Nira, Nīra: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Nira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Neer.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Nīra (नीर) refers to “water”, according to Hemavijaya Gaṇin’s Kathāratnākara (A.D. 1600).—Accordingly, “The Brāhmaṇa, who is especially well-versed in the whole range of astral science, wore a forehead mark made of saffron and rice-grains—{The round vessel is made of ten palas of copper. In the ghaṭikā [bowl] the height should be made of six aṅgulas. The diameter there should be made to the measure of twelve aṅgulas. The good cherish a water clock that holds sixty palas of water}—dropped the bowl, made fully according to the aforementioned prescriptions, in a basin filled with clean water [i.e., svaccha-nīra-bhṛta] at the time of the setting of the divine sun”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nīra : (nt.) water.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirā (निरा).—m ( H) The unfermented exudation from the Palmyra or Date-tree. 2 A sort of grass. 3 A river in the Dakhan̤.

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nirā (निरा).—a ( H) Pure, mere, simple, unadulterate.

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nīra (नीर).—n S Water.

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nīra (नीर).—m A large fishing net.

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nīra (नीर).—m (nirṇaya S) Result, determination, settlement (as of an investigation). v kāḍha, nigha, ghē. nirāvara yēṇēṃ To come to the extremity, last resource, last terms; to be reaching its crisis or completeness--a malady: to be drawing nigh to termination--a business; or to consumption--an article.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nīra (नीर).—n Water. A large fishing net.

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nīra (नीर).—m Result, determination. nīrāvara yēṇēṃ To come to the extremity, to be reaching its crisis.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nira (निर).—1 Ā. To rest, cease. -Caus. To gladden, give pleasure (by sexual union); Bhāg.

Derivable forms: niram (निरम्).

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Nīra (नीर).—[Uṇādi-sūtra 2.13]

1) Water; नीरान्निर्मलतो जनिः (nīrānnirmalato janiḥ) Bv. 1.63.

2) Juice, liquor.

Derivable forms: nīram (नीरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīra (नीर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. Water. 2. Juice, liquor. E. to obtain, aff. rak.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīra (नीर).— (cf. nāra, prebably suā + ra), n. Water, Mahābhārata 3, 10078.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīra (नीर).—[neuter] water (also [plural]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nīra (नीर):—n. (√?) water, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (cf. [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 12])

2) juice, liquor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] gṛha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (= or [wrong reading] for nīḍa, nīLa?); Name of a teacher, [Catalogue(s)]

3) cf. [Zend] nira.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīra (नीर):—[nī-ra] (raṃ) 1. n. Water; liquor; a juice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nīra (नीर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇīra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Nirā (निरा):—(a) pure; absolute; entire, complete; mere; much; (adv) entirely, completely; merely; very much.

2) Nīra (नीर) [Also spelled neer]:—(nm) water; -[kṣīra -viveka] (power of) discrimination between the substantial/genuine and the unsubstantial/sham; ~[ja] a lotus flower; ~[da/dhara] a cloud; ~[nidhi] the ocean, sea; —[bahānā] to shed tears.

3) Nīrā (नीरा):—(nm) unfermented palm juice (a refreshing and stimulating beverage).

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Ṇīra (णीर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Nīra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nīra (ನೀರ):—

1) [noun] a good-looking, handsome man.

2) [noun] a beloved man.

3) [noun] a courageous man.

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Nīra (ನೀರ):—

1) [noun] water.

2) [noun] the sweet sap of various palms, used as a beverage; toddy.

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Nīra (ನೀರ):—[noun] a judgement or conclusion reached or given; a decision.

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Nīrā (ನೀರಾ):—[noun] the sweet sap of various palms, used as a beverage; toddy.

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Nīṟa (ನೀಱ):—

1) [noun] a good-looking, handsome man.

2) [noun] a beloved man.

3) [noun] a courageous man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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