Sahaya, Sahāya: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Sahaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sahay.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Sahāya (सहाय) refers to “assistant” (of the King). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.30)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sāhāya (साहाय) [=Sāhāyya?] refers to “assistance”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.18 (“Description of the perturbation caused by Kāma”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] Profiting by that opportune moment, Kāma, by means of his arrow Harṣaṇa delighted the moon-crest god Śiva who was nearby. O sage, in assistance to Kāma [i.e., sāhāye], Pārvatī reached the place near Śiva with emotions of love and accompanied by Spring. In order to make the trident-bearing lord take interest in her, Kāma drew his bow very carefully and discharged his flowery arrow on Him. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sahāya (सहाय).—King's advisers and servants; a cammanderin-chief either a Brahman or a Kṣatriya; Pratīhāra, dūta, rakṣiṇs or bodyguards; a nārī or nurse; a sāṅdhivigrahika; desarakṣita; a revenue minister; swordsmen and other soldiers; a charioteer; sūdādyakṣa; judges; members of assembly; Lekhaka; dauvārika; dhanādhyakṣa; vaidya; ācārya; gajādhyakṣa; aśvādhyakṣa; durgādhyakṣa; sthapati; astrācārya; Purādhyakṣa; āyūdhāgārādhyakṣa; mantrins; upadhās; cārās.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa ch. 215.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Sahāya (सहाय) (lit. “one who goes along with a companion”) is a synonym (another name) for the Cakravāka, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Sahāya (सहाय) refers to “companions”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he says that companions (sahāyāḥ) exist (bhavanti) in order to enjoy (bhoktuṃ) the object of possession (dravyaṃ) gained from sin (pāpopārjitaṃ) that is abundant (anekaṃ) such as sons, etc. (putrādayaḥ)]—Companions (sahāya) are born only for this one to enjoy possessions but not to endure the pitiless succession of calamities arising from one’s own action. Why do the stupid, who are afflicted by the planet of [their] birth, not see solitariness which is perceived directly in the occurrence of birth and death?”.

Synonyms: Sakhā, Parijana, Sahacara.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sahāya : (m.) a friend; an ally.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sahāya, (cp. Epic Sk. sahāya, fr. saha+i) companion, friend D. II, 78; M. I, 86; S. IV, 288; Pug. 36; Sn. 35, 45 sq.; J. II, 29; °-kicca assistance (?) J. V, 339; °-matta companion J. IV, 76; °-sampadā the good luck of having companions Sn. 47; adiṭṭha-° a friend who has not yet been seen personally J. I, 377; III, 364; bahu-° having many friends Vin. II, 158; nāhaṃ ettha sahāyo bhavis-sāmi I am not a party to that J. III, 46; asahāya Miln. 225. (Page 701)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sahāya (सहाय).—c (S) pop. sahāyī c A companion, follower, adherent. 2 An assistant, aider, helper.

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sahāya (सहाय).—n (Properly sāhāyya) Companionship. 2 Fellowship in working or doing, i. e. aiding or helping, or aid or help.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sahāya (सहाय).—c A companion. An assistant. n Companionship. Aid.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sahāya (सहाय).—[sah eti i-ac]

1) A friend, companion; सहायसाध्यं राजत्वं चक्रमेकं न वर्तते (sahāyasādhyaṃ rājatvaṃ cakramekaṃ na vartate) Kau. A.1.7; सहायसाध्याः प्रदिशन्ति सिद्धयः (sahāyasādhyāḥ pradiśanti siddhayaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 14.44; Kumārasambhava 3.21. Meghadūta 11.

2) A follower, an adherent.

3) An ally.

4) A helper, patron.

5) The ruddy goose.

6) A kind of perfume.

7) Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: sahāyaḥ (सहायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sahāya (सहाय).—in Lalitavistara 387.9 (verse), if text is right must mean accompanied (by, with instr.): adhunāpy asau tāṃ… saṃpūjayaty anyasuraiḥ sahāyaḥ, even now he honors it, [Page588-b+ 71] together with the other gods. But this use of sahāya seems unparalleled, and Tibetan makes it agree with anyasuraiḥ: lha gzhan grogs daṅ lhan cig mchod pa byed, honors it together with the other companion gods; this implies sahāyaiḥ, which is probably the true reading, tho no v.l. is cited. Cf. however sahīya, Buddhac. x.26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahāya (सहाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. A companion, a follower. 2. A patron, a helper. 3. A sort of drug and perfume, commonly Ghantapatali. 4. The ruddy goose. 5. An adherent. 6. An ally. 7. Siva. E. saha with, iṇ to go, aff. ac .

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Sāhaya (साहय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Causing or enabling to endure. E. ṣah to bear, causal form, sāhi, and śa aff.

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Sāhāya (साहाय) or Sāhāyya.—n.

(-yaṃ) 1. Friendship. 2. Help succour. 3. Alliance. E. sahāya a friend, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahāya (सहाय).—probably saha-i + a, m. 1. A companion, [Pañcatantra] 221, 22. 2. An adherent. 3. A helper, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 52, 1. 4. An ally, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 201, 1. 5. The ruddy goose, Anas casarca. 6. A sort of drug and perfume.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahaya (सहय).—[adjective] with horses.

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Sahāya (सहाय).—[masculine] companion, comrade, attendant; adj. —° accompanied or supported by.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sahāya (सहाय):—[from saha] a etc. See p.1195.

2) [from saha] b m. (ifc. f(ā). [probably] [from] saha + aya cf. sahāyana; but [according to] to some, a Prākṛt form of sakhāya See sakhi, p.1130) ‘one who goes along with (another)’, a companion, follower, adherent, ally, assistant, helper in or to ([locative case] or [compound]; ifc. ‘having as a companion or assistant, accompanied or supported by’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (ibc.) companionship, assistance (See [compound])

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] the ruddy goose, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of drug or perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Sahaya (सहय):—[=sa-haya] [from sa > sahaṃsa-pāta] mfn. with horses, [Mahābhārata]

8) Sahāya (सहाय):—c etc. See p. 1195, col. 1.

9) Sāhaya (साहय):—[from sāhana] mfn. causing or enabling to bear, [Pāṇini 3-1, 138.]

10) Sāhāya (साहाय):—[from sāhāyaka] [wrong reading] for sahāya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sahāya (सहाय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. A companion, follower; a helper, patron; drug and perfume; ruddy goose.

2) Sāhaya (साहय):—[(yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a.] Causing or enabling to endure.

3) Sāhāya (साहाय):—(yyaṃ) 1. n. Friendship, alliance; help, patronage.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sahāya (सहाय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sahāa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sahaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sahāya (सहाय) [Also spelled sahay]:—(nm) a helper, supporter.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Sāhaya (साहय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃhṛta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sahāya (ಸಹಾಯ):—

1) [noun] the act of helping.

2) [noun] help, aid or assistance to received or given.

3) [noun] a man who helps.

4) [noun] a man who is associated with or accompanies another; a companion.

5) [noun] a male assistant, attendant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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