Suta, aka: Sūta, Sūtā; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Suta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Sūta (सूत).—The Sūtas preserved the genealogies of Gods, sages, and glorious monarchs as well as the traditions of great men. (Vāyupurāṇa 1.32-3; Padmapurāṇa 1.1.27-28) The Sūta here (as a narrator) is not a caste that is described by Manu (X.11.17) as the offspring of a Kṣatriya father and Brahman mother. He is a venerable Brāhmaṇa who has preserved ballads, songs, genealogies of Gods, sages and glorious Kings. He is described as the disciple of Vyāsa.

(Source): archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation

1a) Sūta (सूत).—Versed in purāṇas, itihāsas, and dharmaśāstras, and their expounder addressed by Ṛṣis, Śaunaka and others. Insulted by Balarāma;1 Romaharṣaṇa, the pupil of Vyāsa narrated the purāṇa to the sages assembled for the sacrifice at Kurukṣetra;2 addressed as Muni, Sattama, Mahābuddhi and Brahmasuta.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 1. 5-9; 22. 4. 2; X. 78. 23; Matsya-purāṇa 1. 4; 23. 1.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 1. 15; 13. 41; 24. 3; 30. 5; III. 9. 36; 67. 2; IV. 1. 1; 2. 69, 7.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 113. 58; 125. 3; 146. 2; 180. 3.

1b) The bard of Pṛthu born of his somayāga (aśvamedha sūti, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) on the sautya day: a caste formed by the union of Kṣatriya with a Brahman woman: to train horses and elephants and be in charge of chariots and act as physicians to them;1 charioteer of Kārtavīrya;2 sang in praise of Pṛthu.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 113, 159-161, 172; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 51.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 38. 19; 41. 21; 55. 9, 14; IV. 4. 8.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 64.

1c) A name of Adhiratha, and son of Satyakarmā; the foster father of Karṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 48. 108: Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 117, 118.

1d) An official in the royal household.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 212. 14.

2a) Sūtā (सूता).—A Laukīkya Apsaras.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 10.

2b) Minstrels who panegyrised Pṛthu—praised Kṛṣṇa's birth and celebrated his victory: present at Rukmīṇīs marriage;1 woke up Haihaya.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 15. 20; X. 5. 5; 50. 37; 53. 43; 70. 20; 71. 29; 84. 46.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 28. 1-2.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Sūta (सूत, “Mercury”):—Sanskrit technical term used in Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy) such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara or the Rasaratna-samuccaya. Sūta is one of the names, or synonyms, for Rasa (mercury) and is used in various alchemical preparations.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Arthaśāstra (politics and welfare)

Sūta (सूत, “charoteer”) is an official title designating one of the seventy-two officers (niyoga) of the Bāhattaraniyogādhipati circle, according to the Inscriptional glossary of Andhra Pradesh (Śāsana-śabdakośāmu). The bāhattaraniyoga-adhipati is the highest executive officer of this circle (including a Sūta). For example: During the reign of Gaṇapatideva, the area extending between Pānagal to Mārjavāḍi was entrusted to Gaṇḍapeṇḍāru Gangayasāhiṇi as Bāhattaraniyogādhipati. Later on, this office was entrusted to Kāyastha Jannigadeva.

(Source): Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times (artha)
Arthaśāstra book cover
context information

Arthaśāstra (अर्थशास्त्र, artha-shastra) literature concers itself with subjects such as statecraft, economics politics and military tactics. The term arthaśāstra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kauṭilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Another name for Sauti, a narrator of the Mahabharata.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

A Suta is a child fathered on a Brahmana woman by a Kshatriya man. Since Brahmanas are higher up in the Varna system than Kshatriyas, this mixed marriage was considered to be against the scriptures, and the children born of such a union possess a low status. If a Brahmana man fathers a child on a Kshatriya woman, the child acquires the caste of the father, and becomes a Brahmana, and no stigma attaches to it.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

1) Sūta was a learned sage. He was very well-versed in the Puranas and in the shastras (sacred texts). He was also devoted to Vishnu.

The Bhagavata Purana says the Romaharshana (disciple of Vedavyasa, who taught him the Garuda Purana) had a son named Suta (Ugrasrava Sauti) and it was this son who related the story of that particular Purana to the other sages. On the other hand, Romaharshana himself belonged to the suta class, so that he too could be addressed as Sūta. From reading the Garuda Purana, one does get the impression that it is Romaharshana himself who is relating the story, and not his son.

2) Sūta (Sanskrit: सूत) refers both to the bards of Puranic stories and to a mixed caste. According to Manu Smriti (10.11.17) the sūta caste are children of a Kshatriya father and Brahmin mother.

3) Sūta is also mentioned as a class of people in the epic Mahābhārata, often charioteers. The foster-parents of Karna, a great hero of Kurukshetra War, were Sūtas. Hence Karna too was considered as a Sūta. Kichaka the commander of Matsya army was a Sūta.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) Suta (सुत).—The son of Vaidarbhī, or, in other words, one who is somewhat advanced in fruitive activities and who comes in contact with a devotee spiritual master. Such a person becomes interested in the subject matter of devotional service.

2) Sūta (सूत).—A mixture of different castes.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

M/N Knowledge obtained through audition, vision, reading.

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

suta : (pp. of suṇāti) heard. (nt.), the sacred lore; learning; that which is hear. (m.), a son. || sūta (m.) charioteer.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Suta, 2 (Sk. suta, pp. of (or su) to generate) son Mhvs 1, 47; fem. sutā daughter, Th. 2, 384. (Page 718)

2) Suta, 1 (pp. of suṇāti; cp. Vedic śruta) 1. heard; in special sense “received through inspiration or revelation”; learned; taught A 97 sq.; D. III, 164 sq. , 241 sq.; freq. in phrase “iti me sutaṃ” thus have I heard, I have received this on (religious) authority, e.g. It. 22 sq. ‹-› (nt.) sacred lore, inspired tradition, revelation; learning, religious knowledge M. III, 99; A. I, 210 sq.; II, 6 sq.; S. IV, 250; J. II, 42; V, 450, 485; Miln. 248.—appa-ssuta one who has little learning A. II, 6 sq. , 218; III, 181; V, 40, 152; bahu-ssuta one who has much learning, famous for inspired knowledge A. II, 6 sq.; III, 113 sq. , 182 sq. , 261 sq.; S. II, 159. See bahu. asuta not heard Vin. I, 238; Pv IV. 161; J. III, 233; also as assuta J. I, 390 (°pubba never heard before); III, 233.—na suta pubbaṃ a thing never heard of before J. III, 285. dussuta M. I, 228; sussuta M. III, 104.—2. renowned J. II, 442.

—ādhāra holding (i.e. keeping in mind, preserving) the sacred learning J. III, 193; VI, 287. —kavi a Vedic poet, a poet of sacred songs A. II, 230. —dhana the treasure of revelation D. III, 163, 251; A. III, 53; IV, 4 sq.; VvA. 113. —dhara remembering what has been heard (or taught in the Scriptures) A. II, 23 (+°sannicaya); III, 152, 261 sq. —maya consisting in learning (or resting on sacred tradition), one of the 3 kinds of knowledge (paññā), viz. cintā-mayā, s. —m. , bhāvanā-mayā paññā D. III, 219; Vbh. 324 (expld at Vism. 439); as °mayī at Ps. I, 4, 22 sq.; Nett 8, 50, 60. —ssava far-renowned (Ep. of the Buddha) Sn. 353. (Page 717)

— or —

Sūta, (Sk. sūta) a charioteer J. IV, 408; a bard, panegyrist J. I, 60; V, 258. (Page 721)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

suṭā (सुटा).—a (suṭaṇēṃ) Loosened from, disengaged, detached;--as a limb from the body, a member or part from its whole. 2 Loose or unbound; unimprisoned or unconfined. 3 Not fixed or made fast; not fastened or attached to. 4 Loose, hanging, flowing, bagging, bellying. 5 Not crowded or close; having intervals or interstices. 6 Single, separate, standing apart, disjunct from that with which it is usually conjoined, or under which it is usually comprehended. Ex. śēlā phāḍūṃ nakō ēkhādēṃ suṭēṃ paṭṭēṃ asalēṃ tara dē; bandā rupayā pāhijē tara ghē suṭī adhēlī majajavaḷa nāhīṃ. 7 Free, unengaged, unemployed, that is not under occupation or use. Used of persons or things. Ex. hōtē vāṃsē titakē māṇḍavākaḍē guntalē ēka dēkhīla vāṃsā suṭā nāhīṃ dēūṃ kōṭhūna. 8 Exempt, free, clear (as from obligation, incumbency, indebtedness &c.) 9 Useful phrases are formed with this word; as hātacā suṭā Free of hand, liberal; kāmācā suṭā, lōbhācā suṭā, mōhā- cā suṭā That is exempt from, or is somewhat freed from the sway of, lust, cupidity, affection &c.

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suta (सुत).—m S A son. 2 A prince.

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sutā (सुता).—f S A daughter.

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sūṭa (सूट).—f (suṭaṇēṃ) Remission or abatement (of a debt or just claim): also the sum or matter remitted, the abatement. 2 Release from bondage; freedom granted (to a slave, bondman &c.); manumission or emancipation. 3 Space between bodies in a line or row, interval. Ex. itakī sūṭa ṭhēvūṃ nakō.

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sūta (सूत).—n (sūtra S) A thread generally; any string, wire, line, fibre, filament, but a cotton thread or cotton threads particularly and eminently. Ex. rēśamācē sanaṅgāpēkṣāṃ sutācē sanaṅgāsa ūba phāra asatō. 2 fig. A line or cord (of patronage, support &c.); a resource or means (of obtainment, accomplishment, access &c.); a line of connection with freely. 3 An animalcule or thread-like maggot or worm (as appearing in rotten fruits or sores). 4 Texture or weftage. 5 fig. Holding amicably together; good terms with. sutācā tōḍā (Bit of thread.) A term for a thing considered as of the very lowest value; a flock, straw, hair. Ex. śambhara rūpayē dilhē parantu tyāpaikīṃ su0 hātīṃ lāgalā nāhīṃ; su0 dēkhīla kōṭhēṃ gharīṃ rāhilā nāhīṃ. sutānēṃ sūta lāgaṇēṃ To be traced or found by means of a clew. sutānēṃ svargāsa jāṇēṃ (To mount to the zenith upon a thread.) To apprehend, through acuteness or quickness, the whole of a subject upon obtaining the knowledge of the smallest portion of it; to tell the tune upon hearing a string sounded. sutāsa or sutīṃ or sutīmpātīṃ lāgaṇēṃ To come into regularity and order; to get into train and course; or under easy government or management;--used of persons, animals, business. Also sutāsa, sutīṃ, or sutīmpātīṃ cālaṇēṃ To proceed or flow on in regularity and order. Also sutāsa, sutīṃ &c. lāvaṇēṃ To set or put into regularity &c. sūta bāndhaṇēṃ To lay, form, or establish a thread, line, or means of connection or communication with. mūṭhabhara sūta bāndhaṇēṃ or dēṇēṃ (Familiarly or lightly.) To give a turban.

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sūta (सूत).—m S A caste or an individual of it,--the offspring of a Kshatriya male with a Brahman female. Their occupation is the management of horses and charioteering. 2 A charioteer. 3 A carpenter. 4 A bard, minstrel, professional encomiast.

--- OR ---

sūta (सूत).—p S Born or engendered.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

suṭā (सुटा).—a Disengaged; unbound; loose. Single. Free, unengaged. Exempt. hātācā suṭā Free of hand, liberal.

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suta (सुत).—m A son. A prince.

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sutā (सुता).—f A daughter.

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sūṭa (सूट).—f Remission. Release from bondage. Interval.

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sūta (सूत).—n A thread. Texture. A line. Fig. Holding good terms with. m A cha- rioteer. A bard. p Born. sutānēṃ svargāsa jāṇēṃ To apprehend the whole on know- ing the smallest portion of it. sutāsa or sutīmpātīṃ lāgaṇēṃ To come into order.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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