Akranta, Ākrānta, Akrānta, Ākranta, Akramta: 19 definitions


Akranta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Ākranta (आक्रन्त) refers to one of the eleven methods used with certain types of saptopāya (seven means) according to the 11th-century Netratantroddyota (v 18.10-12). According to the 10th-century Kakṣapuṭatantra verses 1.89-91, the method called saptopāya (seven means) should be performed when a mantra has had no effect. Among the saptopāya, the drāvaṇa, bodhana, poṣaya, śoṣaṇa, and dahanīya use a bīja, and attach it to the mantra. Kṣemarājaʼs commentary on the Netratantra (the Netratantroddyota) verses 18.10-12 gives a detailed account of 11 methods to tie a bīja to a mantra (for example, Ākranta).

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Ākrānta (आक्रान्त) or Ākrāntāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vimalāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Ākrānta Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Vimala-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Ākrānta (आक्रान्त) refers to one of the eleven types of interlocking (the mantra and ritual practice [?]), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—The Netratantra describes eleven types of interlocking in which the mantra (A) and the name of the person on whose behalf the rite is performed (nāman), or the action or goal of the ritual (abhidheya, sādhya) (B) follow particular patterns. [...] Though described in the text, the Netratantra’s rites do not call for the use of all eleven varieties [e.g., ākrānta].

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ākrānta (आक्रान्त) refers to “(one being) drawn (to worldly enjoyment)” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Viṣṇu: “[...] Anyone bound with nooses of iron and timber can secure release but one bound with nooses of women never frees oneself. Worldly enjoyment tightens the bondage. Salvation is inaccessible to a man drawn to worldly enjoyment [i.e., ākrāntaviṣayākrāṃtamanasaḥ] even in his dream. If he wishes for happiness, an intelligent man shall duly forsake all worldly pleasures. Worldly enjoyment that dooms persons is on a par with poison. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ākrānta (आक्रान्त) refers to “being endowed (with the energy)” (of sound and the drop), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Accompanied by the Sun, Moon and Fire, adorned with the thirteen, endowed with the energy (kalā-ākrānta) of Sound and the Drop, he is the lord of the seed-syllables in the south. He is the very powerful Bhairava, the king of the Tantras of the south. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Ākrānta (आक्रान्त) refers to one of the 108 kinds of Karaṇa (“coordination of precise movements of legs and hands”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—According to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, karaṇas are the coordination of precise movements of legs and hands performed in a particular posture. The Nāṭyaśāstra also gives its view point in the same spirit. In the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, one hundred and eight kinds of karaṇas are accepted, e.g., Ākrānta.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ākrānta (आक्रान्त) refers to “(being) overcome” (e.g., by disease or old age), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “You must understand that the body is overcome by disease (rujā-ākrānta), youth is overcome by old age (jara-ākrānta), vitality is oppressed by decay and life is oppressed by death”.

Synonyms: Vyāpta.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ākrānta (आक्रांत).—p (S) Passed over or through; traversed; seized and occupied by; pervaded, overspread, overcome, overrun, possessed, subjected. Elegantly used in comp. as kāmākrānta, krōdhākrānta, lōbhākrānta, mōhākrānta, madākrānta, bhayākrānta, śōkākrānta, daityākrānta, jalākrānta bhārākrānta, śajvākrānta, kṣudhākrānta, tṛṣākrānta, cintākrānta. 2 Surpassed, surmounted.

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ākrānta (आक्रांत).—m (ākrandana S) Immoderate bellowing or wailing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ākrānta (आक्रांत).—p Passed over; surpassed. Over- run; overcome. m Immoderate bellow- ing; loud bewailing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akrānta (अक्रान्त).—a. [na. ta.] Unsurpassed; unconquered.

-tā [na kramyate kaṇṭakāvṛtatvāt kram-kta, na. ta.] The egg plant (bṛhatī), Solanum Melongena (Mar. ḍoraleṃ vāṃgeṃ).

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Ākrānta (आक्रान्त).—p. p.

1) Seized, taken possession of, overpowered, defeated, vanquished, overcome; आक्रान्तविमान- मार्गम् (ākrāntavimāna- mārgam) R.13.37 reaching upto; रुजा° (rujā°) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 5.52; दिदृक्षा° हृदयः (didṛkṣā° hṛdayaḥ) Daśakumāracarita 141 seized with; आतपाक्रान्तोऽऽयमुद्देशः (ātapākrānto''yamuddeśaḥ) M.3 exposed to heat; आक्रान्तपूर्वमिव भुजङ्गम् (ākrāntapūrvamiva bhujaṅgam) R.9.79 trodden or trampled under foot; filled with, full of, occupied, covered, overspread; शुशुभे तेन चाक्रान्तं मङ्गलायतनं महत् (śuśubhe tena cākrāntaṃ maṅgalāyatanaṃ mahat) R.17.29; Bhartṛhari 2.18; वलिभिर्मुखमाक्रान्तम् (valibhirmukhamākrāntam) Bhartṛhari 3.14,62; Uttararāmacarita 2.2; Mv.5.4; Śiśupālavadha 1.7; H.1.22; Daśakumāracarita 141; K.55; Ve.2.27; °मति (mati) having the mind engrossed or occupied; Uttararāmacarita 5.19; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.49; so मदन°, भय°, शोक° (madana°, bhaya°, śoka°) &c.

2) Loaded (as with a burden); pressed by; शैला- क्रान्तेन यो मुक्तस्तस्यारावः सुदारुणः (śailā- krāntena yo muktastasyārāvaḥ sudāruṇaḥ) Rām.7.16.36. भाराक्रान्ता वसुन्धरा (bhārākrāntā vasundharā) Mṛcchakaṭika 8.6; K.118; साक्रान्ता जघनस्थलेन गुरुणा गन्तुं न शक्ता (sākrāntā jaghanasthalena guruṇā gantuṃ na śaktā) Amaruśataka 34.

3) Surpassed, eclipsed, superseded; R.1.38, Ve.5, आक्रान्ता तिलकक्रियापि तिलकैः (ākrāntā tilakakriyāpi tilakaiḥ) M.3.5.

4) Obtained, possessed of; वर्णान्तराक्रान्तपयोधराग्राम् (varṇāntarākrāntapayodharāgrām) R.14. 27; Kirātārjunīya 11.7.

5) Accompanied, attended.

6) Pained, distressed.

7) Graced, adorned, decorated; न खलु नरके हाराक्रान्तं घनस्तनमण्डलम् (na khalu narake hārākrāntaṃ ghanastanamaṇḍalam) (śaraṇam) Bhartṛhari 1.67.

8) Seated, ridden; निर्ययुस्तुरगाक्रान्ताः (niryayusturagākrāntāḥ) Rām.6.127.13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akrānta (अक्रान्त).—mfn.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) 1. Unpassed, unsurpassed. 2. Unconquered.

(-ntaḥ) The egg-plant. (Solanum melongena.) E. a neg. and krānta passed.

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Ākrānta (आक्रान्त).—mfn.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) 1. Surpassed, surmounted. 2. Overcome, overrun. 3. Pained, distressed. 4. Accompanied, attended. 5. Overspread. 6. Obtained, possessed. 7. Agitated or overcome by, as a feeling. E. ākrama to mount, surpass, &c. and part. affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākrānta (आक्रान्त).—[adjective] taken, seized; overcome, ruled by ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Akrānta (अक्रान्त):—[=a-krānta] mfn. unpassed, unsurpassed, unconquered, not doubled, [Ṛg-veda; Prātiśākhya]

2) Akrāntā (अक्रान्ता):—[=a-krāntā] [from a-krānta] f. the Egg plant.

3) Ākrānta (आक्रान्त):—[=ā-krānta] [from ā-kram] mfn. approached, frequented, visited, [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] on which anything lies heavily, pressed by ([instrumental case] or in [compound]), [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Pañcatantra] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] overcome, overrun, attacked, in the possession of ([instrumental case] or in [compound]), [Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] overcome or agitated (as by feelings or passions), [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] overspread with ([instrumental case]), [Hitopadeśa etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akrānta (अक्रान्त):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntam) Unpassed, unsur-passed, unconquered. See krānta. f.

(-ntā) The egg-plant. (Solanum melongena.) E. a neg. and krānta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Akrānta (अक्रान्त):—[a-krānta] (ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) a. Unsurpassed; f. The egg-plant.

2) Ākrānta (आक्रान्त):—[ā-krānta] (ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) a. Overcome.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ākrānta (आक्रान्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Akkaṃta, Apphuṇṇa, Uttharia, Utthāriya, Occhuṇṇa, Cappiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Akranta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ākrāṃta (ಆಕ್ರಾಂತ):—[adjective] being in possession of; invaded; encroached.

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Ākrāṃta (ಆಕ್ರಾಂತ):—[noun] that which is invaded, encroached or under the illegal possession of.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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