Rajni, Rājñī: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Rajni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Rājñī (राज्ञी) is another name for Rājasarṣapa, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Brassica nigra (black mustard), from the Brassicaceae family. Certain plant parts of Rājasarṣapa are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 16.121), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Rājñī (राज्ञी) is another name for Nīlī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Indigofera tinctoria Linn. (“true indigo”), according to verse 4.80-83 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Rājñī and Nīlī, there are a total of thirty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Rājñī (राज्ञी).—Second of the three wives of Vivasvān. The couple had a son called Revata.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rājñī (राज्ञी).—One of the three wives of Vivasvān; she was the daughter of Raivata and had a son Revata.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 11. 2-3.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Rājñī (राज्ञी) is one of the four wives of Bhāskara (sun-god): the son of Aditi and Kaśyapa according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, The Saurapurāṇa 30.27-73 and chapter 31 descibes the vaṃśānucarita in an abridged form. It is stated that Aditi got from Kaśyapa, Bhāskara, the Sun-god. The Sun-god had four wives—Saṃjñā, Rājñī, Prabhā and Chāyā. Saṃjñā gave birth to Manu from the Sun-god in whose race were born the kings. Rājñī gave birth to Yama, Yamunā and Revanta.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rājñī.—(IE 8-2; EI 26; CII 3; HD), a queen; a title of the wives of paramount sovereigns and subordinate rulers; cf. Mahā- rājñī, etc. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. IX, p. 305. Note: rājñī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rājñī (राज्ञी).—f A Queen.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rājñī (राज्ञी).—

1) A queen, the wife of a king.

2) Yellowish-red brass.

3) Name of the wife of the sun.

4) Name of the western quarter; राज्ञी नाम प्रतीची (rājñī nāma pratīcī) Ch. Up.3.15.2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājñī (राज्ञी).—f. (-jñī) A queen. nīlyāṃ, kāṃsye, jātīpuṣyavṛkṣe, pittaleca .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājñī (राज्ञी).—see rājan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājñī (राज्ञी).—v. 1 rājan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rājñī (राज्ञी):—[from rāj] a f. (See 1. rājan) a queen, princess, the wife of a king, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the western quarter or that which contains the Soul of the Universe, [Chāndogya-upaniṣad iii, 15, 2] of the wife of the Sun, [Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] deep-coloured or yellowish-red brass (consisting of three parts of copper to one of zinc or tin), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) b rājya etc. See [column]1.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Rājñī (राज्ञी):—f. s.u. 1. rājan 2).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Rājñī (राज्ञी):—(nf) a queen.

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