Prabhasa, aka: Prabhāsa; 15 Definition(s)
Prabhasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1a) Prabhāsa (प्रभास).—A tīrtha sacred to Hari and famous for the west flowing Saravatī.1 Sages of this place visited Dvārakā.2 During his pilgrimage tour Arjuna went to this;3 was visited by Balarāma and revisited by him;4 here the Moon God who was struck with consumption (yakṣma) by the curse of Dakṣa got rid of his disease.5 Here Sāndipāni's son was drowned, and Vidura cast off his body.6 To this came once the Vṛṣṇis, Bhojas, and Andhakas for sacred ablution when they had been cursed by some munis, and gave gifts of gold, silver and bed to Brahmanas.7 On Kṛṣṇa's suggestion the Yadus left Dvārakā for good and went to this place, where they drank heavily induced by Kṛṣṇa, and fighting with one another, all of them died.8 Sacred to Puṣkarāvati9 the intervening space between the cheek and neck of the personified Veda.10
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 14. 31; XI. 30. 6; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 13. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 23. 215; 77. 40.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 90. 28 .
- 3) Ib. X. 86. 2.
- 4) Ib. X. 78. 18; 79. 21.
- 5) Ib. XI. 6. 35-8.
- 6) Ib. X. 45. 37-8; III. 1. 20; I. 15. 49; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 21. 25.
- 7) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III 3. 25-8.
- 8) Ib. XI. 30. 10-19. Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 37. 30, 38-9.
- 9) M 13. 43.
- 10) Vāyu-purāṇa 104. 78.
1b) One of the twenty Sutapa gaṇas.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 15.
1c) Mountain covering the foot of the śilā of Gayāsura; ety. that which shines bright; from the little finger of the śilā came out Īśa; in Gayā.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 13-4; 109. 14.
1d) A Vasu; married the sister of Bṛhaspati. Father of Viśvakarman.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 110, 118-19.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Prabhāsa (प्रभास) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Prabhāsa) is named Śaśibhūṣaṇa. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Prabhāsa (प्रभास) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Prabhāsanṛsiṃha or Prabhāsanarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.
The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.(Source): Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Prabhāsa (प्रभास) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.17) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Prabhāsa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Katha (narrative stories)
Prabhāsa (प्रभास) is the son of one of the ministers of king Candraprabha, appointed to his son, Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 44. Accordingly, as Vajraprabha said to Naravāhanadatta: “... and then, when he [Sūryaprabha] was sixteen years old, and captivated the subjects by his virtues, his father, Candraprabha, appointed him Crown Prince, and he gave him the sons of his own ministers, many in number, Bhāsa, Prabhāsa, Siddhārtha, Prahasta and others”.
According to chapter 46, Prabhāsa is the incarnation of Prabala (who is in turn the incarnation of Namuci): “when he [Prabala] heard that, he gave them his own body, although they were his enemies; noble men do not turn their backs on a suppliant, but bestow on him even their lives. Then that Dānava Prabala was cut to pieces by the gods, and he has been again born in the world of men with the body of Prabhāsa”.
In chapter 47, Prabhāsa is a general and considered a leader of hosts of chiefs of hosts of great warriors (mahāratha) in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... and this Prabhāsa, the general of the army, who is equal to Sūryaprabha, and this son of Sumeru, Kuñjarakumāra—these two are leaders of hosts of chiefs of hosts of great warriors”.
The story of Prabhāsa was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Prabhāsa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Prabhasa (प्रभास): The Vasu who seized Vasishtha's divine cow.(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism
Prabhāsa (प्रभास).—A holy place near Dvārakā where the fratricide of the Yadu dynasty took place.(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Prabhāsa (प्रभास) is the name of the present Buddha in one of his earlier lives according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “In one of his earlier lives, the present Buddha Śākyamuni was a potter (kumbhakāra) called Prabhāsa. At that time, there was a Buddha called Śākyamuni; his disciples were called Śāriputra, Maudalyāyana and Ānanda. The Buddha and his disciples went to the house of the potter to spend the night. On that occasion, the potter gave three things: a seat made of straw (tṛṇāsana), a lamp (dīpa) and honey syrup (madhu-maireya) and he made a gift of them to the Buddha and the community of monks (bhikṣu-saṃgha). Then he made the following vow (praṇidhi): ‘Later, after five unfortunate generations of old age (jarā), sickness (vyādhi) and death (maraṇa), I will be Buddha. I will be called Śākyamuni like the present Buddha and my disciples will bear the names of the present disciples of the Buddha’.”.
According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX).—“Thus, when the Buddha Śākyamuni produced the bodhi mind for the first time, he was a great king called Kouang ming (Prabhāsa) – seeking Buddhahood, he practiced generosity more or less. – When he took on a new existence, he was the master-potter (kumbhakāra) who gave bath utensils and honey syrup to another Buddha Śākyamuni and his saṃgha. – Then when he was reborn, he was the wife of a great merchant (mahāśreṣṭhi-bhāryā), who offered a lamp to the Buddha Kiao tch’en jo (Kauṇḍinya). Various deeds of this kind are called lesser gifts of the Bodhisattva”.(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
After the future Buddha left the celestial realm, he took rebirth among humans as the son of a poor potter with the name Prabhāsa [snang byed].(Source): Kunpal: Shantideva's Bodhisattva-charyavatara
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Prabhāsa (प्रभास) is the name of the eleventh gaṇadhara (group-leader) of Mahāvīra.—Prabhāsa was a resident of Rājagṛha and a Brahmin of Kauṇḍinya-gotra. His mother’s name was Atibhadrā and his father’s name was Bala. Mahāvīra replied to his question on liberation in such a manner that he became Mahāvīra’s disciple along with his 300 students. At that time, Prabhāsa was only 16 years old. After 8 years, he attained pure knowledge and thereafter, remaining a kevalī for 16 years. At the age of 40 observing a month-long fast, he attained nirvāṇa at Guṇaśīla-caitya. Prabhāsa is the only gaṇadhara who took initiation at such a young age and attained pure knowledge.
All these gaṇadharas (for example, Prabhāsa) were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).(Source): HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Prabhāsa (प्रभास) refers to Prabhāsa-tīrtha or Pabhāsa-tīrtha, which is mentioned in one of the Karle cave inscriptions. The name is given as Prabhāsatīrtha in Nasik cave inscription of the time of Nahapāna. The latter inscription records the donations given to the Brāhmaṇas by Usavadāta at this holy place. The place is the same as Prabhāsa or Somanātha-pattana in Kathiawar, where the epic legend locates the death of Lord Kṛṣṇa. It is frequently mentioned in the Purāṇas.(Source): archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
prabhāsa (प्रभास).—m S A place of pilgrimage near Dwarka.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
prabhāsa (प्रभास).—m A place of pilgrimage near Dwarka.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) Splendour, beauty, lustre.
-saḥ, -sam 1 Name of a well-known place of pilgrimage near Dvārakā.
2) Name of one of the eight Vasus.
3) Name of one of the Jaina Gaṇādhipa.
4) Name of one of the Devagaṇas in the eighth Manvantara.
Derivable forms: prabhāsaḥ (प्रभासः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 29 books and stories containing Prabhasa or Prabhāsa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Section CCXX < [Arjuna-vanavasa Parva]
Section LXVI < [Sambhava Parva]
Section II < [Sangraha Parva]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Conquest of Prabhāsatīrtha by Bharata < [Chapter IV]
Part 4: Conquest of Prabhāsatīrtha by Sagara < [Chapter IV - Conquest of Bharatavarṣa by Sagara]
Part 18: Expedition of conquest < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Chapter XLVIII < [Book VIII - Sūryaprabha]
Chapter XLVI < [Book VIII - Sūryaprabha]
Chapter L < [Book VIII - Sūryaprabha]
Bodhisattvacharyavatara (by Andreas Kretschmar)
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 6 - The Yadu Dynasty Retires to Prabhasa < [Canto XI - General History]
Chapter 30 - The Disappearance of the Yadu Dynasty < [Canto XI - General History]
Chapter 45 - Krishna Rescues His Teacher’s Son < [Canto X - The Summum Bonum]