Madhukara, aka: Madhu-kara, Mādhukara, Madhukāra; 7 Definition(s)


Madhukara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Madhukarā (मधुकरा) is the name of a meter belonging to the Anuṣṭubh class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of eight syllables first six short and the rest long, is madhukarā”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Madhukara in Mahayana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madhukara (मधुकर, “bee”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. If hatred (dveṣa, pratigha) is predominant [in people], they take the form of [for example] bee (madhukara).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Madhukara in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

madhukara : (m.) a bee.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Madhukara refers to: “honey-maker, ” bee J. IV, 265; Vism. 136 (in simile); DhA. I, 374.

Note: madhukara is a Pali compound consisting of the words madhu and kara.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Madhukara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

madhukara (मधुकर).—m (S madhu Honey, kara That makes.) A bee.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madhukara in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mādhukara (माधुकर).—a. (- f.) [मधुकर-अण् (madhukara-aṇ)] Relating to or resembling a bee; as in माधुकरी वृत्तिः (mādhukarī vṛttiḥ).

-rī 1 Collecting alms by begging from door to door, as a bee collects honey by moving from flower to flower.

2) Alms obtained from five different places; पञ्चस्विहास्याङ्घ्रिकरेष्वभिख्या- भिक्षाधुना माधुकरीसदृक्षा (pañcasvihāsyāṅghrikareṣvabhikhyā- bhikṣādhunā mādhukarīsadṛkṣā) N.7.14.

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Madhukara (मधुकर).—

1) a large black bee; कुटजे खलु तेनेहा तेने हा मधुकरेण कथम् (kuṭaje khalu tenehā tene hā madhukareṇa katham) Bv.1.1; R.9.3; Me.37,49; सर्वतः सारमादत्ते यथा मधुकरो बुधः (sarvataḥ sāramādatte yathā madhukaro budhaḥ) Bhāg.

2) a lover, libertine.

3) sweet lime.

- a female bee; न च मधुकरीवदन्नरस- भोजिन्यो देवता इति प्रमाणमस्ति (na ca madhukarīvadannarasa- bhojinyo devatā iti pramāṇamasti) ŚB. on MS.9.1.9. °गणः, °श्रेणिः (gaṇaḥ, °śreṇiḥ) f. a swarm of bees.

Derivable forms: madhukaraḥ (मधुकरः).

Madhukara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms madhu and kara (कर).

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Madhukāra (मधुकार).—m. a bee.

Derivable forms: madhukāraḥ (मधुकारः).

Madhukāra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms madhu and kāra (कार). See also (synonyms): madhukārin.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madhukara (मधुकर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A bee. 2. A lover. 3. A plant, (Achyranthes aspera.) 4. A fruit, the round sweet lime. E. madhu honey, and kara what makes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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