Pitamaha, Pitāmaha: 20 definitions
Pitamaha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Pitamah.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Pitāmaha (पितामह) is the Sanskrit name for a deity (Brahmā), to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (e.g., to Pitāmaha).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Pitāmaha (पितामह).—Brahmā for all the world.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 6. 66; 7. 45; 9. 46; Matsya-purāṇa 1. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 45-46; 22. 13 and 26; 23. 61, 97; 109. 24; 111. 43.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
Pitāmaha (पितामह) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Krodha, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (e.g., Krodha) has a further eight sub-manifestations (e.g., Pitāmaha), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.
When depicting Pitāmaha according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Krodha) having a smoke color; he should carry khaḍga, kheṭaka, a long sword and paraśu. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Pitāmaha (पितामह) refers to the “grandfather” (of all in the universe) and is used as an epithet for Brahmā, in the Gargasaṃhitā chapter 6.3. Accordingly, “[...] by his mystic power he [viz., Raivata] traveled to Brahmaloka. His intention to ask for a proper husband for his daughter, he bowed before the demigod Brahmā. As the Apsarā Pūrvacitti was singing, he found his opportunity. Aware that now he had Brahmā’s attention, he spoke what was in his heart: ‘[...] You are self-born. You are the grandfather (Pitāmaha) of all in the universe (jagat). You are the best of the demigods. You see everything. O lord, please tell me who should become my daughter's husband, a divine husband that lives forever and has all virtues’”.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Pitāmaha (पितामह): Literally grandfather, which however carried no imputation of senile infirmity but denotes the status of the pater familias.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
1) Pitāmaha (पितामह) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Pitāmaha).
2) Pitāmaha (पितामह) is also the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala
Pitāmaha (पितामह) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Pitāmahī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Agnicakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the agnicakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Pitāmaha] are red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Pitāmaha.—(EI 24, 33), epithet of the Buddha. (IE 7-1-2), ‘one’; but cf. Brahman used to indicate ‘nine’. Note: pitāmaha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
pitāmaha : (m.) grandfather.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pitāmaha (पितामह).—m S A paternal grandfather.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
pitāmaha (पितामह).—m A paternal grandfather.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Pitāmaha (पितामह).—(-hī f.)
1) A paternal grand-father.
2) An epithet of Brahman.
-hāḥ (pl.) The Manes; सन्तापयति चैतस्य पूर्वप्रेतान् पितामहान् (santāpayati caitasya pūrvapretān pitāmahān) Mb.14.2.2.
Derivable forms: pitāmahaḥ (पितामहः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pitāmaha (पितामह).—m. (haḥ) 1. A paternal grandfather. 2. A name of Brahma. the great father of all. f. (-hī) A paternal grandmother. E. pitṛ a father, and ḍāmaha aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pitāmaha (पितामह).—i. e. pitṛ, nom. sing., -maha (for mahant), I. m. 1. A paternal grandfather, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 221. 2. pl. Ancestors,
Pitāmaha (पितामह).—[masculine] father’s father, grandfather, [Epithet] of Brahman, [plural] the Manes; [feminine] mahī paternal grandmother.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pitāmaha (पितामह):—[=pitā-maha] [from pitā > pitṛ] m. a paternal grandfather, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] Name of Brahmā, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] of sub voce authors, [Catalogue(s)]
4) [v.s. ...] [plural] the Piṭris or ancestors, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pitāmaha (पितामह):—(haḥ) 1. m. A paternal grandfather; Brahmā. f. (hī)
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Pitāmaha (पितामह):—(pitā, nom. von pitar, + maha)
1) m. a) Grossvater väterlicher Seits [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 36, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 2.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 33.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 557.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 340.] [Medinīkoṣa Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 33.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 5, 5, 1. 9, 5, 30. 11, 1, 19. 18, 4, 35.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 19, 36.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 1, 8, 5, 1. 7, 2, 7, 3.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 5, 4, 5, 4. 14, 9, 1, 11.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 4, 7.] [Gṛhyasaṃgrahapariśiṣṭa 2, 97.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 221. 222. 3, 284. 4, 178.] [Brāhmaṇavilāpa 3, 6.] kuruvṛddhaḥ pitāmahaḥ d. i. Bhīṣma [Bhagavadgītā 1, 12.] tṛpyanti dattairiha pitāmahāḥ so v. a. Manen [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 258. 269.] Vgl. damit ma.e pi.re [Ṛgveda 1, 71, 5. 6, 20, 11], für welches übrigens in der ersten Stelle die Bedeutung Grossvater nicht passt und auch in der zweiten schwerlich anzunehmen ist. — b) Beiname Brahman's [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 11.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 458.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 211.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 1, 7.] [Sundopasundopākhyāna 1, 17. 3, 2.] [Arjunasamāgama 8, 22.] [Mahābhārata 1, 32. 13, 298.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 38, 9. 63, 20.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 1, 4. 31, 5.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 2, 12.] in buddh. Sūtra [Burnouf 131.] Auch loka [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 2, 30. 57, 4. 6, 74, 35.] sarva [1, 38, 5. 63, 18.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 9.] [Sundopasundopākhyāna 1, 18.] sarvabhūta [Mahābhārata 1, 2493.] pitāmahasya saraḥ und pitāmahasaras n. Name eines Wallfahrtsortes [3, 8126. fg.] Pitāmaha als Verfasser eines Gesetzbuchs [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 233.] eines astronomischen Lehrbuchs [2, 247. 252.] —
2) f. ī die Grossmutter väterlicher Seits [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 36, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 3.] gaṇa gaurādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 41.] [Jaṭādhara im Śabdakalpadruma] [VYĀSA] in [DĀYABH. 112, 7.] [Mahābhārata 14, 2602. fg.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 30, 25.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 6, 115. fg. 327.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 24, 54.] — Vgl. ati, pūrva, pra .
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1) a) pl. die Manen, = pitaraḥ [Mahābhārata 5, 7311.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) m. — a) der Grossvater väterlicherseits. — b) Beiname Brahman's. mahasya saras und pitāmahasaras n. Nomen proprium eines Wallfahrtsortes. — c) Pl. die Manen , insbes. die entfernternen [67,7.18] —
2) f. mahī die Grossmutter väterlicherseits.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Pitāmaha (पितामह) [Also spelled pitamah]:—(nm) grandfather; ~[hī] grandmother.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Adipitamaha, Atipitamaha, Bharyapitamaha, Jyotihpitamaha, Jyotishpitamaha, Lokapitamaha, Papitamaha, Prapitamaha, Purvapitamaha, Sarvabhutapitamaha, Sarvalokapitamaha, Shukapitamaha, Sutradhara-pitamaha, Vriddhaprapitamaha.
Full-text (+44): Prapitamaha, Atipitamaha, Lokapitamaha, Purvapitamaha, Paitamaha, Pitamahasamhita, Pitamahasmriti, Pitamahi, Pitamahasaras, Shukapitamaha, Sarvalokapitamaha, Pitripaitamaha, Tatamaha, Jambavat, Sutradhara-pitamaha, Papitamaha, Adipitamaha, Rituragni, Pitamah, Prapitamahi.
Search found 31 books and stories containing Pitamaha, Pitāmaha, Pita-maha, Pitā-maha; (plurals include: Pitamahas, Pitāmahas, mahas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 222 - Decision Regarding Caturdaśī Śrāddha < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Chapter 146 - The Greatness of Asmāhaka Tīrtha < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 181 - Greatness of Gāyatrī Tīrtha < [Section 1 - Tīrtha-māhātmya]
Parables of Rama (by Swami Rama Tirtha)
Bhishma Charitra (by Kartik Pandya)
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 20 - Seven classes of Pitṛs and the rites of propitiating them < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 11 - Offering rice-cake (piṇḍa) to the Manes (Pitāmahas) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 44 - The narrative of Bhārgava Paraśurāma (h) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)