Saranga, Sāraṅga, Sharanga, Śāraṅga, Saraṅga: 12 definitions


Saranga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāraṅga can be transliterated into English as Saranga or Sharanga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “large Indian parakeet”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Sāraṅga is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to black and white cukcoo, “cātaka” (Clamator jacobinus). This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., sāraṅga) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāraṅga (सारंग).—f (Properly sāraṇa) A mango-netting &c.

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sāraṅga (सारंग).—m (S) A Rag or mode of music. See rāga. 2 In Sanskrit this word signifies numerous animals and things, for some of which it will frequently appear in Prakrit poetry; viz. A deer, a peacock, a serpent, a lion, the bird Chataka, an elephant, the flamingo, a tree, a garment, Kamadewa or Cupid, a bow, a lotus, a jewel, gold, sandal, a flower, light, a cloud, camphor.

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sāraṅga (सारंग).—a S Variegated.

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sāraṅgā (सारंगा).—a (sāraṅga S) Dark-bay. A color of horses.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāraṅga (सारंग).—m A mode of music. a Variegated.

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sāraṅgā (सारंगा).—a Dark-bay (A colour of horses).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāraṅga (शारङ्ग).—

1) The Chātaka bird.

2) A peacock.

3) A bee.

4) A deer.

5) An elephant; cf. सारङ्ग (sāraṅga).

Derivable forms: śāraṅgaḥ (शारङ्गः).

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Saraṅga (सरङ्ग).—

1) A quadruped.

2) A bird. -a. Having a nasal sound.

Derivable forms: saraṅgaḥ (सरङ्गः).

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Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग).—a. (-ṅgī f.) [सारम् अङ्गमस्य शकं (sāram aṅgamasya śakaṃ)] Spotted, variegated.

-ṅgaḥ 1 The variegated colour.

2) The spotted deer; एष राजेव दुष्यन्तः सारङ्गेणातिरंहसा (eṣa rājeva duṣyantaḥ sāraṅgeṇātiraṃhasā) Ś.1.5.

3) A deer in general; सारङ्गास्ते जललवमुचः सूचयिष्यन्ति मार्गम् (sāraṅgāste jalalavamucaḥ sūcayiṣyanti mārgam) Me.21. where it is preferable to take this sense rather than that of 'elephant' or 'bee').

4) A lion.

5) An elephant.

6) A large black bee; Mb.12.178.7.

7) The cuckoo.

8) A large crane.

9) The flamingo.

1) A peacock.

11) An umbrella.

12) A cloud.

13) A garment.

14) Hair.

15) A conch-shell.

16) Name of Śiva.

17) The god of love.

18) A lotus.

19) Camphor.

2) A bow.

21) Sandal.

22) A kind of musical instrument.

23) An ornament.

24) Gold.

25) The earth.

26) The Chātaka bird.

27) A flower.

28) Night.

29) Light.

3) A devotee; सारङ्गाणां पदाम्बुजम् (sāraṅgāṇāṃ padāmbujam) Bhāg. 1.11.26 (com. sāraṃ śrīkṛṣṇaṃ gāyanti te bhaktāḥ).

31) A particular Rāga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग).—n. of a nāga king: Māy 246.20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāraṅga (शारङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Of a variegated colour. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. The Chataka, (Cuculus melanoleucos.) 2. A deer. 3. An elephant. 4. A bee. 5. A peacock. f. (-ṅgī) A musical instrument, a stringed instrument played with a bow, a sort of fiddle. E. śāra injured or variegated, gam to go or get, aff. khac; more usually, sāraṅga .

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Saraṅga (सरङ्ग).—mf. (-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī) 1. A quadruped. 2. A bird. E. sṛ to go, aṅgac aff; ṅīṣ added in the fem. form.

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Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Variegated, of a variegated colour. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. Variegated colour. 2. A lion. 3. An elephant. 4. The spotted deer. 5. The Chataka, (Cuculus melanoleucos.) 6. The Kokila or Indian cuckoo. 7. A large kind of crane, (Ardea Sarunga, Carey.) 8. A peacock. 9. A cloud. 10. A tree. 11. A parasol. 12. A garment, cloth, clothes. 13. Hair. 14. A lotus. 15. A flower. 16. A conchshell. 17. A jewel. 18. Gold. 19. A bow. 20. Kamadeva. 21. Sandal. 22. Camphor. 23. The earth. 24. Night. 25. Light. 26. A large bee. 27. A kind of musical instrument. 28. An ornament. 29. Siva. f. (-ṅgī) 1. A sort of fiddle. 2. A kind of spotted deer. E. sṛ to go, aṅgac Unadi aff., or sāra strength, &c., gam to go, khac aff.; also śāraṅga.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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