Avyakta, aka: Āvyakta; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Avyakta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Avyakta in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Avyakta (अव्यक्त).—Another term for Prakṛti; shines like firefly;1 overlordship consisting of Brahma, Viṣṇu, Sūrya and Śiva. These are to be worshipped with no difference, by means of fire and Brāhmaṇas.2 One form of Brahman; also pradhānam, kāraṇa.3

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 3. 15; 145. 73; Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 37; 101. 115; 102. 31, 34, 95; 103. 11-12, 28, 36.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 37; Matsya-purāṇa 52. 22.
  • 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 2. 15, 18-22.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Avyakta (अव्यक्त).—Indistinct; inarticulate; cf. अव्यक्तानुकरणस्यात इतौ (avyaktānukaraṇasyāta itau) P. VI.1.98 also P.V.4.57; अव्यक्तं अपरिस्फुटवर्णम् (avyaktaṃ aparisphuṭavarṇam) Kāś. on P. VI.1.98;

2) Avyakta.—A fault of pronunciation cf. नातिव्यक्तं न चाव्यक्त-मेवं वर्णानुदीरयेत् । (nātivyaktaṃ na cāvyakta-mevaṃ varṇānudīrayet |)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Avyakta in Itihasa glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Avyakta (अव्यक्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.14, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Avyakta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Avyakta (अव्यक्त, “non-expressible”) refers to one of the ten flaws (or transmigressions) requiring prāyaścitta (‘expiation’). Prāyaścitta means ‘purification’ of from the flaws or transmigressions.

Avyakta is a Sanskrit technical term defined according to the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Avyakta (अव्यक्त).—What is meant by ‘non-expressible (avyakta) flaw’? To tell the transmigressions committed to other fellow ascetics and not the preceptor is called non-expressible flaw.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Avyakta in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

avyakta (अव्यक्त).—a (S) Indistinct or unapparent; not evident, plain, or manifest: also invisible, imperceptible, inapprehensible by human vision--the Deity, the soul &c. 2 Unknown--an algebraic quantity. 3 Inarticulate, not formed by the organs of speech--a sound.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avyakta (अव्यक्त).—a Indistinct or unapparent, un- known, also invisible, imperceptible. Inarticulate-a sound.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avyakta (अव्यक्त).—a.

1) Indistinct, not manifest or apparent, inarticulate; °वर्ण (varṇa) indistinct accents; Ś.7.17; फलम- व्यक्तमब्रवीत् (phalama- vyaktamabravīt).

2) Invisible, imperceptible.

3) Undetermined; अव्यक्तोऽयमचिन्त्योऽयम् (avyakto'yamacintyo'yam) Bg.2.25;8.2.

4) Undeveloped, uncreated.

5) (In alg.) Unknown (as a quantity or number).

-ktaḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu.

2) Name of Śiva.

3) Cupid.

4) Primary matter which has not yet entered into real existence.

5) A fool.

6) Name of an Upaniṣad.

-ktam (In Vedānta Phil.)

1) The Supreme Being or Universal Spirit, Brahman.

2) Spiritual ignorance.

3) The subtle body.

4) The state of sleep (suṣuptyavasthā).

5) (In Sāṅ. Phil.) The primary germ of nature (sarvakāraṇa), the primordial element or productive principle from which all the phenomena of the material world are developed; बुद्धेरिवाव्यक्तमुदाहरन्ति (buddherivāvyaktamudāharanti) R.13.6; महतः परमव्यक्तमव्यक्तात्पुरुषः परः (mahataḥ paramavyaktamavyaktātpuruṣaḥ paraḥ) Kaṭh., Sāṅ. K.2.1,14.16.58.

6) The Soul.

7) Nature. अव्यक्तः शंकरे विष्णौ क्लीबे तु महदादिके । परमात्म- न्यात्मनि च त्रिषु स्यादस्फुटे (avyaktaḥ śaṃkare viṣṇau klībe tu mahadādike | paramātma- nyātmani ca triṣu syādasphuṭe)....Nm.

-ktam ind. Imperceptibly, indistinctly, inarticulately.

--- OR ---

Āvyakta (आव्यक्त).—a. Quite clear, intelligible; तद्वाक्यमाव्यक्तपदं तासां स्त्रीणां निशम्य च (tadvākyamāvyaktapadaṃ tāsāṃ strīṇāṃ niśamya ca) Rām.7.88.2.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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