Jihva, aka: Jihvā; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Jihva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Jihvā (जिह्वा) is a Sanskrit technical term, referring to the “tongue”. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Jihva in Yoga glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jihvā (जिह्वा) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “tongue”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called rasayitavya (the tastable) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is varuṇa. Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the tongue (jihvā), in the tastable (rasayitavya), in varuṇa, in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Jihvā (जिह्वा) refers to the “various tongues of fire” which form part of preliminary rites before Dīkṣā: an important ritual of Śāktism described in the Śāradātilaka-tantra, chapters III-V.—“... The fire is placed in the yoni of the kuṇḍa and is consecrated. The various tongues (jihvās) of fire are assigned to the various limbs of the body of the worshipper.”

Source: JSTOR: Tāntric Dīkṣā by Surya Kanta
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Jihvā (जिह्वा).—Used in the sense of जिह्वाग्र (jihvāgra), the tip of the tongue.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Jihvā (जिह्वा).—A servant woman who stole ornaments from the palace. For the detailed story of how she was caught with stolen goods see under Hariśarman.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Jihvā (जिह्वा) is the name of a maid in the palace of a king, as mentioned in the “story of Tejasvatī ” according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 30. Accordingly, “in that palace there was a maid named Jihvā, who, with the assistance of her brother, had carried off that wealth from the interior of the palace; she, being alarmed at Hariśarman’s knowledge, went at night and applied her ear to the door of that chamber in order to find out what he was about”.

The story of Jihvā was narrated by Somaprabhā to Kaliṅgasenā in order to demonstrate that “fate watches to ensure the objects of auspicious persons, as good servants of their masters, when the latter are not on the look-out”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Jihvā, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Jihvā (जिह्वा, “tongue”) refers to one of the twelve “subsidiary limbs” (upāṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Upāṅgas or the subsidiary limbs consist of the eyes, the eye-brows, pupils, cheeks, nose, jaws, lips, teeth, tongue [viz., Jihvā], chin, face, and the head.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Jihvā (जिह्वा, “taste”) refers to the one of the twenty-two faculties (indriya), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 38. The word indriya, derived from the root id or ind, is synonymous with great power, with control. The twenty-two Dharmas in question [viz., jihvā] have the characteristic of being dominant in regard to the living being (sattva) in that which concerns: his primary constitution, his distinctiveness, his duration, his moral defilement and his purification.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Jihvā (जिह्वा, “tongue”) or jihvāyatana refers to one of the “twelve sense spheres” (āyatana) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 24). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., jihvā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Jihvā (“tongue”) also represents one of the “eighteen elements” (dhātu) as well as one of the “eleven form components” (rūpaskandha).

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jihva (जिह्व).—The tongue.

Derivable forms: jihvaḥ (जिह्वः).

--- OR ---

Jihvā (जिह्वा).—

1) The tongue.

2) The tongue of fire i. e. a flame.

3) A sentence.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 90 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vidyujjihva
Vidyujjihva (विद्युज्जिह्व) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the...
Dirghajihva
Dīrghajihva (दीर्घजिह्व).—m. (-hvaḥ) A snake. E. dīrgha long, and jihvā a tongue.
Raktajihva
Raktajihva (रक्तजिह्व).—m. (-hvaḥ) A lion. E. rakta red, and jihvā the tongue.
Saptajihva
Saptajihva (सप्तजिह्व).—m. (-hvaḥ) Agni or fire. E. sapta seven, jihvā a tongue or flame.
Agnijihva
Agnijihva (अग्निजिह्व).—a. 1) having a fiery tongue. 2) one having fire for the tongue, epithet...
Mahajihva
Mahājihva (महाजिह्व).—an epithet of Śiva. Derivable forms: mahājihvaḥ (महाजिह्वः).Mahājihva is ...
Idhmajihva
Idhmajihva (इध्मजिह्व).—Svāyambhuva Manu had two famous sons—Priyavrata and Uttānapāda. Of them...
Gojihva
Gojihvā (गोजिह्वा).—Name of a plant (Mar. pātharī). Gojihvā is a Sanskrit compound consisting o...
Jihvanirlekhana
Jihvānirlekhana (जिह्वानिर्लेखन).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Scraping the tongue. 2. A tongue-scraper. E. jih...
Talujihva
Tālujihva (तालुजिह्व).—m. (-hvaḥ) 1. The uvula. 2. A crocodile. E. tālu the palate, and jihvā t...
Sthirajihva
Sthirajihva (स्थिरजिह्व).—m. (-hvaḥ) A fish. E. sthira immovable, and jihvā the tongue.
Mantrajihva
Mantrajihva (मन्त्रजिह्व).—m. (-hvaḥ) A name of fire. E. mantra prayer, and jihvā the tongue.
Jihvapa
Jihvāpa (जिह्वाप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. A dog. 2. A cat. 3. A tiger. 4. The hunting leopard. 5. A bear....
Jvalajihva
Jvālajihva (ज्वालजिह्व).—m. (-hvaḥ) Agni, or fire. E. jālā, and jihvā a tongue; whose tongue is...
Diptajihva
Dīptajihvā (दीप्तजिह्वा).—f. (-hvā) A fox. E. dīpta shining, fiery, and jihvā tongue.

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