Saranga, Sāraṅga, Sharanga, Śāraṅga, Saraṅga, Saramga: 22 definitions


Saranga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śāraṅga can be transliterated into English as Saranga or Sharanga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

1) Śāraṅga (शारङ्ग) (lit. “one who has a dappled body or variegated colour or being spotted”) is a synonym (another name) for the Sparrow (Cātaka), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

2) Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग) (lit. “one who moves together an account of his moving in a flock”) is another synonym for the Sparrow (Cātaka).

3) Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग) also refers to (a variant of) the Gray Heron (Ardea Cinera [Variant]).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “large Indian parakeet”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Sāraṅga is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to black and white cukcoo, “cātaka” (Clamator jacobinus). This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., sāraṅga) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग) refers to a type of “deer”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Sitā said to Śiva:—“[...] the most unbearable season of the advent of clouds (ghanāgama or jaladāgama) has arrived with clusters of clouds of diverse hues, and their music reverberating in the sky and the various quarters. [...] On seeing the distress of peacocks and deer (Sāraṅga) from even their friend (sun), the swans go even to the distant Mānasa lake on the top of the mountain”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: Teachers, Saints and Sages

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग) or Sāraṅganātha refers to one of the eighty-four Siddhas (Siddhācāryas) mentioned in various sources as being representative teachers of Sahajiya Tantrism, Alchemy, Nath Sampradaya and other traditions having influence in the Indian subcontinent and the Himalayas.—Many of these Mahāsiddhas [e.g., Sāraṅga-nātha] were historical figures whose lives and mystical powers were the subject of legends. They are often associated with teachings belonging to Hinduism, Buddhism, Ajivikism and Jainism and are evident of a caste-less interreligious spiritual society.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Saranga in the Bengali language is the name of a plant identified with Gliricidia sepium from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Gliricidia maculata. For the possible medicinal usage of saranga, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāraṅga (सारंग).—f (Properly sāraṇa) A mango-netting &c.

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sāraṅga (सारंग).—m (S) A Rag or mode of music. See rāga. 2 In Sanskrit this word signifies numerous animals and things, for some of which it will frequently appear in Prakrit poetry; viz. A deer, a peacock, a serpent, a lion, the bird Chataka, an elephant, the flamingo, a tree, a garment, Kamadewa or Cupid, a bow, a lotus, a jewel, gold, sandal, a flower, light, a cloud, camphor.

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sāraṅga (सारंग).—a S Variegated.

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sāraṅgā (सारंगा).—a (sāraṅga S) Dark-bay. A color of horses.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāraṅga (सारंग).—m A mode of music. a Variegated.

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sāraṅgā (सारंगा).—a Dark-bay (A colour of horses).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śāraṅga (शारङ्ग).—

1) The Chātaka bird.

2) A peacock.

3) A bee.

4) A deer.

5) An elephant; cf. सारङ्ग (sāraṅga).

Derivable forms: śāraṅgaḥ (शारङ्गः).

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Saraṅga (सरङ्ग).—

1) A quadruped.

2) A bird. -a. Having a nasal sound.

Derivable forms: saraṅgaḥ (सरङ्गः).

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Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग).—a. (-ṅgī f.) [सारम् अङ्गमस्य शकं (sāram aṅgamasya śakaṃ)] Spotted, variegated.

-ṅgaḥ 1 The variegated colour.

2) The spotted deer; एष राजेव दुष्यन्तः सारङ्गेणातिरंहसा (eṣa rājeva duṣyantaḥ sāraṅgeṇātiraṃhasā) Ś.1.5.

3) A deer in general; सारङ्गास्ते जललवमुचः सूचयिष्यन्ति मार्गम् (sāraṅgāste jalalavamucaḥ sūcayiṣyanti mārgam) Meghadūta 21. where it is preferable to take this sense rather than that of 'elephant' or 'bee').

4) A lion.

5) An elephant.

6) A large black bee; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.178.7.

7) The cuckoo.

8) A large crane.

9) The flamingo.

1) A peacock.

11) An umbrella.

12) A cloud.

13) A garment.

14) Hair.

15) A conch-shell.

16) Name of Śiva.

17) The god of love.

18) A lotus.

19) Camphor.

2) A bow.

21) Sandal.

22) A kind of musical instrument.

23) An ornament.

24) Gold.

25) The earth.

26) The Chātaka bird.

27) A flower.

28) Night.

29) Light.

3) A devotee; सारङ्गाणां पदाम्बुजम् (sāraṅgāṇāṃ padāmbujam) Bhāg. 1.11.26 (com. sāraṃ śrīkṛṣṇaṃ gāyanti te bhaktāḥ).

31) A particular Rāga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग).—name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 246.20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāraṅga (शारङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Of a variegated colour. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. The Chataka, (Cuculus melanoleucos.) 2. A deer. 3. An elephant. 4. A bee. 5. A peacock. f. (-ṅgī) A musical instrument, a stringed instrument played with a bow, a sort of fiddle. E. śāra injured or variegated, gam to go or get, aff. khac; more usually, sāraṅga .

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Saraṅga (सरङ्ग).—mf. (-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī) 1. A quadruped. 2. A bird. E. sṛ to go, aṅgac aff; ṅīṣ added in the fem. form.

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Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Variegated, of a variegated colour. m.

(-ṅgaḥ) 1. Variegated colour. 2. A lion. 3. An elephant. 4. The spotted deer. 5. The Chataka, (Cuculus melanoleucos.) 6. The Kokila or Indian cuckoo. 7. A large kind of crane, (Ardea Sarunga, Carey.) 8. A peacock. 9. A cloud. 10. A tree. 11. A parasol. 12. A garment, cloth, clothes. 13. Hair. 14. A lotus. 15. A flower. 16. A conchshell. 17. A jewel. 18. Gold. 19. A bow. 20. Kamadeva. 21. Sandal. 22. Camphor. 23. The earth. 24. Night. 25. Light. 26. A large bee. 27. A kind of musical instrument. 28. An ornament. 29. Siva. f. (-ṅgī) 1. A sort of fiddle. 2. A kind of spotted deer. E. sṛ to go, aṅgac Unadi aff., or sāra strength, &c., gam to go, khac aff.; also śāraṅga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāraṅga (शारङ्ग).— (cf. the last and sāraṅga), I. adj. Variegated, spotted. Ii. m. 1. A deer. 2. An elephant. 3. The Cātaka, Cuculus melanoleucus. 4. A peacock. 5. A large bee. Iii. f. . 1. A sort of fiddle. 2. The wife of Mandapāla, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 23.

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Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग).— (cf. śāraṅga), I. adj. Variegated, spotted. Ii. m. 1. Variegated colour. 2. A lion. 3. An elephant. 4. A deer, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 63, 9; Śāk- 5, 5. 5. The Cātaka, Cuculus melanoleucus, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 21. 6. The Indian cuckoo. 7. A kind of crane. 8. A peacock. 9. A large bee, [Nalodya, (ed. Benary.)] 1, 44. 10. A cloud. 11. A tree. 12. A parasol. 13. A garment. 14. Hair. 15. A lotus. 16. A flower. 17. A conch-shell. 18. A jewel. 19. Gold. 20. A bow. 21. Kāmadeva, the god of love. 22. Sandal. 23. Camphor. Iii. f. , A sort of fiddle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śāraṅga (शारङ्ग).—[substantive] bow*; [feminine] ṅgī the female of a cert. bird.

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Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग).—dappled; relating to the dappled antelope. [masculine] a kind of antelope, [several] birds, a bee.

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Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग).—, [feminine] dappled; relating to the dappled antelope. [masculine] a kind of antelope, [several] birds, a bee.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śāraṅga (शारङ्ग) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. Padyāvalī.

2) Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग):—father of Bhaṭṭa Rāghava (Nyāyasāravicāra). Hall. p. 26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śāraṅga (शारङ्ग):—[from śāra] See sāraṅga.

2) Saraṅga (सरङ्ग):—[=sa-raṅga] [from sa > sa-rakta] a mfn. (for saraṅga See sub voce) having colour, [Kāvya literature]

3) [v.s. ...] having a nasal sound, [Śikṣā]

4) [v.s. ...] (also gaka) a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

5) b m. (for sa-r See [column]1) a kind of bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) a kind of antelope (cf. sāraṅga), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग):—mf(ī)n. or sāraṅga (sometimes written śār; either [from] sa-raṅga, ‘having colour etc.’, or for śarāṅga or sār, ‘having a dappled body’), of a variegated colour, dappled, spotted (cf. kṛṣṇa-s, lohita-s), [Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]

8) derived from the antelope called Sāraṅga, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) m. (ifc. f(ā). ) a kind of spotted antelope, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

10) m. Name of various birds ([especially] a kind of Viṣkira or Pratuda [qq. vv.]; a peacock; the Indian cuckoo; the Rāja-haṃsa; the Cātaka etc.), [Kāvya literature; Suśruta; Caraka] etc.

11) a bee, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) a kind of metre, [Colebrooke]

13) (in music) a [particular] Rāga, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

14) (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.], ‘an elephant; lion; cloud; tree; umbrella; parasol; garment; clothes; hair; lotus; flower; conch-shell; sort of musical instrument; ornament; jewel; gold; a bow; sandal; camphor; the earth; light; night’)

15) Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

16) of Kāma-deva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) of the father of Bhaṭṭa Rāghava, [Catalogue(s)]

18) (with kavi) of a poet, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śāraṅga (शारङ्ग):—[(ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) m.] The Chātaka; deer; elephant; bee; peacock. f.

() Sort of fiddle. a. Variegated.

2) Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग):—[(ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) a.] Variegated. 1. m. The chātaka; a deer; elephant; flamingo; tree; cloth, hair; gold, &c. f. (ī) A fiddle.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sāraṃga (सारंग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sāraṃga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saranga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Sāraṃga (सारंग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śārṅga.

2) Sāraṃga (सारंग) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sāraṃga.

3) Sāraṃga (सारंग) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sārāṅga.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sāraṃga (ಸಾರಂಗ):—

1) [noun] name of the bow of Viṣṇu.

2) [noun] Viṣṇu, himself.

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Sāraṃga (ಸಾರಂಗ):—

1) [adjective] having or made of, different colours; parti-coloured.

2) [adjective] having, marked with, spots; spotted.

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Sāraṃga (ಸಾರಂಗ):—

1) [noun] a mixture of different colours.

2) [noun] the spotted deer, Axis maculatus.

3) [noun] the deer, Cervus (Axis) axis, of India and Sri Lanka, having a reddish-brown coat spotted with white, and branched, annually shed antlers; spotted deer; chital; axis.

4) [noun] a lion (Panther leo).

5) [noun] an elephant (Elephas maximus).

6) [noun] the male of the bird Cuculus melanoleucus, fabled to live only upon rain drops.

7) [noun] the large bird Pavo cristatus of Phasianidae family, with a tuft on the head, with blue feathers, male of which has long, attractive tail (each feather having an eye-like spot), the female has a relatively short tail, domesticaed as an ornamental bird; Indian peafowl or peacock.

8) [noun] a species of large black-bee.

9) [noun] a kind of horse.

10) [noun] a cloud.

11) [noun] a division of a stem or secondary stem arising from the main stem of a plant; a branch.

12) [noun] the organ of sight; an eye.

13) [noun] a resin obtained from the camphor; used in making celluloid and liniment; camphor.

14) [noun] loveliness; beauty.

15) [noun] goldseven stringed musical instrument, the sound of which is a close approximation of human voice of the soprano range, used in Hindūstāni system, 18) any of a family (Cuculidae order Cuculiformes) of birds with a long, slender body, grayish-brown on top and white below, which lay eggs in the nests of other birds; cuckoo.

16) [noun] the earth.

17) [noun] the dark part of the day; night.

18) [noun] a lightweight handheld collapsible canopy, used against rain or hot sunlight; an umbrella.

19) [noun] the tree Santalum album of Santalaceae family; sandal wood tree.

20) [noun] a device for shooting arrows; a bow.

21) [noun] that which is used to enhance the beauty; an ornament.

22) [noun] any article of cloth as, garments, clothes, etc.

23) [noun] hair.

24) [noun] any of various lotus plants.

25) [noun] its flower.

26) [noun] a flower, in gen. 30) Śiva.

27) [noun] Manmatha, the Love-God.

28) [noun] a large, spiral, univalve shell of certain marine mollusks, used as a trumpet; a conch.

29) [noun] the moon.

30) [noun] (mus.) in Karnāṭaka system, a rāga (musical mode) derived from the main mode Mēcakalyāṇi.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Sāraṅga (सारङ्ग):—n. 1. a kind of spotted deer/antelope; 2. the multicolored substance/thing; 3. designation of several birds and other creatures; 4. the chatak bird; a cuckoo; a peacock; 5. a lion; a bee; 6. a snake; 7. Mythol. the god of love; Cupid; 8. cloud; 9. flowers (esp. lotus); 10. lake; pond; 11. the moon; 12. a shell; conch-shell; 13. Mus. sarangi;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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