Pitamaha, aka: Pitāmaha; 11 Definition(s)


Pitamaha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Pitāmaha (पितामह) is the Sanskrit name for a deity (Brahmā), to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Pitāmaha).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Pitamaha in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pitāmaha (पितामह).—Brahmā for all the world.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 6. 66; 7. 45; 9. 46; Matsya-purāṇa 1. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 45-46; 22. 13 and 26; 23. 61, 97; 109. 24; 111. 43.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Pitāmaha (पितामह) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Krodha, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (eg., Krodha) has a further eight sub-manifestations (eg., Pitāmaha), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Pitāmaha according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Krodha) having a smoke color; he should carry khaḍga, kheṭaka, a long sword and paraśu. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Pitamaha in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pitāmaha (पितामह): Literally grandfather, which however carried no imputation of senile infirmity but denotes the status of the pater familias.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Pitāmaha (पितामह) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Pitāmahī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Agnicakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the agnicakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Pitāmaha] are red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Pitāmaha.—(EI 24, 33), epithet of the Buddha. (IE 7-1-2), ‘one’; but cf. Brahman used to indicate ‘nine’. Note: pitāmaha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Pitamaha in Pali glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pitāmaha : (m.) grandfather.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Pitamaha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pitāmaha (पितामह).—m S A paternal grandfather.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pitāmaha (पितामह).—m A paternal grandfather.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pitamaha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

Pitāmaha (पितामह).—(- f.)

1) A paternal grand-father.

2) An epithet of Brahman.

-hāḥ (pl.) The Manes; सन्तापयति चैतस्य पूर्वप्रेतान् पितामहान् (santāpayati caitasya pūrvapretān pitāmahān) Mb.14.2.2.

Derivable forms: pitāmahaḥ (पितामहः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pitāmaha (पितामह).—m. (haḥ) 1. A paternal grandfather. 2. A name of Brahma. the great father of all. f. (-hī) A paternal grandmother. E. pitṛ a father, and ḍāmaha aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 37 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Lokapitāmaha (लोकपितामह).—an epithet of Brahman. Derivable forms: lokapitāmahaḥ (लोकपितामहः).Lo...
Sūtradhāra-pitāmaha.—cf. pitāmaha (IA 19); ‘the very Brahman among the masons’; title of a maso...
Pitāmahatīrtha (पितामहतीर्थ) is the name of a Tīrtha (sacred bathing place) that is associated ...
Pūrvapitāmaha (पूर्वपितामह).—a forefather, an ancestor; अब्रवीद् हि स मां क्रुद्धस्तव पूर्वपिता...
Bhāryāpitāmaha (भार्या-पितामह) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named...
Pitamaha Pandita
Pitāmaha Paṇḍita is the name of a Brāhmaṇa residing in Brahmapurī according to the “Prince of w...
Brahmā (ब्रह्मा) is the name of the Yakṣa accompanying Śītalanātha: the tenth of twenty-four Tī...
Āditya (आदित्य).—m. (-tyaḥ) 1. A deity in general. 2. A deity of a particular class; the Aditya...
Krodha (क्रोध).—m. (-dhaḥ) Anger, wrath. E. krudh to be angry, affix ghañ.
Yuga (युग) refers to the tradition where historical time is divided into four ages (yuga), viz....
Gayā (गया) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of anci...
Lokapāla (लोकपाल).—m. (-laḥ) 1. A king, a sovereign. 2. A divinity who protects the regions, or...
Sṛṣṭi (सृष्टि) or Sṛṣṭividyā refers to a type of Vidyā (occult science) as defined in the Jaina...
Lepa (लेप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. Plastering, smearing. 2. Food. 3. Mortar, plaster, Chunam. 4. Stain, s...
Prapitāmaha (प्रपितामह).—m. (-haḥ) 1. A paternal great grandfather. 2. A name of Bramha. f. (-h...

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