Sahaya, Sahāya: 18 definitions
Sahaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Sahay.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Sahāya (सहाय) refers to “assistant” (of the King). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.30)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Sahāya (सहाय).—King's advisers and servants; a cammanderin-chief either a Brahman or a Kṣatriya; Pratīhāra, dūta, rakṣiṇs or bodyguards; a nārī or nurse; a sāṅdhivigrahika; desarakṣita; a revenue minister; swordsmen and other soldiers; a charioteer; sūdādyakṣa; judges; members of assembly; Lekhaka; dauvārika; dhanādhyakṣa; vaidya; ācārya; gajādhyakṣa; aśvādhyakṣa; durgādhyakṣa; sthapati; astrācārya; Purādhyakṣa; āyūdhāgārādhyakṣa; mantrins; upadhās; cārās.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa ch. 215.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study
Sahāya (सहाय) (lit. “one who goes along with a companion”) is a synonym (another name) for the Cakravāka, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
sahāya : (m.) a friend; an ally.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Sahāya, (cp. Epic Sk. sahāya, fr. saha+i) companion, friend D. II, 78; M. I, 86; S. IV, 288; Pug. 36; Sn. 35, 45 sq.; J. II, 29; °-kicca assistance (?) J. V, 339; °-matta companion J. IV, 76; °-sampadā the good luck of having companions Sn. 47; adiṭṭha-° a friend who has not yet been seen personally J. I, 377; III, 364; bahu-° having many friends Vin. II, 158; nāhaṃ ettha sahāyo bhavis-sāmi I am not a party to that J. III, 46; asahāya Miln. 225. (Page 701)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
sahāya (सहाय).—c (S) pop. sahāyī c A companion, follower, adherent. 2 An assistant, aider, helper.
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sahāya (सहाय).—n (Properly sāhāyya) Companionship. 2 Fellowship in working or doing, i. e. aiding or helping, or aid or help.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
sahāya (सहाय).—c A companion. An assistant. n > Companionship. Aid.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sahāya (सहाय).—[sah eti i-ac]
1) A friend, companion; सहायसाध्यं राजत्वं चक्रमेकं न वर्तते (sahāyasādhyaṃ rājatvaṃ cakramekaṃ na vartate) Kau. A.1.7; सहायसाध्याः प्रदिशन्ति सिद्धयः (sahāyasādhyāḥ pradiśanti siddhayaḥ) Ki.14.44; Ku.3.21. Me.11.
2) A follower, an adherent.
3) An ally.
4) A helper, patron.
5) The ruddy goose.
6) A kind of perfume.
7) Name of Śiva.
Derivable forms: sahāyaḥ (सहायः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sahāya (सहाय).—in Lalitavistara 387.9 (verse), if text is right must mean accompanied (by, with instr.): adhunāpy asau tāṃ… saṃpūjayaty anyasuraiḥ sahāyaḥ, even now he honors it, [Page588-b+ 71] together with the other gods. But this use of sahāya seems unparalleled, and Tibetan makes it agree with anyasuraiḥ: lha gzhan grogs daṅ lhan cig mchod pa byed, honors it together with the other companion gods; this implies sahāyaiḥ, which is probably the true reading, tho no v.l. is cited. Cf. however sahīya, Buddhac. x.26.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-yaḥ) 1. A companion, a follower. 2. A patron, a helper. 3. A sort of drug and perfume, commonly Ghantapatali. 4. The ruddy goose. 5. An adherent. 6. An ally. 7. Siva. E. saha with, iṇ to go, aff. ac .
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(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Causing or enabling to endure. E. ṣah to bear, causal form, sāhi, and śa aff.
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Sāhāya (साहाय) or Sāhāyya.—n.
(-yaṃ) 1. Friendship. 2. Help succour. 3. Alliance. E. sahāya a friend, ṣyañ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sahāya (सहाय).—probably saha-i + a, m. 1. A companion, [Pañcatantra] 221, 22. 2. An adherent. 3. A helper, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 52, 1. 4. An ally, [Daśakumāracarita] in
Sahaya (सहय).—[adjective] with horses.
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Sahāya (सहाय).—[masculine] companion, comrade, attendant; adj. —° accompanied or supported by.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sahāya (सहाय):—[from saha] a etc. See p.1195.
2) [from saha] b m. (ifc. f(ā). [probably] [from] saha + aya cf. sahāyana; but [according to] to some, a Prākṛt form of sakhāya See sakhi, p.1130) ‘one who goes along with (another)’, a companion, follower, adherent, ally, assistant, helper in or to ([locative case] or [compound]; ifc. ‘having as a companion or assistant, accompanied or supported by’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] (ibc.) companionship, assistance (See [compound])
4) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]
5) [v.s. ...] the ruddy goose, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] a kind of drug or perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) Sahaya (सहय):—[=sa-haya] [from sa > sahaṃsa-pāta] mfn. with horses, [Mahābhārata]
8) Sahāya (सहाय):—c etc. See p. 1195, col. 1.
9) Sāhaya (साहय):—[from sāhana] mfn. causing or enabling to bear, [Pāṇini 3-1, 138.]
10) Sāhāya (साहाय):—[from sāhāyaka] [wrong reading] for sahāya.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sahāya (सहाय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. A companion, follower; a helper, patron; drug and perfume; ruddy goose.
2) Sāhaya (साहय):—[(yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a.] Causing or enabling to endure.
3) Sāhāya (साहाय):—(yyaṃ) 1. n. Friendship, alliance; help, patronage.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Sahāya (सहाय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sahāa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Sahāya (सहाय) [Also spelled sahay]:—(nm) a helper, supporter.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Sāhaya (साहय) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃhṛta.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Sahaya Sutta, Sahayadhana, Sahayajna, Sahayak, Sahayaka, Sahayakarana, Sahayakrit, Sahayakritya, Sahayana, Sahayartham, Sahayarthin, Sahayashas, Sahayata, Sahayatana, Sahayate, Sahayatva, Sahayaugamdharayana, Sahayavant, Sahayavat, Sahayayin.
Ends with (+29): Agnisahaya, Antahpurasahaya, Anusahaya, Apasahaya, Apatsahaya, Apayasahaya, Asahaya, Ayudhasahaya, Bhavanisahaya, Brihatsahaya, Buddhisahaya, Devisahaya, Dhanasahaya, Dharmasahaya, Duhsahaya, Durgasahaya, Girijasahaya, Gopinathasahaya, Hutashanasahaya, Kalisahaya.
Full-text (+50): Agnisahaya, Asahaya, Madhusahaya, Sahayata, Sahayaka, Buddhisahaya, Satsahaya, Sahayya, Vacanasahaya, Sahayi, Sahayatva, Sahayavat, Prajnasahaya, Karinisahaya, Vacasahaya, Ranasahaya, Dharmasahaya, Duhsahaya, Urvashisahaya, Antahpurasahaya.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Sahaya, Sahāya, Sāhaya, Sāhāya, Sa-haya; (plurals include: Sahayas, Sahāyas, Sāhayas, Sāhāyas, hayas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Section III - The King’s Assistants (sahāya) < [Discourse VII - Duties of the King]
Verse 8.193 < [Section XXXII - Deposits (nikṣepa)]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)
Commentary on the stanza on sahāya < [Commentary on biography of Silent Buddhas (Paccekabuddha)]
Commentary on the stanza beginning with pāpa-sahāya < [Commentary on biography of Silent Buddhas (Paccekabuddha)]
Introduction (commentary on the first stanza) < [Commentary on biography of Silent Buddhas (Paccekabuddha)]
Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara (Study) (by Debabrata Barai)
Part 8.5 - Region of Dakṣiṇāpatha (southern part) < [Chapter 5 - Analyasis and Interpretations of the Kāvyamīmāṃsā]
The Matsya Purana (critical study) (by Kushal Kalita)