Tulya, Tulyā: 24 definitions


Tulya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Tuly.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Tulya (तुल्य).—Similar in articulation; savarna; cf. R. T. 168.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Tulyā (तुल्या) or Tutthā is another name for Nīlī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Indigofera tinctoria Linn. (“true indigo”), according to verse 4.80-83 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Tulyā and Nīlī, there are a total of thirty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Tulya (तुल्य) means “resembling”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] Now he tells the fruit of the rotation of the bowl, starting from the east etc., and ending in the middle. According as the bowl rotates in cardinal directions from the east up to the middle of the basin, it causes respectively the good fortune of having the husband alive and devoted (saubhāgya), death, near death of the bride (vadhū-mṛtisama), the body full of diseases, the girl becomes the favourite [of all], resembles a courtesan [i.e., gaṇikā-tulya], (?) virtuous, endowed wit h sons, wealth and relatives. Staying in the middle, [the bowl] grants noble [sons]. If the bowl becomes full (pūrṇā)[ and sinks] in the north, northeast, or in the east, it bestows auspiciousness; if it sinks (magnā) in the remaining directions, it is said to inflict widowhood on the girl”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tulya (तुल्य) means “resembling”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] At the same time, several phenomena of evil portent forboding misery and distress happened, when the son of Varāṅgī was born making the gods miserable. [...] O great Brahmin, the misty haloes around the sun and the moon in the grip of Rāhu became the harbingers of great fear and unhappiness. At that time terrifying sounds that resembled those of the chariot [i.e., ratha-nirhrāda-tulya] issued forth from cracks and crevices in the mountains. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Tulya (तुल्य) refers to “becoming equal (to Śiva)”, according to the 9th-century Sarvajñānottaratantra chapter 18.—Accordingly, “Next, I shall teach the best observance among observances, which is known as the Śiva-vrata and which is revered by Asuras and Gods alike. [...] He should dwell constantly in a temple of Śiva, eating alms, controlling his senses, devoted to recitation and meditation, maintaining silence, venerating Śiva, the fire and his guru. When a year has passed, he will become equal to Śiva (śiva-tulya). [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Tulya (तुल्य) or Tulyabhāvanā refers to “composition of equals” in Bhāvanā (“demonstration”) or “proof” (meaning anything demonstrated or proved, hence theorem, lemma), according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—When the bhāvanā is made with two equal sets of roots and interpolators, it is called tulya-bhāvanā (Composition of Equals) and when with two unequal sets of values, atulyabhāvanā (Composition of Unequals).

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Tulya (तुल्य) refers to “resembling”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The meeting of beloved women is like a city in the sky. Youth or wealth is like a mass of clouds (jaladapaṭala-tulya). Relations, children and bodies, etc. are perishable as lightning. You must understand that the whole action of the cycle of rebirth is thus momentary”.

Synonyms: Nibha, Saṃnibha, Sadṛśa, Ākāra.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Tulya.—(SITI), literally, ‘equal’; a true copy. Note: tulya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

tulya : (adj.) equal; measurable.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Tulya, & Tuliya (also tulla J. IV, 102) (adj.) (orig. grd. of tuleti) to be weighed, estimated, measured; matched, equal, comparable Sn. 377; J. III, 324; PvA. 87 (=samaka). Mostly in the negative atulya incomparable, not having its equal Sn. 83, 683; J. IV, 102 (atulla); Miln. 249 (atuliyā guṇā), 343 (id.) — See also tula. (Page 305)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tulya (तुल्य).—a (S) Like, resembling, equal or analogous to. Ex. of comp. tulya-bala-parākrama-dhairya-dhana-vidya-gati- āyu-pramāṇa-māna-vaibhava.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tulyā (तुल्या).—m A goldsmith's implement.

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tulya (तुल्य).—a Like, equal or analogous to.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tulya (तुल्य).—a. [tulayā saṃmitaṃ yat]

1) Of the same kind or class, well-matched, similar, like, equal, resembling (with gen., instr. or in comp.); Manusmṛti 4.86; Y.2.77; R.2.35 (v. l.); 12.8; लोकेन भावी पितुरेव तुल्यः संभावितो मालिपरिग्रहात् सः (lokena bhāvī pitureva tulyaḥ saṃbhāvito māliparigrahāt saḥ) 18.38.

2) Fit for.

3) Identical, same.

4) Indifferent.

-lyam ind.

1) Simultaneously; ययोर्मृत्यु- र्विवासश्च त्वकृते तुल्यमागतौ (yayormṛtyu- rvivāsaśca tvakṛte tulyamāgatau) Rām.2.74.3.

2) Equally, in a like manner.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Tulya (तुल्य).—adj., used in a peculiar sense in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka, and as I think misunderstood by Burnouf and Kern: equal in the sense of equally available, open to choice (said of different forms of dharma, religion, and specifically thinking of the three yānas): tulye (so with Kashgar recension, text tulya-) nāma dharmadhātupraveśe Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 60.8 (prose), when entrance into the sphere of religion is, after all (nāma), alike (all the same, open to free choice); the sequal complains that the speaker has been given only the hīna yāna by the Buddha; tulyeṣu dharmeṣu Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 61.12; 62.2 (both verses). Chinese versions confirm this interpretation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tulya (तुल्य).—mfn.

(-lyaḥ-lyā-lyaṃ) Like, resembling, equal or analogous to. E. tulā resemblance, and yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tulya (तुल्य).—i. e. tulā + ya, adj., f. , 1. Equal, [Brāhmaṇavilāpa] 1, 31; with the gen. [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 7, 17; and the instr. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 86. 2. Indifferent, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 5, 24. 3. Being of the same class, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 364. 4. ºyam, adv. Equally, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 90, 31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tulya (तुल्य).—[adjective] equal in ([instrumental] or [locative]), to ([instrumental] ±saha, [genetive], or —°), like, resembling, similar. °— & [neuter] [adverb] similarly, in like manner as ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tulya (तुल्य):—[from tul] mf(ā)n. (in [compound] accent, [Pāṇini 6-2, 2]) equal to, of the same kind or class or number or value, similar, comparable, like (with [instrumental case] or [genitive case] cf. [ii., 3, 72] or ifc.; e.g. tena [Manu-smṛti iv, 86] or etasya [Kaṭha-upaniṣad i, 22] or etat- [24], ‘equal to him’), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Lāṭyāyana; Pāṇini] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] fit for ([instrumental case]), [Sūryasiddhānta xiv, 6]

3) [v.s. ...] even, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka iv, 21]

4) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a dance

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tulya (तुल्य):—[(lyaḥ-lyā-lyaṃ) a.] Like.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Tulya (तुल्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Tulla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tulya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Tulya (तुल्य) [Also spelled tuly]:—(a) equivalent; like; ~[kāla/kālīya] contemporaneous, synchronous; ~[kālatva] synchronism; ~[rūpa] resembling, of like appearance; ~[vṛtti] co-professional.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Tulya (ತುಲ್ಯ):—[adjective] having almost or exactly the same qualities, characteristics, etc.; similar; like; equal.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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