Tanu, aka: Tanū; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Tanu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Tanu (तनु).—An ancient sage. This sage lived in the palace of King Vīradyumna for a long time. (Chapters 127 and 128, Śānti Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Tanū-bhūmi (तनू):—One of the ten grounds shared by adepts of the three Vehicles (sādhāraṇabhūmi). [The śrāvaka], if he is srotaāpanna or sakṛdāgāmin, partially destroys the nine kinds of passions (kleśa) of the desire realm: [six categories if he is sakṛdāgāmin]. – As for the bodhisattva, passing the non-regressing level Avaivartikabhūmi and as long as he has not become buddha [and remains in the grounds proper no. 8 and no. 9, Acalā and Sudarjayā], he destroys all the passions, and the traces (vāsanā) that remain become very slight (tanūbhavanti).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

tanu : (adj.) thin; slender.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Tanu, (Vedic tanu, f. tanvī; also n. tanu & tanū (f.) body *ten (see tanoti)=Gr. taQu-, Lat. tenuis, Ohg. dunni, E. thin) 1. (adj.) thin, tender, small, slender Vv 162 (vara° graceful=uttamarūpa-dhara VvA. 79; perhaps to 2); PvA. 46 (of hair: fine+mudhu).—2. (n. nt.) body (orig. slender part of the body=waist) Vv 537 (kañcana°); Pv. I, 121; Vism. 79 (uju+). Cp. tanutara.

—karaṇa making thinner, reducing, diminishing Vin. II, 316 (Bdhgh on CV. V. 9, 2); —bhāva decrease Pug. 17; —bhūta decreased, diminished Pug. 17; esp. in phrase °soka with diminished grief, having one’s grief allayed DhA. III, 176; PvA. 38. (Page 296)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ṭaṇū (टणू).—m ṭaṇūṃ n A bump (esp. on the forehead or head) from a blow.

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tanu (तनु).—a (S) Small, little, minute; slender, slim, delicate; fine, thin, tenuous, attenuate.

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tanu (तनु).—f S The body.

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tanū (तनू).—f (S) The body. 2 fig. The constitution or the constitutional wants or requirements; the natural or inherent exigencies and occasions. v rākha, sambhāḷa, & tanūpramāṇēṃ vāgaṇēṃ. 3 Regard to the constitution or bodily health; observance of regimen. Ex. vaidyānēṃ malā tanūvara ṭhēvilēṃ āṇi mājhā mitra tō tanūvara āhēca. 4 A delicate constitution or state of health.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭaṇū (टणू).—m ṭaṇūṃ n A bumb (esp. on the forehead or head) from a blow.

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tanu (तनु).—f The body. a Small; fine; delicate.

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tanu (तनु).—f The body. The constitutional wants. A delicate constitution.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tanu (तनु).—a. (-nu, -nvī f.) [तन्-उन् (tan-un)]

1) Thin, lean, emaciated; वीतप्रभावतनुरप्यतनुप्रभावः (vītaprabhāvatanurapyatanuprabhāvaḥ) Ki.16.64.

2) Delicate, slender, slim (as a limb, as a mark of beauty); तनुवृत्तमध्यः (tanuvṛttamadhyaḥ) R.6.32; cf. तन्वङ्गी (tanvaṅgī)

3) Fine, delicate (as cloth); स्तनेषु तन्वंशुकमुन्नतस्तना (staneṣu tanvaṃśukamunnatastanā) Ṛs.1.7.

4) Small, little, tiny, scanty, few, limited; तनुवाग्विभवोऽपि सन् (tanuvāgvibhavo'pi san) R.1.9;3.2; तनुत्यागो बहुग्रहः (tanutyāgo bahugrahaḥ) H.2.89. 'giving little' &c.

5) Trifling, unimportant, little; Amaru.28.

6) Shallow (as a river) -f.

1) The body, the person.

2) Outward form, manifestation; प्रत्यक्षाभिः प्रपन्नस्तनुभिरवतु वस्ताभिरष्टाभिरीशः (pratyakṣābhiḥ prapannastanubhiravatu vastābhiraṣṭābhirīśaḥ) Ś.1.1; M.1.1.

3) Nature, the form or character of anythig; तीक्ष्णां तनुं यः प्रथमं जहाति सोऽनन्त्यमाप्नोत्यभयं प्रजाभ्यः (tīkṣṇāṃ tanuṃ yaḥ prathamaṃ jahāti so'nantyamāpnotyabhayaṃ prajābhyaḥ) Mb.12.245. 26.

4) Skin. [cf. L. tenuis, Eng. thin.]

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Tanū (तनू).—f.

1) The body, person, self.

2) A limb, member of the body; तं दृष्ट्वा वृष्णयो हृष्टास्तन्वः प्राणमिवोत्थिताः (taṃ dṛṣṭvā vṛṣṇayo hṛṣṭāstanvaḥ prāṇamivotthitāḥ) Bhāg.1.82.33.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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