Tanu, Tanū: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Tanu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Tanu (तनु).—An ancient sage. This sage lived in the palace of King Vīradyumna for a long time. (Chapters 127 and 128, Śānti Parva).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Tanu (तनु) refers to “thin”, as mentioned in verse 5.1-2 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] vitalizing, refreshing, pleasing one’s stomach, satisfying, stimulating one’s intellect, thin [viz., tanu], of indistinct taste, savoury, cold, light, (and) nectar-like (is) Ganges water fallen from the sky; (as it is), however, touched by sun, moon, and wind (in falling), it is largely dependent upon place and time so far as its wholesomeness and unwholesomeness are concerned”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Tanū (तनू) or Tanūbhūmi refers to “ground of the reduction of the passions or of the Sakṛdāgāmin” and represents one of the ten grounds (bhūmi) shared by adepts of the three vehicles according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 52.—Śuklavidarśanā-bhūmi (bsrab paḥi sa, po) is one of the ten grounds shared by adepts of the three Vehicles (sādhāraṇabhūmi). The śrāvaka, if he is Srotaāpanna or Sakṛdāgāmin, partially destroys the nine kinds of passions (kleśa) of the desire realm: six categories if he is Sakṛdāgāmin.—As for the Bodhisattva, passing the non-regressing level Avaivartikabhūmi and as long as he has not become Buddha [and remains in the grounds proper no. 8 and no. 9, Acalā and Sudarjayā], he destroys all the passions, and the traces (vāsanā) that remain become very slight (tanūbhavanti).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tanu.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘one’; rarely used to indicate ‘eight’. (Select Inscriptions, pp. 241, 245); one's own; see tanuvaka. Note: tanu is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tanu : (adj.) thin; slender.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tanu, (Vedic tanu, f. tanvī; also n. tanu & tanū (f.) body *ten (see tanoti)=Gr. taQu-, Lat. tenuis, Ohg. dunni, E. thin) 1. (adj.) thin, tender, small, slender Vv 162 (vara° graceful=uttamarūpa-dhara VvA. 79; perhaps to 2); PvA. 46 (of hair: fine+mudhu).—2. (n. nt.) body (orig. slender part of the body=waist) Vv 537 (kañcana°); Pv. I, 121; Vism. 79 (uju+). Cp. tanutara.

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṭaṇū (टणू).—m ṭaṇūṃ n A bump (esp. on the forehead or head) from a blow.

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tanu (तनु).—a (S) Small, little, minute; slender, slim, delicate; fine, thin, tenuous, attenuate.

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tanu (तनु).—f S The body.

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tanū (तनू).—f (S) The body. 2 fig. The constitution or the constitutional wants or requirements; the natural or inherent exigencies and occasions. v rākha, sambhāḷa, & tanūpramāṇēṃ vāgaṇēṃ. 3 Regard to the constitution or bodily health; observance of regimen. Ex. vaidyānēṃ malā tanūvara ṭhēvilēṃ āṇi mājhā mitra tō tanūvara āhēca. 4 A delicate constitution or state of health.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṭaṇū (टणू).—m ṭaṇūṃ n A bumb (esp. on the forehead or head) from a blow.

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tanu (तनु).—f The body. a Small; fine; delicate.

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tanu (तनु).—f The body. The constitutional wants. A delicate constitution.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tanu (तनु).—a. (-nu, -nvī f.) [तन्-उन् (tan-un)]

1) Thin, lean, emaciated; वीतप्रभावतनुरप्यतनुप्रभावः (vītaprabhāvatanurapyatanuprabhāvaḥ) Ki.16.64.

2) Delicate, slender, slim (as a limb, as a mark of beauty); तनुवृत्तमध्यः (tanuvṛttamadhyaḥ) R.6.32; cf. तन्वङ्गी (tanvaṅgī)

3) Fine, delicate (as cloth); स्तनेषु तन्वंशुकमुन्नतस्तना (staneṣu tanvaṃśukamunnatastanā) Ṛs.1.7.

4) Small, little, tiny, scanty, few, limited; तनुवाग्विभवोऽपि सन् (tanuvāgvibhavo'pi san) R.1.9;3.2; तनुत्यागो बहुग्रहः (tanutyāgo bahugrahaḥ) H.2.89. 'giving little' &c.

5) Trifling, unimportant, little; Amaru.28.

6) Shallow (as a river) -f.

1) The body, the person.

2) Outward form, manifestation; प्रत्यक्षाभिः प्रपन्नस्तनुभिरवतु वस्ताभिरष्टाभिरीशः (pratyakṣābhiḥ prapannastanubhiravatu vastābhiraṣṭābhirīśaḥ) Ś.1.1; M.1.1.

3) Nature, the form or character of anythig; तीक्ष्णां तनुं यः प्रथमं जहाति सोऽनन्त्यमाप्नोत्यभयं प्रजाभ्यः (tīkṣṇāṃ tanuṃ yaḥ prathamaṃ jahāti so'nantyamāpnotyabhayaṃ prajābhyaḥ) Mb.12.245. 26.

4) Skin. [cf. L. tenuis, Eng. thin.]

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Tanū (तनू).—f.

1) The body, person, self.

2) A limb, member of the body; तं दृष्ट्वा वृष्णयो हृष्टास्तन्वः प्राणमिवोत्थिताः (taṃ dṛṣṭvā vṛṣṇayo hṛṣṭāstanvaḥ prāṇamivotthitāḥ) Bhāg.1.82.33.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tanu (तनु).—pl. (in this sense apparently not recorded; [Paia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo] cites taṇu = alpa, thoṛā, from Deśīnāmamālā 3.51, a wrong reference; I have failed to find it in Deśīnāmamālā else- where), few (in number): ima ucyante (ms. ucyate) tanu- bhyas tanutarāḥ Avadāna-śataka ii.188.4 (prose), these are said to be fewer than few (= extremely few). [In Lalitavistara 243.3, verse, read with v.l. tatu = tatas for text tanu; confirmed by Tibetan der.] See also s.v. Taru.

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Tanu (तनु).—(°-) (also tanū-)bhūmi, f., the 5th of the seven śrāvaka-bhūmi: Mahāvyutpatti 1145; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1473.13 et alibi, see bhūmi 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tanu (तनु).—mfn. (-nuḥ-nuḥ or -nvī or -nūḥ-nu) 1. Small, minute. 2. Delicate, fine, but with interestics. 3. Thin, slender, emaciated. 4. Little. f.

(-nu nūḥ) 1. The body. 2. The skin. f.

(-nuḥ) 1. A woman. 2. Point of conjunction, or sun’s entrance into a new sign. f. (-nī) 1. A delicate or slender woman. 2. A stanza of four lines, and twenty-four syllables in each: a variety of the Sankriti metre. E. tan to stretch or spread, Unadi affix u; also tanū and tanus.

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Tanū (तनू).—f.

(-nūḥ) The body. E. tan to stretch, affix ūḥ see tanu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tanu (तनु).—[tan + u], I. adj., f. nu and nvī, 1. Thin, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 8, 42 Gorr. 2. Delicate, [Nala] 12, 106. 3. Moderate (in quantity and size), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 10. 4. Small, Mahābhārata 3, 1747. Comparat. tanīyaṃs, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 3, 223, and tanutara, [Amaruśataka, (ed. Calcutt.)] 3. Superl. taniṣ- ṭha and tanutama. Ii. f. nu and , 1. The body, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 28; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 16, 5. 2. A person, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 184. 3. One's own self, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 2386. Iii. f. nvī, A slender woman, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 71.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tanu (तनु):—[from tan] mf(us, ūs, )n. thin, slender, attenuated, emaciated, small, little, minute, delicate, fine (texture, [Ṛtusaṃhāra i, 7]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa iii, 5, 4, 21; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra viii, 5; Mahābhārata] etc. (in [compound] [gana] kaḍārādi; also = -dagdha, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha xv, 189])

2) [v.s. ...] (said of a speech or hymn) accomplished (in metre), [Ṛg-veda viii, 1, 18 and] ([accusative] f. nvam), [76, 12]

3) [v.s. ...] m. ([gana] 2. lohitādi, not in [Kāśikā-vṛtti]) Name of a Ṛṣi with a very emaciated body, [Mahābhārata xii, 4665]

4) [v.s. ...] f. (us) (once m., [Bhāminī-vilāsa ii, 79]) = (See sub voce), the body, person, self (cf. duṣ-ṭanu, priya-), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa viii, 24, 4] (ifc.), [Manu-smṛti] (svakā t, ‘one’s own person’, [iv, 184]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] ([accusative] [plural] [irregular] navas, [3813]) etc. (iyaṃ tanur mama, ‘this my self. id est. I myself here’ [Ratnāvalī iv, 4]; nuṃ-√tyaj or , ‘to give up one’s life’ [Manu-smṛti vi, 32; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii; Kathāsaritsāgara])

5) [v.s. ...] m. form or manifestation, [Śakuntalā i, 1]

6) [v.s. ...] the skin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] = -gṛha, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka; Laghujātaka, by Varāha-mihira]

8) [from tan] cf. τανυ-; [Latin] tenuis etc.

9) Tanū (तनू):—[from tan] 1. tanū in [compound] for nu.

10) [from tan] 2. tanū f. (of nu q.v.; [accusative] nvam, [Ṛg-veda] etc., [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iii]; nuvam [Pāṇini 6-4, 77], [vArttika] [Bhāgavata-purāṇa vii, 9, 37]; [instrumental case] nuvā, [iii f.]; [genitive case] [ablative] nvas, [Ṛg-veda] etc.; [locative case] nvi & nvī, [Ṛg-veda]; nvām, [Atharva-veda] etc.; [dual number] [Ṛg-veda x, 183, 2; Atharva-veda iv, 25, 5], nvā [Ṛg-veda], nuvau [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i, 1, 7, 3], nvau [see gharma-]; [plural] [nominative case] & [accusative] nvas, [Ṛg-veda] etc., [Bhāgavata-purāṇa i]; [nominative case] nuvas, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa i, 1, 7, 3]) the body, person, self (often used like a reflexive [pronoun]; cf. ātman), [Ṛg-veda] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] form or manifestation, [Ṛg-veda] etc. (tanū manyos, ‘a sign of wrath’ [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra iii, 13, 5]).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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