Nidhi: 20 definitions


Nidhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: The Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa

These are demi-gods who preside over and influence men’s propensities, pursuits, pleasures, tastes, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nidhi (निधि).—A Sukha God.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 18.

1b) The Goddess enshrined at Vaiśravanālaya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 51.

1c) One of the seven ratnas of the king.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 68.

1d) A mukhya gaṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 18.

1e) Wealth; eight kinds of; wealth of Kubera; Padma, Mahapadma, Makara, Kacchapa, Kumuda, Śankha, Nila and Nandana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 10-11.

1f) Jewels; Tātaṇka,1 Kaṇṭhasūtra, Keyura, and Nūpura.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 75; IV. 33. 76.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 15. 21; III. 27. 6.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Nidhi (निधि) represents the number 9 (nine) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 9—nidhi] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Nidhi (निधि) refers to a group of deities summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Nidhi).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Google Books: Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation

Nidhi (निधि).—The nine “treasures” (nidhi) with which a Cakravartī is endowed, are, According to one view, collection of books in which there is literature on 9 different branches of science, according to another, containers or treasure-houses in which there are things whose application is taught in those books.

Names and contents of the 9 nidhis are:

  1. naisarpa: houses,
  2. pāṇḍuka: rice and corns,
  3. piṅgalaka: ornament,
  4. sarvaratnaka: gems,
  5. mahāpadma: clothing,
  6. kāla: determination of time for astrological predictions,
  7. mahākāla: mines of metals and precious stones,
  8. mānavaka: weapons, warcraft,
  9. śaṅkha: peotry, dramaturgy, music.
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nidhi (निधि) refers to “(divine) treasure”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The wishing gem, divine treasure (nidhinidhir divyaḥ), cow of heaven, [and] wishing trees along with Lakṣmī—I think these are servants existing from ancient times of the doctrine. The doctrine bestows upon embodied souls prosperity which is desired by Indra and the lords of men and snakes, and is to be revered in the three worlds”.

Synonyms: Nidhāna.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nidhi.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘nine’. Cf. nidhi-nikṣepa (IE 8-5; HRS; SITI); treasure trove; a treasure-hoard; hidden treasure under the ground; one of the eight kinds of enjoyments allowed to the donees of rent-free land. Cf. nidhāna. (CITD), a treasure; a reposistory; store; a place where anything is placed. Cf. nidhi-nikṣepa-jala-pāṣāṇa-arām-ādi-catuṣ-prakāra-bīravaṇa- pārikha-aya-sahita (Ind. Ant., Vol. XIX, p. 247; text lines 101-02), privilege mentioned along with aṣṭabhoga-tejassvāmya-daṇdaśulka- yukta. Note: nidhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nidhi : (m.) hidden treasure.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nidhi, (Vedic nidhi, ni+dhā, see nidahati) 1. “setting down, ” receptacle; (hidden) treasure Sn. 285 (brahma n.); Dh. 76; Kh VIII, 2 (see KhA 217 sq. : nidhīyatī ti nidhi, def. of n.), 9 (acorâharaṇo nidhi cp. “treasures in heaven, where thieves do not steal” Matt. 6, 20); Sdhp. 528, 588.—2. “putting on, ” a cloak J. VI, 79 (explained as vākacīra-nivāsanaṃ=a bark dress). Cp. sannidhi.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nidhi (निधि).—[ni-dhā-ādhāre ki]

1) Abode, receptacle, reservoir; जल°, तोय°, तपोनिधि (jala°, toya°, taponidhi) &c.

2) A store-house, treasury.

3) A treasure, store, hoard (for the nine treasures of Kubera, see navanidhi).

4) The ocean.

5) An epithet of Viṣṇu.

6) A man endowed with many good qualities.

7) the science of chronology; Ch. Up.7.2.1.

Derivable forms: nidhiḥ (निधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nidhi (निधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. One of Kuvera'S Nid'his or divine treasures, nine of which are enumerated: viz. The Padma, Mahapadma, Sankha, Makara, Kachchapa, Mukunda, Kunda, Nila, and K'harba: their nature is not exactly defined, though some of them appears to be precious gems; according to the Tantrika system, they are personified and worshipped as demi-gods, attendant either upon Kuvera or upon Lakshmi, the goddess of prosperity. 2. A receptacle, a place of asylum or accumulation, as a treasury, a granary, a nest, &c.; also figuratively, as guṇanidhiḥ a man who contains or is endowed with all good qualities. 3. A treasure, any sum or quantity of wealth or valuables. 4. A medicinal plant and perfume, commonly Jivaka. 5. The ocean. 6. An epithet of Vishnu E. ni in, dhā to have, affix. ādhāre ki .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nidhi (निधि).—i. e. ni-dhā (cf. dhi and payodhi), m. 1. A receptacle, Mahābhārata 1, 1124. 2. A treasure, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 82.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nidhi (निधि).—[masculine] setting down or serving up (of food etc.); receptacle, vessel, (hidden) treasure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nidhi (निधि):—[=ni-dhi] [from ni-dhā] a m. setting down or serving up (food, etc.), [Ṛg-veda i.183, 4etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] the bottom of the Ukhā, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] a place for deposits or storing up, a receptacle ([especially] apāṃ nidhi, r° of waters, the ocean, sea, also Name of a Sāman; kalānāṃ n, the full moon), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a store, hoard, treasure, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (in later language [especially] the divine treasures belonging to Kubera, nine of which are enumerated, viz. Padma, Mahāpadma, Śaṅkha, Makara, Kacchapa, Mukunda, Nanda, Nīla and Kharva, they are also personified as attendants either of Kubera or of Lakṣmī; cf. nidhi-datta and -pālita below)

5) [v.s. ...] the sea, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] (with daiva) the science of chronology, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad vii, 1, 2] ([Śaṃkarācārya])

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] [medicine] plant (= jīvikā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a kind of perfume (= nalikā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [=ni-dhi] b See under ni-dhā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nidhi (निधि):—[ni-dhi] (dhiḥ) 2. m. A treasury, particularly Pluto's; a depository; wealth; the ocean; medical plant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nidhi (निधि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Nihi, Ṇihi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nidhi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nidhi (निधि):—(nf) a treasure; fund.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nidhi (ನಿಧಿ):—

1) [noun] wealth; riches.

2) [noun] money, valuables, etc. hidden beneath the earth’s surface; hidden treasure; hoard.

3) [noun] an amount of money reserved for a specific purpose.

4) [noun] a pile of things; a heap.

5) [noun] a place of refuge; a resort.

6) [noun] the ocean.

7) [noun] (arith.) a symbol for the number nine.

8) [noun] ನಿಧಿ ಇದ್ದರೂ ವಿಧಾನಬೇಕು [nidhi iddaru vidhanabeku] nidhi iddarū vidhāna bēku (prov.) discretion is much more important than resources.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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