Dhanvin, Dhanvi, Dhanvī: 19 definitions


Dhanvin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dhanvin (धन्विन्) refers to “one who has a bow” and is used to describe Śiva, according the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to you, O lord, who can kill at a distance, in front, to one who has a bow (i.e., Dhanvin), a trident, a mace and a ploughshare. Obeisance to the wielder of many weapons, to the destroyer of Daityas and Dānavas, to Sadya, Sadyarūpa and Sadyojāta”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dhanvi (धन्वि).—A son of Tāmasa Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 17.
Source: Eastern Book Linkers: Harivaṃśa Purāṇa

Dhanvī (धन्वी) refrers to one of the ten sons of Tāmasa Manu (of the fourth manvantara), according to the Harivaṃśa-purāṇa 1.7.20-29:—“In the Tāmasa-manvantara there were the gods called Satya. Tāmasa Manu had ten very strong sons, known as Dyuti, Tapasya, Sutapa, Tapomūla, Tapodhana, Taparati, Kalmāṣa, Tanvī, Dhanvī and Paraṃtapa. All of them were owned by vāyu”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Dhanvī (धन्वी) is another name for Dhanvayāsa, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 4.53-55 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Dhanvī and Dhanvayāsa, there are a total of fourteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dhanvin (धन्विन्) or Dhanuṣa refers to the sign of Sagittarius, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Sagittarius (Dhanuṣa) [i.e., dhanvin], ministers, fine horses, the Videhas, the Mallānas, the Pāñcālas, physicians, merchants and persons skilled in the use of destructive weapons will perish. If when in the sign of Capricornus (Makara), fishes, the families of ministers, the Cāṇḍālas, skilled magicians, physicians and old soldiers will perish”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Dhanvin in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Dhanvin (धन्विन्) refers to an “archer”, according to the Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa.—Accordingly, “The mantras of Vasiṣṭha, the Guru, and the arrows of that archer (dhanvin)—what is there to achieve that these two could not achieve when united?”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Dhanvin in Arts glossary
Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Dhanvin (धन्विन्) refers to “bowmen”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting on horseback (āśvina) represents one of the eight subdivisions of Hunting (mṛgayā). [...] But something should be said in brief about hunting, for the diffusion of its knowledge. [...] The capture of birds from afar by means of hawks, and the sudden hitting by the arrows of bowmen (dhanvin), of moving and stationary objects, produce intense joy, which finds expression in tears, in the hair standing on the end, and in the choking of the voice. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dhanvin (धन्विन्) refers to “Love”, according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] The Lord spent twelve years enduring trials with severe and manifold penances and with numerous vows. [...] observing the five kinds of carefulness, like Dhanvin (Love) carrying five arrows in his hand; meditating on the fourfold meditation—the teaching of the Jinas, the difficulties arising from love, hate, and delusion, the results of karma, and the form of the universe, having a form himself worthy to be meditated on, wandering in villages, cities, and forests, the Lord gradually approached the grove Sahasrāmravaṇa”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Dhanvi in India is the name of a plant defined with Fagonia cretica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Fagonia desertorum Andr..

2) Dhanvi is also identified with Fagonia indica It has the synonym Fagonia oliveri DC. var. grandiflora Ozenda & Quézel (etc.).

3) Dhanvi is also identified with Terminalia arjuna It has the synonym Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Prodr. (DC.) (1824)
· Flora Indica (1768)
· Flora Sylvatica (1869)
· Taxon (1981)
· Plant Systematics and Evolution (1996)
· Diagn. Pl. Orient. (1843)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Dhanvi, for example extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhanvin (धन्विन्).—a. (- f.) [धन्वं चापोऽस्त्यस्य इनि (dhanvaṃ cāpo'styasya ini)]

1) Armed with a bow.

2) Cunning, shrewd. -m.

1) An archer; के मम धन्विनोऽन्ये (ke mama dhanvino'nye) Kumārasambhava 3.1; उत्कर्षः स च धन्विनां यदिषवः सिध्यन्ति लक्ष्ये चले (utkarṣaḥ sa ca dhanvināṃ yadiṣavaḥ sidhyanti lakṣye cale) Ś.2.5. यस्य तृणसमा बाणा यस्येन्धनसमं धनुः । यस्य प्राणसमा मौर्वी स धन्वी धन्विनां वरः (yasya tṛṇasamā bāṇā yasyendhanasamaṃ dhanuḥ | yasya prāṇasamā maurvī sa dhanvī dhanvināṃ varaḥ) || Dhanur.147.

2) An epithet of Arjuna.

3) Of Śiva.

4) Of Viṣṇu.

5) The sign Sagittarius of the zodiac.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanvin (धन्विन्).—m. (-nvī) 1. An archer, a bow-man. 2. A name of Arjuna. 3. A tree, (Pentaptera arjuna.) 4. A wag, a wit, a sharp or shrewd man. E. dhanva a bow, ini aff. dhanvaṃ cāpo’sti asya dhama dhmāne sau0 para0 saka0 seṭ . dhamati . To blow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanvin (धन्विन्).—i. e. dhanvan + in, I. adj. Armed with a bow, Mahābhārata 4, 1639. Ii. m. 1. An archer, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 1, 12, 21. 2. The sign Sagittarius, Varāb. Bṛh. S. 5, 41. 3. A name of Śiva, Mahābhārata 12, 10361. 4. A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 429.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanvin (धन्विन्).—[adjective] armed with a bow; [masculine] an archer, [Epithet] of Śiva, a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Dhanvin (धन्विन्) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Drāhyāyaṇaśrautasūtrabhāṣya. Quoted by Ramakṛṣṇa Oxf. 394^a.

Dhanvin has the following synonyms: Dhanvisvāmin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhanvin (धन्विन्):—[from dhanv] mfn. ([Vāmana’s Kāvyālaṃkāravṛtti v, 2, 59]) armed with a bow, a b°-man, [Mahābhārata] etc. etc. (cf. iṣu-, driḍha-, bahu.)

2) [v.s. ...] cunning, shrewd, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. the sign of the zodiac Sagittarius, [Varāha-mihira]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] of Arjuna, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Arjuna

8) [v.s. ...] Mimusops Elengi

9) [v.s. ...] Alhagi Maurorum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Manu Tāmasa, [Harivaṃśa]

11) [v.s. ...] of a [Scholiast or Commentator] on [Drāhyāyaṇa-śrauta-sūtra] (also visvāmin)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanvin (धन्विन्):—(nvī) 5. m. An archer; a wag; Arjuna; Pentaptera Arjuna.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhanvin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhanvi (ಧನ್ವಿ):—

1) [noun] a man who shoots with bow and bow; an archer.

2) [noun] the tree Terminalia arjuna (= T. glabra) of Combretaceae family.

3) [noun] Arjuna, the famous hero of Mahābhārata, the great Indian epic.

4) [noun] Viṣṇu, 5) Śiva.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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