Vivasa, Vivāsa, Vivasha: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Vivasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vivash.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Vivāsa (विवास) refers to “solitude”, as in, staying in the pure self. Also see adhivāsa (the teacher’s abobe). It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Vivaśa (विवश) refers to a “deranged person”, according to the Bhūśalyasūtrapātananimittavidhi section of Jagaddarpaṇa’s Ācāryakriyāsamuccaya, a text within Tantric Buddhism dealing with construction manual for monasteries etc.—Accordingly, “[...] If a frog croaks, there is danger of water in the [donor’s?] house. If smoke [is seen], there is distraction of mind. If a person suffering from a disease, a person of a lower [class], a person suffering from leprosy, a deranged person (vivaśa), and a woman are seen, then it causes disease”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vivaśa (विवश).—a S That is under the power or rule of, subject.

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vivasā (विवसा).—m (Corr. from vyavasāya) Business, traffic, dealing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vivaśa (विवश).—a That is under the power or rule of.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vivasa (विवस).—

1) Banishment, sending into exile, expulsion; रामस्य गात्रमसि दुर्वहगर्भखिन्नसीताविवासनपटोः करुणा कुतस्ते (rāmasya gātramasi durvahagarbhakhinnasītāvivāsanapaṭoḥ karuṇā kutaste) Uttararāmacarita 2.1.

2) Separation from; प्रियैर्विवासो बहुशः संवासश्चाप्रियैः सह (priyairvivāso bahuśaḥ saṃvāsaścāpriyaiḥ saha) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 14.16.34.

-vivāsakāle ind. At the time of daybreak.

Derivable forms: vivāsaḥ (विवासः).

See also (synonyms): vivāsanam.

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Vivaśa (विवश).—a.

1) Uncontrolled, independent, unsubdued.

2) Having lost control over oneself, dependent, subject, under control (of another), helpless; विवशां धर्षयित्वा च कां त्वं प्रीतिमवाप्स्यसि (vivaśāṃ dharṣayitvā ca kāṃ tvaṃ prītimavāpsyasi) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.281.22; परीता रक्षोभिः श्रयति विवशा कामपि दशाम् (parītā rakṣobhiḥ śrayati vivaśā kāmapi daśām) Bv.1.83; मित्रस्नेहाद्विवशमधुना साहसे मां नियुङ्क्ते (mitrasnehādvivaśamadhunā sāhase māṃ niyuṅkte) Mu.6.18; जातं जातमवश्यमाशु विवशं मृत्युः करोत्यात्मसात् (jātaṃ jātamavaśyamāśu vivaśaṃ mṛtyuḥ karotyātmasāt) Bh. 3.15; Śiśupālavadha 2.58; सोद्योगं नरमायान्ति विवशाः सर्वसंपदः (sodyogaṃ naramāyānti vivaśāḥ sarvasaṃpadaḥ) H. 1.151; Mv.6.32,63; Bhāgavata 1.1.14.

3) Insensible, not master of oneself; विवशा कामवधूर्विबोधिता (vivaśā kāmavadhūrvibodhitā) Kumārasambhava 4.1.

4) Dead, perished; उपलब्धवती दिवशच्युतं विवशा शापनिवृत्ति- कारणम् (upalabdhavatī divaśacyutaṃ vivaśā śāpanivṛtti- kāraṇam) R.8.82.

5) Desirous or apprehensive of death.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivaśa (विवश).—mfn.

(-śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) 1. Subject, subjected. 2. Independent. 3. Apprehensive of death, unwilling though about to die. 4. Desirous of death, sedate at that period, or having the soul free from worldly cares and fears. 5. Uncontrolled, unrestrained, unsubdued. 6. Fainted, unconscious. E. vi before vaś to wish, aff. ac .

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Vivāsa (विवास).—mfn.

(-saḥ-sā-saṃ) Without clothes, naked. m.

(-saḥ) Banishment. E. vi priv., and vāsa vesture or abode.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivāsa (विवास).—i. e. I. vi- 1. vas, [Causal.], + a, m. Banishment, [Nala] 19, 6. Ii. vi-vāsa, adj. Without clothes, naked.

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Vivaśa (विवश).—adj., f. śā (deprived of will). 1. subject, subjected, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 55, 51; [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 171, M.M. (even against their will). 2. independent. 3. uncontrolled, unsubdued. 4. apprehensive of death, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 29. 5. desirous of death, having the soul free from worldly cares, dead, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 8, 81.

Vivaśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and vaśa (वश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivaśa (विवश).—[adjective] having no will, irresolute or indolent, acting involuntarily or against one’s own will; [abstract] [feminine]

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Vivāsa (विवास).—1. [masculine] the lighting up, daybreak.

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Vivāsa (विवास).—2. [masculine] leaving home, exile.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vivaśa (विवश):—[=vi-vaśa] [from vi] mf(ā)n. deprived or destitute of will, powerless, helpless (‘through’ [compound]), unwilling, involuntary, spontaneous ([in the beginning of a compound] ‘involuntarily’), [Manu-smṛti] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (only [Horace H. Wilson]) unrestrained

3) [v.s. ...] independent

4) [v.s. ...] subject

5) [v.s. ...] apprehensive of death

6) [v.s. ...] desirous of death (as being free from worldly cares)

7) [v.s. ...] m. a town, suburb (?), [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

8) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] [varia lectio] for viviṃśa below, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) Vivāśa (विवाश):—[=vi-vāśa] [from vi] m. [plural] [varia lectio] for -viṃśa below, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

10) Vivāsa (विवास):—[=vi-vāsa] [from vi] 1. vi-vāsa mfn. without clothes, naked, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) [v.s. ...] 2. vi-vāsa m. [plural] (for 3. and 4. See under vi- √4. and √5. vas) [varia lectio] for -viṃśa below, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

12) [=vi-vāsa] [from vi-vas] 3. vi-vāsa m. (for 1. and 2. See p. 952, col. 2) shining forth, dawning, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

13) [=vi-vāsa] [from vi-vas] 4. vi-vāsa m. (for 3. See under vi- √2. vac) leaving home, banishment, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] separation from ([instrumental case]), [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vivaśa (विवश):—[vi-vaśa] (śaḥ-śā-śaṃ) a. Submissive; prepared for death; unsubdued; independent; unwilling to die.

2) Vivāsa (विवास):—[vi-vāsa] (saḥ-sā-saṃ) a. Unclothed. m. Banishment.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vivaśa (विवश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vivasa, Vosaṭṭa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vivasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vivaśa (विवश) [Also spelled vivash]:—(a) helpless; compelled, under compulsion; forced, obliged; disabled; ~[] helplessness, disability; compulsion; —[karanā] to compel, to force, to oblige.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vivasa (विवस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vivaśa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vivaśa (ವಿವಶ):—

1) [adjective] incapable of being controlled or restrained; uncontrollable.

2) [adjective] not influenced or controlled by others; independent.

3) [adjective] not having self-control.

4) [adjective] afraid of death.

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Vivaśa (ವಿವಶ):—[noun] he who cannot control himself; a man liable to be charmed, brought under spell, etc.

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Vivāsa (ವಿವಾಸ):—[noun] the fact of being homeless; homelessness.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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