Grihastha, Gṛhastha, Griha-stha, Grihasthya: 15 definitions

Introduction

Grihastha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Gṛhastha can be transliterated into English as Grhastha or Grihastha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Indian Ethics: Individual and Social

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ), or “stage of the householder” refers to the second of the four Āśramas (“stages of life”).—The division of one’s life into the four āśramas (eg., Gṛhastha) and their respective dharmas, was designed, in principle at least, to provide fulfilment to the person in his social, moral and spiritual aspects, and so to lead to harmony and balance in the society.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (G) next»] — Grihastha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ).—In ancient India the life of a male person was divided into four stages, namely, Brahmacarya Gārhasthya, Vānaprastha and Sannyāsa. He who is in the second stage of life is called a Gṛhastha.

When a person marries, he becomes a Gṛhastha. The bride should have certain qualities to be an ideal wife. The girl should be only a third of the age of the male. She should not have hair either too much or too little. She should not be black or of a piṅgala hue. She should not have any of her organs extra at the time of birth. The following types of girls are to be avoided for marriage. (1) Girls bred up by low-caste people (2) girls with hair over the body (3) not born of a good family (4) sick ones (5) ill-natured ones (6) girls who use abusive language (7) with hereditary diseases (8) with śmaśru (hair on the face) (9) girls with masculine features (10) with the sound of males (11) lean ones (12) with the voice of a crow (13) with thick eyelashes (14) round eyes. Again avoid girls having hair on their legs, raised heels and those with small depressions on their cheeks when they laugh. Girls whose bodies are too bright, with white nails, red eyes and fat hands and legs are not good for marriage. Girls too tall or too short, with eyelashes touching each other, with broad and raised teeth are to be avoided. A true Gṛhastha is one who marries a girl who is separated from him by five generations on the maternal side and seven generations on the paternal side. (See full article at Story of Gṛhastha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ).—See Gṛhapatis.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 7. 174, 181; II. 28. 20; 32. 24; III. 9. 70; 15. 16, 35.; IV. 6. 72; Vāyu-purāṇa Chaps. 11 and 12; 16. 11; 56. 18; 59. 23.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ) or Gṛhin refers to the “householder” according to the Manusmṛti 3.77-78.—Accordingly, “just as all Creatures subsist by deriving support from air, so do the other states subsist by deriving support from the Housohelder (gṛhastha). Because men in all the three states are sustained by householders only, with knowledge and food, therefore the householder’s (gṛhin) is the highest state”.

According to Dakṣa (Vīramitrodaya-Āhnika, p. 456).—“Because gods, men and animals are supported by the householder, therefore is the householder (Gṛhastha or Gṛhin) the best of all. The householder has been described as the source of the other three stages; whenever he suffers, the other three suffer with him;...... for this reason, the householder is to be guarded with due effort, and should be honoured and worshipped by the king, as also by the other three”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ) refers to “householder”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhajana-rahasya - 2nd Edition

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ) refers to:—A member of the second stage of life (āśrama) in the varṇāśrama system; a householder. (cf. Glossary page from Bhajana-Rahasya).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (G) next»] — Grihastha in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ) or Gṛhin refers to “householder” according to Sāyaṇa on Ṛgveda VI.49, 9; VII.97, 5.—cf. Pastyā (fem. pl.): a word occurring in several passages of the Ṛgveda. Roth ascribes to it the meaning of “house” or “dwelling”, in the wide sense of the term, as well as that of the “family” living in the house.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Grihasthya refers to the second phase of an individual's life in the Hindu ashram system. It is often called 'the householder's life' revolving as it does around the duties of maintaining a household and leading a family-centred life.

This word is used to denote the person who is currently in that phase of his life which is called 'Garhastha' according to the ancient Hindu system of life called Chaturashrama, prescribed in Manusmriti for the Dvija castes.

A person becomes a 'Grihastha' from the age of 25 and this Garhastha phase ends at the age of 49. Once a man becomes a Grihastha, he is expected to settle down, get married & produce children. The phase of "Grihastha" is preceded by the phase of Brahmacharya and followed by the phase of Vanaprastha.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (G) next»] — Grihastha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ) refers to the second of the four stages of a layman (āśrama) according to Cāmuṇḍarāya (940–989 A.D.) in his Caritra-sāra. Cāmuṇḍarāya, who was a Digambara Jain, has taken over the Hindu concept of the four āśramas, which, following Jinasena, he terms brahmacārin, gṛhastha, vānaprastha, and bhikṣu.

The following categories of Gṛhastha are mentioned in the Caritra-sāra:

  1. jāti-kṣatriya,
  2. tīrtha-kṣatriya.
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gṛhastha.—(LL), a householder; same as Gṛhapati. Note: gṛhastha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Grihastha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gṛhastha (गृहस्थ).—m (S) pop. gṛhasta m A householder, the man of the second order; or he who, having finished his studies, and having been invested with the sacred thread, performs the duties of the master of a house and father of a family. 2 A gentleman; one distinguished from the vulgar; a patrician, as disting. from plebeian. 3 A person, a body, an individual.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

gṛhastha (गृहस्थ).—m A householder. A gentleman. A person, an individual.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Grihastha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ).—a householder, one who has entered on the stage of a house-holder; संकटा ह्याहिताग्नीनां प्रत्यवायैर्गृहस्थता (saṃkaṭā hyāhitāgnīnāṃ pratyavāyairgṛhasthatā) U.1.9; see गृहपति (gṛhapati) above and Ms.3.68;6.9. °आश्रमः (āśramaḥ) the life of a householder; see गृहाश्रम (gṛhāśrama). °धर्मः (dharmaḥ) the duty of a householder.

Derivable forms: gṛhasthaḥ (गृहस्थः).

Gṛhastha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gṛha and stha (स्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ).—m.

(-sthaḥ) A householder, the man of the second class, or he who, after having finished his studies, and been invested with the sacred thread, performs the duties of the master of a house, and father of a family. E. gṛha a house, and stha who stays or abides.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhastha (गृहस्थ).—[gṛha-stha], I. adj. Being in a house, [Arjunasamāgama] 2, 16. Ii. m. A householder, or a Brāhmaṇa, who performs the duties of the father of a family, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 68. Iii. f. sthā, The wife of such a householder, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 17, 19.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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