Harita, aka: Hārīta, Hārita, Hāritā; 13 Definition(s)


Harita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Hārīta (हारीत)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “green pigeon”, hindi hariyā; “haritāla”, hindi hāriyal. This animal is from the group called Pratuda (which peck). Pratuda itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

(Source): archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Āyurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.


Harita (हरित).—One of the seven major mountains situated on the western side of mount Niṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These mountains give rise to many other mountains and various settlements. Niṣadha is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Harita (हरित) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The harita-maṇḍapa is to be built with 22 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.

Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., harita) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”

(Source): Wisdom Library: Purāṇas

1a) Harita (हरित).—A grandson of Hariścandra, and the son of Rohita, (Rohitāśva, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Campa (Cancu, vāyu-purāṇa.).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 8. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 117; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 119; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 25.

1b) A son of Vapuṣmat, after whom came the Hārita varṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 1. 32-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 28, 29. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 23, 29.

1c) Born of Pulaha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 179.

1d) A son of Paravṛt.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 11.

1e) A group of ten gods of the epoch of the 12th Manu,1 of the IV Sāvarṇa Manu.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 28; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 34.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 83-4.

1f) A branch of Angiras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 107.

1g) Family of, famous warriors.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 73.

1h) One of the five devagaṇas of the 12th period of Manu (Ṛthusāvarṇa); mind-born son of Brahmā with ten branches.

1i) A varṣa round Droṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 40.

1j) The descendants of Harita, son of Yuvanāśva, all able warriors; sons of Angiras and Brahmans with Kṣatriya dharma.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 73; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 3.

2a) Hārita (हारित).—A son of Yuvanāśva: after him came the well-known Angirasa Hāritas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 7. 1.

2b) A son of Viśvāmitra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 36.

2c) A Paurāṇika.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 5.

2d) A Ṛtvik at Brahmā's yāga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 34.

3) Hārīta (हारीत).—A tīrtha sacred to the Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 68.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Harita (हरित, “green”) refers to a derivative color, composed of the yellow (pīta) and the blue (nīla) colors, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. The word can also be spelled like Harit. According to the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation), there are four main colors (varṇa) from which various derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa) are derived. Colors are used in aṅgaracanā (painting the limbs), which forms a section of nepathya (costumes and make-up).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Hārīta (हारीत):—Son of Yauvanāśva (son of Ambarīṣa, who was the son of Māndhātā). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.7.1)

2) Harita (हरित):—Son of Rohita (son of Hariścandra). He had a son named Campa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9,8,1)

3) Hārīta (हारीत):—Son of Viśvāmitra (son of Gādhi). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.16.36)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Harita (हरित) seems to mean ‘gold’ in a few passages of the Saṃhitās.

(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Harita. The same as Harittaca. See the Harita Jataka.

2. Harita. A Maha Brahma who was present at the preaching of the Mahasamaya Sutta, at the head of one hundred thousand other Brahmas (D.ii.261; DA.ii.693; cf. DA.i.40).

He was one of the chief Brahmas. See, e.g., DA.ii.693; MA.ii.576.

3. Harita Thera. He was the son of a wealthy brahmin of Savatthi, and had a beautiful wife. One day, while contemplating her beauty, he realized that it was impermanent. A few days later his wife was bitten by a snake and died. In his anguish he sought the Buddha, and, comforted by him, left the world. For some time he could not concentrate. Then one day, going to the village for alms, he saw a fletcher straightening his arrow. So he turned back and stirred up insight. The Buddha, standing in the air above him, admonished him in a verse, and Harita attained arahantship.

Thirty one kappas ago he offered some kutaja flowers to a Pacceka Buddha, named Sumana (Thag.vs.29; ThagA.i.87f). He is evidently identical with Kutajapupphiya Thera of the Apadana. Ap.ii.451.

4. Harita Thera. He was a brahmin of Savatthi, and, because of pride of birth, used to call others low born. Later he entered the Order, but even then this habit persisted. One day, after hearing the Buddha preach, he reviewed his mind, and was distressed by his conceit and arrogance. Thereupon, putting forth effort, he conjured up insight and won arahantship.

In the time of Padumuttara Buddha he offered perfumes at the Buddhas funeral pyre (Thag.vss.261-3; ThagA.i.376f). He is evidently identical with Gandhapujaka Thera of the Apadana. Ap.ii.406.

5. Harita. A mountain near Himava. Ap.i.278; ThagA.i.247.

6. Harita Thera. An arahant. Dhammadassi Buddha preached to him in the Sudassanarama and declared him foremost of those who practised austerities. BuA.183.

-- or --

. A Yakkhini, wife of Pandaka. These two and their five hundred children became sotapannas when Majjhantika Thera preached to them in the Himalaya country. Mhv.xii.21.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


harita : (adj.) green; tawny; fresh. (nt.), vegetables; greens.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Harita, (adj.) (see hari for etym.) 1. green, pale(-green), yellowish. It is expld by Dhpāla as nīla (e.g. VvA.197; PvA.158), and its connotation is not fixed.—Vin.I, 137; D.I, 148; S.I, 5; J.I, 86, 87; II, 26, 110; Pv.II, 1210 (bank of a pond); Vv 457 (°patta, with green leaves, of a lotus); J.II, 110 (of wheat); SnA 277 (°haṃsa yellow, i.e. golden swan).—2. green, fresh Vin.III, 16; A.V, 234 (kusa); nt. (collectively) vegetables, greens Vin 266 (here applied to a field of fresh (i.e. green) wheat or cereal in general, as indicated by expln “haritaṃ nāma pubbaṇṇaṃ aparaṇṇaṃ” etc.); cp. haritapaṇṇa vegetables SnA 283.—3. haritā (f.) gold Th.1, 164=J.II, 334 (°maya made of gold; but expld as “harita-maṇi-parikkhata” by C.).—4. Two cpds., rather odd in form, are haritāmātar “son of a green frog” J.II, 238 (in verse); and haritupattā (bhūmi) “covered with green” M.I, 343; J.I, 50, 399. (Page 730)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Harita (हरित, “green”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., harita). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

harita (हरित).—a S Green.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

harita (हरित).—a Green.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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