Varada, aka: Varadā, Vāraḍa, Vara-da; 14 Definition(s)
Varada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
1) Vāraḍa (वारड) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “spoonbill”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Vāraḍa is part of the group of birds named Vartakādi, which is a sub-group of Viṣkira, refering to “birds similar to common quail who eat while scattering the gains”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.
2) Varadā (वरदा) is another name (synonym) for Ajagandhā, which is the Sanskrit word for Cleome gynandra (stinkweed), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. Ajagandhā is also known as Tilaparṇikā, which is classified as a vegetable (śāka) by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work.
Varadā was identified as a synonym for Ajagandhā in the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th-century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Varada (वरद) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 60. The temple is mentioned in a list of thirty-six Prāsādas having activities of the townsmen entailing Sādhārās. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Varada (वरद, “boon-giver”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Varadavināyaka, Varadagaṇeśa and Varadavighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.
Varada is positioned in the North-Eastern corner of the third circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Rajghat area, Prahlad Ghat, A 13 / 19”. Worshippers of Varada will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the giver of all sorts of boons”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.19421, Lon. 83.01700 (or, 25°11'39.2"N, 83°01'01.2"E) (Google maps)
Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.
Varada, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa
Varada (वरद).—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya (Mahābhārata, Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Stanza 64).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1) Varada (वरद).—A name of Vighneśvara.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 69.
2) Varadā (वरदा).—R. one of the seven rivers in Śivapuram.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 243.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Varada (वरद) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Unmatta, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (eg., Unmatta) has a further eight sub-manifestations (eg., Varada), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.
When depicting Varada according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Unmatta) having a white color and good looks; he should carry in his hands the kuṇḍa, the kheṭaka, the parigha (a kind of club) and bhiṇḍipāla. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Varada (वरद) refers to “benevolence” and represents one of the thirty-two mudrās (hand gestures) of the single-hand type, commonly used by the deities in sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.—When the abhaya hasta is held upside down with the palm facing outward, it is known as varada hasta.Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the Mula beras in the Hindu temples of Tamilnadu
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Varada (वरद) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Liṅgeśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Varada) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Varada (वरद) refers to the name of a River or Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.31). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Varada) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Varada is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.59) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
India history and geogprahy
Varadā (वरदा) is the name of a river found in India.—The river is identical with modern Wardhā, a tributary of the Godavarī. Kālidāsa mentions the river Varadā as dividing the country of Vidarbha.Source: archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
varada : (adj.) giver of the best things.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
varada (वरद).—a S Granting a prayer; conferring a boon or blessing. 2 Propitious, favorable, kindly.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
varada (वरद).—a Granting a prayer, conferring a boon.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) conferring a boon, granting or fulfilling a boon; आगच्छ वरदे देवि जपे मे संनिधौ भव (āgaccha varade devi jape me saṃnidhau bhava) Sandhyā.
2) propitious. (-daḥ) 1 a benefactor.
2) Name of a class of Manes.
3) fire for propitiatory burnt offerings. °चतुर्थी (caturthī) Name of the 4th day in the bright half of माघ, °हस्तः (māgha, °hastaḥ) the boon-giving or beneficent hand (placed on the head of a suppliant by a deity &c.). (-dā) 1 Name of a river; वरद वरदारोधोवृक्षैः सहावनतो रिपुः (varada varadārodhovṛkṣaiḥ sahāvanato ripuḥ) M.5.1.
2) a maiden, girl.
Varada is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vara and da (द).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 27 books and stories containing Varada, Varadā, Vāraḍa or Vara-da. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
The Indian Buddhist Iconography (by Benoytosh Bhattachacharyya)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 34: Ajita’s Śāsanadevatās < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 22: Sumatinātha’s messenger-deities (śāsanadevatās) < [Chapter III - Sumatināthacaritra]
Part 16: Abhinandana’s messenger-deities (śāsanadevatās) < [Chapter II - Abhinandanacaritra]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 3 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 16 - Meghanādāri < [Chapter XX - Philosophy of the Rāmānuja School of Thought]
Part 3 - The Precursors of the Viśiṣṭādvaita Philosophy < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Part 4 - Rāmānuja Literature < [Chapter XVIII - An Historical and Literary Survey of the Viśiṣṭādvaita School of Thought]
Middle Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples in Dadapuram < [Chapter II - Temples of Rajaraja I’s Time]
Temples in Tiruppasur < [Chapter IV - Temples of Rajendra I’s Time]
Temples in Mannarkoyil < [Chapter IV - Temples of Rajendra I’s Time]
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)