Anala, Analā: 37 definitions

Introduction:

Anala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Anal.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Analā (अनला).—A daughter of Dakṣa. Some of the other daughters are Aditi, Diti, Danu, Kālikā, Tāmrā, Krodhavaśā, Manu and Analā. These daughters were married to Kaśyapa, son of Marīci. Trees, creepers etc. owe their origin to Analā. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇya kāṇḍa, Canto 14).

2) Analā (अनला).—Another Analā is referred to in Verse 71, Chapter 66 of Ādi Parva, in Mahābhārata This Analā was the wife of Kaśyapa and a great granddaughter of Krodhavaśā, the daughter of Dakṣa. Krodhavaśā begot Śvetā, and she Surabhī; Rohiṇī was the daughter of Surabhī and Analā was Rohiṇī’s daughter.

3) Analā (अनला).—Daughter of Mālyavān born of Sundarī. She was married to Viśvāvasu. Kumbhīnasī was her daughter. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Uttarakāṇḍa).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Anala (अनल) is another name for the fire-god (i.e., Agni), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“Indra mocked at Viṣṇu who was engrossed in his own arguments. He, the bearer of the thunderbolt, was desirous of fighting Vīrabhadra along with the other Devas. Then Indra rode on his elephant, the fire-god [i.e., Anala] rode on a goat (basta), Yama rode on his buffalo and Nirṛti rode on a ghost”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Anala (अनल).—A Vasava, (tejas) has a son Kumāra through Svāhā. Śākha, Viśākha, and Naigameya were other sons (see agni). Married Śivā, daughter of Hari and had two sons born with qualities of fire. Father of Skanda and Sanatkumāra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 21; Matsya-purāṇa 5. 21-5; 203. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 110, 115; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 20, 24.

1b) A chief monkey.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 235.

1c) A hill of the Rākṣasas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 39. 53.

1d) (agni)—one became threefold at the instance of Purūravas;1 the presiding deity of svarṇa or gold;2 different kinds of;3 five kinds of, overcome by Kṛṣṇa in Bāṇa's war.4

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 6. 94.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 1. 14.
  • 3) Vā 53. 5.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 33. 20.

1e) The son of Niṣadha and father of Nabhas.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 106.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Anala (अनल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.4, IX.44.32) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Anala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Anala (अनल) refers to one of the eight Vasus who are the sons of Vasu, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the ten wives of Dharma are [viz., Vasu]. The Vasus were born from Vasu. The eight Vasus are Āpa, Nala, Soma, Dhruva, Anila, Anala, Pratyuṣa and Prabhāsa.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Anala (अनल) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Bāḍabāmukha, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. Alternatively, this deity could be Dānavāri. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (e.g., Anala) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Anala (अनल) or Analāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The Śaivāgamas are divided into four groups viz. Śaiva, Pāśupata, Soma and Lākula. Śaiva is further divided in to Dakṣiṇa, Vāma and Siddhānta (e.g., anala).

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II) (shaivism)

Anala (अनल) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Ambikā they preside over Virajā: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the Kubjikāmatatantra. Their weapon is the mudrā and paṭṭiśa. A similar system appears in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Anala (अनल) refers to the fiftieth of the sixty-year cycle of Jupiter, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The first year of the next yuga sacred to Indrāgni is known as Paridhāvi; the remaining years are—Pramādin, Ānanda, Rākṣasa and Anala. In the year Paridhāvi the Madhyadeśa will suffer and the ruling princes will perish, there will be slight rain and fear from fire; in the year Pramādi mankind will be disposed to be inactive; villagers will be at strife; red flowers and red seed will be destroyed. In the next year mankind will be happy. In the years Rākṣasa and Anala there will be deaths and decay in the land; in Rākṣasa again the summer crops will thrive and in Anala there will be fear from fire and much suffering in the land”.

Source: The effect of Samvatsaras: Satvargas

Anala (अनल) or Nala refers to the fiftieth saṃvatsara (“jovian year)” in Vedic astrology.—The native who is born in the ‘samvatsara’ of ‘anala’ is gifted with good sense (intelligence), is deft or expert in the trade of things produced (or obtained from) in water, is of good character, a little wealthy, restless, and is a supporter of many.

According with Jataka Parijata, the person born in the year anala (2036-2037 AD) will be a donor endowed with many liberal virtues, tranquil and well-behaved.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Anala (अनल) is another name for “Agni” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning anala] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

1) Anala (अनल) (God of fire—lit. “sharp, bright life fire”) is a synonym (another name) for Garuḍa, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

2) Anala (अनल) (God of wind—lit. “fast flying like wind”) is another name for Garuḍa.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Anala (अनल) is another name for Citraka, a medicinal plant identified with (1) [white variety] Plumbago zeylanica Linn.; (2) [red variety] Plumbago rosea Linn. syn. or Plumbago indica Linn., both from the Plumbaginaceae or “leadwort” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.43-45 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.—The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi). Together with the names Anala and Citraka, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Anala (अनल) represents the number 3 (three) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 3—anala] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Anala (अनल) is the name of a Tathāgata (Buddha) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Anala).

Source: academia.edu: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Anala (अनल) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Ambikā Devī they preside over Virajā: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). Their weapon is the mudrā and paṭṭiśa and their abode is the āmra-tree. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Anala (अनल) refers to the “fire” (of anger, etc.), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Alone [the living soul] who is very wise becomes a god [like] a bee on a lotus [like] the face of a woman. Alone, being cut by swords, he appropriates a hellish embryo. Alone the one who is ignorant, driven by the fire of anger, etc. (anala-kalitakrodhādyanalakalita), does action. Alone [the living soul] enjoys the empire of knowledge in the avoidance of all mental blindness. [Thus ends the reflection on] solitariness”.

Synonyms: Agni, Dahana, Vahni. 

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Anala.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘three’. Note: anala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

anala : (m.) fire.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Anala, (adj.) (an + ala) 1. not sufficient, not enough; unable, impossible, unmanageable M.I, 455; J.II, 326 = IV. 471. — 2. dissatisfied, insatiate J v.63 (= atitta C.). ‹-› 3. °ṃ kata dissatisfied, satiated, S.I, 15 (kāmesu). (Page 31)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anala (अनल).—m S Fire. Ex. of comp. kāmānala, krōdhā- nala, kṣudhānala, tṛṣānala, viraha-viyōga-śōka- &c. anala.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anala (अनल).—m Fire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anala (अनल).—[nāsti alaḥ paryāptiryasya, bahudāhyadahane'pi tṛpterabhāvāt Tv.; cf. nāgnistṛpyati kāṣṭhānām; said by some to be from an to breathe].

1) Fire.

2) Agni or the god of fire. See अग्नि (agni).

3) Digestive power, gastric juice; मन्दः संजायतेऽनलः (mandaḥ saṃjāyate'nalaḥ) Suśr.

4) Wind.

5) Bile.

6) One of the 8 Vasus, the fifth.

7) Name of Vāsudeva.

8) Names of various plants; चित्रक, रक्तचित्रक (citraka, raktacitraka) Plumbago Zeylanica and Rosea, भल्लातक (bhallātaka) the marking-nut tree.

9) The letter र् (r).

1) The number three.

11) (Astr.) The 5th year of Bṛhaspati's cycle.

12) The third lunar mansion कृत्तिका (kṛttikā).

13) A variety of Pitṛdeva or manes (kavyavāho'nalaḥ somaḥ).

14) [anān prāṇān lāti ātmatvena] The soul (jīva).

15) Name of Viṣṇu (na nalati gandhaṃ prakaṭayati na badhyate vā nal-ac).

16) The Supreme Being. cf. अनेलो राज्ञि नाले च पुंस्यग्न्यौषधिभेदयोः (anelo rājñi nāle ca puṃsyagnyauṣadhibhedayoḥ) Nm.

17) Anger; करिणां मुदे सनलदानलदाः (kariṇāṃ mude sanaladānaladāḥ) Kirātārjunīya 5.25.

Derivable forms: analaḥ (अनलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aṇāla (अणाल).—(so Lefm. with some mss.) or Anāla (so Calcutta (see LV.) with best mss.), name of a town: Lalitavistara 406.20 (prose) °lam, acc. sg.

--- OR ---

Anala (अनल).—name of a king: Gaṇḍavyūha 154.20; 155.12 ff.

--- OR ---

Anāla (अनाल).—see Aṇāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anala (अनल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. A name of Agni or fire. 2. One of the eight Vasus or demigods so called. 3. Bile. 4. A plant, (Plumbago zeylanica and rosea.) E. an to be, kalac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anala (अनल).—[an + ala], m. 1. Fire, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 261. 2. The deity of fire, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 1. 3. The digestive power. 4. The proper name of a monkey, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 13, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anala (अनल).—[masculine] fire or the god of fire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anala (अनल):—a m. (√an), fire

2) the god of fire, digestive power, gastric juice

3) bile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Name of Vasudeva

6) of a Muni

7) of one of the eight Vasus

8) of a monkey

9) of various plants (Plumbago Zeylanica and Rosea; Semecarpus Anacardium)

10) the letter r

11) the number three

12) (in [astronomy]) the fiftieth year of Bṛhaspati’s cycle

13) the third lunar mansion or Kṛttikā (?).

14) b 2. [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] °lati, to become fire, [Subhāṣitāvali]

15) Anāla (अनाल):—[=a-nāla] mfn. having no stalk, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

16) Ānala (आनल):—n. ([from] anala), ‘belonging to Agni’, Name of the constellation Kṛttikā, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anala (अनल):—m.

(-laḥ) 1) Fire.

2) A name of Agni or the god of fire.

3) The name of one of the eight Vasus.

4) A name of Vasudeva.

5) The proper name of a Muni.

6) The proper name of a monkey (in the Rāmāyaṇa).

7) The fire of the stomach, digestive faculty.

8) Bile.

9) The name of several plants, viz. [a.]) Plumbago zeylanica (see citraka), [b.]) Plumbago rosea (see raktacitraka), [c.]) Semicarpus anacardium (see bhallātaka).

10) Wind.

11) (In astronomy.) The name of the fiftieth year of Bṛhaspati’s cycle of sixty years.

12) (In astronomy.) The name of the third lunar mansion or Kṛttikā(?).

13) (In arithmetic sometimes used to denote) the numeral three; see agni(9.). E. an, in the causative, uṇ. aff. kalac; (anala belongs to the vṛṣādi).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anala (अनल):—(laḥ) 1. m. A name of Agni or fire; a demigod; bile.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anala (अनल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anala (अनल) [Also spelled anal]:—(nm) fire.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Aṇala (अणल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Anala.

2) Āṇāla (आणाल) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ālāna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anala (ಅನಲ):—

1) [noun] the active principle of burning, characterised by the heat and light of combustion; the fire.

2) [noun] the Hindu Fire-God.

3) [noun] the digestive faculty; the power to digest (the food).

4) [noun] (pros.) a syllabic foot consisting of three syllables of which the central one being short and other two long ones; amphimacer (-u-).

5) [noun] the plant, Plumbago zeylanica of Plumbaginaceae family; white lead wort.

6) [noun] the number three.

7) [noun] (astron.) a cluster of stars in the constellation Taurus; the Pleiades; the third in the lunar mansion, as per Hindu astronomy.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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