Sahaya, Sahāya: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sahaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sahay.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Sahāya (सहाय) refers to “assistant” (of the King). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.30)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sahāya (सहाय).—King's advisers and servants; a cammanderin-chief either a Brahman or a Kṣatriya; Pratīhāra, dūta, rakṣiṇs or bodyguards; a nārī or nurse; a sāṅdhivigrahika; desarakṣita; a revenue minister; swordsmen and other soldiers; a charioteer; sūdādyakṣa; judges; members of assembly; Lekhaka; dauvārika; dhanādhyakṣa; vaidya; ācārya; gajādhyakṣa; aśvādhyakṣa; durgādhyakṣa; sthapati; astrācārya; Purādhyakṣa; āyūdhāgārādhyakṣa; mantrins; upadhās; cārās.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa ch. 215.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sahāya : (m.) a friend; an ally.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sahāya, (cp. Epic Sk. sahāya, fr. saha+i) companion, friend D. II, 78; M. I, 86; S. IV, 288; Pug. 36; Sn. 35, 45 sq.; J. II, 29; °-kicca assistance (?) J. V, 339; °-matta companion J. IV, 76; °-sampadā the good luck of having companions Sn. 47; adiṭṭha-° a friend who has not yet been seen personally J. I, 377; III, 364; bahu-° having many friends Vin. II, 158; nāhaṃ ettha sahāyo bhavis-sāmi I am not a party to that J. III, 46; asahāya Miln. 225. (Page 701)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sahāya (सहाय).—c (S) pop. sahāyī c A companion, follower, adherent. 2 An assistant, aider, helper.

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sahāya (सहाय).—n (Properly sāhāyya) Companionship. 2 Fellowship in working or doing, i. e. aiding or helping, or aid or help.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sahāya (सहाय).—c A companion. An assistant. n Companionship. Aid.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sahāya (सहाय).—[sah eti i-ac]

1) A friend, companion; सहायसाध्यं राजत्वं चक्रमेकं न वर्तते (sahāyasādhyaṃ rājatvaṃ cakramekaṃ na vartate) Kau. A.1.7; सहायसाध्याः प्रदिशन्ति सिद्धयः (sahāyasādhyāḥ pradiśanti siddhayaḥ) Ki.14.44; Ku.3.21. Me.11.

2) A follower, an adherent.

3) An ally.

4) A helper, patron.

5) The ruddy goose.

6) A kind of perfume.

7) Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: sahāyaḥ (सहायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sahāya (सहाय).—in Lalitavistara 387.9 (verse), if text is right must mean accompanied (by, with instr.): adhunāpy asau tāṃ… saṃpūjayaty anyasuraiḥ sahāyaḥ, even now he honors it, [Page588-b+ 71] together with the other gods. But this use of sahāya seems unparalleled, and Tibetan makes it agree with anyasuraiḥ: lha gzhan grogs daṅ lhan cig mchod pa byed, honors it together with the other companion gods; this implies sahāyaiḥ, which is probably the true reading, tho no v.l. is cited. Cf. however sahīya, Buddhac. x.26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahāya (सहाय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. A companion, a follower. 2. A patron, a helper. 3. A sort of drug and perfume, commonly Ghantapatali. 4. The ruddy goose. 5. An adherent. 6. An ally. 7. Siva. E. saha with, iṇ to go, aff. ac .

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Sāhaya (साहय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) Causing or enabling to endure. E. ṣah to bear, causal form, sāhi, and śa aff.

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Sāhāya (साहाय) or Sāhāyya.—n.

(-yaṃ) 1. Friendship. 2. Help succour. 3. Alliance. E. sahāya a friend, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahāya (सहाय).—probably saha-i + a, m. 1. A companion, [Pañcatantra] 221, 22. 2. An adherent. 3. A helper, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 52, 1. 4. An ally, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 201, 1. 5. The ruddy goose, Anas casarca. 6. A sort of drug and perfume.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sahaya (सहय).—[adjective] with horses.

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Sahāya (सहाय).—[masculine] companion, comrade, attendant; adj. —° accompanied or supported by.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sahāya (सहाय):—[from saha] a etc. See p.1195.

2) [from saha] b m. (ifc. f(ā). [probably] [from] saha + aya cf. sahāyana; but [according to] to some, a Prākṛt form of sakhāya See sakhi, p.1130) ‘one who goes along with (another)’, a companion, follower, adherent, ally, assistant, helper in or to ([locative case] or [compound]; ifc. ‘having as a companion or assistant, accompanied or supported by’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (ibc.) companionship, assistance (See [compound])

4) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] the ruddy goose, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of drug or perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Sahaya (सहय):—[=sa-haya] [from sa > sahaṃsa-pāta] mfn. with horses, [Mahābhārata]

8) Sahāya (सहाय):—c etc. See p. 1195, col. 1.

9) Sāhaya (साहय):—[from sāhana] mfn. causing or enabling to bear, [Pāṇini 3-1, 138.]

10) Sāhāya (साहाय):—[from sāhāyaka] [wrong reading] for sahāya.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sahāya (सहाय):—(von 3. i mit 1. saha) m. Gefährte, Genosse, Kamerad, Gehilfe [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 39.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 2, 15.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 496. 730,] [Scholiast] [Halāyudha 2, 273.] [GOBH. 4, 9, 6. 8, 17.] vairiṇaṃ sahāyaṃ caiva vairiṇaḥ [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 133.] ātmanaiva sahāyena [6, 49. 8, 64. 9, 267.] [Mahābhārata 3, 2240.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 48. 2, 37, 18. 52, 65. 3, 21, 21. 4, 36, 7.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 11, 56.] [Meghadūta 11.] [Spr. (II) 349. 1657.] mitrāmātyasahāyāḥ [4866. 6410. 6661. 6975. fg. 7034.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 104, 35.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 31, 89.] [Sāhityadarpana 76. 197.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 73, 5.] [Daśakumāracarita 94, 2.] [Pañcatantra 221, 22.] nāmutra hi sahāyārthaṃ pitā mātā ca tiṣṭhataḥ so v. a. als Gefährten [Spr. (II) 3607. 4939.] [Lassen’s Anthologie (III) 51, 5. 89, 1.] kṛtya [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 36, 8.] dharmasaṃgrahe Gefährte —, Gehilfe bei [Spr. (II) 3675.] [Śākuntala 22, 17.] śatruhanane [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 11, 20.] paralokasahāyārtham Gefährte auf dem Wege zu jener Welt [Spr. (II) 3090.] āpatsahāya Unglücksgenosse [6878.] kurahasya [Kathāsaritsāgara 32, 140.] vācā [Spr. (II) 6980.] vacana [Pañcatantra 221, 22.] am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā): a [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 30. 55.] [Mahābhārata 3, 2585.] [Spr. (II) 4577.] su [1254.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 31.] sa [8, 193.] viśva nebst den V. [Harivaṃśa 12614.] śiṣya [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 2, 15.] cāramātra [Kathāsaritsāgara 12, 15.] insbes. häufig nach einem fem. (das hier besser hervortritt als in einem adj. comp. mit sa): śacī begleitet von [Mahābhārata 3, 12003.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 10, 37. 31, 10. 2, 95, 19. 3, 79, 11. 7, 96, 14.] [Meghadūta 67.] [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 24.] [Vikramorvaśī 64, 12.] — duḥkhasahāyā das Leid zum Gefährten habend [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 65, 3.] vyavasāya so v. a. sa [Spr. (II) 7569.] śrutismṛtisahāyaṃ yatpramāṇāntaramuttamam so v. a. unterstützt durch [SARVADARŚANAS. 72, 11.] — Vgl. duḥ, dharma (auch [Kathāsaritsāgara 24, 168. 28, 35]), prajñā, buddhi, madhu (besser den Frühling zum Gefährten habend), marutsahāya, sāhāyaka, sāhāyya .

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Sāhaya (साहय):—nom. ag. vom caus. von 1. sah [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 1, 138.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 26, 35.]

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Sāhāya (साहाय):—(von sahāya) n. Beistand, Hilfe: śrutisāhāyarahitamanumānaṃ na sādhayedartham [SARVADARŚANAS. 72, 9.] wohl fehlerhaft für sāhāyya .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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