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Ayudha, aka: Āyudha; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ayudha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

Āyudha (आयुध).—Weapons of war, enumerated and described.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 22. 10-14; Matsya-purāṇa 129. 35; 149. 7-8; 173. 5, 12, 29, etc.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Ayudha generally translates to weapons; but, in shilpa-sastra, the term indicates whatever objects the idol holds in his or her hands. The Ayudhas delineate the nature, character and functions associated with the idol. In a way of speaking, they are the symbols of a symbolism. For instance, Saraswathi holds in her hands a book symbolizing the Vedas and learning; a Kamandala (a water jug) symbolizing smruthi, vedanga and shastras; a rosary symbolizing the cyclical nature of time; and the musical instrument veena symbolizing music and her benevolent nature.

All these objects are not weapons in the conventional sense, but the shilpa employs those as symbols to expand and depict and interpret the nature of the idol and its meaning. Each of these Ayudhas signifies a certain aspect or it stands for a concept. For instance, the mirror signifies a clear mind and awareness; the flag signifies victory or celebration; the Ankusha (goad) signifies exercising control over senses and baser instincts, Damaru in the hands of shiva signifies creation and origin of sound and learning; and, the scepter signifies authority and rule of law.

Source: Sreenivasarao's blogs: Temple Architecture – Devalaya Vastu – Part seven

In Buddhism

Pali

Āyudha, is the Vedic form of the common Pāli form āvudha weapon, and occurs only spuriously at D. I, 9 (v. l. āvudha). (Page 106)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

āyudha : (nt.) weapon.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Relevant text

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