Ayudha, Āyudha: 17 definitions



Ayudha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aayudh.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Sreenivasarao's blogs: Temple Architecture – Devalaya Vastu – Part seven

Ayudha generally translates to weapons; but, in shilpa-sastra, the term indicates whatever objects the idol holds in his or her hands. The Ayudhas delineate the nature, character and functions associated with the idol. In a way of speaking, they are the symbols of a symbolism. For instance, Saraswathi holds in her hands a book symbolizing the Vedas and learning; a Kamandala (a water jug) symbolizing smruthi, vedanga and shastras; a rosary symbolizing the cyclical nature of time; and the musical instrument veena symbolizing music and her benevolent nature.

All these objects are not weapons in the conventional sense, but the shilpa employs those as symbols to expand and depict and interpret the nature of the idol and its meaning. Each of these Ayudhas signifies a certain aspect or it stands for a concept. For instance, the mirror signifies a clear mind and awareness; the flag signifies victory or celebration; the Ankusha (goad) signifies exercising control over senses and baser instincts, Damaru in the hands of shiva signifies creation and origin of sound and learning; and, the scepter signifies authority and rule of law.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Āyudha (आयुध).—Weapons of war, enumerated and described.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 22. 10-14; Matsya-purāṇa 129. 35; 149. 7-8; 173. 5, 12, 29, etc.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Āyudha (आयुध) refers to the “attributes” or “accessories” of a detiy, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The technical terms of the attributes (āyudha) relate to the objects which the images of Hindu gods and goddesses are shown as bearing in their hands, such as weapons, musical instruments, animals, and birds. The attributes (āyudha) also relate to the various attitudes in which the hands of images are shown and the postures which the bodies of the images are made to assume. The attributes include the costume, ornaments and head gear in which they are represented. The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments.

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Āyudha (आयुध) refers to “attributes” or “weapons”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āyudha : (nt.) weapon.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Āyudha, is the Vedic form of the common Pāli form āvudha weapon, and occurs only spuriously at D. I, 9 (v. l. āvudha). (Page 106)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āyudha (आयुध).—n (S) A weapon. 2 Laxly. An implement or a tool.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āyudha (आयुध).—n A weapon; a tool.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ayudha (अयुध).—A non-combatant.

Derivable forms: ayudhaḥ (अयुधः).

--- OR ---

Āyudha (आयुध).—[āyudh-ghañarthe ka]

1) A weapon, shield &c.; it is of 3 kinds (1) प्रहरण (praharaṇa), e. g. a sword; (2) हस्तमुक्त (hastamukta), e. g. a disc; (3) यन्त्रमुक्त (yantramukta), e. g. an arrow; आयुधानामहं वज्रम् (āyudhānāmahaṃ vajram) Bg.1.28. न मे त्वदन्येन विसोढमायुधम् (na me tvadanyena visoḍhamāyudham) R.3.63. An implement; वशाया यज्ञ आयुधम् (vaśāyā yajña āyudham) Av.1.1.18.

2) A vessel (Ved.).

-dham 1 Gold used for ornaments.

2) (pl.) Water (Ved.).

Derivable forms: āyudhaḥ (आयुधः), āyudham (आयुधम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyudha (आयुध).—m.

(-dhaḥ) A weapon in general. E. āṅ before yudh to fight, ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyudha (आयुध).—[ā-yudh + a], n., A weapon, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 93.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyudha (आयुध).—[neuter] weapon, vessel; adj. —° armed with.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ayudha (अयुध):—[=a-yudha] [from a-yuddha] m. a non-fighter, [Pāṇini 5-1, 121.]

2) Āyudha (आयुध):—[=ā-yudha] [from ā-yudh] n. a weapon, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Rāmāyaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] implement, [Atharva-veda x, 10, 18; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Kauśika-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] gold used for ornaments, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] n. [plural] water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyudha (आयुध):—[ā-yudha] (dhaḥ) 1. m. Weapon in general.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Āyudha (आयुध):—

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Āyudha (आयुध):—n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) —

1) Waffe.

2) Geräthe.

3) Pl. *Wasser.

4) Gold zu Schmucksachen.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āyudha (आयुध) [Also spelled aayudh]:—(nm) armament; arms, weapons; ~[jīvī] a professional soldier; ~[śālā] armoury, arsenal.

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