Vahana, Vāhana: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vahana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vahan.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Vāhana (वाहन) refers to “vehicles”, which are mentioned as obtainable through the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] for achieving glory with plenty of vehicles (vāhana), worship for a thousand times shall be performed. A person desiring salvation shall worship Śiva five crores of times with deep devotion”.

2) Vāhana (वाहन) refers to “Vīrabhadra’s chariot”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.33. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Receiving his command, with his head bowed down in reverence, Vīrabhadra set off immediately to the place of sacrifice. [...] The chariots (vāhana) numbered as many as two thousand Nalvas of land could contain. Ten thousand lions pulled the chariots strenuously”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vāhana (वाहन).—(conveyance) To know about the conveyances of Rudra, Yama and so on, see under Jaladhi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vāhana (वाहन).—A pupil of Kṛta.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 51.

1b) Different riding animals used by warriors in the battlefield described.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 22. 15-18.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

One of the three palaces of Sikhi Buddha before his Renunciation. Bu.xxi.16; but BuA. (p. 201) calls it Narivasabha.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Vāhana (वाहन) is the twenty-sixth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (e.g., vāhana), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vāhana.—(LP), a load-carrier; a cart, ship, etc. See vahitra. Note: vāhana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vahana : (nt.) carrying; bearing; flowing. || vāhana (nt.), a vehicle.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vahana, (adj. nt.) (fr. vah) 1. carrying VvA. 316; DhA. III, 472 (dhura°).—2. a current J. IV, 260. (Page 606)

— or —

Vāhana, (fr. vāheti) 1. (adj.) carrying, pulling, drawing Vin. II, 122 (udaka°-rajju); J. I, 136 (kaṭṭha° gathering fire-wood); PvA. 127 (ratha-yuga°).—2. (nt.) conveyance, beast of burden, monture Vin. I, 277 (°āgāra stable, garage); Sn. 442 (Māra sa° with his elephant); Pv. II, 926; DhA. I, 192 (hatthi°, elephant-mount; cp. p. 196, where five. vāhanāni, belonging to King Pajjota, are enumerated, viz. kaṇeru, dāsa, dve assā, hatthi).—bala° army & elephants, i.e. army in general, forces J. I, 262. (Page 611)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vahana (वहन).—n (S) A vehicle or means of conveyance in general. 2 Carrying or conveying.

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vahāṇa (वहाण).—f (vāhaṇēṃ) Stream, current, flow. 2 A stream or brook. 3 A sandal. Pr.pāyāñcī va0 pāyīṃ asāvī Let every (person or thing) be in its proper sphere or place; ne sutor ultra crepidam.

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vāhana (वाहन).—n C A stone-mortar, esp. as fixed in the ground.

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vāhana (वाहन).—n (S) A vehicle or means of conveyance generally. Ex. of comp. garuḍavāhana, naravāhana, ākhuvāhana, aśvavāhana.

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vāhāṇa (वाहाण).—f (Better vahāṇa) Stream or current. 2 A sandal. v bhara.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vahana (वहन).—n A vehicle. Carrying.

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vahāṇa (वहाण).—f Stream; a brook. A sandal. pāyāñcī vahāṇa pāyīṃ asāvī Let every person (or thing) be in its proper sphere or place.

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vāhaṇa (वाहण) [-ṇī, -णी].—f Stream. The carrying of a reaped field.

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vāhana (वाहन).—n A vehicle. A stone-mortar.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vahana (वहन).—[vah-lyuṭ]

1) Carrying, bearing, conveying.

2) Supporting.

3) Flowing.

4) A vehicle, conveyance.

5) A boat, raft.

6) The undermost part of a column.

Derivable forms: vahanam (वहनम्).

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Vāhana (वाहन).—[vāhayati vah-ṇic lyu lyuṭ vā]

1) Bearing, carrying, conveying.

2) Driving (as a horse).

3) A vehicle, conveyance of any kind; Ms.7.75; निजानुजेनातिथितामुपेतः प्राचीपतेर्वाहनवारणेन (nijānujenātithitāmupetaḥ prācīpatervāhanavāraṇena) N.22.45.

4) An animal used in riding or draught, as a horse; स दुष्प्रापयशाः प्रापदाश्रमं श्रान्त- वाहनः (sa duṣprāpayaśāḥ prāpadāśramaṃ śrānta- vāhanaḥ) R.1.48;9.25,6.

5) An elephant.

5) An oar; अस्य वाहनसंयुक्तां (asya vāhanasaṃyuktāṃ) ... नावमुपाहर (nāvamupāhara) Rām.2.52.6.

-nā An army; वाहनाजनि (vāhanājani) Śi.19.33.

Derivable forms: vāhanam (वाहनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vāhana (वाहन).—m., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 8014 = Tibetan ded ḥdren; compare vāhana-prajñapti, and mahā-vāhana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vahana (वहन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Bearing, conveying. 2. Flowing, (as a stream.) 3. Any vehicle. 4. A raft, a float. E. vah to bear, lyuṭ aff.

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Vāhana (वाहन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A vehicle, a conveyance of any kind, as a horse, an elephant, a carriage. 2. Carrying, conveying, &c. 3. Making effort or exertion. E. vah to bear, causal form, or vāh to endeavour, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vahana (वहन).—[vah + ana], n. 1. Bearing. 2. Flowing. 3. Any vehicle. 4. A raft, a boat.

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Vāhana (वाहन).—i. e. vah + ana, n. 1. Carrying, [Pañcatantra] 253, 13; bearing, 83, 19. 2. Governing (of horses), [Nala] 15, 2. 3. A vehicle, [Hitopadeśa] 126, 16; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 222; a chariot, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 62; a horse, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 29; an elephant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vahana (वहन).—[adjective] (—°) & [neuter] conducting, carrying, bearing; [neuter] also flowing, ship.

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Vāhana (वाहन).—[adjective] carrying, bringing. [neuter] ([masculine]) beast of burden or beast for riding; vehicle i.[grammar], waggon ship, oar, sail (adj. —° riding or going in); [neuter] drawing, carrying, driving, riding, guiding (a horse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vahana (वहन):—[from vah] mfn. bearing, carrying, conveying (See rāja-v)

2) [v.s. ...] n. the act of bearing, carrying, conveying, bringing, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

3) [v.s. ...] the flowing (of water), [Nirukta, by Yāska vi, 2]

4) [v.s. ...] a ship, vessel, boat, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] the undermost part of a column, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] a square chariot with a pole, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Vāhana (वाहन):—[from vāh] 1. vāhana n. (for 2. See [column]2) the act of making effort, endeavouring, exertion, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) [from vāh] 2. vāhana mfn. (for 1. See [column]1) drawing, bearing, carrying, conveying, bringing etc., [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

9) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Muni, [Catalogue(s)]

10) Vāhanā (वाहना):—[from vāhana > vāh] f. an army, [Śiśupāla-vadha xix, 33]

11) Vāhana (वाहन):—[from vāh] n. the act of drawing, bearing, carrying, conveying, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

12) [v.s. ...] driving, [Suśruta]

13) [v.s. ...] riding, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

14) [v.s. ...] guiding (horses), [Mahābhārata]

15) [v.s. ...] any vehicle or conveyance or draught-animal, carriage, chariot, waggon, horse, elephant (cf. [Pāṇini 8-4, 8]), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. (ifc. [f(ā). ] riding or driving on or in)

16) [v.s. ...] any animal, [Kathāsaritsāgara xxi, 30]

17) [v.s. ...] ‘oar’ or ‘sail’ [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 52, 5.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vahana (वहन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A raft, a boat; bearing.

2) Vāhana (वाहन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A vehicle of any kind; as horse, carriage, &c.; conveying; endeavour; deportment.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vahana (वहन):—(von 1. vah)

1) adj. fahrend: varavimāna [Kathāsaritsāgara 43, 242. 119, 196.] führend, auf seinem Rücken tragend: rāja (nāga) [Mahābhārata 2, 2076.] —

2) n. a) das Fahren, Führen: haviṣām [Yāska’s Nirukta 7, 8.] havya (agneḥ) [Mahābhārata 2, 1146.] das Fliessen des Wassers [Yāska’s Nirukta 6, 2.] das Mitsichführen: maṇikusumādya der Krähen [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 95, 12.] das Tragen: dharābhāra [Spr. 5152.] — b) Schiff [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 2, 13.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 876.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 25, 45. 26, 7. 123.] — c) der unterste Theil einer Säule [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 53, 29.] udvahana dass. Cit. beim [Scholiast] — Vgl. cakṣurvahana, pūrvāgni, soma .

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Vāhana (वाहन):—(vom caus. von 1. vah)

1) adj. tragend: madvadhū (siṃha) [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 134.] jāmātṛ (haya) [30, 101.] nāgānāṃ vāhanā meghāḥ [124, 223. 221.] bringend: svapnottamaḥ satyavāhanaḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 100.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium eines Muni [Oxforder Handschriften 55,b,22.] —

3) n. a) Zugthier, Gespann, Reitthier, Vehikel überh. [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 26. 3, 4, 25, 181.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 221. 759.] [Halāyudha 2, 294.] am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Mahābhārata 3, 11279.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 125, 2.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 20, 164.] gardabhaḥ sarveṣāṃ vāhanānāmanāśiṣṭhaḥ [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 4, 9.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 8, 2, 9. 2, 1, 4, 4. 4, 4, 4, 10.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 75. 222. 8, 113. 419.] [Mahābhārata 3, 2129. 13, 352. 4855. 14, 75. fg.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 86, 2. 7, 16, 7.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 7, 30. 12, 44. 13, 31. 80.] [Spr. 5408.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 4, 24. 9, 43. 46, 7. 27. 48, 68. 90, 8. 93, 12.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 20, 146. 30, 137. 43, 244.] [Naiṣadhacarita 22, 45.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 288.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 12, 17.] Häufig in Verbindung mit bala so v. a. Heer und Tross [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 172. 9, 313.] [Mahābhārata 1, 6652. 2, 1074. 4, 993. 2219.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 53, 6.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 1, 16, 11. 2, 101, 5. 5, 9, 51. 30, 2. 73, 4.] [Spr. 768.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 37, 9.] hṛṣṭavāhanapūruṣa [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 347.] prayayau puṇḍarīkākṣaḥ śaibyasugrīvavāhanaḥ Ross [Mahābhārata 2, 35. 555. 4, 319.] śrānta adj. [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 62, 1. 68, 1. 2, 68, 21. 71, 30.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 48. 9, 25.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 16, 91. 18, 106.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 15, 31.] spṛṣṭvā kṣatriyo vāhanāyudham (śudhyati) Reitthier (Elephant oder Ross) [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 99.] [Mahābhārata 13, 3724.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 7, 13. 12, 134.] yajñeśa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 6, 22.] [PAÑCAR. 1, 1, 76.] [Pañcatantra 198, 5.] [Hitopadeśa 126, 16.] Auch m.: kaṃsasyaiva sa vāhanaḥ [Harivaṃśa 3113. 5884] (n. in der neueren Ausg.). — Wagen [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 9, 4, 2, 11.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 109, 35. 3, 56, 52.] [Spr. 4423.] in comp. mit der Last (wobei das na in ṇa verwandelt wird, wenn ra oder ṣa vorhergehen) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 8, 4, 8.] śaravāhaṇa, darbha, ikṣu [Scholiast] Schiff [Oxforder Handschriften 151,a,6.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā) nach dem näher angegebenen Vehikel so v. a. fahrend in, reitend auf: syandana [Harivaṃśa 4426.] nāga [10998.] siṃha [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 79.] haṃsa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 3, 16.] garuḍa [8, 10, 2.] In der Stelle vanyavāhanahantar [Kathāsaritsāgara 21, 30] bedeutet das Wort Thier überh. — b) Ruder (Comm.) oder Segel [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 52, 5.] — c) nom. act. das Ziehen, Tragen (eines Zugthieres, eines Reitthieres oder Trägers) [Mahābhārata 5, 473. 13, 4755.] śivikā [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 24, 18.] [Pañcatantra 83, 19. 198, 6. 253, 13.] [Hitopadeśa ed. JOHNS. 1705.] das Fahren [Suśruta 1, 119, 2. 244, 8. 277, 10.] das Reiten [Kathāsaritsāgara 62, 158. 160. fg.] [Spr. 3174.] das Lenken (der Rosse) [Mahābhārata 3, 2635.] — Vgl. uda, kavya, kravya, jala, dvija, deva, naga, nara, nṛ, pakṣa, pavana, purīṣa, purīṣya, puṣpa, pravara, praṣṭi, babhru, barhi, barhiṇa, bīja, bhāra, bhūta, bhūti, maṇi, madhu, mahiṣa, mṛga, megha, yajña, yama, ratha, rāja, rukma, vasu, vāji, vāyu, vāri, śāli, śikhi, śveta, hari, havya, hotra .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Vahana (वहन) [Also spelled vahan]:—(nm) conveying, carrying, bearing; transportation; hence ~[nīya] (a).

2) Vāhana (वाहन) [Also spelled vahan]:—(nm) a vehicle, conveyance; an animal used to ride upon.

context information

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