Pratishthana, aka: Pratiṣṭhāna; 10 Definition(s)
Pratishthana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Pratiṣṭhāna can be transliterated into English as Pratisthana or Pratishthana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान):—Name of a tīrtha;—One, who listens to the story of Pratiṣṭhāna, the holy place of Śatakratu (i.e. Indra), will not be affected by any evils. (The place appears to have some connection with king Raji).(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 1. 42; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 60. 21; 66. 21; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 18; 104. 5; 106. 30.
- 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 85. 22.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Pratiṣṭhāna [the modern Paitḥān] is celebrated as the capital of Śalivāhana [a late form of Sātavāhana], It is identifiable with Peytan on the Godāvarī, the Bathana or Paithana of Ptolemy, the capital of Siripolemaios. Wilson identifies this name with Śalivāhana, but Dr Rost remarks that Lassen more correctly identifies it with that of Śrī Pulimān [Pulumāyi] of the Andhra Dynasty, who reigned at Pratiṣṭhāna after the overthrow of the house of Śalivāhana about 130 a.d.(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Katha (narrative stories)
Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) is the name of an ancient city on the banks of the Godāvarī, according to the introductory story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in theKathāsaritsāgara, chapter 75. Accordingly, “... on the banks of the Godāvarī there is a place named Pratiṣṭhāna. In it there lived of old time a famous king, named Trivikramasena, the son of Vikramasena, equal to Indra in might”.
The story of Pratiṣṭhāna is mentioned in the Vetālapañcaviṃśati (twenty-five tales of a vetāla) which is embedded in the twelfth book of the Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’). The main book is a famous Sanskrit epic detailing the exploits of prince Naravāhanadatta in his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The Kathā-sarit-sāgara is is explained to be an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā which consisted of 100,000 verses and in turn forms part of an even larger work containing 700,000 verses.
(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान).—One of the various countries and cities mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—Pratiṣṭhāna is located by Kṣemendra (Bṛhatkathāmañjarī 1.1.71) and Somadeva (Kathāsaritsāgara VI.83) on the river Godāvarī in the Deccan. Soḍḍhala also follows the same tradition in his work. There is no douht that this is the same Pratiṣṭhāna which is known to have been the capital of the Andhrabhṛtyas, who bore the patronymic name of Śātavahana, Śālivāhana of which Hāla was an illustrious scion. Śālivāhana Śaka is an era of the glorious king Śālivāhana. The popular belief also is that the Śaka era was founded by a king Śālivāhana reigning in A. D. 78 at Pratiṣṭhāna, which is the present Paithan of the Godāvarī in the Bombay State.(Source): Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.72). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Pratiṣṭhāna) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Jainism)
Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) was a town in Mahārāṣṭra. Also known as Pratiṣṭhānapura. In course of time it was converted into a small village. Two Brahmins with their widowed sister came here and took up their abode on a potter’s house. One day the sister went to the Godāvarī to fetch water, when nāgarāja captivated by her beauty forcibly outraged her modesty in the form of a human being. She became pregnant and gave birth to a child who was known as Sātavāhana who defeated Vikramāditya of Ujjayinī and made himself the king of Pratiṣṭhānapura.
Paithān is the modern name of ancient Pratiṣṭhāna which was a flourishing city during the rule of the Sātavāhana kings. It is on the north bank of the Godāvarī in the Aurangabad district of Hyderabad.(Source): archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahy
Pratiṣṭhāna (प्रतिष्ठान) or Pratiṭhāna, with its variants such as Patiṭhāna and Pātiṭhāna is found in two Pitalkhora inscriptions, and in three Sanchi Stūpa inscriptions. Poona Plates of Prabhāvatīgupta also mention the city called Pratiṣṭhāna. The ancient site of Pratiṣṭhāna is represented by Paithon on the northern bank of the river Godavari, in the Aurangabad district of Maharashtra. The city might be associated with Petenikas of the Aśokan inscriptions, who are identified with Paiṭhaṇikas or the inhabitants of Paiṭhaṇa on the Godāvarī. According to the author of Periplus, the city Paethana was situated at a distance of twenty days journey to the south of Barygaza, identified with Broach. From Paithon great quantity of Onyx-stones were Imported to Barygaza. According to Ptolemy, it (Baithana) was the capital of Sirotolemaious representing the Sanskrit Śrī-Pulomāvi of the Nasik cave inscriptions.
According to the Jaina tradition, Sātavāhana defeated Vikramāditya of Ujjayinī and made himself the king of Pratiṣṭhāna-pura.(Source): archive.org: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
1) Basis, foundation.
2) Site, situation, position.
3) A resting place.
4) The foundation of a city.
5) A leg, foot.
6) Continuation; वंशप्रतिष्ठानकराः सर्वभूतेषु विश्रुताः (vaṃśapratiṣṭhānakarāḥ sarvabhūteṣu viśrutāḥ) (putrāḥ) Rām.1.11.18.
7) Name of a town at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamunā and capital of the early kings of the lunar race; cf. V.2.
8) Name of a town on the Godāvarī and capital of Śālivāhana.
Derivable forms: pratiṣṭhānam (प्रतिष्ठानम्).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 13 books and stories containing Pratishthana or Pratiṣṭhāna. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 60 - The progeny of Vaivasvata Manu < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 2 - The Legend of Naimiṣāraṇya < [Section 1 - Prakriyā-pāda (section on rites)]
Chapter 66 - Description of Amāvasu dynasty (vaṃśa) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Chapter XXXVIII < [Book VII - Ratnaprabhā]
Chapter VI < [Book I - Kathāpīṭha]
Chapter VIII < [Book I - Kathāpīṭha]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXLII - Incarnations of Visnu and the glory of nuptial fidelity of Sita Described < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 2 - The liberation of Devarāja < [Śivapurāṇa-māhātmya]
Chapter 36 - The description of the nine sons of and the race of Vaivasvata Manu < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]