Pururavas, Purūravas: 14 definitions


Pururavas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Purūravas: the Muṣṭi hand.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Pururavas in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Purūravas (पुरूरवस्) is the name of a king whose story is told in the “story of Urvaśī”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 17. Accordingly, when king Purūravas (a devoted worshipper of Viṣṇu) was sauntering in the Nandana garden he crossed paths with the apsaras (heavenly nymp) named Urvaśī and they instantly fell in love.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Purūravas, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pururavas in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Purūravas (पुरूरवस्).—A prominent king of Candravaṃśa (lunar race). Origin of Candravaṃśa and birth of Purūravas. Descending in order from Brahmā came Atri—Candra—Budha Purūravas. The dynasty which came from Candra was called the Candravaṃśa. Though Budha was the first king of Candravaṃśa it was Purūravas who became celebrated. The story of the birth of Purūravas is given below: (See full article at Story of Purūravas from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Purūravas (पुरूरवस्).—A king of the race of Dīptākṣa. (Śloka 15, Chapter 74, Udyoga Parva).

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Purūravas (पुरूरवस्) or Aila Purūravas is the name of an ancient king, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Aila Purūravas, the most illustrious pious king gets married to Urvaśī, the heavenly damsel who is cursed by Brahmā to spend sometime here on earth. Purūravas begets on her six sons—Āyu, Mayu, Amāyu, Viśvāyu, Śatāyu and Śrutāyu. All these are celebrated like Semi-divine beings (devayonaya).

Purūravas’ sons are named differently in the Viṣṇupurāṇa chapter IV.7:—Āyus, Dhīmat, Amāvasu, Viśvavasu, Śatāyus, and Śrutāyus.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Purūravas (पुरूरवस्) is the name of an ancient king having performed the pacificatory ritual described chapter 47 of the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[This rite] should be employed by utterly glorious Sovereigns when they are in distress—[...] Ambarīśa, Śuka, Alarka, Māndhātṛ, Purūravas, Rājoparicara, Dhundhu, Śibi and Śrutakīrtana—those Kings of old attained Universal Sovereignty after performing this. They became free of diseases and free of enemies. Their fame was widely spread and blameless”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pururavas in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Purūravas (पुरूरवस्).—m. [cf. Uṇādi-sūtra 4.231] The son of Budha and Ilā and founder of the lunar race of kings. [He saw the nymph Urvaśī, while descending upon earth owing to the curse of Mitra and Varuṇa, and fell in love with her. Urvaśī, too, was enamoured of the king who was as renowned for personal beauty as for truthfulness, devotion, and generosity, and became his wife. They lived happily together for many days, and after she had borne him a son, she returned to the heaven. The king heavily mourned her loss, and she was pleased to repeat her visits five successive times and bore him five sons. But the king, who wanted her life-long company, was not evidently satisfied with this; and he obtained his desired object after he had offered oblations as directed by the Gandharvas. The story told in Vikramorvaśīya differs in many respects; so does the account given in the Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, based on a passage in the Ṛigveda, where it is said that Urvaśī agreed to live with Purūravas on two conditions:-namely that her two rams which she loved as children must be kept near her bed-side and never suffered to be carried away, and that he must take care never to be seen by her undressed. The Gandharvas, however, carried away the rams, and so Urvaśī disappeared.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pururavas (पुरुरवस्).—m.

(-vāḥ) Kuvera: see purūravas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purūravas (पुरूरवस्).—m. The name of a king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Purūravas (पुरूरवस्).—[adjective] crying loudly; [masculine] [Name] of a myth. king and hero.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Purūravas (पुरूरवस्):—[=purū-ravas] [from purū > puru] a mfn. crying much or loudly, [Ṛg-veda i, 31, 4]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of an ancient king of the lunar race (the lover of Urvaśī cf. [Ṛg-veda x, 95; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi, 5, 1] and Kālidāsa’s drama Vikramorvaśī, son of Budha and Iḻā, father of Āyus and ancestor of Puru Duṣyanta, Bharata, Kuru, Dhṛta-rāṣṭra and Pāṇḍu, supposed to have instituted the 3 sacrificial fires [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā v, 2]; according to, [Nirukta, by Yāska x, 46] he is one of the beings belonging to the middle region of the universe, and is possibly to be connected with the Sun as Urvaśī is with the Dawn; according to others a Viśva-deva or a Pārvaṇa-śrāddha-deva), [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

3) [=purū-ravas] b See [column]1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pururavas (पुरुरवस्):—(vāḥ) a. Kuvera.

2) Purūravas (पुरूरवस्):—(vāḥ) 5. m. The son of Buddha of the lunar race; a demigod.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Purūravas (पुरूरवस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Purūrava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pururavas in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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