Akranta, Ākrānta, Akrānta, Ākranta: 8 definitions

Introduction

Akranta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Ākranta (आक्रन्त) refers to one of the eleven methods used with certain types of saptopāya (seven means) according to the 11th-century Netratantroddyota (v 18.10-12). According to the 10th-century Kakṣapuṭatantra verses 1.89-91, the method called saptopāya (seven means) should be performed when a mantra has had no effect. Among the saptopāya, the drāvaṇa, bodhana, poṣaya, śoṣaṇa, and dahanīya use a bīja, and attach it to the mantra. Kṣemarājaʼs commentary on the Netratantra (the Netratantroddyota) verses 18.10-12 gives a detailed account of 11 methods to tie a bīja to a mantra (for example, Ākranta).

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Ākrānta (आक्रान्त) or Ākrāntāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vimalāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Ākrānta Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Vimala-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ākrānta (आक्रांत).—p (S) Passed over or through; traversed; seized and occupied by; pervaded, overspread, overcome, overrun, possessed, subjected. Elegantly used in comp. as kāmākrānta, krōdhākrānta, lōbhākrānta, mōhākrānta, madākrānta, bhayākrānta, śōkākrānta, daityākrānta, jalākrānta bhārākrānta, śajvākrānta, kṣudhākrānta, tṛṣākrānta, cintākrānta. 2 Surpassed, surmounted.

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ākrānta (आक्रांत).—m (ākrandana S) Immoderate bellowing or wailing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ākrānta (आक्रांत).—p Passed over; surpassed. Over- run; overcome. m Immoderate bellow- ing; loud bewailing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Akrānta (अक्रान्त).—a. [na. ta.] Unsurpassed; unconquered.

-tā [na kramyate kaṇṭakāvṛtatvāt kram-kta, na. ta.] The egg plant (bṛhatī), Solanum Melongena (Mar. ḍoraleṃ vāṃgeṃ).

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Ākrānta (आक्रान्त).—p. p.

1) Seized, taken possession of, overpowered, defeated, vanquished, overcome; आक्रान्तविमान- मार्गम् (ākrāntavimāna- mārgam) R.13.37 reaching upto; रुजा° (rujā°) Pt.5.52; दिदृक्षा° हृदयः (didṛkṣā° hṛdayaḥ) Dk.141 seized with; आतपाक्रान्तोऽऽयमुद्देशः (ātapākrānto''yamuddeśaḥ) M.3 exposed to heat; आक्रान्तपूर्वमिव भुजङ्गम् (ākrāntapūrvamiva bhujaṅgam) R.9.79 trodden or trampled under foot; filled with, full of, occupied, covered, overspread; शुशुभे तेन चाक्रान्तं मङ्गलायतनं महत् (śuśubhe tena cākrāntaṃ maṅgalāyatanaṃ mahat) R.17.29; Bh.2.18; वलिभिर्मुखमाक्रान्तम् (valibhirmukhamākrāntam) Bh.3.14,62; U.2.2; Mv.5.4; Śi.1.7; H.1.22; Dk.141; K.55; Ve.2.27; °मति (mati) having the mind engrossed or occupied; U.5.19; Māl.9.49; so मदन°, भय°, शोक° (madana°, bhaya°, śoka°) &c.

2) Loaded (as with a burden); pressed by; शैला- क्रान्तेन यो मुक्तस्तस्यारावः सुदारुणः (śailā- krāntena yo muktastasyārāvaḥ sudāruṇaḥ) Rām.7.16.36. भाराक्रान्ता वसुन्धरा (bhārākrāntā vasundharā) Mk.8.6; K.118; साक्रान्ता जघनस्थलेन गुरुणा गन्तुं न शक्ता (sākrāntā jaghanasthalena guruṇā gantuṃ na śaktā) Amaru.34.

3) Surpassed, eclipsed, superseded; R.1.38, Ve.5, आक्रान्ता तिलकक्रियापि तिलकैः (ākrāntā tilakakriyāpi tilakaiḥ) M.3.5.

4) Obtained, possessed of; वर्णान्तराक्रान्तपयोधराग्राम् (varṇāntarākrāntapayodharāgrām) R.14. 27; Ki.11.7.

5) Accompanied, attended.

6) Pained, distressed.

7) Graced, adorned, decorated; न खलु नरके हाराक्रान्तं घनस्तनमण्डलम् (na khalu narake hārākrāntaṃ ghanastanamaṇḍalam) (śaraṇam) Bh.1.67.

8) Seated, ridden; निर्ययुस्तुरगाक्रान्ताः (niryayusturagākrāntāḥ) Rām.6.127.13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Akrānta (अक्रान्त).—mfn.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) 1. Unpassed, unsurpassed. 2. Unconquered.

(-ntaḥ) The egg-plant. (Solanum melongena.) E. a neg. and krānta passed.

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Ākrānta (आक्रान्त).—mfn.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) 1. Surpassed, surmounted. 2. Overcome, overrun. 3. Pained, distressed. 4. Accompanied, attended. 5. Overspread. 6. Obtained, possessed. 7. Agitated or overcome by, as a feeling. E. ākrama to mount, surpass, &c. and part. affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ākrānta (आक्रान्त).—[adjective] taken, seized; overcome, ruled by ([instrumental] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Akrānta (अक्रान्त):—[=a-krānta] mfn. unpassed, unsurpassed, unconquered, not doubled, [Ṛg-veda; Prātiśākhya]

2) Akrāntā (अक्रान्ता):—[=a-krāntā] [from a-krānta] f. the Egg plant.

3) Ākrānta (आक्रान्त):—[=ā-krānta] [from ā-kram] mfn. approached, frequented, visited, [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] on which anything lies heavily, pressed by ([instrumental case] or in [compound]), [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Pañcatantra] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] overcome, overrun, attacked, in the possession of ([instrumental case] or in [compound]), [Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] overcome or agitated (as by feelings or passions), [Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] overspread with ([instrumental case]), [Hitopadeśa etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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