Dhanvantari, Dhanvamtari: 22 definitions

Introduction:

Dhanvantari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Dhanvantari Perumāl is the name of a deity depicted at the Ranganathaswamy Temple in Srirangam (Śrī Raṅgam), which represents a sacred place for the worship of Viṣṇu.—The [Dhanvantari] Perumāl here is found in standing posture with four hands. The upper hands hold cakra and śaṅkha in the right and the left in kartarīmukha-hasta. The lower right hand holds kaṭaka-mudrā where there is a lotus and the lower left hand is held in varada-hasta.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dhanvantari in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि):—Son of Rāṣṭra (son of Kāśi). He was the inaugurator of medical science (Āyurveda) and an incarnation of Vāsudeva (Viṣṇu). He had a son called Ketumān. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.4)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि).—A deva who was a preceptor in Āyurveda. Origin. The devas and asuras together churned the milky ocean, Kṣīrābdhi, to salvage Amṛta (Nectar) from it. After thousand years there arose from the ocean a deva with a Kamaṇḍalu (water-pot of ascetics) in one hand and a daṇḍa in the other. That deva was Dhanvantari, (Śloka 31, Sarga 45, Bāla Kāṇḍa, Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa). (See full article at Story of Dhanvantari from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि).—(Amṛtācārya). An eminent medical scientist born in the ambaṣṭha caste. There is no reference anywhere in the Purāṇas regarding any relationship between the two Dhanvantaris. There is the following story about Amṛtācārya in Ambaṣṭhācāracandrikā.

2) Once Gālava Maharṣi went to the forest to collect darbha and firewood. He walked for long and felt thristy and hungry. Then he saw a girl coming that way with water and Gālava quenched his thirst taking water from her. Pleased with her the Maharṣi blessed her saying "May you get a good son." The girl replied that she was still unmarried. Gālava then made a figure of a male with darbha and told her to get a child from that figure. She was a Vaiśya girl named Vīrabhadrā and she got a beautiful child of that darbha male. Because the boy was born to a Vaiśya of a brahmin male he belonged to the Ambaṣṭha caste. The boy was named Amṛtācārya.

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि) is the name of a deity, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the worship of Brahman, Dhanvantari and of the twin deities—Aśvins alleviates ailments, prevents foul death and suppresses all sickness instantaneously”.

Note: Dhanvantari, said to be the physician of the Gods was produced at the churning of the ocean with a cup of Amṛta in his hands. He is the supposed author of the Āyurveda, the Indian medical science.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि).—An avatār of Viṣṇu; a son of Dīrghatam(p)as, the originator of the Āyurveda, and the father of Ketuman.1 According to one account he appeared during the Amṛtamathana, when Hari called Dh. Abja (Aja, Vāyu-purāṇa). who wanted to be his son and blessed him to be a teacher of Āyurveda and be born as the son of Kāśi's king Dīrghatapas; was king of Kāśi and cured all diseases.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 3. 17; II. 7. 21; IX. 17. 4-5; Matsya-purāṇa 47. 30.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 8. 35; Matsya-purāṇa 251. 1 and 4: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 7-10: 72. 3: IV. 9. 74-5; 10. 3-5; 20. 52; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 7-22; 97. 3; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 9. 98-108; IV. 8. 8-11.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Dhanvantari in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि) refers to:—The incarnation of the Supreme Lord as the father of Ayurveda, the medical science of life. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Dhanvantari in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Google Books: Cultural Leaders of India - Scientists (Ayurveda)

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि) was the son of Dhanva, according to the Harivaṃśa.—According to the Harivaṃśa, Kāśirāja Divodāsa belonged to the line of Anena who was himself a descendant of Purūravas. Kāśya, referred to in the Viṣṇupurāṅa genealogy, represents the fifteenth generation from Anena; Dhanvantari the third from Kāśya and Divodāsa the third from Dhanvantari. According to the Harivaṃśa, Dhanva—the ancestor of Divodāsa—is stated to have performed a putrakāmeṣṭiyāgya and prayed to Abja (Ādi-Dhanvantari) to be born to him as his son. The praye3r was granted and the son born to him was named Dhanvantari, after Abja. He subsequently became a pupil of sage Bhāradvāja who taught him Āyurveda and Bheṣakriyā. Later, Dhanvantari is stated to have divided the entire range of Āyurveda into eight divisions (the Aṣṭāṅgas), each division representing a speciality.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Dhanvantari in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Dhanvantari (धन्‍वंतरी): An avatar of the Hindu God Vishnu. Dhanvantari appears in the Vedas as the physician of the gods, and is the god of Ayurvedic medicine.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Dhanvantari in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि) converted to Jainism, according to chapter 6.4 [subhūma-cakravartin-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] A God, a layman in a former birth, Vaiśvānara by name, and Dhanvantari, devoted to (Brāhman) ascetics, had an argument. One said, “The religion of the Arhats is authority”; the other said that of the ascetics. They made an agreement in this dispute, ‘Whoever is the most obscure among the followers of the Arhats and whoever’. [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhanvantari in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhanvantari (धन्वंतरि).—m (S) The physician of the gods, one of the fourteen precious products of the ocean when churned. Hence appellatively, a skilful physician, an æsculapius. 2 A medicine-bag or case which physicians carry about.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dhanvantari (धन्वंतरि).—m The physician of the gods; a skilful physician, a medicine-case.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhanvantari in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि).—

1) Name of the physician of the gods, said to have been produced at the churning of the ocean with a cup of nectar in his hand; cf. चतुर्दशरत्न (caturdaśaratna).

2) Name of the nine Ratnas at the court of Vikramāditya.

3) Name of a deity to whom oblations were offered to the North-east quarter; Ms.3.85.

4) Name of the sun; Mb.3.3.25.

Derivable forms: dhanvantariḥ (धन्वन्तरिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि).—m.

(-riḥ) 1. The physician of the gods, who was produced at the churning of the ocean. 2. A celebrated physician; also kāśirāja, being the same as the preceding in another existence: he appears to have been the founder of the Hindu medical school. 3. The sun. 4. A name of Siva. 5. One of the nine gems of the court of Vikramaditya. dhanoḥ tannimitta śalyasya antaṃ pāraṃ ṛcchati ṛ gatauin kicca . samudrotthite devavaidyabhede .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि).—m. 1. A name of the sun, Mahābhārata 3, 155. 2. The physician of the gods, who was produced at the churning of the ocean, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 7, 31.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि).—[masculine] [Name] of a cert. [mythological] being, [Epithet] of the Sun, in [later language] the physician of the gods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[+dhanvantari] Auṣadhaprayoga. Oppert. 1168. Kālajñana. B. 4, 220. Cikitsātattvajñāna. Quoted in Brahmavaivartapurāṇa Oxf. 22^b. Cikitsādīpikā. Oudh. Iii, 20. Cikitsāsāra. B. 4, 224. Bālacikitsā. B. 4, 230. Yogacintāmaṇi med. Bhr. 371. Yogadīpikā med. B. 4, 230. Vidyāprakāśacikitsā. L. 1446.

2) Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि):—[†dhanvantari] Nibandhasaṃgraha. Vaidyabhāskarodaya. Vaidyavidyāvinoda.

3) Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि):—Āyurvedasārāvalī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि):—(riḥ) 2. m. The physician of the gods; the sun; Shiva.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dhanvantari (धन्वन्तरि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dhaṇṇaṃtari.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhanvantari in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhanvantari in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dhanvantari in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) the mythical physician of the gods, an expert physician (esp. in [ayurveda])..—dhanvantari (धन्वंतरि) is alternatively transliterated as Dhanvaṃtari.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dhanvantari in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhanvaṃtari (ಧನ್ವಂತರಿ):—

1) [noun] the Sun-God.

2) [noun] the physician of gods.

3) [noun] (fig.) an efficient physician.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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