Harita, Hārīta, Hārita, Hāritā, Haritā: 42 definitions


Harita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Hārīta (हारीत) refers to a type of meat according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Consuming the meat of Hārīta cooked after threading it in the spikes of turmeric or cooked in the fire of turmeric leads to instant loss of life.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Haritā (हरिता) is another name for Jayantī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Sesbania sesban (Linn.) Merr. (or ‘Egyptian riverhemp’), according to verse 4.131-132 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Bāpālāl accepting the Sesbania species, suggests differently as Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers. of Papilionaceae sub order. Together with the names Haritā and Jayantī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

1) Harita (हरित) (lit. “one whose colour is yellowish green”) is a synonym (another name) for the Lion (Siṃha), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

2) Hārīta (हारीत) also refers to the Common Green pigeon (Treron Phoenicoptera).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Hārīta (हारीत)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “green pigeon”, hindi hariyā; “haritāla”, hindi hāriyal. This animal is from the group called Pratuda (which peck). Pratuda itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Harita (हरित):—Green colour

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Hārīta (हारीत):—Son of Yauvanāśva (son of Ambarīṣa, who was the son of Māndhātā). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.7.1)

2) Harita (हरित):—Son of Rohita (son of Hariścandra). He had a son named Campa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9,8,1)

3) Hārīta (हारीत):—Son of Viśvāmitra (son of Gādhi). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.16.36)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Harita (हरित).—One of the seven major mountains situated on the western side of mount Niṣadha, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 83. These mountains give rise to many other mountains and various settlements. Niṣadha is one of the seven mountains located in Jambūdvīpa, ruled over by Āgnīdhra, a grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Harita (हरित).—A King who was the grandson of Hariścandra and son of Rohita. (Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha).

2) Harita (हरित).—A King, who was the son of Vapuṣmān and grandson of Svāyambhuvamanu. He was King of Haritavarṣa in the island of Śālmali. (Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa 50, 28; Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, 2, 3).

3) Harita (हरित).—A son born to Yadu of the nāga woman called Dhūmravaṇā. He founded an independent kingdom in the Nāga island and became a prominent leader of the Madgura tribe. (Hari Vaṃśa, 2, 38; 29, 34).

4) Hārīta (हारीत).—A great sage who visited Bhīṣma in his bed of arrows (Śaraśayyā). (Śanti Parva, Chapter 47, Verse 7). Once he attended Yudhiṣṭhira’s assembly and spoke on eternal truths conducive to mental peace. That talk of his became famous as Hārītagītā. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 278).

5) Hārīta (हारीत).—An author on Smṛtis (codes of conduct). He has written two texts on the subject called Laghuhārīta smṛti and Vrddhahārītasmṛti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Harita (हरित).—A grandson of Hariścandra, and the son of Rohita, (Rohitāśva, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of Campa (Cancu, vāyu-purāṇa.).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 8. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 117; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 119; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 25.

1b) A son of Vapuṣmat, after whom came the Hārita varṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 1. 32-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 28, 29. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 23, 29.

1c) Born of Pulaha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 179.

1d) A son of Paravṛt.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 12. 11.

1e) A group of ten gods of the epoch of the 12th Manu,1 of the IV Sāvarṇa Manu.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 28; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 34.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 83-4.

1f) A branch of Angiras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 107.

1g) Family of, famous warriors.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 73.

1h) One of the five devagaṇas of the 12th period of Manu (Ṛthusāvarṇa); mind-born son of Brahmā with ten branches.

1i) A varṣa round Droṇa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 40.

1j) The descendants of Harita, son of Yuvanāśva, all able warriors; sons of Angiras and Brahmans with Kṣatriya dharma.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 73; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 3. 3.

2a) Hārita (हारित).—A son of Yuvanāśva: after him came the well-known Angirasa Hāritas.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 7. 1.

2b) A son of Viśvāmitra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 36.

2c) A Paurāṇika.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 7. 5.

2d) A Ṛtvik at Brahmā's yāga.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 34.

3) Hārīta (हारीत).—A tīrtha sacred to the Pitṛs.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 22. 68.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Harita (हरित) refers to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The harita-maṇḍapa is to be built with 22 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE.

Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (e.g., harita) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Harita (हरित, “green”) refers to a derivative color, composed of the yellow (pīta) and the blue (nīla) colors, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. The word can also be spelled like Harit. According to the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation), there are four main colors (varṇa) from which various derivative and minor colors (upavarṇa) are derived. Colors are used in aṅgaracanā (painting the limbs), which forms a section of nepathya (costumes and make-up).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Hāritā (हारिता).—Name given to a kind of Svarabhakti when the consonant ल् (l) is followed by श् (ś) and the conjunct consonant ल्श् () is read as लूलृश् (lūlṛś) or ल् इ श् (l i ś); cf. बनस्पते शतवल्शा विरोह (banaspate śatavalśā viroha) Tait. Samh. 1.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Siva Gita A Critical Study

Harita (हरित) or Haritagītā refers to one of the sixty-four Gītās commonly referred to in Hindu scriptures.—Gītā is the name given to certain sacred writings in verse (often in the form of a dialogue) which are devoted to the exposition of particular religious and theosophical doctrines. Most of these Gītās [i.e., Harita-gītā] originate from the Mahābhārata or the various Purāṇas.

Vedanta book cover
context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Harita (हरित) refers to “yellow”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] If the eclipsed disc should appear white, there will be prosperity and plenty in the land, but the Brāhmins will suffer; persons who live by fire will be afflicted with miseries. If the disc should appear yellow [i.e., harita], there will be increase of disease in the land and crops will suffer. If the disc should appear of gold color, swift footed animals and the Mlecchas will suffer and there will be famine in the land”.

2) Harita (हरित) refers to the “green colour” (of the disc of Jupiter), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8).—Accordingly, “If the disc of Jupiter should appear of the colour of fire, there will be fear from fire; if yellow, there will be disease in the land; if dark-blue, there will be wars; if green [i.e., harita], suffering from thieves, and if of blood color, suffering from weapons. If the disc of Jupiter should appear of the colour of smoke, there will be drought; if it should be visible during day, rulers will perish and if it should appear large and clear at night, mankind will be happy”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Harita (हरित) or Harītaka refers to the “color green” which were used as symbols for the unknowns, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—Āryabhaṭa I (499) very probably used coloured shots to represent unknowns. Brahmagupta (628) in the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta mentions varṇa as the symbols of unknowns. As he has not attempted in any way to explain this method of symbolism, it appears that the method was already very familiar. [...] In the case of more unknowns, it is usual to denote the first yāvattāvat and the remaining ones by alphabets or colours [e.g., harita].—Cf. Pṛthūdakasvāmī (860) in his commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta (628) and Bhāskara II in the Bījagaṇita.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Harita (हरित) seems to mean ‘gold’ in a few passages of the Saṃhitās.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Harita. The same as Harittaca. See the Harita Jataka.

2. Harita. A Maha Brahma who was present at the preaching of the Mahasamaya Sutta, at the head of one hundred thousand other Brahmas (D.ii.261; DA.ii.693; cf. DA.i.40).

He was one of the chief Brahmas. See, e.g., DA.ii.693; MA.ii.576.

3. Harita Thera. He was the son of a wealthy brahmin of Savatthi, and had a beautiful wife. One day, while contemplating her beauty, he realized that it was impermanent. A few days later his wife was bitten by a snake and died. In his anguish he sought the Buddha, and, comforted by him, left the world. For some time he could not concentrate. Then one day, going to the village for alms, he saw a fletcher straightening his arrow. So he turned back and stirred up insight. The Buddha, standing in the air above him, admonished him in a verse, and Harita attained arahantship.

Thirty one kappas ago he offered some kutaja flowers to a Pacceka Buddha, named Sumana (Thag.vs.29; ThagA.i.87f). He is evidently identical with Kutajapupphiya Thera of the Apadana. Ap.ii.451.

4. Harita Thera. He was a brahmin of Savatthi, and, because of pride of birth, used to call others low born. Later he entered the Order, but even then this habit persisted. One day, after hearing the Buddha preach, he reviewed his mind, and was distressed by his conceit and arrogance. Thereupon, putting forth effort, he conjured up insight and won arahantship.

In the time of Padumuttara Buddha he offered perfumes at the Buddhas funeral pyre (Thag.vss.261-3; ThagA.i.376f). He is evidently identical with Gandhapujaka Thera of the Apadana. Ap.ii.406.

5. Harita. A mountain near Himava. Ap.i.278; ThagA.i.247.

6. Harita Thera. An arahant. Dhammadassi Buddha preached to him in the Sudassanarama and declared him foremost of those who practised austerities. BuA.183.

-- or --

. A Yakkhini, wife of Pandaka. These two and their five hundred children became sotapannas when Majjhantika Thera preached to them in the Himalaya country. Mhv.xii.21.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Harita (हरित) is the name of a Śrāvaka mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Harita).

2) Hārīta (हारीत) also refers to a deity summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Harita (हरित) refers to the “green” (colour), according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī by Vilāsavajra, which is a commentary on the Nāmasaṃgīti.—Accordingly, [while describing Ādibuddha]—“[...] [The Ādibuddha] has five faces. [...] [His five faces] have five [different] colours: dark blue for the east [and forward-facing face], yellow for the south, red for the west, [and] green for the north (haritauttareṇa haritam). On the top, he has a white face, the face of [the deity] Paramāśva. [...]”.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Haritā (हरिता) refers to “having a green color” and is used to describe Āryatārā, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Locanī, having a golden color, arrow and shining appearance, Māmakī, having a dark-blue color, water, grain and a bouquet, Pāṇḍarā, having a red color, and drawing a bow and arrow, Holy goddess Ārya Tārā, having a green color (haritā) and blue lotus”.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Harita (हरित) refers to the “green color”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly, “[...]  [The Causal Vajra-holder] is white in color, [has] four faces, [has] three eyes [on each], [has] twelve arms, is devoted to the yoga of union with wisdom (his female consort), and is adorned with youthful ornaments. [His four faces are], counterclockwise, white, green (harita), red, and yellow [in color, respectively] [śvetaharitaraktañca pītāvarteṣu vāmatah]. [He has] twisted locks of hair and has a crossed vajra and a crescent moon on the face (head). [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: Bulletin of the French School of the Far East (volume 5)

1) Hārita (हारित) is the name of a Rakṣa appointed as one of the Divine protector deities of Persia, according to chapter 17 of the Candragarbha: the 55th section of the Mahāsaṃnipāta-sūtra, a large compilation of Sūtras (texts) in Mahāyāna Buddhism partly available in Sanskrit, Tibetan and Chinese.—In the Candragarbhasūtra, the Bhagavat invites all classes of Gods and Deities to protect the Law [dharma?] and the faithful in their respective kingdoms of Jambudvīpa [e.g., the Rakṣa Ho-li-to (Hārita) in Persia], resembling the time of the past Buddhas.

2) Harita (हरित) [?] (in Chinese: Ho-li-t'o) is the name of an ancient kingdom associated with Pūrvaphalgunī (or Pūrvaphalgunīnakṣatra) and Uttaraphalgunī (or Uttaraphalgunīnakṣatra), as mentioned in chapter 18.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Harita (हरित, “green”) refers to one of the “twenty form objects” (rūpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 34). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., harita). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Hārita.—(CII 1), ‘caused to be imported’. Note: hārita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Harita in India is the name of a plant defined with Clerodendrum infortunatum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Clerodendrum infortunatum auct. non L. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Species Plantarum (1753)
· De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum (1788)
· Glimpses of Cytogenetics in India (1992)
· Schlüssel Hortus indicus malabaricus (1818)
· Cytologia (1983)
· Rev. Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon (1983)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Harita, for example diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

harita : (adj.) green; tawny; fresh. (nt.), vegetables; greens.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Harita, (adj.) (see hari for etym.) 1. green, pale(-green), yellowish. It is explained by Dhpāla as nīla (e.g. VvA.197; PvA.158), and its connotation is not fixed.—Vin.I, 137; D.I, 148; S.I, 5; J.I, 86, 87; II, 26, 110; Pv.II, 1210 (bank of a pond); Vv 457 (°patta, with green leaves, of a lotus); J.II, 110 (of wheat); SnA 277 (°haṃsa yellow, i.e. golden swan).—2. green, fresh Vin.III, 16; A.V, 234 (kusa); nt. (collectively) vegetables, greens Vin 266 (here applied to a field of fresh (i.e. green) wheat or cereal in general, as indicated by explanation “haritaṃ nāma pubbaṇṇaṃ aparaṇṇaṃ” etc.); cp. haritapaṇṇa vegetables SnA 283.—3. haritā (f.) gold Th.1, 164=J.II, 334 (°maya made of gold; but explained as “harita-maṇi-parikkhata” by C.).—4. Two cpds., rather odd in form, are haritāmātar “son of a green frog” J.II, 238 (in verse); and haritupattā (bhūmi) “covered with green” M.I, 343; J.I, 50, 399. (Page 730)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

harita (हरित).—a S Green.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

harita (हरित).—a Green.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Harita (हरित).—a. (- or -hariṇī f.) [हृ-इतच् (hṛ-itac)] Green, of a green colour, verdant; रम्यान्तरः कमलिनीहरितैः सरोभिः (ramyāntaraḥ kamalinīharitaiḥ sarobhiḥ) Ś. 4.1; Kumārasambhava 4.14; Meghadūta 21; Kirātārjunīya 5.38.

2) Tawny.

3) Dark-blue.

-taḥ 1 The green colour.

2) A lion.

3) A kind of grass.

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Haritā (हरिता).—

1) The Dūrvā grass.

2) Turmeric.

3) A browncoloured grape.

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Hārita (हारित).—p. p.

1) Caused to be taken or seized.

2) Presented, offered.

3) Attracted.

4) Robbed, carried.

5) Lost; हतः शत्रुः कृतं मित्रं रत्नमाला न हारिता (hataḥ śatruḥ kṛtaṃ mitraṃ ratnamālā na hāritā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 5.85.

6) Surpassed, exceeded.

-taḥ 1 The green colour.

2) A kind of pigeon; कांस्यं हृत्वा तु दुर्बुद्धिर्हारितो जायते नरः (kāṃsyaṃ hṛtvā tu durbuddhirhārito jāyate naraḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.111.12.

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Hārīta (हारीत).—

1) A kind of pigeon; मारीचोद्भ्रान्तहारीता मलयाद्रेरुपत्यकाः (mārīcodbhrāntahārītā malayādrerupatyakāḥ) R.4.46.

2) A rogue, cheat.

3) Name of a writer of a Smṛti or code of laws; Y.1.4.

Derivable forms: hārītaḥ (हारीतः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Harita (हरित).—nt., a high number: Gaṇḍavyūha 133.12, cited in Mahāvyutpatti as haribha, q.v.; in Gaṇḍavyūha 106.3 (m. or nt.) corresponds to hari (2), q.v., of Gaṇḍavyūha 133.13 and Mahāvyutpatti 7868; compare also hariva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harita (हरित).—mn.

(-taḥ-tā or -riṇī-taṃ) 1. Green, of a green colour. 2. Grassy, verdant. m.

(-taḥ) 1. Green, (the colour.) 2. A lion. 3. A kind of grass. f.

(-tā) 1. Bent grass. 2. Turmeric. 3. A brown or tawny grape. E. hṛ to take, itac Unadi aff.

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Hārita (हारित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) Lost, relinquished, made way with. m.

(-taḥ) 1. The green or wood pigeon. 2. Green, (the colour.) E. hṛ to take, causal v., kta aff.; or harit green, aṇ aff.

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Hārīta (हारीत).—m.

(-taḥ) 1. The green or wood pigeon, (Columba hariala, Buch.) 2. A Muni and legislator. 3. A rogue, a cheat. E. hāra a necklace, or hāri defeat, and ita gone, got; or harita green, aṇ aff., and the vowel made long; or hṛ-ṇic vā0 ītac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harita (हरित).—I. adj., f. , or iṇī (cf. hariṇa), 1. Green, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 21; [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 178, M. M. (in haritī-kṛta, adj. Made green) 2. Dark blue, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 38. 3. Grassy. Ii. m. 1. Green, the colour. 2. A lion. Iii. f. . 1. Bent grass. 2. Turmeric. 3. A brown grape.

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Hārita (हारित).—i. e. harit + a, m. 1. Green, the colour. 2. The green pigeon, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 52, 34.

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Hārīta (हारीत).— (cf. hārita), m. 1. The green pigeon, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 4, 46. 2. A Muni, author of a law book. 3. A rogue.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Harita (हरित).—([feminine] ā, older hariṇī fallow, pale, yellow, green. [masculine] [Name] of [several] men etc.; [feminine] haritā Dūrvā grass; [neuter] gold, greens, any yellowish or greenish substance.

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Hārīta (हारीत).—[masculine] a kind of pigeon; [masculine] [Name] of [several] men, [especially] of a law-giver, [plural] H.'s family or [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Harita (हरित) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—(?): Pakṣāvalī [grammatical] Np. I, 108. 110.

2) Hārīta (हारीत):—Quoted in Āpastambadharmasūtra 1, 13, 10. 18, 2. 19, 12 etc., in Baudhāyanadharmasūtra 2, 1, 21, in Taittirīyaprātiśākhya 14, 18.

3) Hārīta (हारीत):—poet. Mentioned in Bhojaprabandha Oxf. 150^b.

4) Hārīta (हारीत):—Quoted in Vāsiṣṭhadharmasūtra 2, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hārita (हारित):—[from hara] 1. hārita mfn. ([from] [Causal]; for 2. See p. 1292, col. 1) caused to be taken or seized etc.

2) [v.s. ...] brought, conveyed, [Kumāra-sambhava]

3) [v.s. ...] robbed, carried off, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] made away with, lost, relinquished, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] deprived of ([accusative]), [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

6) [v.s. ...] surpassed, exceeded, [Gīta-govinda]

7) [v.s. ...] captivated, fascinated, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

8) Hārīta (हारीत):—[from hara] 1. hārīta m. (for 2. See p. 1292, col. 1) a thief, cheat, rogue, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) [v.s. ...] roguery, cheating, fraud, [ib.]

10) Harita (हरित):—[from hari] mf(ā or hariṇī)n. yellowish, pale yellow, fallow, pale red, pale (also, ‘pale with fright’), greenish, green (also; ‘verdant’ as opp. to śuṣka ‘dry’), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

11) [v.s. ...] m. yellowish (the colour), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Phaseolus Mungo or Lobatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a lion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Kaśyapa, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] of a son of Yadu, [Harivaṃśa]

16) [v.s. ...] of a son of Rohita, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

17) [v.s. ...] of a son of Rohitāśva, [ib.]

18) [v.s. ...] of a son of Yuvanāśva, [ib.]

19) [v.s. ...] of a son of Parāvṛt, [ib.]

20) [v.s. ...] of a son of Vapuṣmat, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

21) [v.s. ...] of an ichneumon ([varia lectio] hariṇa), [Mahābhārata]

22) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] the descendants of Harita (also called harītāḥ), [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra] (cf. [Pāṇini 2-4, 67], [vArttika] i, [Patañjali])

23) [v.s. ...] Name of [particular] verses of the [Atharva-veda] (also haretā mantrāḥ), [Catalogue(s)]

24) [v.s. ...] of a class of gods in the 12th Manvantara, [Purāṇa]

25) Haritā (हरिता):—[from harita > hari] f. Dūrvā grass, [Śiśupāla-vadha] (= nīla-dūrva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

26) [v.s. ...] turmeric, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) [v.s. ...] a brown-coloured grape, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

28) [v.s. ...] Sesbana Aegyptiaca, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

29) [v.s. ...] a kind of Svara-bhakti, [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

30) Harita (हरित):—[from hari] n. a yellowish or greenish substance, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

31) [v.s. ...] gold, [Atharva-veda; Kāṭhaka]

32) [v.s. ...] greens, vegetables, [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra] (‘unripe grain’ [Scholiast or Commentator])

33) [v.s. ...] a kind of fragrant plant (= sthauṇcyaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

34) Hārita (हारित):—[from hari] 2. hārita m. ([from] harit and harita) green (the colour), [Horace H. Wilson]

35) [v.s. ...] a moderate wind neither too gentle nor too strong, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

36) [v.s. ...] the Haritāla pigeon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

37) [v.s. ...] ‘descendant of Harita’, Name of a son of Viśvāmitra ([plural] his family, also called haritāḥ), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

38) Hāritā (हारिता):—[from hārita > hari] f. a kind of Svara-bhakti ([varia lectio] haritā), [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya [Scholiast or Commentator]]

39) Hārīta (हारीत):—[from hari] 2. hārīta m. (for 1. See p. 1289, col. 3) = harīta, the Haritāla pigeon, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

40) [v.s. ...] Name of various authors etc. ([especially] of a lawyer often quoted), [Āpastamba; Taittirīya-prātiśākhya; Mahābhārata] etc.

41) [v.s. ...] [plural] the descendants of Hārīta, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Harita (हरित):—(taḥ) 1. m. Idem; a lion. 1. f. Bent grass; turmeric; brown grape. a. Green, verdant.

2) Hārita (हारित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Lost, relinquished. m. The green or wood pigeon; green colour.

3) Hārīta (हारीत):—(taḥ) 1. m. The green or wood pigeon; a sage; fraud.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Hārita (हारित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Harāvia, Haria, Hāravia, Hāria, Hāriyā, Hārīya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Harita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Harita (हरित) [Also spelled harit]:—(a) green, verdant; delighted, gay.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Harita (ಹರಿತ):—[adjective] having a thin cutting edge or a fine point; well-adapted for cutting; sharp; keen.

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Harita (ಹರಿತ):—[noun] the quality of being sharp, keen; sharpness.

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Harita (ಹರಿತ):—

1) [noun] the act or an instance of moving; movement.

2) [noun] the act of flowing (as a stream).

3) [noun] the quality or condition of being intense; intensity.

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Harita (ಹರಿತ):—[noun] of the colour of growing grass; green.

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Harita (ಹರಿತ):—

1) [noun] the colour of growing grass; green colour.

2) [noun] an extent of land covered with growing grass.

3) [noun] the colour of gold; yellow colour.

4) [noun] the grass Cynodon dactylon ( = Panicum dactylon) of poaceae family.

5) [noun] a lion.

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Hārīta (ಹಾರೀತ):—

1) [noun] the yellowish green pigeon Columbia hariola of Columbidae family.

2) [noun] name of a sage.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Harita (ஹரித) [haritam] noun < harita. See லவணசாரம். [lavanasaram.] (விவசாயரசா. [vivasayarasa.] 13.)

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Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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