Ganika, aka: Gaṇika, Gaṇikā; 12 Definition(s)


Ganika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Gaṇikā (गणिका) is a Sanskrit word referring to “prostitute”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.209)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of ganika in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ganika in Purana glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Gaṇika (गणिक).—Courtesans.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 27. 14 and 41: 49. 23.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of ganika in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Gaṇikā (गणिका) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Gaṇikā) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of ganika in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Gaṇikā (गणिका, “courtezan”) refers to a character of a theatrical part according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, “a woman who is always engaged in attending the teacher (ācārya) in connection with application of various arts and crafts, and is endowed with amorous movements, Emotion (hāva) and Feeling (bhāva), Temperament (sattva), discipline, sweetness of manners, and is conversant with the sixty-four arts and crafts (kalā), is expert in dealing with the king, and free from female diseases, and has sweet and endearing words, is clear in her speech, clever and undaunted by fatigue is called a courtezan (gaṇikā)”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of ganika in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Ganika in Pali glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

gaṇika : (adj.) having a following. || gaṇikā (f.), harlot; courtesan.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Gaṇikā, 2 (f.)=gaṇanā, arithmetic Miln.3. (Page 241)

2) Gaṇikā, 1 (f.) “one who belongs to the crowd, ” a harlot, a courtesan (cp. gaṇakī) Vin.I, 231 (Ambapālī) 268, (do.); II, 277 (Aḍḍhakāsī); Ud.71; Miln.122; DhA.III, 104; VvA.75 (Sirimā); PvA.195, 199.—Customs of a gaṇikā J.IV, 249; V, 134.—Cp. saṃ°. (Page 241)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of ganika in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

gaṇikā (गणिका).—f S A courtesan or harlot.

--- OR ---

gaṇīka (गणीक).—prep By, to &c. each severally, per. Ex. vṛkṣāgaṇīka, khiḍakīgaṇīka, gṛhāgaṇīka, khēpēgaṇīka.

--- OR ---

gaṇīka (गणीक).—m Misused for gaṇaka. An astrologer &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gaṇikā (गणिका).—f A courtesan or harlot.

--- OR ---

gaṇīka (गणीक) [-ta, -त].—prep By, to, &c., each severally, per.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of ganika in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇikā (गणिका).—[gaṇaḥ samūho'styasyāḥ bhartṛtvena gaṇ-ṭhañ]

1) A harlot, courtezan; गुणानुरक्ता गणिका च यस्य वसन्तशोभेव वसन्तसेना (guṇānuraktā gaṇikā ca yasya vasantaśobheva vasantasenā) Mk.1.6; गणिका नाम पादुकान्तरप्रविष्टेव लेष्टुका दुःखेन पुनर्निरा- क्रियते (gaṇikā nāma pādukāntarapraviṣṭeva leṣṭukā duḥkhena punarnirā- kriyate) Mk.5; निरकाशयद्रविमपेतवसुं वियदालयादपरदिग्गाणिका (nirakāśayadravimapetavasuṃ viyadālayādaparadiggāṇikā) Śi. 9.1.

2) A female elephant; कच्चिन्न गणिकाश्वानां कुञ्जराणां च तृप्यसि (kaccinna gaṇikāśvānāṃ kuñjarāṇāṃ ca tṛpyasi) Rām.2.1.5.

3) A kind of flower.

4) A kind of jasmine.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇikā (गणिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. A courtezan, a harlot. 2. A sort of Jasmin. (J. auriculatum.) 3. A tree, commonly Ganiyari, (Premnaspinosa.) 4. A female elephant. 5. Counting, enumerating. E. gaṇa to reckon, &c. ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of ganika in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Gaṇikā-karaṇa.—cf. karaṇa (LP); explained as ‘the amuse- ment department.’ Note: gaṇikā-karaṇa ...
Devagaṇikā (देवगणिका).—an apsaras; q. v. Devagaṇikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Gaṇikānna (गणिकान्न).—food coming from a courtezan; गणान्नं गणिकान्नं च जुगुप्सितम् (gaṇānnaṃ g...
Kāśi (काशि).—(see also kāśi-sūkṣma), in meaning 1 also kāśī (f.? in meaning 1 = kāśika or °kā 1...
Bali (बलि) refers to “ritual food offering for protective deities” and represents one of the va...
Kali (कलि).—m. (in this sense = Pali id., but not in Sanskrit), sin, depravity: Mvy 621, 622, s...
Kāraṇa (कारण, “cause”).—The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣikas divide cause (kāraṇa) into three types. Annaṃbhaṭṭ...
Vara (वर).—[, read avara, q.v.; Gv 105.20, text sattvavara-sya, read sattvā°.]
Vilāsinī.—(EI 33), same as Devadāsī; also called Gaṇikā, etc. Note: vilāsinī is defined in the ...
Agra.—(EI 24), same as agra-bhāga; the king's share. (CII 1), cf. anyatra agreṇa parākrameṇa, ‘...
Ambaṣṭhā (अम्बष्ठा) is the name of a tree (Ākandī) that is associated with the Nakṣatra (celest...
Gaṇin (गणिन्).—a. (nī f.) Having a flock or troop (of anything); श्वगणिन् (śvagaṇin) 'having a ...
Sutasoma (सुतसोम).—The son born to Bhīmasena by his wife Draupadī. The information regarding th...
Addhā (अद्धा).—ind. Truly, verily. E. ata going constantly, dhā to have, and vic aff.
Api (अपि).—indecl., (1) if: SP 229.4 (verse) apy ekavāraṃ pi vadeta sūtram, if he should recite...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: