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Svayambhu, aka: Svayambhū; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Svayambhu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Śaivism (Śaiva philosophy)

Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Nagareśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Svayambhū) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: ŚaivismŚaivism book cover
context information

Śaiva (शैव, shaiva) or Śaivism (shaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Śiva as the supreme being. Closeley related to Śāktism, Śaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Purāṇa

1a) Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू).—The one god in three forms: creating, protecting and destroying: only sectarians speak of each of these as separate: the one of the three guṇas;1 not created and the first.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 82-131.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 4. 44.

1b) The Vedavyāsa of the first dvāpara.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Svayambhu (स्वयम्भु)—A holy place on the bank of the Yamunā which Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu visited. (Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta, Madhya–17.191)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू).—The Śaivite Nepālamāhātmya, contains a section about pilgrimage to Svayambhū, and makes the following observation, “Monks live there who have left their descendents and relatives and enjoy ther bliss of knowledge (jñānānanda), and who are dedicated only to beholding the Buddha.”

Source: Google Books: Tantric Traditions in Transmission and Translation

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) is the name of the fourth Vāsudeva according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as  Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas (“violent heroes”) usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).

The parents of as Svayambhū are known as king Soma and queen Pṛthvī whose stories are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.

The nine Vāsudevas (such as Svayambhū) are also known as Nārāyaṇas or Viṣṇus and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Vāsudeva is described as follows: their body is of a dark-blue complexion, they wear a yellow robe made of silk, and they bear the śrīvatsa on their chest.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Relevant definitions

Search found 12 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Soma
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Vasudeva
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Havya
Havya (हव्य).—One of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, ac...
Nagareshvara
Nagareśvara (नगरेश्वर) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting...
Svabhava
Svabhāva (स्वभाव) is a name for Svayambhū (or Ādi-Buddha), according to the Svābhāvika, a po...
Antakari
Antakāri (अन्तकारि).—The tāmasic aspect of Svayambhū.** Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 103.

Relevant text

Search found 49 books containing Svayambhu or Svayambhū. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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