Ayudha, aka: Āyudha; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ayudha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Ayudha generally translates to weapons; but, in shilpa-sastra, the term indicates whatever objects the idol holds in his or her hands. The Ayudhas delineate the nature, character and functions associated with the idol. In a way of speaking, they are the symbols of a symbolism. For instance, Saraswathi holds in her hands a book symbolizing the Vedas and learning; a Kamandala (a water jug) symbolizing smruthi, vedanga and shastras; a rosary symbolizing the cyclical nature of time; and the musical instrument veena symbolizing music and her benevolent nature.

All these objects are not weapons in the conventional sense, but the shilpa employs those as symbols to expand and depict and interpret the nature of the idol and its meaning. Each of these Ayudhas signifies a certain aspect or it stands for a concept. For instance, the mirror signifies a clear mind and awareness; the flag signifies victory or celebration; the Ankusha (goad) signifies exercising control over senses and baser instincts, Damaru in the hands of shiva signifies creation and origin of sound and learning; and, the scepter signifies authority and rule of law.

Source: Sreenivasarao's blogs: Temple Architecture – Devalaya Vastu – Part seven
Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ayudha in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Āyudha (आयुध).—Weapons of war, enumerated and described.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 22. 10-14; Matsya-purāṇa 129. 35; 149. 7-8; 173. 5, 12, 29, etc.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Āyudha (आयुध) refers to the “attributes” or “accessories” of a detiy, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The technical terms of the attributes (āyudha) relate to the objects which the images of Hindu gods and goddesses are shown as bearing in their hands, such as weapons, musical instruments, animals, and birds. The attributes (āyudha) also relate to the various attitudes in which the hands of images are shown and the postures which the bodies of the images are made to assume. The attributes include the costume, ornaments and head gear in which they are represented. The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Ayudha in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āyudha : (nt.) weapon.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Āyudha, is the Vedic form of the common Pāli form āvudha weapon, and occurs only spuriously at D. I, 9 (v. l. āvudha). (Page 106)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

āyudha (आयुध).—n (S) A weapon. 2 Laxly. An implement or a tool.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

āyudha (आयुध).—n A weapon; a tool.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ayudha (अयुध).—A non-combatant.

Derivable forms: ayudhaḥ (अयुधः).

--- OR ---

Āyudha (आयुध).—[āyudh-ghañarthe ka]

1) A weapon, shield &c.; it is of 3 kinds (1) प्रहरण (praharaṇa), e. g. a sword; (2) हस्तमुक्त (hastamukta), e. g. a disc; (3) यन्त्रमुक्त (yantramukta), e. g. an arrow; आयुधानामहं वज्रम् (āyudhānāmahaṃ vajram) Bg.1.28. न मे त्वदन्येन विसोढमायुधम् (na me tvadanyena visoḍhamāyudham) R.3.63. An implement; वशाया यज्ञ आयुधम् (vaśāyā yajña āyudham) Av.1.1.18.

2) A vessel (Ved.).

-dham 1 Gold used for ornaments.

2) (pl.) Water (Ved.).

Derivable forms: āyudhaḥ (आयुधः), āyudham (आयुधम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 215 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vajrayudha
Vajrāyudha (वज्रायुध) is the warder of Mahendrāditya, a world-conquering king (jagajjayin) from...
Halayudha
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Kusumayudha
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Indrayudha
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Dridhayudha
Dṛḍhāyudha (दृढायुध).—m. (-dhaḥ) A hero, one firm in battle. E. dṛḍha, and āyudha war.
Kaushikayudha
Kauśikāyudha (कौशिकायुध).—n. (-dhaṃ) The rainbow, E. kauśika Indra, and āyudha a weapon.
Caranayudha
Caraṇāyudha (चरणायुध).—a cock; आकर्ण्य संप्रति रुतं चरणायुधानाम् (ākarṇya saṃprati rutaṃ caraṇā...
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Pushpayudha
Puṣpāyudha (पुष्पायुध).—the god of love; पुष्पायुधं दुराधर्षम् (puṣpāyudhaṃ durādharṣam) Mb.1. ...
Musalayudha
Musalāyudha (मुसलायुध).—an epithet of Balarāma; उपस्पृश्य च तत्रैव प्रहृष्टो मुसलायुधः (upaspṛś...
Sitayudha
Sitāyudha (सितायुध).—a kind of fish. Derivable forms: sitāyudhaḥ (सितायुधः).Sitāyudha is a Sans...
Cakrayudha
Cakrāyudha (चक्रायुध).—an epithet of Viṣṇu. Derivable forms: cakrāyudhaḥ (चक्रायुधः).Cakrāyudha...
Udyatayudha
Udyatāyudha (उद्यतायुध).—a. Having an uplifted weapon.Udyatāyudha is a Sanskrit compound consis...
Ayudhajivin
Āyudhajīvin (आयुधजीविन्).—a. living by one's weapon. (m.) a warrior, soldier. Āyudhajīvin is a ...
Devayudha
Devāyudha (देवायुध).—1) a divine weapon. 2) rainbow. Derivable forms: devāyudham (देवायुधम्).De...

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