, either in the state of rust or filings. 2. Going. f. (-ṇā or -ṇī) 1. A plant, (Pæderia fetida.) 2. A sort of Teori. E. sṛ to go, aff. yuc or lyuṭ, fem. aff. ṭāp or ṅīṣ; also śaraṇa, &c.

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Sāraṇa (सारण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) 1. Dysentery, diarrhœa. 2. Hog-plum, (Spondias mangifera.) 3. A counsellor and embassador from Ravana to Rama. f. (-ṇī) 1. A plant, (Pæderia fetida.) 2. A canal, a small river. n.

(-ṇaṃ) A kind of perfume. f. (-ṇī) Adj. Causing to grow or flow. E. sṛ to go, (causal form,) lyuṭ aff.

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Sāraṇā (सारणा).—f.

(-ṇā) A particular process to which mineral substances are subjected.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaraṇa (शरण).—n. I. (akin to śri), 1. A house, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 69; habitation, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 67, 26. 2. Refuge, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 189, M. M.; protection, [Pañcatantra] 90, 5; 141, 11; 175, 12; help, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 19, 17; a protector. Ii. (vb. śrī + ana), Killing.

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Saraṇa (सरण).—i. e. sṛ + ana, I. adj. Who or what goes. Ii. n. 1. Going. 2. Oxidised iron. Iii. f. ṇā and ṇi, A plant, Pæderia fetida.

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Sāraṇa (सारण).—i. e. sṛ, [Causal.], + ana, m. Dysentery.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaraṇa (शरण).—1. [neuter] falling asunder, decay.

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Śaraṇa (शरण).—2. [adjective] protecting, guarding; [neuter] protection, refuge or place of refuge, shelter, shed, hut, dwelling, abode; ṇaṃ gam have recourse to ([genetive] or [accusative]).

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Saraṇa (सरण).—[adjective] & [neuter] running.

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Sāraṇa (सारण).—[neuter] causing to go, dismissing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Śaraṇa (शरण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] Padyāvalī. Mentioned by Jayadeva in Gītagovinda. See Ciraṃtanaśaraṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaraṇa (शरण):—[from śara] 1. śaraṇa m. (for 2. See p. 1057, col. 1) one of the arrows of Kāma-deva, [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] n. falling asunder, bursting, falling in [Vopadeva]

3) [v.s. ...] killing, slaying, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] what slays or injures, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) 2. śaraṇa mfn. ([from] √śṛ for śri; for 1. See p.1056) protecting, guarding, defending, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

6) m. Name of a serpent-demon, [Mahābhārata]

7) of a poet, [Gīta-govinda] (cf. -deva)

8) of a king, [Buddhist literature]

9) f(ā and ī). Name of various plants etc. ([probably] [wrong reading] for saraṇā, ṇī q.v.)

10) n. (ifc. f(ā). ), shelter, place of shelter or refuge or rest, hut, house, habitation, abode, lair (of an animal), home, asylum, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

11) n. refuge, protection, refuge with (śaraṇaṃgam or or i etc., ‘to go to any one for protection, seek refuge with’ [acc. or [genitive case]]; often ifc.), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

12) water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) (with indrasya) Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa 2.]

14) Saraṇa (सरण):—[from sara] a mfn. (for sa-raṇa See p.1183) going, moving, running, [Gopatha-brāhmaṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] m. a kind of tree, [Colebrooke] (perhaps [wrong reading] for sorala)

16) [v.s. ...] Name of a king, [Buddhist literature]

17) [v.s. ...] f(ā or ī). Paederia Foetida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Saraṇā (सरणा):—[from saraṇa > sara] f. a sort of convolvulus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) Saraṇa (सरण):—[from sara] n. running, quick motion (with ājeḥ, ‘a foot-race’, ‘running-match’), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata]

20) [v.s. ...] moving from one place to another, locomotion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

21) [v.s. ...] running after, following, [Rāmāyaṇa]

22) [v.s. ...] iron rust or filings, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

23) [=sa-raṇa] [from sa > sa-rakta] b mfn. (for saraṇa See p. 1182, col. 1) connected with war or conflict, [Lalita-vistara]

24) c ṇi etc. See p. 1182, col. 1,

25) Sāraṇa (सारण):—[from sāra] a mf(ī)n. idem, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

26) [v.s. ...] cracked, split, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) [v.s. ...] having five hair-tufts on the head, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

28) [v.s. ...] m. dysentery, diarrhoea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) [v.s. ...] wind during the autumn, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

30) [v.s. ...] Paederia Foetida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

31) [v.s. ...] Spondias Mangifera, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

32) [v.s. ...] Name of a brother of Kṛṣṇa, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

33) [v.s. ...] of one of Rāvaṇa’s ministers (sent as ambassador to Rāma), [Rāmāyaṇa]

34) Sāraṇā (सारणा):—[from sāraṇa > sāra] f. stretching out, extension (only ifc.), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

35) [v.s. ...] (ifc. f(ā). ) producing a sound, striking a note on ([locative case]), [ib.]

36) [v.s. ...] a [particular] process to which mineral substances ([especially] quicksilver) are subjected (two others being given called ṛtu-s and prati-sāraṇā; ṇā-traya n. ‘the three Sāraṇā processes’), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

37) Sāraṇa (सारण):—[from sāra] n. leading home, [Daśakumāra-carita]

38) [v.s. ...] buttermilk (one fourth part of which is water), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

39) [v.s. ...] a kind of perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

40) b sāraṇi etc. See [column]1.

41) Saraṇa (सरण):—[from sṛ] d etc. See p. 1182, col. 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaraṇa (शरण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. A shelter; house; a preserver; preservation; killing. f. (ī) Celtis orientalis.

2) Saraṇa (सरण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ)] 1. n. Oxidized iron; proceeding. 1. f. (ā-ī) A plant. Poederia fetida. a. Going on.

3) Sāraṇa (सारण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. A counsellor of Rāvana; dysentery; hog-plum. f. (ī) A plant, Poederia fetida; a canal or small river, a drain.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śaraṇa (शरण):—1. (von 1. śar)

1) m. Name eines der 5 Pfeile des Liebesgottes [Oxforder Handschriften 184,b, No. 419.] —

2) n. = māraṇa, vadha Mord, Todtschlag [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 139.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 228.] [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 79.]

--- OR ---

Śaraṇa (शरण):—

--- OR ---

Saraṇa (सरण):—1. (von sar)

1) adj. laufend [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 150.] [GOP. BR. 2, 7.] in Etymologien [Yāska’s Nirukta 9, 3. 20. 11, 42.] —

2) m. a) ein best. Baum [Algebra 315.] vielleicht fehlerhaft für sarala . — b) Nomen proprium eines Fürsten [TĀRAN. 168] (vgl. śaraṇa). —

3) f. ā = prasāraṇī Paederia foetida Lin. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 5, 18.] auch saraṇī [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa] nach [Śabdakalpadruma] śaraṇī [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] dieses auch = jayantī [Śabdacandrikā] ebend. saraṇā = saralā eine ConvolvulusArt [Śabdamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

4) n. a) das Laufen, rasche Bewegung: jīvin [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 3, 8, 15.] [ŚR. 12, 8, 4.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 18, 6, 25.] ājeḥ Wettlauf [Chāndogyopaniṣad 1, 3, 5.] [Mahābhārata 1, 8368. 6, 3319. 7, 4444.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 5, 28. 6, 12. 12, 9.] sroto mbusaraṇaṃ svataḥ [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 3, 11.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1086.] das sich-von-der-Stelle-Bewegen: adrigehānām [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 46, 89.] — b) Eisenrost [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1038.] — Vgl. su .

--- OR ---

Saraṇa (सरण):—2. [Pañcatantra 173, 17] fehlerhaft für śaraṇa (so ed. Bomb.).

--- OR ---

Sāraṇa (सारण):—

1) (vom caus. von sar) adj. (f. ī) laxativ [Rājanirghaṇṭa 5, 120. 6, 238.] —

2) m. a) = atīsāra Durchfall [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 229.] [Medinīkoṣa ṇ. 83.] — b) Paederia foetida Lin. (vgl. saraṇā) [Dharaṇīkoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] Spondias mangifera [Śabdacandrikā] ebend. — c) Nomen proprium α) eines Bruders des Kṛṣṇa [Mahābhārata 1, 7915. 7922. 2, 125. 1274. 3, 736.] [Harivaṃśa 1951. 6626. 8057. 8095. 8401.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 439.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 1, 14, 28. 9, 24, 45.] hier und da fälschlich śāraṇa geschrieben. — β) eines Ministers des Rāvaṇa [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 12, 10. 6, 1, 1. 18, 19.] —

3) f. ā nom. act. vom caus. von sar . a) das Ausstrecken: karāvābaddhasāraṇau [Kathāsaritsāgara 6, 57.] — b) das Erklingenlassen eines Tones: tasyāṃ (vallakyāṃ) ca sāraṇāṃ eṣa dadat [Kathāsaritsāgara 49, 18.] vismṛtasvarasāraṇā adj. [51, 8.] — c) eine bestimmte mit dem Quecksilber vorgenommene Operation [Oxforder Handschriften 320,a,14. 26.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 100,6.] —

4) f. ī s. u. sāraṇi . —

5) n. a) Buttermilch (abführend) [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 99.] — b) ein best. Geruch [Dharaṇīkoṣa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. ṛtu, gandha .

--- OR ---

Śaraṇa (शरण):—1.

3) n. = viśaraṇa das Auseinanderfallen, Bersten, Zusammenstürzen [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 8, 126.]

--- OR ---

Saraṇa (सरण):—1.

4) a) [?Z. 3 Mahābhārata 1, 8368] das Nachlaufen, Folgen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sharana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śaraṇa (शरण) [Also spelled sharan]:—(nf) shelter, refuge; recourse; protection; ~[dātā] one who affords a protection; ~[prada] sheltering; -[sthāna] a sanctuary, refuge, an asylum, a haven; —[denā] to afford refuge, to grant shelter, to harbour.

2) Saranā (सरना) [Also spelled sarna]:—(v) to be accomplished; to be seen through; —, [kāja/kāma] a work to be accomplished.

context information


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