Pratishthana, Pratiṣṭhāna, Pratiṣṭhānā: 24 definitions


Pratishthana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Pratiṣṭhāna and Pratiṣṭhānā can be transliterated into English as Pratisthana or Pratishthana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Pratishthan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthana in Purana glossary
Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान):—Name of a tīrtha;—One, who listens to the story of Pratiṣṭhāna, the holy place of Śatakratu (i.e. Indra), will not be affected by any evils. (The place appears to have some connection with king Raji).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान).—The capital of Aila Purūravas;1 originally given to Sudyumna by Manu.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 18.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 1. 16.

1b) (pratiṣṭhā)—capital of Sudyumna and Purūravas on the northern bank of the Yamunā, and near Prayāgā;1 offered to Sudyumna and by him to the Purūravas.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1. 42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 60. 21; 66. 21; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 18; 104. 5; 106. 30.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 85. 22.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.72). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pratiṣṭhāna) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthana in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Natya Shastra

Pratiṣṭhāna [the modern Paitḥān] is celebrated as the capital of Śalivāhana [a late form of Sātavāhana], It is identifiable with Peytan on the Godāvarī, the Bathana or Paithana of Ptolemy, the capital of Siripolemaios. Wilson identifies this name with Śalivāhana, but Dr Rost remarks that Lassen more correctly identifies it with that of Śrī Pulimān [Pulumāyi] of the Andhra Dynasty, who reigned at Pratiṣṭhāna after the overthrow of the house of Śalivāhana about 130 a.d.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) is the name of an ancient city on the banks of the Godāvarī, according to the introductory story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in theKathāsaritsāgara, chapter 75. Accordingly, “... on the banks of the Godāvarī there is a place named Pratiṣṭhāna. In it there lived of old time a famous king, named Trivikramasena, the son of Vikramasena, equal to Indra in might”.

The story of Pratiṣṭhāna is mentioned in the Vetālapañcaviṃśati (twenty-five tales of a vetāla) which is embedded in the twelfth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’). The main book is a famous Sanskrit epic detailing the exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta in his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The Kathā-sarit-sāgara is is explained to be an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā which consisted of 100,000 verses and in turn forms part of an even larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान).—One of the various countries and cities mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—Pratiṣṭhāna is located by Kṣemendra (Bṛhatkathāmañjarī 1.1.71) and Somadeva (Kathāsaritsāgara VI.83) on the river Godāvarī in the Deccan. Soḍḍhala also follows the same tradition in his work. There is no douht that this is the same Pratiṣṭhāna which is known to have been the capital of the Andhrabhṛtyas, who bore the patronymic name of Śātavahana, Śālivāhana of which Hāla was an illustrious scion. Śālivāhana Śaka is an era of the glorious king Śālivāhana. The popular belief also is that the Śaka era was founded by a king Śālivāhana reigning in A. D. 78 at Pratiṣṭhāna, which is the present Paithan of the Godāvarī in the Bombay State.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthana in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Pratiṣṭhānā (प्रतिष्ठाना) refers to one of the five kinds of Vāsa, a class of Yellow-eyed Hawks (known as the Pāṭalākṣa division), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the yellow-eyed division of hawks]: “There are four kinds of Vāsa. [...] The Pratiṣṭhānās are thickly feathered and inferior in speed and courage. They are not subject to disease and are compact of muscle, They come from the country abounding in hawks. In their colour they are whitish, blackish and reddish”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthana in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) refers to “established” (as opposed to Apratiṣṭhāna—‘that which is established in nothing’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said: “[...] The essential nature is like space, the superficial mental effort is like wind, the actions and vices are like water, and the parts of personality, spheres and fields of perception are like earth. Therefore, it is said that all dharmas are devoid of any root, the root which is established in nothing (apratiṣṭhāna-mūla), the root of purity, and the root of no root. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Pratishthana in Jainism glossary
Source: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) was a town in Mahārāṣṭra. Also known as Pratiṣṭhānapura. In course of time it was converted into a small village. Two Brahmins with their widowed sister came here and took up their abode on a potter’s house. One day the sister went to the Godāvarī to fetch water, when nāgarāja captivated by her beauty forcibly outraged her modesty in the form of a human being. She became pregnant and gave birth to a child who was known as Sātavāhana who defeated Vikramāditya of Ujjayinī and made himself the king of Pratiṣṭhānapura.

Paithān is the modern name of ancient Pratiṣṭhāna which was a flourishing city during the rule of the Sātavāhana kings. It is on the north bank of the Godāvarī in the Aurangabad district of Hyderabad.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) or Pratiṭhāna, with its variants such as Patiṭhāna and Pātiṭhāna is found in two Pitalkhora inscriptions, and in three Sanchi Stūpa inscriptions. Poona Plates of Prabhāvatīgupta also mention the city called Pratiṣṭhāna. The ancient site of Pratiṣṭhāna is represented by Paithon on the northern bank of the river Godavari, in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. The city might be associated with Petenikas of the Aśokan inscriptions, who are identified with Paiṭhaṇikas or the inhabitants of Paiṭhaṇa on the Godāvarī. According to the author of Periplus, the city Paethana was situated at a distance of twenty days journey to the south of Barygaza, identified with Broach. From Paithon great quantity of Onyx-stones were Imported to Barygaza. According to Ptolemy, it (Baithana) was the capital of Sirotolemaious representing the Sanskrit Śrī-Pulomāvi of the Nasik cave inscriptions.

According to the Jaina tradition, Sātavāhana defeated Vikramāditya of Ujjayinī and made himself the king of Pratiṣṭhāna-pura.

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) or Pratiṣṭhānabhukti refers to a place-name ending in bhukti and consisted of only 12 villages in the Deccan under the Rāṣṭrakūṭas.

Source: Shiva Purana (history)

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) is the name of an ancient town mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya chapter 2.—There are references to two towns of the same name: (1) a town at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna and capital of the early Kings of the lunar race, (2) a town on the Godāvarī and capital of Sālivahana. The latter town can be identified with the modern Paithan in the Aurangabad district. It was known as Paiṭhīnasīpurī: Skanda-purāṇa II.vii.14.34,37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pratiṣṭhāna.—cf. yaṣṭi-pratiṣṭhāna (CII 2-1), used in the sense of pratiṣṭhāpana. Note: pratiṣṭhāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान).—

1) Basis, foundation.

2) Site, situation, position.

3) A resting place.

4) The foundation of a city.

5) A leg, foot.

6) Continuation; वंशप्रतिष्ठानकराः सर्वभूतेषु विश्रुताः (vaṃśapratiṣṭhānakarāḥ sarvabhūteṣu viśrutāḥ) (putrāḥ) Rām.1.11.18.

7) Name of a town at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamunā and capital of the early kings of the lunar race; cf. V.2.

8) Name of a town on the Godāvarī and capital of Śālivāhana.

Derivable forms: pratiṣṭhānam (प्रतिष्ठानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Site, situation. 2. Foundation. 3. Celebrity. 4. The capital of the early kings of the lunar dynasty, opposite to Allahabad. 5. The capital of Salibahana on the Godavery, in the Dakshin. E. prati and sthāna place.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान).—i. e. prati -sthā + ana, n. 1. A firm standing, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 93, 50. 2. Base, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 5, 12 Gorr. 3. The same of a town.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान).—[neuter] stead, basis, pedestal, foundation (lit. & [figuratively]); [Name] of a town.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान):—[=prati-ṣṭhāna] n. a firm standing-place, ground, foundation, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a pedestal, foot, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] the foundation (others ‘consecration’) of a city, [Skanda-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a town at the confluence of the Gaṅgā and Yamunā (on the left bank of the G° opposite to Allāhābad, the capital of the early kings of the lunar dynasty), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc. ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 511 n. 1])

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a locality on the Go-dāvarī, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] ([dual number]) of the constellation Proṣṭha-pada, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान):—[prati-ṣṭhāna] (naṃ) 1. n. Site; celebrity.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paiṭṭhāṇa, Paḍiṭhāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pratishthana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) [Also spelled pratishthan]:—(nm) an establishment; installation.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pratishthana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pratiṣṭhāna (ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಠಾನ):—

1) [noun] a firm standing or resting place as the foundation of a building; basement.

2) [noun] a piece of leveled land for erecting a building or where a building is erected; a site.

3) [noun] a raised platform on which plays, speeches, etc. are presented; a stage.

4) [noun] an institution established for maintaining, promoting, charitable, religious, social, educational projects, usu. financed by donations; a foundation.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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