Pati, Pātī, Pāti, Paṭī, Paṭi, Pāṭī, Patī: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Pati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Pātī (पाती).—Arithmetic; (lit., board - for the dust board on which computations were written out). Note: Pātī is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Patī (पती) refers to a “hero married to a woman” and represents one of the three kinds of “heroes” (nāyaka) in a dramatic representation, according to the Abhinaya-sara-samputa, as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—In the depiction of any mood or sentiment, a dance performance or a dramatic representation takes the medium of the hero (nāyaka) and the heroine (nāyikas). The nāyakas (heroes) are classified into three types [viz., Patī] depending on their relationship with the nāyikas (heroines).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Pati (पति) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Pati).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pāṭī.—(IE 8-3); ‘arithmetic’; cf. the designation Pāṭy- uparika. Note: pāṭī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pati.—(LL), a king; cf. adhipati. (EI 18), same as Kuḍipati = Sanskrit Grāmapati. Cf. grāma-patyā (probably the same as grāma-jana-patitvāt) and nānā-patyā (probably nānā-grāma-jana-patitvāt). See JAS, Letters, Vol. XX, pp. 203-04. Note: pati is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Paṭi.—(IA 18), same as Sanskrit prati, but sometimes substi- tuted for Sanskrit pari in Prakrit; cf. paṭibhoga, ‘consumption [of food].’ Note: paṭi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pati : (adj.) prefix having the meanings; against; opposite, towards, in opposition to. (m.), lord; husband; master. (aor. of patati) fell down; alighted on. || paṭi (adj.) prefix having the meanings; against; opposite, towards, in opposition to. pāti (pā + a), watches; protects. (f.) a bowl; a dish. pātī (adj.) (in cpds.) one who throws or shoots.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pāṭī, (f.) (?) at VvA. 321 in phrase sukka-pakkha-pāṭiyaṃ “in the moonlight half” is doubtful. Hardy in Index registers it as “part, half-, ” but pakkha already means “half” and is enough by itself. We should probably read paṭipāṭiyaṃ “successively. ” Note that the similar passage VvA. 314 reads sukka-pakkhe pannarasiyaṃ. (Page 451)

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Paṭi, (indecl.) (Ved, prati, to Idg. *preti as in Lat. pretium (fr. *pretios)” price” (cp. precious), i.e. equivalent; Gr. prέs (aeol.), proti/, prόs against) directional prefix in well-defined meaning of “back (to), against, towards, in opposition to, opposite. ” As preposition (with Acc. and usually postponed) towards, near by, at; usually spelt pati (cp. sampati & sampaṭika) Sn. 291 (?), 425 (Nerañjaram (pati); Th. 1, 628 (suriyass’uggamanam p.); 2, 258 (abhiyobbanam p.), 306 (Nerañjaram p.); J. I, 457 (paṭi suriyaṃ thatvā standing facing the sun); IV, 93; VI, 491; Pv. II, 941 (suriy’uggamanam p.); Miln. 116 (dānam p.); PvA. 154 (paṭi Gaṅgaṃ against the G.).—Most frequent combinations are: paṭi+ā (patiyā°), patisaṃ°; vi+paṭi°, sampaṭi°. The composition (assimilation-) form before vowels is pacc° (b. v.). -Meanings. I. (lit.) “back, ” in the sense of: (1) against, in opposition (opp. anu, see below III, ), contrary: viz. (a) often with the implication of a hostile attack (anti-. against): °kaṇṭaka, °kosati (re-ject), °kūla, °khipati (re-fuse, op-pose), °gha, °codeti (re-prove), thambhati, °disā, °deseti, °pakkha, °patha, °piṃsati, °pīḷita, °magga, °manteti, °yodha (at-tack), °vacana (re-ply), °vadati, °vedeti, °sattu (enemy), °suṇāti, °hata;— (b) warding off, protecting against (counter-, anti-): °kara (antidote), °sedhati (ward-off).—(c) putting against, setting off in a comparison (counter-, rival): °puggala (one’s equal), °purisa (rival), °bala (adequate), °bimba (counterpart), °bhāga (id.); °malla (rival wrestler), °sama, °sāsana, °sūra, °seṭṭha;— (d) close contact (against, be-): °kujjita (covered), °gādha, °channa (“be-deckt”) °vijjhana.—(2) in return, in exchange (in revenge) °akkosati, °āneti, °katheti, °karoti, °kūṭa1, °kkamati, °khamāpeti, °gāti (sing in response), °gīta, °daṇḍa (retribution), °dadāti, °dāna, °nivāsana, °paṇṇa (in reply), °pasaṃsati, °piṇḍa, °pucchati (ask in return), °māreti (kill in revenge), °bhaṇḍa (goods in exchange), °bhaṇḍati (abuse in return) °rodana, °roseti, °vera (revenge), °sammodeti, °sātheyya.—(3) (temporal) again, a second time (re-): °dasseti (re-appear), °nijjhatta, °nivattati, °pavesati, °pākatika (re-stored), °bujjhati, °vinicchinati, °sañjīvita (re-suscitated), °sandhi (re-incarnation), °sammajjati.—(4) away from, back to (esp. in compn paṭivi°): °kuṭati (shrink back), °ghāta (repulsion), °dhāvati, °neti, °paṇāmeti (send away), °bandhati (hold back), °bāhati (id.), °vijacchati, °vineti, °vinodeti (drive out), °virata, °saṃharati, °sallīna, °sutta, °sumbhita.—II. (applied, in reflexive sense): (1) to, on to, up to, towards, at-: °oloketi (look at), °gijjha (hankering after) °ggaha, °jānāti °pūjeti, °peseti (send out to), °baddha (bound to), °bhaya, °yatta, °rūpa, °laddha, °labhati (at-tain), °lābha °lobheti, °sāmeti, °sevati (go after), °ssata. (2) together (con-, com-), esp. combined with °saṃ°; °saṃyujati; °passaddha, °maṇḍita, °saṅkharoti, °santhāra.—(3) asunder, apart (“up”): °kopeti (shake up), °viṃsa (part), °vibhatta (divided up). (4) secondary, complementary, by-, sham (developed out of meaning I. 1 c.): °nāsikā (a false nose), °sīsaka (sham top knot); esp. frequent in redupl. (iterative) cpds. , like aṅga-paccaṅga (limb & by-limb, i.e. all kinds of limbs), vata-paṭivatta (duties & secondary duties, all duties). In the latter application paṭi resembles the use of ā, which is more frequent (see ā5).—III, The opposite of pati in directional meaning is anu, with which it is frequent combined either (a) in neg. contrast or (b) in positive emphasis, e.g. (a) anuvātaṃ paṭivātaṃ with and against the wind; anuloma+paṭiloma with and against the grain; °sotaṃ w. & against the stream; (b) anumasati paṭimasati to touch cloesly (lit. up & down).—Note. The spelling pati for paṭi occurs frequently without discrimination; it is established in the combination with sthā (as patiṭṭhāti, patiṭṭhita etc.). All cases are enumerated under the respective form of paṭi°, with the exception of patiṭṭh° (Page 391)

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Pāti, (Vedic pāti of , cp. Gr. pώu herd, poimήn shepherd, Lat. pāsco to tend sheep) to watch, keep watch, keep J. III, 95 (to keep the eyes open, C. ummisati; opp. nimisati); Vism. 16 (=rakkhati in def. of pāṭimokkha). (Page 452)

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1) Pati, 2 (indecl.) (Vedic prati etc. ) a doublet of paṭi; both often found side by side; pati alone always as prep. (with Acc.) and as prefix with sthā (paṭiṭṭhāti, patiṭṭhita etc.). All cases are referred to the form with paṭi°, except in the case of patiṭṭh°. The more frequent cases are the foll. : patikāra, °kuṭati, °caya, °dissati, °nandati, °manteti, °māneti, °ruddha, °rūpa, °līna, °sallāna, etc. °sibbati, °sevati, °ssata, °ssaya, °ssava. (Page 405)

2) Pati, 1 (Ved. pati, Av. paitis lord, husband; Gr. pόsis husband, Lat. potis, potens, possum, hos-pes; Goth. brūp-faps bridegroom, hunda faps centurion, Lith. pāts husband) lord, master, owner, leader.—1. in general D. III, 93 (khettānaṃ p. gloss adhipati). Mostly —°; see under gavam°, gaha°, dāna°, yūtha°, senā°.—2. husband S. I, 210; Sn. 314; J. III, 138; PvA. 161. See also sapatika (with her husband), patibbatā & patika.

—kula her husband’s clan ThA. 283; VvA. 206;—devatā a devoted wife J. III, 406; VvA. 128. (Page 405)

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Pātī, & Pāti (f.) (the femin. of patta, which is Vedic pātra (nt.); to this the f. Ved. pātrī) a bowl, vessel, dish Vin. I, 157 (avakkāra°), 352 (id.); II, 216 (id.); M. I, 25 (kaṃsa°), 207; S. II, 233; A. IV, 393 (suvaṇṇa°, rūpiya°, kaṃsa°); J. I, 347, 501; II, 90; V, 377 (suvaṇṇa°) VI, 510 (kañcana°); VvA. 65; PvA. 274. (Page 452)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pati (पति).—m (S) A lord, master, proprietor. 2 A husband.

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pāṭī (पाटी).—f (paṭṭa S) The sand-board or writing board of schoolboys. pāṭī udhaḷaṇēṃ To sand or dust it so as to efface the writing (at breaking up of school). 2 The board of a native book, answering to the European pasteboard-cover. 3 The board under or above the screw-beams, bruiser, or pounder (in a sugar-mill &c.) Named respectively khālacī pāṭī & varacī pāṭī. 4 The board upon which śēvayā are rolled or made. 5 The name of a line drawn in the play of āṭyāpāṭyā. 6 A slip of ground. 7 C The slip of iron infixed in the upper leaf of a ghiraṭa or large handmill, in a central hole of which the pin revolves. 8 A neck-ornament of females. 9 R A large square piece of timber. 10 S A manner, method, mode.

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pāṭī (पाटी) [or पांटी, pāṇṭī].—f A broad or open basket,--the bowl-form basket of bazar-carriers or of the general begari.

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pātī (पाती).—f A share of some joint concern. Ex. hyā sāvakārīnta caughāñcī pātī āhē. 2 A slip of solder or of leaf-metal; a slip or bar (of iron &c.) 3 The cross piece or bar of a pharā over which the strickle moves. 4 A short slip of bamboo, over which is wound the jānavēṃ &c. 5 A pinnate or long-shaped leaf (as of the sugarcane, cocoanut-palm, onion-plant, certain grasses &c.) 6 A common term for the shreds or filaments composing the esculent sāgūḷa which encloses the garā or pulp of the jackfruit. 7 The train of bullocks at a treading floor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pati (पति).—m A lord, master, proprietor. A husband.

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pāṭī (पाटी).—f The sand-board or writing board of schoolboys. pāṭī udhaḷaṇēṃ. To destroy the work done. The name of a line drawn in the play of āṭyāpāṭyā. A slip of ground. The slip of iron in- fixed in the upper leaf of a ghiraṭa or large handmill, in a central hole of which the pin revolves. pāṭīvara (mulagā or mūla) ghālaṇēṃ-basaviṇēṃ-lāvaṇēṃ To set (a child) to learn to write on the dust- board.

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pāṭī (पाटी) [or pāṇṭī, or पांटी].—f A broad open basket. pāṭī-bhara bōla guñjabhara artha A phrase expressive of Bombast, fustian.

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pātī (पाती).—f A share of some joint concern.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṭi (पटि) or Paṭī (पटी).—f.

1) The curtain of a stage.

2) A cloth.

3) Coarse cloth, canvas.

4) A screen of cloth surrounding a tent.

5) A coloured garment.

Derivable forms: paṭiḥ (पटिः).

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Pati (पति).—[pā-ḍatiṃ]

1) A master, lord; as in गृहपतिः (gṛhapatiḥ).

2) An owner, possessor, proprietor; क्षेत्रपतिः (kṣetrapatiḥ).

3) Governor, ruler, one who presides over; ओषधीपतिः, वनस्पतिः, कुलपतिः (oṣadhīpatiḥ, vanaspatiḥ, kulapatiḥ) &c.

4) A husband; प्रमदाः पतिवर्त्मगा इति प्रतिपन्नं हि विचेतनैरपि (pramadāḥ pativartmagā iti pratipannaṃ hi vicetanairapi) Ku.4.33.

5) A root.

6) Going, motion, fight. -f.

1) A female possessor, a mistress.

2) A wife.

Derivable forms: patiḥ (पतिः).

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Pāṭī (पाटी).—Arithmetic; अस्ति त्रैराशिकं बीजं पाटी च विमला मतिः (asti trairāśikaṃ bījaṃ pāṭī ca vimalā matiḥ) Līlā.

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Pāti (पाति).—

1) A master.

2) A bird.

3) A husband.

Derivable forms: pātiḥ (पातिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭi (पटि).—f. (-ṭiḥ or -ṭī) 1. A kind of cloth. 2. An aquatic plant: see kummikā. 3. The curtain of a stage. 4. A screen of a cloth surrounding a tent. E. paṭ to surround, &c. aff. in or ṅīp . see paṭa and paṭī.

Paṭi can also be spelled as Paṭī (पटी).

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Pati (पति).—m.

(-tiḥ) 1. A master, an owner. 2. A husband. 3. A root. 4. Ruler 5. Going, motion. E. to nourish, Unadi aff. ḍati, or pat to go, with the same aff.

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Pāṭī (पाटी).—f.

(-ṭīḥ) 1. Arithmetic. 2. A kind of shrub called Bala. 3. Regular order. E. paṭa to go, in or ṅīp aff.

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Pāti (पाति).—m.

(-tiḥ) A master, a lord, a husband. E. to nourish, Unadi aff. ati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭi (पटि).— (for paṭī, cf. paṭa), f. A kind of cloth, [Pañcatantra] 236, 25.

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Pati (पति).—i. e. 2. pā + ti (for original pā + tan, cf. patnī). 1. A master, an owner. 2. A governor, a lord, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 115. 3. A husband, Mahābhārata 1, 4199. 4. When latter part of a comp. adj. the fem. is left unchanged, e. g. jīvat -pati, i. e. jīvant- (vb. jīv), f. A woman whose husband is alive, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 24, 8 Gorr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭi (पटि).—[feminine] a kind of woven cloth.

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Pati (पति).—[masculine] master, owner, ruler, lord, husband.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭī (पटी):—[from paṭa > paṭ] f. a narrow piece of cloth, the hem or edge of a garment, [Bālarāmāyaṇa; Harṣacarita]

2) [v.s. ...] the curtain of a stage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. apaṭī)

3) Paṭi (पटि):—[from paṭ] a f. a kind of cloth, [Pañcatantra] (cf. paṭī under paṭa)

4) [v.s. ...] = vāguli, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a species of plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) b See under paṭa, [column]1.

7) Pati (पति):—1. pati m. (cf. √1. pat; when uncompounded and meaning ‘husband’ [instrumental case] patyā; [dative case] patye; [genitive case] [ablative] patyur; [locative case] patyau; but when meaning ‘lord, master’, and ifc. regularly inflected with exceptions; cf. [Pāṇini 1-4, 8; 9]) a master, owner, possessor, lord, ruler, sovereign, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

8) a husband, [ib.] (in [compound] either with the stem or with the [genitive case], e.g. duhitṛ-p or tuḥ-p, [Pāṇini 6-3, 24]; when mfn. f. = m. e.g. -jīvat-patyā tvayā, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 24, 8, or] patikā e.g. pramīta-patikā, [Manu-smṛti ix, 68])

9) one of the 2 entities (with pāśupatas), [Religious Thought and Life in India 89]

10) a root, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) f. a female possessor, mistress, [Pāṇini 4-1, 33 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

12) a wife (vṛddha-p = -patnī, the w° of an old man, [ib. 34 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

13) cf. [Greek] πόσις, ‘husband’; [Latin] potis, pos-sum for potis-sum; [Lithuanian] patis, ‘husband’; [Gothic] (bruth-) faths, ‘bridegroom’

14) f. = gati, going, motion.

15) Pāṭī (पाटी):—[from pāṭa] a f. See pāṭī.

16) [from pāṭa] b f. arithmetic, [Bījagaṇita]

17) [v.s. ...] a species of plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) Pāti (पाति):—m. = pati, a master, lord, husband, [Uṇādi-sūtra v, 5 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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