Mana, Māṇa, Māna: 32 definitions

Introduction

Mana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

According to the Mānasāra (LV.1–9), there are six types of measurement (māna) to be taken along the body of an image. The text enumerates these measurements as follows:

  1. māna or measurement of the length of the body;
  2. pramāṇa or measurement of its breadth;
  3. unmāna or measurement of thickness;
  4. parimāṇa or measurement of girth;
  5. upamāna or measurement of inter-spaces;
  6. lambamāna or measurement taken along the plumb-lines or sūtras.

Māna refers to the vertical measurements such as the distance fro mthe hair-limit to the eye-line, from that point to the tip of the noswe, the length of the arms and of the legs and so on.

These measurements constitute the six kinds of iconometric measurements as applied to standing, seated an reclining images (see also Marasinghe 1994, p. xiv). However it is difficult to find a text that uses all six of them. The Śivatattva Ratnākara, for example, enumerates only three types: length, breadth and depth (Krishnamurthi 1995, p. 177). The Śilparatna explains the lambamāna, and in the Viṣṇudharmottara Purāṇa and the Citralakṣaṇa of Nagnajit all the measurements except the lambamāna are employed.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Māna (मान) refers to the “proper height of the icon” and represents a type of measurement, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The measurements described in Sanskrit authorities are altogether of six kinds: māna (the proper height of the icon), pramāna (the breadth), unmāna (thickness), parimāṇa (the circumference), upamāna (the space between the limbs) and lambamāna (surface of the image).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Māna (मान):—One of the “six iconographic measurements”, according to the Mānasāra (sanskrit literary treatise on vāstu-śāstra, or, ‘architectural science’). The measurement unit is used in the process of procuring/securing the height of the principal image and secondary images. Breadth, circumference, and other dimensions are derived from the height using rules of proportion.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mana (मन).—The eleventh organ partaking of the character of karma and jñāna; proceeds to create induced by a desire to produce.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 1, 7; IV. 3. 22; Matsya-purāṇa 3. 21.

1b) A Jayādeva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 7; 4. 3; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 7.

1c) A Sādhya god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 15.

1d) A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.

1e) A śālā adjoining Sahasrastambha śālā in Śrīpuram; reputed for its amṛtavāpika; by drinking its water yogis and siddhas became strong in body.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 35. 2-24.

1f) A son of Śatarūpā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 25.

1g) Twenty-sixth kalpa; Śaṅkarī became twins.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 59.

1h) Another term for Mahān.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 21.

2a) Māna (मान).—A Sādhya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 203. 11.

2b) Four kinds of; saura, saumya, nakṣatra and sāvana; a measurement.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 188. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 21. 137.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Māna (मान) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.67, VIII.51.17) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Māna) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Māna (मान, “anger”) is a Sanskrit technical term used throughout the Nāṭyaśāstra. It can also refer to “resentment”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Māna (मान).—Krt affix आन (āna) of the present participle with the augment म् (m) prefixed to it by आने मुक् (āne muk) P. II. 2.82; e.g. यजमानः, एधमानः, याचमानः (yajamānaḥ, edhamānaḥ, yācamānaḥ) etc.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Māna (मान) as a measure of weight is said to be the equivalent of the Kṛṣṇala or Raktikā—that is, the berry of the Guñjā (Abrus precatorius). It occurs in compounds in the later Saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Mana. Youngest brother and viceroy of Aggabodhi III. (Sirisanghabodhi). He was governor of Dakkhinadesa. He was later found guilty of an offence in the womens apartments of the palace and was treacherously killed by the court officers. Cv.xliv.84,123f.

2. Mana. Eldest son of Kassapa II. (Cv.xlv.6) His full name was Manavamma. (Regarding these names, Mana and Manavamma, see Cv. Trs.i.192, n. 3.). He was very young when his father died, and, when the government fell into the hands of Dappula I. and later of Dathopatissa II., he left Uttaradesa, where he was living in retirement with his wife Sangha, and went to Jambudipa, there to take service under the Pallava king, Narasiha (for details see Cv.xivii.9ff., 15ff). He won the kings favor and very loyally helped him to defeat the Vallabha king. He then raised an army with the help of Narasiha, landed in Ceylon, and recovered the kingdom from Dathopatissa. But later his army deserted him on hearing tidings of Narasihas illness and Mana returned once more to Jambudipa. Some time after he came again to Ceylon with a large army and defeated Hatthadatha, the reigning king, and his general Potthakuttha. In the confusion which followed, Hatthadatha was killed and Potthakuttha was poisoned at Merukandara. Mana thereupon became king and did many acts of merit, including the erection of the Padhanarakkha and the Sirisanghabodhi viharas, also the Sepanni and Siri pasadas. Mana was a supporter of the Pamsukulins. Cv.xlvii.1ff. Manavamma reigned circa 676 711 A.C.

3. Mana (also called Manavamma). He was the nephew of Kassapa II. and the son of Dappula I. Kassapa handed over the kingdom to him at the time of his death, his own children being very young. When Kassapa died, the Damilas attacked Ceylon, but Mana, with his fathers help, repulsed them and crowned his father king. When Hatthadatha heard of this, he came with a large force and seized the throne under the name of Dathopatissa II. Mana went to the Eastern Province, while Dappula returned to Rohana. Later, Mana led a rebellion against Dathopatissa and was killed in battle (Cv.xlv.1ff.; 52, 77ff). His mother was the sister of Kassapa II. and the daughter of King Silameghavanna. Cv. Trs.i.94, n. 1.

4. Mana. Called Mulapotthaki. He was an officer of Parakkamabahu I. and, in one campaign, defeated Lokagalla Vikkama at Mahagama. Cv.lxxv.139f.

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

M Pride.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Part of the Lobha Team.

Conceit;

Mana is conceit. It is an alternative form of ditthi or lobha. Instead of revealing greediness or wrong view it behaves conceitedly. Mana shows up proud. This again is inability to see realities.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'conceit', pride, is one of the 10 fetters binding to existence (s. samyojana). It vanishes completely only at the entrance to Arahatship, or Holiness (cf. asmi-māna). It is further one of the proclivities (s. anusaya) and defilements (s. kilesa). "

The (equality-) conceit (māna), the inferiority-conceit (omāna) and the superiority-conceit (atimāna): this threefold conceit should be overcome. For, after overcoming this threefold conceit, the monk, through the full penetration of conceit, is said to have put an end suffering" (A. VI, 49).

"Those ascetics and brahman priests who, relying on this impermanent, miserable and transitory nature of corporeality, feelings, perceptions, mental formations and consciousness, fancy: 'Better am I', or 'Equal am I', or 'Worse am I', all these imagine thus through not understanding reality" (S. XXII, 49).

In reality no ego-entity is to be found. Cf. anattā.

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'mind', is in the Abhidhamma used as synonym of viññāna (consciousness) and citta (state of consciousness, mind).

According to the Com. to Vis.M., it sometimes means sub-consciousness (s. bhavanga-sota).

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

Conceit, mana, is another akusala cetasika. There is conceit or pride when we consider ourselves important. Because of conceit we may compare ourselves with others.

The three ways of comparing oneself with other may occur in someone who is actually superior, in someone who is actually equal and in someone who is actually inferior.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Māna (मान) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Mānacinta forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vākcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vākcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Māna] and Vīras are reddish madder in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Māna (मान, “conceit”) refers to one of the “six defilements” (kleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 67). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., māna). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Māna also refers to the one of the “six obstacles to concentration” (samādhi-āvaraṇa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 118).

Source: Google Books: The Fruits of True Monkhood

Māna (“conceit”) in Buddhism refers to one of the sixteen upakilesa (subtle defilements).

Source: WikiPedia: Buddhism

Māna is a Buddhist term that is translated as "pride", "arrogance", or "conceit". It is defined as an inflated mind that makes whatever is suitable, such as wealth or learning, to be the foundation of pride. It creates the basis for disrespecting others and for the occurrence of suffering.

Māna is identified as:

  • One of the five poisons within the Mahayana Buddhist tradition.
  • One of the six root unwholesome mental factors within the Mahayana Abhidharma teachings
  • One of the fourteen unwholesome mental factors within the Theravada Abhidharma teachings
  • One of the ten fetters in the Theravada tradition
     

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Māna (मान, “pride”) refers to a subclass of the interal (abhyantara) division of parigraha (attachment) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment). Amṛtacandra (in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya 116), Somadeva, and Āśādhara among the Digambaras and Siddhasena Gaṇin (in his commentary on the Tattvārtha-sūtra 7.24) among the Śvetāmbaras mention fourteen varieties  of abhyantara-parigraha (for example, māna).

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Māna (मान) is a Prakrit ending for deriving proper personal names, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning māna) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Māna (मान).—There is a pass known as Māna Pass and it lies higher up in the Himālaya range, beyond Badrinath. It is mentioned in Devaprayāg Brahmi inscription as Māna-parvata. Dr. Chhabra observes that the occurence of the name on the rock in question tends to indicate that the range of hills behind the occurence of the Alakanandā and Bhāgirathī at Devaprayāg was known as Māna.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Mana (“measure”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Kurubas (a tribe of South India). The Kurubas are sub-divided into clans or gumpus, each having a headman or guru called a gaudu, who gives his name to the clan. And the clans are again sub-divided into gotras or septs (viz., Mana).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Māna.—(CITD), Telugu-Kannaḍa; (1/16)th part of the measure called tūmu; that which can hold rice of the weight of 4 ṭaṅkalamulu (varying in different localities); a particular measure or weight often regarded as half of a seru; a measur- ing rod. (EI 16), also called mānaka; name of a measure; a liquid measure (SII 11-1). Note: māna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Māna or Māṇa.—(IE 8-6; EI 30, 31), used in medieval Orissan records in the sense of a land measure; a land measure regarded as equal to an English acre in Orissa. Note: māna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) mana : (m.; nt.) mind; consciousness. (in cpds. it takes the form mano). || māna (nt.), measure; measurement. (m.) pride; conceit.

2) māṇa : (nt.) measure; measurement. (m.), pride; conceit.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Māna, 2 (nt.) (fr. : see mināti; Vedic māna has 2 meanings, viz. “measure, ” and “building” (cp. māpeti)) 1. measure Vin. III, 149 (abbhantarima inner, bāhirima outer); DA. I, 140. —°kūṭa cheating in measure, false measure Pug. 58; PvA. 278.—2. a certain measure, a Māna (cp. mānikā & manaṃ) J. I, 468 (aḍḍha° half a M. , according to C. equal to 8 nāḷis). (Page 528)

2) Māna, (late Vedic & Epic Sk. māna, fr. man, orig. meaning perhaps “high opinions” (i.e. No. 2); hence “pride” (No. 1). Def. of root see partly under māneti, partly under mināti) 1. pride, conceit, arrogance (cittassa uṇṇati Nd1 80; Vbh. 350). Māna is one of the Saññojanas. It is one of the principal obstacles to Arahantship. A detailed analysis of māna in tenfold aspect is given at Nd1 80=Nd2 505; ending with definition “māno maññanā ... ketukamyatā” etc. (cp. Vbh. 350 & see under mada). On term see also Dhs. § 1116; Dhs. trsl. 298 (=2275) sq.—D. III, 234; S. I, 4; Sn. 132, 370; 469, 537, 786, 889, 943, Dh. 74, 150, 407; Nd1 298; Pug. 18; Vbh. 345 sq. , 353 sq. , 383 (7 fold), 389 (9 fold); VbhA. 486 sq. (“seyyo’ham asmī ti” etc.); Tikp 166, 278; DhA. III, 118, 252; Sdhp. 500, 539.—asmi° pride of self, as real egoism D. III, 273.—2. honour, respect J. V, 331 (+pūjā). Usually in cpd. bahumāna great respect Mhvs 20, 46; PvA. 50. Also as māni° in compn with karoti: see mānikata. Cp. vi°, sam°

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maṇa (मण).—m (māna S or A) A measure of capacity or of weight, a maund. It is of very varying amount. 2 The quantity measured or weighed by a maund. 3 A measure of land consisting of six bigha. maṇakhāṇa (khāṇa added expletively.) About a maund; a maund more or less.

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maṇā (मणा).—m P Commonly maṇī q. v. under madana.

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mana (मन).—n (S) The mind or the intelligent power; the seat of judgment, reflection, reasoning, memory &c. See under antaḥkaraṇacatuṣṭaya & antaḥkaraṇa- pañcaka. 2 The heart or the sphere of the sensibility; the seat of the sentiments, passions, and affections. 3 The conscience or moral sense. Note. mana answers exceedingly well to the word conscience, as many of the phrases here following, and phrases and proverbs constantly oc- curring amongst the people, fully establish. Ex. jyācēṃ mana tyāsa gvāhī dētēṃ; Pr. mana jāṇē pāpā māya jāṇē mulācē vāpā; Pr. manā ēvaḍhā gāhī tribhuvanānta nāhīṃ; also the Hind. saying manamēṃ samajā kararūṃ nakō gamajā. 4 mana answers also to CONSCIOUSNESS although not in distinction from conscience; for of Physiological consciousness or of Mental consciousness as distinct from Moral consciousness the Hindus have no perception. The numerous applications therefore of mana in this ample sense must be interpreted as the connection or the occasion may demand. Pr. māna janāṃ apamāna manāṃ (sāṅgāvā). 5 The will or determining faculty; the mind as sovereign. Note. mana, besides these five definite senses, has, in popular use, all the amplitude and indefiniteness of the English words mind, heart, soul, will; and well answers, as the subjoined phrases show, to the four severally. 6 Liking, choice, propension, inclination of the mind, mind, will. Pr. manāsa mānēla tō saudā; manīṃ māṇḍē svapnīṃ pōḷyā or manīṃ asē tēṃ svapnīṃ disē; mana pādaśāhī paṇa kapāḷa gāṇḍū. mana uṭhaṇēṃ g. of s. To be estranged from; to be disgusted with or tired of. mana gāḍūna Engagedly, attentively, with or from one's heart and soul. mana ghālaṇēṃ-dēṇēṃ-lāvaṇēṃ To apply or give the mind (the affection or the attention). manacyā manīṃ In the secret of the mind; in the depths or recesses of the soul. mana tuṭaṇēṃ g. of s. To have one's mind (affection or attachment) broken off from. Pr. tuṭalēṃ mana āṇi phuṭalēṃ mōtīṃ sāndhata nāhīṃ. mana thōḍyā- sāṭhīṃ nisaraḍēṃ karaṇēṃ (To make the mind slippery for a little.) To break through a prescribed course or a resolution for only a trifling advantage. mana pāhaṇēṃ g. of o. To sound the deep or secret mind of; to probe or pump; to feel the pulse of. mana basaṇēṃ or lāgaṇēṃ g. of s. To have the affections set upon; to take delight in. mana manāviṇēṃ g. of o. To gain the good will of; to win over; to propitiate, conciliate, or persuade. mana mānēla tasēṃ karaṇēṃ To follow one's own inclination or desire. mana mōkaḷēṃ karūna With open and free heart; without disguise or reservation. mana mōṭhēṃ karaṇēṃ To act generously or liberally. mana mōḍaṇēṃ g. of o. To cross or to refuse to gratify (a fixed desire). mana rājā mana prajā The mind is the king, the mind is the subject; the mind is the willer and the mind is the doer; the mind (i. e. the determining soul, the will) is lord paramount and lord absolute. manasā cintitaṃ kāryaṃ daivamanyattu cintati Man proposes but God disposes; agreeing with manācā Pertaining or relating to the mind or heart; as manācā kapaṭī Evil-minded or false-hearted; manācā kujakā Hollow-hearted, perfidious, treacherous; manācā kōvaḷā Simple-minded or soft-hearted; unsuspecting or undesigning; manācā bhōḷā Artless, guileless, innocent of soul; manācā mōṭhā Magnanimous or noble-minded: also large-hearted, liberal, generous; manācā mōkaḷā Open-hearted, frank-spirited, ingenuous, candid; manācā halakā Weakminded. manācī āśā-ōḍha-dhāṃva The bent, bearing, drawing, hope, reach of the mind. manānta ēka janānta ēka One in secret, another in public; a double-dealing person. manānta gāṇṭha ṭhēvaṇēṃ To continue to bear a grudge or entertain a suspicion. manānta gāṇṭha bāndhaṇēṃ or ghālaṇēṃ To infix in one's memory; to commit carefully to mind. manānta caracaraṇēṃ To be full of anxious apprehensions and trepidations. manānta nava maṇa jaḷaṇēṃ To be exceedingly malicious, vindictive, or wrathful. manānta or manīṃ māṇḍē khāṇēṃ To build castles in the air. manānta māṇḍē padarānta dhōṇḍē Castle-building or imaginative reveling under poverty or incompetency. manānta or manīṃ mhaṇaṇēṃ To say to one's self. manāntūna utaraṇēṃ g. of o. To lose the favor of; to get out of one's good graces. manāpāsūna Earnestly, fervidly, cordially, sincerely, from or with the heart. manāvara ghēṇēṃ or dharaṇēṃ To take up into one's mind or heart (in order seriously to consider or heartily to perform). manāvara lihūna ṭhēvaṇēṃ To commit to the tablets of memory. manāsa āṇaṇēṃ To bring before the mind; to look into or think about. manāsa yēṇēṃ or vāṭaṇēṃ To meet with the approbation of the mind; to please, suit, be liked. manāsārakhā According to the mind or liking of, agreeable to. manīṃ kālaviṇēṃ To revolve, agitate, or stir mentally. Ex. bahuta duḥkha manīṃ jarī kālavē || bhiūni hyāsa tayāsa na bōlavē ||. manīṃ jāṇa hōṇēṃ To be discerning or intelligent regarding. manīṃ dharaṇēṃ To bear in mind. Ex. hyā lāgīṃ tumhāśīṃ bōdhilēṃ || manīṃ dharāla mhaṇō- niyā ||. manīṃ mānasīṃ (or manōmānasīṃ or manōmanīṃ) nasaṇēṃ Not to be at all in the expectation, apprehension, or mind of; " not to be in all one's thoughts." manōmanasākṣa corruptly manōmayasākṣa Mind witnesseth to mind. Used of persons who mutually conceive an aversion or a fondness for each other; or who discern instinctively the intention or the sentiment of each towards the other or towards some common object. 2 Mind is conscious in itself; i. e. the inner aim, purpose, sentiment, or desire of every one is known to himself. mōkaḷyā manānēṃ With full disclosure of one's heart or mind,--of one's sentiment or one's opinion or one's intention. baravyā manānēṃ With pure, good, or right mind; with honest purpose or intention. Ex. sītā svayaṃvara asēṃ baravyā manānēṃ avalakṣuni śāstra avalōkilēṃ. vairī cintata nāhīṃ asēṃ mana cintatēṃ Apprehension is greater than the evil.

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manā (मना).—p ( A) Forbidden, prohibited, stopped. v kara, hō.

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māṇa (माण).—f (māna) Inflammation incidental to the neck. 2 Clay. 3 A broadmouthed vessel generally earthen, and for holding water. 4 The annular lining of a hand-mill &c. See māiṇī or māīṇa. 5 The pitcher at the bottom of a sugarpress to receive the juice of the canes. 6 A bamboo of a large kind; also called tāja. 7 A stratum, layer, bed (of rock or earth).

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māṇā (माणा).—m See under māṇagā.

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māna (मान).—m (S) Respect, regard, reverence, honorable reception or estimation. Pr. mānōhi mahatāṃ dhanaṃ. 2 Arrogance, conceit, high opinion of self, or of persons, things, country &c. connected with self. 3 Right, claim, title, privilege. Ex. lagnāmadhyēṃ upādhyāyācā vastra ghēṇyācā māna āhē. 4 Place, province, proper office or business. Ex. nāhīṃ hōya mhaṇaṇyācā māna sāsūbāīkaḍē āhē. 5 n Magnitude, quantity, amount; measure in general, whether of bodies in respect of dimensions, gravity, or number, or of time, of space, of properties: also that by which a quantity is determined; any measure, whether of weight, length, capacity, or of time (as a pound, a yard, a quart, an hourglass). 6 Warrant, authority, grounds for assurance or admission. 7 Definiteness, exactness, determinateness (as of time, place, agent, amount.) Ex. parjanya kēvhāṃ kōṭhēṃ kitī kāya kasā paḍēla na paḍēla hyācēṃ māna kōṇhācē hātīṃ lāgata nāhīṃ; vāṛyācēṃ māna kōṇhācyānēṃ sāṅgavata nāhīṃ. 8 Propriety, reasonableness, warrantableness, expediency. Ex. rājā duṣṭa jhālā ātāṃ ēthēṃ rāhaṇyācēṃ māna rāhilēṃ nāhīṃ. 9 Rank, pitch, amount, stage or degree of dignity or importance: also rate, worth, comparative height or value. Ex. tyā gṛhasthācēṃ alī- kaḍē māna caḍhalēṃ āhē; gāṇyācēṃ -bhāḍyācēṃ -dhānyācēṃ- guḷācēṃ māna -caḍhalēṃ -vāḍhalēṃ -utaralēṃ -basalēṃ -phiralēṃ- ulaṭalēṃ -badalalēṃ. Pr. mānēṃ na khāī pānēṃ paḍapaḍalyāṃ khāī kāndē Used of proud daintiness and squeamishness reduced so low as to rejoice to eat onions. Pr. māna janāṃ apamāna manāṃ (sāṅgāvā) The regard and honor which you receive, you may tell abroad: your disgrace or contempt keep to yourself.

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māna (मान).—f ē (manyā S) The neck. 2 A disease of the neck. 3 (Incorrectly.) The throat; as ghāṃsa mānēnta aḍakalā. khālacyā mānēnēṃ cālaṇēṃ or pāhaṇēṃ To walk humbly or modestly or bashfully: also to walk under sense of abashment or shame. māna kāṇṭyāvara nasaṇēṃ g. of s. (Not to have one's neck upon its apex--processus dentatus.) To be exceedingly haughty, supercilious, or disdainful. māna kāpaṇēṃ g. of o. (To cut the neck of.) To destroy one's means of subsistence; to break the back of. māna khālīṃ ghālaṇēṃ To hold down one's head; to lower one's crest māna ḍōlaviṇēṃ To cause to nod assent, approbation, or applause; to force to approve or admit. māna dharaṇēṃ To stop or obstruct (a person) at some critical juncture. māna muragāḷaṇēṃ (To twist the neck of.) To blast one's hopes or prospects; to ruin. 2 To plunder utterly. māna mōḍaṇēṃ To break the wholeness or strength (as of a reserved stock, perfect amount &c.); to break (begin to use). Ex. pāñcaśēṃ rupayāñcī māna mōḍalī tēvhāṃ lagna jhālēṃ; cāra paiśāṅkaritāṃ rupayācī māna mōḍāvī lāgatī. māna vara karaṇēṃ To emerge from poverty or obscurity; to rise from the bed of sickness; to hold up one's head. māna vara na karaṇēṃ To go bowed down (through lowliness or shame). māna vāṅkaḍī karaṇēṃ To toss the head aside, in token of permission or of consent. māna sōḍaviṇēṃ To extricate (a person) from some trouble or embarrassment. māna hālaviṇēṃ To force to approve or admit. See māna ḍōlaviṇēṃ. mānēvara surī ṭhēvaṇēṃ To intimidate or frighten into. mānēsa basaṇēṃ To urge incessantly; to hang upon in exaction or enforcement. 2 To seize and possess;--used of a devil. 3 To clog or burden; to lie imperatively upon--a business to be done.

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māna (मान).—f (Or māṇa) Clay.

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mānā (माना).—m ( A) Purport, meaning, scope, signification. 2 The complimentary titles or forms of address in letters; as vēdaśāstrasampanna, śrīmanta rājaśrī, rājaśriyā virājita &c. 3 Fitness, reasonableness, warrantableness, meaning, use. Ex. ātāṃ mahāgāī jhālī ēthēṃ rāhaṇyācā mānā rāhilā nāhīṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

maṇa (मण).—m A maund. maṇakā m A maund- measure. A large gem.

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mana (मन).—n The mind. The heart. The con- science.. The will, liking. mana uṭhaṇēṃ Be estranged from; be tired of. mana ghāḷaṇēṃ- dēṇēṃ-lāvaṇēṃ Give the mind (the attention). manacyā manī In the secret of the mind. mana tuṭaṇēṃ Have one's mind (affection), broken off from. mana pāhaṇēṃ Sound the secret mind of; pump. mana basaṇēṃ-lāgaṇēṃ Have the affections set upon, mana mānēla tasēṃ karaṇēṃ Follow one's own desire. mana mōkaḷēṃ karūna With open and free heart. mana mōṭhēṃ karaṇēṃ Act generously or liberal- ly. mana mōḍaṇēṃ Refuse to gratify (a fixed desire); to displease. manācā kapaṭī Evil- minded. manācā kujakā Perfidious. manācā kōvaḷā Soft-hearted. manācā mōkaḷā Open- hearted, candid. manācā mōṭhā Noble- minded; liberal. manācā halakā Weak- minded. manācī-āśā-ōḍha-dhāṃva The bent, bearing, drawing, hope, reach of the mind. manānta ēka janānta ēka One in secret, another in public. manāta gāṇṭha ṭhēvaṇēṃ Con- tinue to bear a grudge or entertain a suspicion. manānta gāṇṭha bāndhaṇēṃ-ghālaṇēṃ Infix in one's memory. manānta caracaraṇēṃ Be full of anxious apprehensions and trepida- tions. manānta māṇḍēṃ khāṇēṃ Build castles in the air. manānta mhaṇaṇēṃ Say to one's self. manāntūna utaraṇēṃ Get out of one's good graces. manāpāsūna Earnest, sincerely. manāvara ghēṇēṃ-dharaṇēṃ Take up into one's mind or heart. manāsa yēṇēṃ-vāṭaṇēṃ Please, suit, be liked. manāsārakhā According to the mind, or liking of. manī dharaṇēṃ Bear in mind. manō mana sākṣa (Corruptly manōmaya sākṣa) Mind witnesseth to mind. mōkaḷyā manānēṃ With full disclosure of one's heart or mind.

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manā (मना).—p Forbidden, stopped.

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māṇa (माण).—f Inflammation incidental to the neck. Clay. A broad-mouthed vessel (earthen).

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māṇā (माणा).—m A bamboo of a long kind.

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māna (मान).—m Respect. Right. Conceit. Proper office. Magnitude. Definiteness. Rate. Propriety. f The neck, throat khālacyā mānēnēṃ cālaṇēṃ To walk humbly. mānaṃ kāpaṇēṃ Break the back of. māna khālīṃ ghālaṇēṃ Lower one's crest. māna ḍōlaviṇēṃ Cause to nod assent. māna dharaṇēṃ Obstruct (a person) at some critical juncture. māna muragāḷaṇēṃ Ruin; plunder utterly. māna mōḍaṇēṃ Break the wholeness or strength. māna vara karaṇēṃ To emerge from poverty. Hold up one's head. māna vara na karaṇēṃ Go bowed down. māna sōḍaviṇēṃ Extricate (a person) from some trouble. mānēṃvara surī ṭhēvaṇēṃ Intimidate or frighten into. mānēsa basaṇēṃ Urge incessantly; seize and possess;-used of a devil. Clog.

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mānā (माना).—m A complimentary formula. Pur- port. Fitness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of mana in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Māna (मान).—[man-ghañ]

1) Respect, honour, regard, respectful consideration; दारिद्र्यस्य परा मूर्तिर्यन्मानद्रविणाल्पता (dāridryasya parā mūrtiryanmānadraviṇālpatā) Pt.2.159; Bg.6.7; so मानधन (mānadhana) &c.

2) Pride (in a good sense), self-reliance, self-respect; जन्मिनो मानहीनस्य तृणस्य च समा गतिः (janmino mānahīnasya tṛṇasya ca samā gatiḥ) Pt.1.16; R.19.81.

3) Haughtiness, pride, conceit, self-confidence, vanity; मानाद् रावणः परदारान् अप्र- यच्छन् (mānād rāvaṇaḥ paradārān apra- yacchan) (vinanāśa) Kau. A.1.6.

4) A wounded sense of honour.

5) Jealous anger, anger excited by jealousy (especially in women); anger in general; मुञ्च मयि मान- मनिदानम् (muñca mayi māna- manidānam) Gīt.1; माधवे मा कुरु मानिनि मानमये (mādhave mā kuru mānini mānamaye) 9; त्यजत मानमलं बत विग्रहैः (tyajata mānamalaṃ bata vigrahaiḥ) R.9.47; Śi. 9.84; Bv.2.56; Dk.2.3.

6) Opinion, conception.

7) Ved. Object, purpose.

-nam [mā-lyuṭ]

1) Measuring.

2) A measure, standard; माना- धीना मेयसिद्धिः (mānā- dhīnā meyasiddhiḥ) Mīmāṃsā; निराकृतत्वाच्छ्रुतियुक्तिमानतः (nirākṛtatvācchrutiyuktimānataḥ) A. Rām. 7.5.57.

3) Dimension, computation.

4) A standard of measure, measuring rod, rule; परिमाणं पात्रमानं संख्यै- कद्यादिसंज्ञिका (parimāṇaṃ pātramānaṃ saṃkhyai- kadyādisaṃjñikā) Śukra.2.344.

5) Proof, authority, means of proof or demonstration; येऽमी माधुर्यौजः प्रसादा रसमात्र- धर्मतयोक्तास्तेषां रसधर्मत्वे किं मानम् (ye'mī mādhuryaujaḥ prasādā rasamātra- dharmatayoktāsteṣāṃ rasadharmatve kiṃ mānam) R. G.; मानाभावात् (mānābhāvāt) (frequently occurring in controversial language) Pad. D.4. 3.

6) Likeness, resemblance.

Derivable forms: mānaḥ (मानः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mana (मन).—(°-), apparently m.c. for māna, pride, in Laṅk 358.11 (verse, 2d half of anuṣṭubh) upakleśair manādibhiḥ; see upakleśa.

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Manā (मना).—(= Pali manaṃ, before vowel man', for Sanskrit manāk; in the sense here recorded found in Sanskrit only with neg., e.g. manāg asi mayā na śaptaḥ Mahābhārata Cr.ed. i.3.164, you were almost cursed by me; but in Pali, as here, man’ amhi, without neg., I was almost…), almost: ma- nāsmi…khāditā (°taḥ), I was almost eaten…, Mv i.450.16; 451.1; 453.3, 8.

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Māṇa (माण).—n. of a nāga king: Mmk 18.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mana (मन).—n.

(-naṃ) Indian spikenard. E. man to respect, aff. ac . “jaṭāmāṃsyām .”

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Māna (मान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Measure in general, whether of weight, length, or capacity. 2. A measure, the fourth or eighth part of a K'hari. 3. The computation of the duration of a year, solar, lunar, sydereal, &c. 4. Proof, demonstration. 5. Likeness. 6. Dimension. m.

(-naḥ) 1. Arrogance, haughtiness, pride. 2. Female arrogance or indignation. 3. Taking, seizing. 4. A blockhead. 5. An agent. 6. A barbarian. 7. Honour. E. to measure, lyuṭ aff.; or man to revere, (one’s self,) aff. ghañ .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of mana in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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