Nakta: 17 definitions


Nakta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nakta (नक्त) refers to the “night”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.7.—Accordingly, after the Goddess (Umā/Śivā) incarnated as Pārvatī by becoming the daughter of Menā:—“[...] O sage, the goddess Śivā when the suitable time for her education arrived learnt all the lores from a good preceptor, with concentrated mind and great pleasure. Just as the flock of swans returns to the Gaṅgā in the autumnal season and just as the brilliant lustre manifests itself in the medicinal herbs during the night [i.e., nakta], so also all the learning of the previous birth returned to Kālī. O sage, thus I have described one of the divine sports of Śivā. I shall narrate another one of her divine sports. You listen to it lovingly”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nakta (नक्त).—A son of Pṛthusena (Pṛthu-br., vi., and*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 6. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 68; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 57; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 1. 38.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Naktā (नक्ता) is another name for Kalikārī, a medicinal plant identified with Gloriosa superba Linn. (‘flame lily’) from the Colchicaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.128-130 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Naktā and Kalikārī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Nakta in India is the name of a plant defined with Gloriosa superba in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Methonica doniana Kunth (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Journal of the Indian Botanical Society (1992)
· Feddes Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis (1913)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Current Science (1981)
· Ceylon Med. J., (1971)
· Proceedings of the Indian Science Congress Association (1985)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Nakta, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nakta (नक्त).—n naktabhōjana n (S) naktavrata n (S) A religious observance. Eating only at nights for a period.

--- OR ---

nakta (नक्त) [or नकद, nakada].—n ( A) Ready money. See nagada.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nakta (नक्त).—n naktabhōjana n naktavrata n A religious observance. Eating only at nights for a period.

--- OR ---

nakta (नक्त) [or nakada, or नकद].—n Ready money. See nagada.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nakta (नक्त).—a. [naj-kta] Ashamed.

-ktam 1 Night.

2) Eating only at night, as a sort of religious vow or penance

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nakta (नक्त).—n.

(-ktaṃ) Night. E. naj to be ashamed, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nakta (नक्त).—I. n. 1. Night, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 22, 5. 2. Eating only by night, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 3, 319. Ii. ºtam, adv. By night, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 19.

— Cf. [Latin] nox, noctu; [Gothic.] nahts; A. S. naht, niht;

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nakta (नक्त).—[neuter] night, [accusative] by night.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nakta (नक्त):—1. nakta n. night, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda] (f(naktā). only in naktayā q.v., and as [dual number] with uṣāsā; cf. sa-naktā and naktoṣāsā)

2) eating only at n° (as a sort of penance), [Yājñavalkya; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

3) m. Name of a son of Pṛthu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

4) of a son of Pṛthu-ṣeṇa and Ākūti, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) Naktā (नक्ता):—[from nakta] f. (cf. above) Methonica Superba, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Nakta (नक्त):—cf. nak and nakti; [Zend] nakht-uru, nakht-ru; [Greek] νύξ; [Latin] nox; [Lithuanian] naktis; [Slavonic or Slavonian] nošti; [Gothic] nahts; [Anglo-Saxon] neaht, niht, Engl. night, [German] Nacht.

7) 2. nakta or nakla (?) n. (in [astronomy]) Name of the fifth Yoga (= نقل).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nakta (नक्त):—(ktaṃ) adv. By night.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nakta (नक्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nakta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nakta in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) see [naka (~kata); —jie bure havala] he that hath ill name is half-hanged..—nakta (नकटा) is alternatively transliterated as Nakaṭā.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nakta (ನಕ್ತ):—

1) [noun] the period of darkness between sunset and sunrise; night.

2) [noun] a religious observance of having food only during nights (and not during day time).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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