Shuci, aka: Suci, Sūci, Śuci, Sūcī; 12 Definition(s)


Shuci means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śuci can be transliterated into English as Suci or Shuci, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shuchi.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Śuci (शुचि) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Śuci) various roles suitable to them.

2) Sūcī (सूची).—One of the 108 karaṇas (minor dance movement) mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 4. It can also be spelled as Saṃnata (संनत). The instructions for this sūcī-karaṇa is as follows, “a Kuñcita foot to be raised and put forward on the ground, and the two hands to be in harmony with the performance.”.

A karaṇa represents a minor dance movements and combines sthāna (standing position), cārī (foot and leg movement) and nṛttahasta (hands in dancing position).

3) Sūcī (सूची) refers to a one of the thirty-two cārīs, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 11. The Sūcī-cārī is classified as a ākāśikī, or “aerial”, of which there are sixteen in total. The term cārī  refers to a “dance-step” and refers to the simultaneous movement of the feet (pāda), shanks (jaṅghā) and the hip (ūru). From these cārīs proceed dance as well as movements in general.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Sūci (needle): the forefinger of the Kaṭaka-mukha hand isupraised. Usage: one, Parabrahmā, demonstration, one hundred, sun, city, world, saying “Thus”, or “What?”, “He”,fan, threatening, pining away, rod, the body, astonishment,braid of hair, umbrella, capability, down (roma), beating the drum, turning the potter’s wheel, wheel, circle, explanation, evening.

According to another book: same definition. It originates from Brahmā, when he said “I am unique.” Its sage is the sun, its race Deva, its colour white, its patron deity Viśvakarmā. Usage: boastings, truth-telling, pointing to a distant country, life, going in front, one, the twihghts, solitude, lotus stalk, saying “Sadhu”, looking at things, saying “Thus”, world, Parabrahmā, unity, rod, turning a wheel, sun, sunrise and sunset, arrow, secret, hero (nāyaka), śilī-mukha arrow, saying “What?”, saying “He”, metal, handle, threatening, addressing inferiors, listening, yearning for the beloved, recollection, nose, beak, white colour, vision.

(Source): The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) Sūci (सूचि).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the feet (pāda);—Instructions: the [right foot with its] heel raised resting on the big toe and the left foot in the natural position constitute the Sūcī feet. (Uses): in dance and playing the Nūpura.

2) Sūcī (सूची).—A type of aerial (ākāśikī) dance-step (cārī);—Instructions: a Kuñcita foot thrown up and brought above the knee of the remaining foot and then to let it fall on its fore part.

(Source): Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


1a) Śuci (शुचि).—(Śaura) a son of Agni and Svāhā; of Asuras and Gandharvas; had 14 sons all Yajña agnis; father of Haryavāhana and Āyu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 60; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 2, 36, 41; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 3, 38; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 10. 15.

1b) A son of Vijitāśva, and an Agni in previous birth; born thus because of Vasiṣṭha's curse.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 24. 4.

1c) Indra of the epoch of the fourteenth Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 42.

1d) A sage of the epoch of the fourteenth Manu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 13. 34; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 44.

1e) A son of Śatadyumna, and father of Sanadvāja (Urjā, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 22; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 5. 30.

1f) A son of Śuddha, and father of Trikakut.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 11.

1g) A son of Vipra, and father of Kṣema (Kṣemya, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 47-48; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 23. 5-6.

1h) A son of Andhaka.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 19; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 12.

1i) The month sacred to Varuṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 11. 36; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 8.

1j) The fire with the sun; has 1000 nāḍis taking water from rivers, mountains and pools; of these 400 pour out rain, 300 dew, 300 heat—all for the benefit of man and gods.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 11, 24, 33; Vāyu-purāṇa 53, 7, 17, 20-21; 62. 188.

1k) A Ṛṣika who became a sage by satya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 102.

1l) A Sudhāmāna god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 27.

1m) A Vaikuṇṭha god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 57.

1n) A son of Raivata Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 63.

1o) A son of Bhṛgu, and a deva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 89.

1p) A son of Satyaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 116.

1q) A Bṛhadratha; ruled for 58 years.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 115; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 302.

1r) (Angirasa) a son and sage of the 14th epoch of Bhautya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 113-4; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 116.

1s) A daughter of Tāmrā and Kaśyapa; mother of swans, cranes, ducks, etc.;1 in the chariot of Tripura.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 6. 30; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 15, 17.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 133. 27.

1t) A son of Auttama Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 12.

1u) A son of Vibhu, ruled for 64 years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 24.

1v) A Saimhikeya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 19.

1w) A son of Manu and Naḍvalā.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 13. 5.

2) Sūci (सूचि).—(Sūcimukha)—a class of Piśācas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 377, 383.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Sūcī (सूची) refers to a kind of weapon (needle or sharp pointed instrument). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Sūcī (सूची) refers to “point” and represents one of the thirty-two mudrās (hand gestures) of the single-hand type, commonly used by the deities in sculptures of Hindu gods and goddesses.—When the forefinger is held vertically upward from the palm, and the remaining fingers are held in kaṭaka hasta, the form is known as sūcī hasta.

(Source): Shodhganga: The significance of the Mula beras in the Hindu temples of Tamilnadu
Śilpaśāstra book cover
context information

Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

General definition (in Hinduism)

1) Śuci (शुचि):—Son of Śatadyumna (son of Bhānumān). He had a son named Sanadvāja. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.22)

2) Śuci (शुचि):—Son of Śuddha (son of Anenā). He had a son called Dharmasārathi. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.7.11)

3) Śuci (शुचि, “purity”):—One of the three sons of Agni and his first wife Svāhā. Agni is one of the most important Vedic gods and represents divine illumination.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism


suci : (adj.) pure; clean. (nt.), goodness; a pure thing. || sūci (f.), a needle; a hairpin; a small door-bolt.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Suci, (adj.) (Vedic śuci) pure, clean, white D. I, 4; A. I, 293; Sn. 226, 410.—opp. asuci impure A. III, 226; V, 109, 266.—(nt.) purity, pure things J. I, 22; goodness, merit Dp 245; a tree used for making foot-boards VvA. 8.

—kamma whose actions are pure Dh. 24. —gandha having a sweet perfume Dh. 58; DhA. I, 445. —gavesin longing for purity S. I, 205; DhA. III, 354. —ghaṭika read sūcighaṭikā at Vin. II, 237. —ghara Vin. II, 301 sq.; see sūcighara. —jātika of clean descent J. II, 11. —bhojana pure food Sn. 128. —mhita having a pleasant, serene smile Vv 1810; 5025; 6412; VvA. 96, 280 (also explained as a name); J. IV, 107. —vasana wearing clean, bright clothes Sn. 679. (Page 717)

— or —

Sūci, (f.) (cp. Sk. sūci; doubtful whether to sīv) a needle Vin. II, 115, 117, 177; S. II, 215 sq. , 257; J. I, 111, 248; Vism. 284 (in simile); a hairpin Th. 2, 254; J. I, 9; a small door-bolt, a pin to secure the bolt M. I, 126; Th. 2, 116; J. I, 360; V, 294 (so for suci); ThA. 117; cross-bar of a rail, railing (cp. BSk. sūcī Divy 221) D. II, 179.

—kāra a needle-maker S. II, 216. —ghaṭikā a small bolt to a door Vin. II, 237; Ud. 52; A. IV, 206; J. I, 346; VI, 444; Vism. 394. —ghara a needle case Vin. II, 301 sq.; IV, 123, 167; S. II, 231; J. I, 170. —nāḷikā a needle-case made of bamboo Vin. II, 116. —mukha “needle-mouthed, ” a mosquito Abhp 646; a sort of intestinal worm; °ā pāṇā (in the Gūthaniraya purgatory) M. III, 185. —loma needle-haired, having hair like needles S. II, 257; name of a Yakkha at Gayā S. I, 207; Sn. p. 48; SnA 551; Vism. 208. —vatta needle-faced, having a mouth like a needle Pgdp 55. —vāṇijaka a needle-seller S. II, 215. (Page 721)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Śuci (शुचि) refers to a class of piśāca deities according to the Digambara tradition of Jainism, while Śvetāmbara does not recognize this class. The piśācas refer to a category of vyantaras gods which represents one of the four classes of celestial beings (devas).

The deities such as the Śucis are defined in ancient Jain cosmological texts such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapaṇṇati by Yativṛṣabha (5th century) in the Digambara tradition.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śuci (शुचि).—a S Clean, clear, pure, holy, undefiled, lit. fig.

--- OR ---

sūcī (सूची).—a S In comp. That indicates, manifests, makes known. Ex. harṣasūcī, kāmasūcī, lōbhasūcī, khēdasūcī, bhāgyasūcī, daridrasūcī. 2 That pierces.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śuci (शुचि).—a Clean, holy.

--- OR ---

sūcī (सूची).—f A needle. An index; a list. A preamble. A cone.

--- OR ---

sūcī (सूची).—a That indicates, manifests &c. That pierces.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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