Saha, aka: Sāha, Shaha; 12 Definition(s)


Saha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1a) Saha (सह).—A son of Prāṇa, and a Vasu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 12.

1b) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Mādrī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 15.

1c) Month (Tamil-Mārgali);1 sacred to Aṃśu.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 9; 50. 201; 52. 19; 62. 49.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 41.

1d) A god of the Ābhūtaraya group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 56.

1e) One of the ten sons of Svāyambhuva Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 4.

1f) The last and tenth son of Auttama Manu, generous and much reputed.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Saha (सह) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.5, I.57) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Saha is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.2) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Sahā (सहा) is another name for Jīmūtaka, a medicinal plant identified with Luffa echinata (bitter sponge gourd or bitter luffa) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.58-60 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Sahā and Jīmūtaka, there are a total of nineteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Saha means ogether, in parallel with, at the same time, coming together.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Saha means together

Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

saha : (conjunctive particle) with; together; accompanied by. (adj.), enduring.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Saha, 2 (adj.) (fr. sah) submitting to, enduring M. I, 33; Th. 1, 659; J. VI, 379; sabbasaha J. V, 425, 431.—dussaha hard to endure Sdhp. 95, 118, 196 (Page 701)

2) Saha, 1 (indecl.) (fr. sa3; cp. Vedic saha) prep. & prefix, meaning: in conjunction with, together, accompanied by; immediately after (with Instr.) Vin. I, 38; Sn. 49, 928; Th. 2, 414=425; sahā Sn. 231.

—anukkama=sahānukkama with the bridle Dh. 398; DhA. IV, 161.—āmacca together with the ministers Mhvs 5, 182.—āvudha together with one’s weapons J. IV, 416.—indaka together with Indra D. II, 208, 221; Vv 301.—ūdaka together with water J. V, 407.—oḍha together with the stolen goods; coraṃ °-aṃ gahetvā Vism. 180; Mhvs 23, 11 (thena); 35, 11. See oḍḍha.—odaka containing water Mhvs 4, 13.—orodha with his harem Mhvs 5, 182;—kathin conversing with (Instr.) M. I, 489.—kāra a sort of fragrant mango KhA 53.—gata accompanying, connected with, concomitant Vin. I, 10; D. II, 186; S. V, 421; Kvu 337; DhsA. 157.—ggaṇa together with his companions Dpvs 14, 58.—cetiya containing a Cetiya Mhvs 33, 10.—ja born at the same time Vv 8115.—jāta 1. born at the same time, of equal age J. I, 54; VI, 512.—2. arisen at the same time, coinciding with (Instr.) Kvu 337, 620; VbhA. 127. ‹-› 3. (in °paccaya) the relation of co-nascence, coincidence Dukp 17 sq. , 52 sq. , 113 sq. , 129 sq. , 145 sq. , 225 sq. , 334 sq. and passim; Tikp 36 sq. , 62 sq. , 107 sq. , 243 sq.; Vism. 535. —jīvin (fem.—ī) living together with Vin. IV, 291, 325 sq. —dhammika having the same Dhamma, co-religionist M. I, 64; Nd1 485 (opp. para°); regarding the Dhamma D. I, 94, 161; M. I, 368; Vin. I, 134; Nett 52; DA. I, 263 (=sahetuka, sakāraṇa); that which is in accordance with the dhamma Dhs. 1327; M. I, 482; °ṃ adv. in accordance with the dhamma Vin. I, 60, 69; III, 178; IV, 141. —dhammiya co-religionist Nett 169. —dhenuka accompanied by a cow Mhvs 21, 18. —nandin rejoicing with It. 73. —paṃsukīḷita a companion in play, a playfellow A. II, 186: J. I, 364; IV, 77; PvA. 30. —pesuṇa together with slander Sn. 862 f.; Nd1 257. —bhāvin being at one’s service J. III, 181 (amacca). —bhū arising together with Dhs. 1197; Nett 16; a class of devas D. II, 260. —macchara with envy Sn. 862. —yoga=karaṇa-vacana SnA 44. —vatthu living together with Th. 2, 414= 425; ThA. 269. —vāsa living together, associating Vin. II, 34; It. 68. —vāsin living together J. V, 352. —saṅgha together with the Order Mhvs 1, 71. —seyyā sharing the same couch, living together Vin. IV, 16; KhA 190. —sevaka together with the servants Mhvs 36, 43. —sokin sorrowful (?) S. IV, 180. (Page 700)

— or —

Sāha, six days (cp. chāha) J. VI, 80 (=chadivasa, C.). (Page 707)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

śaha (शह).—m ( P King.) In chess-playing. Check. Pr. śāhaṇyāsa śaha mūrkhāsa ṭōṇapā. 2 fig. The bearing or set state against (as of an enemy against a person or place): also intent or vigilant state (as of one watching an opportunity). v dē, basa, yē. 3 fig. A notice, warning, or suggestive intimation. v . śahāsa guntaṇēṃ To be bound and confined (as by some promise or engagement).

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śahā (शहा).—An interjection used by a person under the afflatus of kānhōbā and other such demons.

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śahā (शहा).—m ( P) A king. Little used but in ex. nēsēna tara śahācēṃ nēsēna nāhīṃ tara nāgavī basēna I'll have royal garments or I'll sit naked.

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śahā (शहा).—m ( H Banker.) In Maraṭhi this word, although sometimes signifying Banker (as in the Pr. śahā kiṃvā pādaśahā First the Banker, then the King), is rather a title or an epithet of Banker (i. e. of sāvakāra) implying Substantial; also reputable or creditable. Applied also to asāmī (Person or individual) in the sense Respectable or trustworthy; also to kūḷa (Tenant, debtor &c.) in the sense Solvent or competent for money-dealings. 2 Applied, as a respectful designation, to the Zakatdar or Custom-farmer (and, by many, to his personal station or office). Hence śahācā dākhalā or śahācī ṭīpa A token of payment given by the Custom-farmer.

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saha (सह).—a S That suffers, endures, or bears. In comp. as dussaha, nissaha, prasaha.

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saha (सह).—S A particle implying I. Association or connection. With, along with, together with. II. Union or junction. III. Increase or addition. IV. Completeness or entireness.

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sahā (सहा).—a (ṣaṣ S) Six.

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sahā (सहा).—f (Better sāya) Cream &c.

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sāhā (साहा).—a (Or ) Six.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śaha (शह).—m Check. The set state against. A warning.

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śahā (शहा).—m A king.

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saha (सह).—a That suffers, endures.

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saha (सह).—A particle implying Association; union; increase; completeness.

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saha (सह) [- jānasāra, - जानसार].—ad Easily.

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sahā (सहा).—a Six. f Cream.

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sāhā (साहा).—a Six. sāhā mahīnyāñcī jāmbhaī A term for a long-pending litigation or other business.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saha (सह).—a. [sahate sah-ac]

1) Bearing, enduring, suffering.

2) Patient.

3) Able; see असह (asaha); चरतस्तपस्तव वनेषु सहा न वयं निरूपयितुमस्य गतिम् (caratastapastava vaneṣu sahā na vayaṃ nirūpayitumasya gatim) Ki.6.36.

4) Overpowering, vanquishing.

5) Defying, equal to.

6) Exerting.

-haḥ 1 The month मार्गशीर्ष (mārgaśīrṣa).

2) Name of Śiva.

-haḥ, -ham Power, strength.

-ham A kind of salt; L. D. B.

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Saha (सह).—ind.

1) With, together with, along with, accompanied by (with instr.); शशिना सह याति कौमुदी सह मेघेन तडित् प्रलीयते (śaśinā saha yāti kaumudī saha meghena taḍit pralīyate) Ku.4.33.

2) Together, simultaneously, at the same time; अस्तोदयौ सहैवासौ कुरुते नृपतिर्द्विषाम् (astodayau sahaivāsau kurute nṛpatirdviṣām) Subhāṣ. (The following senses are given of this word:-sākalya, sādṛśya, yaugapadya, vidyamānatva, samṛddhi, saṃbandha and sāmarthya.)

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Sahā (सहा).—

1) The earth.

2) The aloe-plant of flower.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sahā (सहा).—(also rarely 2 saha, m., q.v.; Sanskrit Lex. earth, but in lit. only BHS), name of the world-system in which we live; almost invariably with lokadhātu, but without it Mv ii.380.18 (verse) tehi bhaveyā saha (so mss., n. sg., m.c.) saṃprapūrā; Sahā nāmnā lokadhātuḥ Bbh 295.5; in the foll. either cpd. or (oftener) associated with lokadhātu: Mvy 3066; SP 185.3—4 (asyāṃ sahāyāṃ lokadhātau); 317.9 (id.); 244.4 (sahāṃ °tuṃ); Mv ii.319.12 (verse; sarvāṃ sahāṃ…°tuṃ); Divy 293.19 (imāṃ sahā-lokadhātuṃ); Mmk 2.12; 229.25; Gv 8.23, etc.; 215.19 (sahāyā °dhātoḥ); Sukh 99.16. See Sahā(ṃ)pati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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