Vamadeva, Vāmadeva, Vama-deva: 25 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vamadeva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vamadeva in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Vāmadeva (वामदेव)—One of the eleven other names of Rudra, according to the Bhāgavata Purāṇa 3.12.12.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Vāmadeva (वामदेव).—An ancient hermit. Vāmadeva and Śala. Three sons named Śala, Dala and Bala were born to King Parīkṣit by his wife Suśobhanā, a princess of Maṇḍūka. In due course, King Parīkṣit anointed his eldest son Śala as King and went to the forest for penance.

Once Śala went to the forest to hunt. While chasing a deer, the King asked his charioteer to bring horses capable of overtaking the deer. The charioteer told the King that such horses were available at the hermitage of Vāmadeva. They went to the hermitage of Vāmadeva and got the horses on condition that they would be returned.

After the hunting, Śala reached his capital. Seeing the beauty and the vigorous nature of the horses, the King did not like to part with them. Vāmadeva sent his disciple to the court of the King to take the horses back. But the King sent him back empty-handed. Vāmadeva got angry. He came in person and demanded his horses. The King replied that Brahmins did not require such horses. While these two were quarrelling with each other, some fierce giants came there and pierced Śala with a trident and killed him. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 192). Other information.

(i) He was a friend of Vasiṣṭha and a priest of Daśaratha. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa. Sarga 7, Stanza 3).

(ii) Maṇḍala 4 of Ṛgveda was composed by Vāmadeva.

(iii) Vāmadeva was a hermit who had praised the Aśvinīdevas when he was in his mother’s womb. (Ṛgveda, Maṇḍala 1, Sūkta 119).

(iv) Once Vāmadeva tried to eat the flesh of a dog because of hunger, with a view to save Brahmins. (Manusmṛti, Chapter 10, Stanza 106).

(v) He was a prominent member in the assembly of Indra. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Stanza 17).

(vi) Once Vāmadeva gave advice about righteousness to King Vasumanas. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 92). (See full article at Story of Vāmadeva from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Vāmadeva (वामदेव).—A King. Arjuna defeated this King during his regional conquest of the North. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 27, Stanza 11).

3) Vāmadeva (वामदेव).—One of the seven sons born to Manu by his wife Śatarūpā. It is stated in Matsya Purāṇa, Chapter 4, that the Brahmin was born from the face, Kṣatriya from the hand, Vaiśya from the calf of the leg and Śūdra from the foot, of Vāmadeva, who was an incarnation of Śiva. This Vāmadeva who had five faces and a trident in his hand, fought with Candra, when Tārā the wife of Bṛhaspati was carried away by Candra. (Matsya Purāṇa, 4-13).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vāmadeva (वामदेव) is the name of a Sage (Muni) who once attended a great sacrifice by Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, O sage. To partake in that sacrifice, the celestial and terrestrial sages and devas were invited by Śiva and they reached the place being deluded by Śiva’s Māyā. [Vāmadeva, ...] and many others along with their sons and wives arrived at the sacrifice of Dakṣa—my son”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vāmadeva (वामदेव).—A name of Śiva; immortal;1 with the trident created Brahmans from his face; Kṣatriyas from his arms, Vaiśyas from his thigh and Śūdras from his feet;2 was not allowed to proceed with the creation of beings and hence got the name Sthāṇu;3 five faced Śiva grew angry at Soma's refusal to send back Tārā to Bṛhaspati and waged war with him.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 6. 36; III. 12. 12; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 26. 33; III. 72. 182.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 4. 27-30.
  • 3) Ib. 4. 31.
  • 4) Ib. 23. 36.

1b) A mountain of Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 10.

1c) A son of Hīraṇyaretas of Kuśadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 14.

1d) A sage who was invited for Yudhiṣṭhira's Rājasūya. Went with Kṛṣṇa to Mithilā, and came to Syamantapañcaka to see him. One of the sages who left for Piṇḍāraka;1 a sage by tapas an Angirasa and mantrakṛt;2 a son of Surūpā and a gotrakāra;3 a Tripravara, not to marry with Angiras and Bṛhaduktas.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 74. 8; 84. 5; 86. 18; XI. 1-12.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 99 and 110; Matsya-purāṇa 145. 93, 104; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 90, 101.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 196. 4.
  • 4) Ib. 196. 35-36.

1e) A son of Atharvan Angiras: visited Paraśurāma in penance;1 a Ṛṣi by tapas;2 father of Asija and Bṛhaduttha.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 105; 23. 4; IV. 39. 56.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 145. 93.
  • 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 100-2.

1f) The third Kalpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 290. 3.

1g) The contemplated being in the 30th Kalpa; also Śarva; Vāma Īśvara leads to Rudralokam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 22. 25, 32 and 34.

1h) The name of the Lord of the Lohita Kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 70-3.

1i) A son of Guhāvāsa of the 17th dvāpara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 177.

1j) A branch of Angiras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 106.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vāmadeva (वामदेव) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.24.10) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vāmadeva) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

1) Vāmadeva (वामदेव):—One of the five aspects of Śiva, known collectively as the Pañchabrahmās. They are emanations from the niṣkala-Śiva. According to the Rūpamaṇḍana, the colour of the body, the eyes, garments, the head-gear, the yajñopavīta, the garland, the sandal-paste and ear-ornament of Vāmadeva should be red. As usual, the crescent moon should be adorning the jaṭāmakuṭa of this deity also. He should have three eyes and a prominent nose, be decorated with all ornaments and carry in his hands the khaḍga and the kheṭaka.

The Śrītatvanidhi gives somewhat different description. For Vāmadeva should have, according to this work, four faces; each of these faces should have three eyes; the colour of Vāmadeva should be red. This face ought to point to the northern direction. Two of Vāmadeva’s hands should be held in the varada and the abhaya pose and the two remaining ones should hold in them the akṣamālā and the ṭaṅka.

2) Vāmadeva (वामदेव):—Fourth of the twelve emanations of Rudra, according to the Rūpamaṇḍana.

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Vāmadeva (वामदेव) was a contemporary and protege of a king called Śambhuvarāya. There are three or four Śambhuvarāyas, (that is, members of a dynasty of chiefs who styled themselves Śambhuvarāyas), of whom the Śambhuvarāya, the patron of Vāmadeva seems to be Rājanārāyaṇa Śambhuvarāyar, whoe initial date is A.D. 1322-23.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Vāmadeva (वामदेव) is found as a sculpture at the temple of Lokeśvara, north wall, north façade.—As this beautiful image is on the north wall, we may say that it is a representation of Vāmadeva. This is a standing image with one foot on the back of a Gaṇa. He has two arms, the left hand resting on the thigh, the right hand holding a serpent. He has a beautifully arranged matted hair. He wears a lot of ornaments and they are in well-preserved condition. A skull in his head decoration is intriguiging. The slight smile on his lips enhances the beauty of the image.

Above the image are demi-gods flying in the air, adoring the god. They are also well bedecked.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Vāmadeva (वामदेव) refers to one of the five faces of Sadāśiva that revealed the Āgamas (sacred texts).—According to the sṛṣṭikrama method mentioned in the Uttarakāmikāgama, “Rauravāgama, Makuṭāgama, Vimalāgama, Candrajñānāgama and Bimbāgama are said to be emanated from Vāmadeva face”. According to the saṃhārakrama mentioned in the Pūrvakāraṇāgama, “Sūkṣmāgama, Sahasrāgama, Aṃśumān and Suprabhedāgama are to be from the face called Vāmadeva”.

According to the Ajitāgama, “Siddha, Santāna, Nṛsiṃha, Candrajñāna and Vilmala are sprung from the Vāmadeva face”. According to the Rauravāgama, “Bimba, Prodgīta, Lalita, Siddha and Santāna are from the Vāmadeva face of Sadāśiva”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Vāmadeva (वामदेव) or Vāmadevasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a tāmasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa. c. Tāmasa (e.g., Vāmadeva-saṃhitā).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vamadeva in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vāmadeva (वामदेव) is the name of a great hermit, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 109. Accordingly, as Amṛtaprabha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... there is a great mountain (mahāgiri) named Malaya in the southern region; and in a hermitage on it lives a great hermit named Vāmadeva”.

Also, “... and [Naravāhanadatta] himself flew up into the air with that Vidyādhara, and in that way quickly reached the Malaya mountain, and approached the hermit Vāmadeva. And he beheld that hermit [Vāmadeva] white with age, tall of stature, with eyeballs sparkling like bright jewels in the fleshless sockets of his eyes, the depository of the jewels of the emperor of the Vidyādharas, with his matted hair waving like creepers, looking like the Himālaya range accompanying the prince, to assist him in attaining success”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vāmadeva, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vāmadeva (वामदेव) or Vāmadevarasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, Rajayakshma: phthisis). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., vāmadeva-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Vāmadeva (वामदेव) or Vāmadevagītā refers to one of the sixty-four Gītās commonly referred to in Hindu scriptures.—Gītā is the name given to certain sacred writings in verse (often in the form of a dialogue) which are devoted to the exposition of particular religious and theosophical doctrines. Most of these Gītās [i.e., Vāmadeva-gītā] originate from the Mahābhārata or the various Purāṇas.

context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Universal Yoga: The Five Faces of Shiva

Vāmadeva is associated with the northern direction. This face of Shiva is associated with the shakti of strength and beauty as well as the goddess Maya. Vāmadeva is associated with the Vijῆānamaya Kosha. This face is the Citta rūpa, the form of the universal consciousness limited to the individual mind. Several traditions believe that mantra to Vāmadeva has considerable healing benefit. This is the preserving energy of Shiva, and is connected with the air element as well as the Ānahata Chakra.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) Vāmadeva: Represents Citta rūpa and Citta rūpiṇi of Śiva. This is Turīya, attained by getting acquainted with primordial energy of the sun. This face of Śiva has special powers to heal both mentally and physically of any creature. Represents Parāliṅga. Two billion (200,00,000) mantras are trying to describe this face of Śiva. Blood red in color it represents unmatched force that is capable of transforming all elements of the cosmos. Uplifts the element of Tejasa. Direction is North. Predominates the energy of vital life force. It represents indescribable amount of brightness of light. Only those established in yoga can contain it within their physical forms, otherwise the mortal frame sheds itself immediately resulting in union with Vamadeva. The adepts contain energy of creation of elements within themselves.

2) (second face of Shiva) - Vāmadeva - Preservation. North. Water. Jala.

According to Śaiva Agama, Lord Shiva performs five actions - creation, preservation, dissolution, concealing grace, and revealing grace. Each of the five actions corresponds to a name and form of Shiva with varying attributes.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the great sages honoured by the brahmins as authors of hymns, etc. Vin.i.245; D.i.104, etc.; see Vamaka; cf. Rigveda iv. 26; Ramayana i.7, etc.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Vāmadeva is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (e.g., Vāmadeva) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.

These copper plates (mentioning Vāmadeva) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vāmadeva (वामदेव).—

1) Name of a sage.

2) Name of Śiva; नाहं न यूयं यदृतां गतिं विदुर्न वामदेवः किमुतापरे सुराः (nāhaṃ na yūyaṃ yadṛtāṃ gatiṃ vidurna vāmadevaḥ kimutāpare surāḥ) Bhāg.2.6.36.

Derivable forms: vāmadevaḥ (वामदेवः).

Vāmadeva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vāma and deva (देव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāmadeva (वामदेव).—m.

(-vaḥ) A name of Siva. E. vāma contrary, (to human institutions,) deva who sports.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāmadeva (वामदेव).—m. Śiva.

Vāmadeva is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vāma and deva (देव).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāmadeva (वामदेव).—[masculine] [Name] of a Ṛṣi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Vāmadeva (वामदेव) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Quoted by Śaṅkara on Abhijñānaśakuntala Oxf. 135^a.

2) Vāmadeva (वामदेव):—lawyer. Quoted by Hemādri in Pariśeṣakhaṇḍa 1, 159.

3) Vāmadeva (वामदेव):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa] Sūktāvali Peters. 3, 55.

4) Vāmadeva (वामदेव):—Munimatamaṇimālā [dharma]

5) Vāmadeva (वामदेव):—Varṣamañjarī jy.

6) Vāmadeva (वामदेव):—Haṭhayogaviveka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vāmadeva (वामदेव):—[=vāma-deva] [from vāma] m. (vāma-) Name of an ancient Ṛṣi (having the [patronymic] gautama, author of the hymns, [Ṛg-veda iv, 1-41; 45-48], comprising nearly the whole fourth Maṇḍala; [plural] his family), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] of minister of Daśa-ratha, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Nārāyaṇa (father of Viśva-nātha), [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] of a lawyer, a poet etc. (also with upādhyāya and bhaṭṭā-cārya), [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] of a form of Śiva, [Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a demon presiding over a [particular] disease, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a mountain in Śālmala-dvīpa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of the third day or Kalpa in the month of Brahmā (See under kalpa)

10) [=vāma-deva] [from vāma] mf(ī)n. relating to the Ṛṣi Vāma-deva, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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