Svayambhu, Svayambhū, Svayam-bhu: 23 definitions
Svayambhu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Images (photo gallery)
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) refers to the “self-born deity” and represents an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] On arrival there, after paying respects to the lord [Śiva] with great excitement we lauded Him with various hymns with palms joined in reverence. The Devas said: [...] We bow to that self-born deity (Svayambhū) who is beyond this and everything that is great, who is the undepraved great lord, who sees these within Himself”.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू).—A teacher—priest. This teacher was the first one who had given precedence to the ceremonial rites of Śrāddha (offering to the manes). (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 191).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1b) The Vedavyāsa of the first dvāpara.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 3. 11.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Nagareśvara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (eg., Svayambhū) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
1) Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) is another name for Māṣaparṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Teramnus labialis from the Fabaceae, or “pea family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.30-33 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Svayambhū and Māṣaparṇī, there are a total of twenty-one Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.
2) Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) is also mentioned as a synonym for Liṅginī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 3.45-47.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra
Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) refers to an undesirable type of Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be a Punarbhū, a Svayambhū, a widow’s bastard, or a non-believer, nor irrational, pale, bald or crippled or fat. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., svayambhū), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., svayambhū) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.
Note: Svayambhū is a name of Śiva in Pañcarātra texts (MW), which could indicate the exclusion of followers of Śiva. Svayam means self and bhū, born, thus self-born or born from one self i.e. not created by anyone else.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Devotees Vaishnavas: Śrī Garga Saṃhitā
Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) refers to the “self-born” and is used as an epithet for Brahmā, in the Gargasaṃhitā chapter 6.3. Accordingly, “[...] by his mystic power he [viz., Raivata] traveled to Brahmaloka. His intention to ask for a proper husband for his daughter, he bowed before the demigod Brahmā. As the Apsarā Pūrvacitti was singing, he found his opportunity. Aware that now he had Brahmā’s attention, he spoke what was in his heart: ‘[...] You are self-born (Svayambhū). You are the grandfather of all in the universe (jagat). You are the best of the demigods. You see everything. O lord, please tell me who should become my daughter's husband, a divine husband that lives forever and has all virtues’”.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Svayambhu (स्वयम्भु)—A holy place on the bank of the Yamunā which Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu visited. (Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta, Madhya–17.191)Source: Google Books: Tantric Traditions in Transmission and Translation
Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू).—The Śaivite Nepālamāhātmya, contains a section about pilgrimage to Svayambhū, and makes the following observation, “Monks live there who have left their descendents and relatives and enjoy ther bliss of knowledge (jñānānanda), and who are dedicated only to beholding the Buddha.”
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Google Books: The Treasury of Knowledge: Book six, parts one and two
Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) or Svayambhūstūpa is the name of a self-originated great stūpa situated in Nepal.—On the Lotus Hill (padmagiri) or Ox Horn Hill (gośṛṅgaparvata) in Nepal, there is also a self-originated great stūpa (eg., svayambhū-stūpa) that is called venerable and sacred. When the guide and king of the sacred teaches Buddha Śikhin appeared in the world during the age when living creatures had a life span of seventy-thousand years, the expanse of reality (dharmadhātu) naturally arose in a crystalline form from the anthers at the heart of a lotus, fashioned of gemstones. Then, during the age of the Buddha Kanakamuni, in order that Dharmaśrīmitra might be accepted into his following, the Bodhisattva Mañjuśrī emanated the maṇḍala of the power of Buddha speech from the expanse of reality into this stūpa, so that the stūpa was named accordingly (svayambhū-stūpa). Later during the age of the Buddha Kāśyapa, it was covered with earth and concealed by the accomplished master Śāntaśrī. Subsequently, during the age when our teacher Śākyamuni appeared in the world, it manifested in its present form.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) is the name of the fourth Vāsudeva (“violent heroes”) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. Since they enjoy half the power of a Cakravartin (universal monarch) they are also known as Ardhacakrins. Jain legends describe nine such Vāsudevas usually appearing together with their “gentler” twins known as the Baladevas. The legends of these twin-heroes usually involve their antagonistic counterpart known as the Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes).
The parents of as Svayambhū are known as king Soma and queen Pṛthvī whose stories are related in texts such as the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacarita (“the lives of the sixty-three illustrious persons”), a twelfth-century Śvetāmbara work by Hemacandra.
The nine Vāsudevas (such as Svayambhū) are also known as Nārāyaṇas or Viṣṇus and are further described in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition. The appearance of a Vāsudeva is described as follows: their body is of a dark-blue complexion, they wear a yellow robe made of silk, and they bear the śrīvatsa on their chest.Source: Google Books: Purana Perennis (jainism)
Svayambhū (8th century A.D.) or Svayambhūdeva is the author of the Paümacariu.—The oldest extant Jaina Purāṇa in Apabhramsa (Apabhraṃśa), the Paümacariu of Svayambhū, is also a telling of the Rāma story. Unlike most Jaina authors, Svayambhū was a householder, not a mendicant. He lived sometime between the early eighth and early ninth centuries C.E., probably in Karnataka.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Svayambhu (स्वयम्भु) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Svayambhu] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Svayaṃbhu (स्वयंभु) is the name of the chowrie-bearer accompanying Vimalanātha: the thirteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Jaina liturgical treatises attribute to Vimalanātha, the thirteenth Jina, the Lāñchana or symbol of the boar. The particular attendant spirits attached to him are named as Ṣaṇmukha and Vairoṭi (Śvetāmbara: Viditā). The King to stand for his fanner is called Svayaṃbhu-Vāsudeva. His Kevala tree is Jambu (Black-berry).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)
Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू) is the name of a sacred spot mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa.—Svayambhū is the modern Suyam in Machipur Pargana.Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)
Svayambhū is one of the Brāhmaṇa donees mentioned in the “Asankhali plates of Narasiṃha II” (1302 A.D.). When a grant was made to a large number of Brāhmaṇas, the chief amongst the donees seems to have been called Pānīyagrāhin especially. In the present record, though all the donees (eg., Svayambhū) are referred to as Pāṇigrāhi-mahājana, their list is headed by a Brāhmaṇa with Pāṇigrahī as his surname.
These copper plates (mentioning Svayambhū) were discovered from the house of a Santal inhabitant of Pargana Asankhali in the Mayurbhanj State (Orissa). It was made when king Vīra-Narasiṃhadeva was staying at the Bhairavapura-kaṭaka (city, camp or residence).
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
svayambhū (स्वयंभू).—m (S The self-existent.) corruptly svayambha m A name of Brahma; also of Vishn̤u, Shiva, time, love, a mountain &c. 2 as a Self-existent.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
svayambhū (स्वयंभू).—a Self-existent.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Svayambhu (स्वयम्भु).—Name of Brahman; शंभुस्वयंभुहरयो हरिणेक्षणानां येनाक्रियन्त सततं गृहकर्मदासाः (śaṃbhusvayaṃbhuharayo hariṇekṣaṇānāṃ yenākriyanta satataṃ gṛhakarmadāsāḥ) Bh.1. 1.
Derivable forms: svayambhuḥ (स्वयम्भुः).
Svayambhu is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms svayam and bhu (भु).
--- OR ---
Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू).—a. self-existent; त्वमेको ह्यस्य सर्वस्य विधानस्य स्वयंभुवः (tvameko hyasya sarvasya vidhānasya svayaṃbhuvaḥ) Ms.1.3. (-bhūḥ) 1 Name of Brahman.
2) of Viṣṇu.
3) Of Śiva.
4) of Kāla or time personified.
5) of Kāmadeva.
6) a Jaina deified saint.
7) the female breast.
8) the Supreme Being.
Svayambhū is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms svayam and bhū (भू).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-mbhuḥ) Brahma. E. svayam + bhū-ḍu aff.: see svayambhū .
--- OR ---
(-mbhūḥ) 1. Brahma. 2. A Jina or Jaina deified sage. 3. An emperor of the world according to the Jainas. 4. Kala, the deity presiding over time. 5. Vishnu. 6. Siva. 7. The god of love. 8. The female breast. E. svayam self, bhū to exist, kvip aff., the selfexistent; also read with a short final svayambhu m.
(-mbhuḥ).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svayaṃbhū (स्वयंभू).—i. e. svayam-bhū- (existing by himself, not created), m. 1. Brahman, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 3; 94; Viṣṇu, Śiva, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 422 (?). 2. Time. 3. Love.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Svayaṃbhu (स्वयंभु).—[masculine] [Epithet] of Brahman & Śiva (cf. svayaṃbhū).
--- OR ---
Svayaṃbhū (स्वयंभू).—[adjective] self-existent; [masculine] [Epithet] of Brahman.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Svayambhu (स्वयम्भु):—[=svayam-bhu] [from svayam > sva] m. ‘self-existent’, Name of Brahman, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]
2) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Pañcarātra]
3) [v.s. ...] n. of -bhū (q.v.)
4) Svayambhū (स्वयम्भू):—[=svayam-bhū] [from svayam > sva] mfn. self-existing, independent, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Suśruta]
5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Brahman, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [Kathāsaritsāgara]
7) [v.s. ...] of Viṣṇu, [ib.]
8) [v.s. ...] of Buddha, [Buddhist literature]
9) [v.s. ...] of Ādi-buddha, [ib.]
10) [v.s. ...] of a Pratyeka-buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] of Kāla or time, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] of Kāmadeva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] of Vyāsa, [Catalogue(s)]
14) [v.s. ...] (with Jainas) of the third black Vāsudeva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] of various plants, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] the air (= antarikṣa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
17) [v.s. ...] mfn. relating or belonging to Buddha, [Kathāsaritsāgara]
18) Svāyambhū (स्वायम्भू):—[from svāyambhuva] = svāyambhuva above, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+1): Svayambhucaitanya, Svayambhuchandas, Svayambhuchhandas, Svayambhudeva, Svayambhukshetra, Svayambhukshetramahatmya, Svayambhulinga, Svayambhulingasambhuta, Svayambhumatrikatantra, Svayambhupurana, Svayambhuramana, Svayambhuramanadvipa, Svayambhuramanasamudra, Svayambhuta, Svayambhuva, Svayambhuva-Sutra-Samgraha, Svayambhuvagama, Svayambhuvalinga, Svayambhuvamanu, Svayambhuvamanupitri.
Ends with: Jyotirupasvayambhu.
Full-text (+470): Svayambhuva, Svayambhukshetramahatmya, Svayambhulinga, Svayambhucaitanya, Svayambhupurana, Svayambhumatrikatantra, Svayambhulingasambhuta, Ratnalingeshvara, Devahuti, Jambu, Svayambhudeva, Antakari, Jyotirupasvayambhu, Svabhava, Shanmukha, Svayambhuchandas, Kadavaka, Sugriva, Bhimarahi, Bhimarathi.
Search found 40 books and stories containing Svayambhu, Svayambhū, Svayam-bhu, Svayam-bhū, Svayaṃbhū, Svayaṃbhu, Svāyambhū; (plurals include: Svayambhus, Svayambhūs, bhus, bhūs, Svayaṃbhūs, Svayaṃbhus, Svāyambhūs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 15: Vimala’s samavasaraṇa < [Chapter III - Vimalanāthacaritra]
Part 12: Quarrel with Meraka < [Chapter III - Vimalanāthacaritra]
Part 19: Death of Svayambhū < [Chapter III - Vimalanāthacaritra]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 34 - The enumeration of Manvantaras < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 22 - On the partaking of the Naivedya of Śiva and the greatness of Bilva < [Section 1 - Vidyeśvara-saṃhitā]
Chapter 20 - Satī’s marriage festival < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Manasara (English translation) (by Prasanna Kumar Acharya)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 6.54 < [Section VI - Procedure of going forth as a Wandering Mendicant]
Verse 9.138 < [Section XVII - Property of one who has no Male Issue: the ‘Appointed Daughter’]
Verse 1.3 < [Section I - Question of the Sages]
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (by Swāmī Mādhavānanda)
Section VI - The Line of Teachers < [Chapter IV]
Section VI - The Line of Teachers < [Chapter II]
Section V - The Line of Teachers < [Chapter VI]