Vishvedeva, Viśvedeva: 11 definitions


Vishvedeva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Viśvedeva can be transliterated into English as Visvedeva or Vishvedeva, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vishvedeva in Purana glossary
Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Viśvedeva (विश्वेदेव) refers to a group of deities that was once worshipped in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) according to the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Various groups of the deities like Ādityas, Vasus, Sādhyas, Viśvedevas and Maruts have their place in the pantheon of the Nīlamata but nothing significant is said about them.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Viśvedeva (विश्वेदेव) or Viśva refers to one of the various classifications of Gaṇas: a group of deities attached to Lord Śiva.—Gaṇas are troops who generally appear in classes. Nine such classes are mentioned in the Purāṇas: They are (1) Ādityas (2) Viśvas or Viśvedevas (3) Vasus (4) Tuṣitas (5) Ābhāsvaras (6) Anilas (7) Mahārājikas (8) Sādhyas (9) Rudras. These are attached to Lord Śiva and serve under the command of Gaṇeśa, dwelling on Gaṇaparvata identified with Kailāsa—a peak of the Himālaya mountain.

2) Viśvedeva (विश्वेदेव) is the name of a deity corresponding to a “Rudraksha with thirteen faces” (Trayodaśamukha), according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] a Rudrākṣa with thirteen faces (trayodaśamukha) is Viśvedeva. By wearing it, a man will attain the realisation of all desires. He will derive good fortune and auspiciousness”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Viśvedeva (विश्वेदेव).—Dharmaputras: (see Viśvāndevas). Ten sons of Viśvā and Dharma: these are childless gods: wait on Indra; worshipped for gain of a kingdom.1 Fought with Paulomas in Devāsura war: gods of Vaivasvata epoch.2 Formed the sadas of Marutta's yajñas: blessed Jyāmagha with a son: sūktas sacred to;3 came with other gods to Dvārakā to ask Kṛṣṇa to go back to Vaikuṇṭha;4 Kratu, Dakṣa, Śrava, Satya, Kāla, Kāma, Muni, Purūravas, Ārdravasa, and Rocamāna are their names, live in Bhuvarloka;5 see Viśvas, ten in number, were Camasādhvaryavas for Soma's rājasūya;6 performed austerities in the Himālayas, and Pitṛs pleased with them blessed them; Brahmā gave them the first place of honour in the Śrāddha and the second to devas.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 7; 7. 3; 10. 17; II. 3. 4; Matsya-purāṇa 171. 48; 217. 48; 246. 54; 247. 10; 5. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 23; 66. 31, 32; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 105; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 38. 2-3; III. 3. 30; 8. 4; 10. 109; 15. 35.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 10. 34; 13. 4; Matsya-purāṇa 9. 29.
  • 3) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 28; 23. 39. 4. 4.
  • 4) Ib. XI. 6. 2.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 28; 20. 46.
  • 6) Matsya-purāṇa 17. 14 and 52; 23. 22; 203. 12.
  • 7) Vāyu-purāṇa 76. 3, 12-14; 106. 59.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Viśvedeva (विश्वेदेव) refers to the sons of Viśvā: one of the daughters of Dakṣa given to Dharma in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave ten daughters to Dharma in marriage] [...] The ten wives of Dharma are Sādhyā, Viśvā, Saṃkalpā, Muhūrtā, Arundhatī, Marutvatī, Vasu, Bhūnu, Lambā and Jāmī. Viśvā gave birth to the Viśvedevas.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Vishvedeva in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Viśvedeva (विश्वेदेव) or Vaiśvadaivata is associated with the constellation Uttarāṣāḍha, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 6), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Mars (bhauma) should re-appear in the constellation of Pūrvaphālguni (sacred to Bhāga) or in that of Uttaraphālguni (sacred to Āryama), retrograde in the constellation of Uttarāṣāḍha (sacred to Viśvedeva) and disappear in the constellation of Rohiṇī (sacred to Bhauma), he will afflict the three worlds with miseries”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Viśvedeva (विश्वेदेव) [viśvedevāḥ] represents the number 13 (thirteen) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 13—viśvedeva] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts (shilpa)

Viśvedeva (विश्वेदेव) refers to one of the Parivāra-Devatās (“attendant deities”) according to chapter 22 (Kriyāpāda) of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [parivāra-vidhi]: Iconometry continues, this chapter being given over to rules for the attendant deities [parivāra-devatā]: [e.g., Viśvedeva] [...]. Then the discussion turns to the vehicles of the gods, namely Brahmā’s Swan and Rudra’s Ox, etc. (61b-64).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishvedeva in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

viśvēdēva (विश्वेदेव).—m pl A class of deities or demigods residing in svarga. See under viśva.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishvedeva in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Viśvedeva (विश्वेदेव):—[=viśve-deva] [from viśva] m. [plural] the Viśve Devāḥ (See under viśva), [Purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] sg. Name of the number ‘thirteen’ (at the end of the Saṃdeha-viṣauṣadhi)

3) [v.s. ...] of Mahāpuruṣa, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of an Asura, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] or another divine being, [Kāṭhaka]

6) Viśvedevā (विश्वेदेवा):—[=viśve-devā] [from viśve-deva > viśva] f. Uraria Lagopodioides, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vishvedeva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vishvedeva in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Viśvēdēva (ವಿಶ್ವೇದೇವ):—[noun] = ವಿಶ್ವದೇವತೆ [vishvadevate].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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