Avyakta, Āvyakta: 21 definitions
Avyakta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Avyakt.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
1) Avyakta (अव्यक्त) or Avyaktarūpa refers to one who assumes the “unmanifest” form and represents and epithet of Goddess Durgā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.11. Accordingly as Brahmā said to Nārada:—“[...] O sage, seeing her [Durgā] who was Śiva’s Energy herself, directly in front of me, my lofty shoulders bent down with devotion and I eulogised her after due obeisance. [...] Thou art the Vidyā of diverse sorts. Thou art endowed with illumination, purity and detachment. Thou assumest Kūṭastha (perpetually immovable), Avyakta (unmanifest) and Ananta (infinite) form and Thou art the eternal time holding all the worlds”.
2) Avyakta (अव्यक्त) refers to the “immovable”, and is used as an epithet of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.19. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] thus commanded by Śiva in the presence of all, Viṣṇu spoke thus propitiating the great lord:—‘[...] O Śiva, you are the supreme brilliance, the firmament, having your own abode. You are the primordial Being, the immovable (avyakta), the unmanifest, of endless forms, the eternal and devoid of attributes—length etc. From this form alone everything has emanated’”.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Avyakta (अव्यक्त).—Another term for Prakṛti; shines like firefly;1 overlordship consisting of Brahma, Viṣṇu, Sūrya and Śiva. These are to be worshipped with no difference, by means of fire and Brāhmaṇas.2 One form of Brahman; also pradhānam, kāraṇa.3
- 1) Matsya-purāṇa 3. 15; 145. 73; Vāyu-purāṇa 34. 37; 101. 115; 102. 31, 34, 95; 103. 11-12, 28, 36.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 37; Matsya-purāṇa 52. 22.
- 3) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 2. 15, 18-22.
Avyakta (अव्यक्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.8.14, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Avyakta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study
Avyakta (अव्यक्त) refers to the seventh covering of the universe, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Mahat, Ahaṃkāra and the five Tanmātras are in themselves unable to produce the orderly universe which is effected through the superintendence of the Puruṣa (puruṣā dhiṣṭhitatvācca) and by the help of Avyakta (avyaktānugraheṇa). As the universe grows up, they form into an egg which gradually expands from within like a water-bubble, and this is called the materialistic body of the Lord. This universe is encircled on the outer side by water, fire, air, the ākāśa and the bhūtādi and then by the mahat and the avyakta, each of which is ten times as large as the earth.There are thus seven coverings.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
1) Avyakta (अव्यक्त).—Indistinct; inarticulate; cf. अव्यक्तानुकरणस्यात इतौ (avyaktānukaraṇasyāta itau) P. VI.1.98 also P.V.4.57; अव्यक्तं अपरिस्फुटवर्णम् (avyaktaṃ aparisphuṭavarṇam) Kāś. on P. VI.1.98;
2) Avyakta.—A fault of pronunciation cf. नातिव्यक्तं न चाव्यक्त-मेवं वर्णानुदीरयेत् । (nātivyaktaṃ na cāvyakta-mevaṃ varṇānudīrayet |)
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Avyakta (अव्यक्त) refers to “images in non-manifest form” and represents a classification of Hindu images, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The images are again classified into vyakta or manifest form, vyaktāvyakta or manifest and non-manifest form, and avyakta or non-manifest form.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)
Avyakta (अव्यक्त) refers to “(1) Unmanifest (2) Beyond the perception of the senses”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Avyakta (अव्यक्त, “non-expressible”) refers to one of the ten flaws (or transmigressions) requiring prāyaścitta (‘expiation’). Prāyaścitta means ‘purification’ of from the flaws or transmigressions.
Avyakta is a Sanskrit technical term defined according to the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas
Avyakta (अव्यक्त).—What is meant by ‘non-expressible (avyakta) flaw’? To tell the transmigressions committed to other fellow ascetics and not the preceptor is called non-expressible flaw.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
avyakta (अव्यक्त).—a (S) Indistinct or unapparent; not evident, plain, or manifest: also invisible, imperceptible, inapprehensible by human vision--the Deity, the soul &c. 2 Unknown--an algebraic quantity. 3 Inarticulate, not formed by the organs of speech--a sound.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
avyakta (अव्यक्त).—a Indistinct or unapparent, un- known, also invisible, imperceptible. Inarticulate-a sound.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Indistinct, not manifest or apparent, inarticulate; °वर्ण (varṇa) indistinct accents; Ś.7.17; फलम- व्यक्तमब्रवीत् (phalama- vyaktamabravīt).
2) Invisible, imperceptible.
3) Undetermined; अव्यक्तोऽयमचिन्त्योऽयम् (avyakto'yamacintyo'yam) Bg.2.25;8.2.
4) Undeveloped, uncreated.
5) (In alg.) Unknown (as a quantity or number).
-ktaḥ 1 Name of Viṣṇu.
2) Name of Śiva.
4) Primary matter which has not yet entered into real existence.
5) A fool.
6) Name of an Upaniṣad.
-ktam (In Vedānta Phil.)
1) The Supreme Being or Universal Spirit, Brahman.
2) Spiritual ignorance.
3) The subtle body.
4) The state of sleep (suṣuptyavasthā).
5) (In Sāṅ. Phil.) The primary germ of nature (sarvakāraṇa), the primordial element or productive principle from which all the phenomena of the material world are developed; बुद्धेरिवाव्यक्तमुदाहरन्ति (buddherivāvyaktamudāharanti) R.13.6; महतः परमव्यक्तमव्यक्तात्पुरुषः परः (mahataḥ paramavyaktamavyaktātpuruṣaḥ paraḥ) Kaṭh., Sāṅ. K.2.1,14.16.58.
6) The Soul.
7) Nature. अव्यक्तः शंकरे विष्णौ क्लीबे तु महदादिके । परमात्म- न्यात्मनि च त्रिषु स्यादस्फुटे (avyaktaḥ śaṃkare viṣṇau klībe tu mahadādike | paramātma- nyātmani ca triṣu syādasphuṭe)....Nm.
-ktam ind. Imperceptibly, indistinctly, inarticulately.
--- OR ---
Āvyakta (आव्यक्त).—a. Quite clear, intelligible; तद्वाक्यमाव्यक्तपदं तासां स्त्रीणां निशम्य च (tadvākyamāvyaktapadaṃ tāsāṃ strīṇāṃ niśamya ca) Rām.7.88.2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Avyakta (अव्यक्त).—adj. (= Pali avyatta; neg. of vyakta, q.v.), (1) ignorant: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 210.3 °tā akuśalā; Lalitavistara 264.20 °to [Page079-b+ 71] bālo; Divyāvadāna 301.2 °tān apy akuśalān api: 617.18; (2) (compare Sanskrit id., Pali avyatta) obscure: avyaktendriyaḥ Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 31.12, see s.v. jihma.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ktaḥ-ktā-ktaṃ) 1. Indistinct, unapparent, invisible, imperceptible. 2. (In algebra,) Unknown as quantity or number. m.
(-ktaḥ) 1. Vishnu. 2. Siva. 3. Kandarpa or Cupid. 4. A fool. n.
(-ktaṃ) 1. The Supreme Being or universal spirit. 2. Any invisible principle according to the Sankhya philosophy. 3. The soul. 4. Nature, temperament. E. a neg. vyakta evident, distinct.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Avyakta (अव्यक्त).—[adjective] undisclosed, unmanifested, not clear, indistinct, imperceptible, transcendental; [neuter] [adverb]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Avyakta (अव्यक्त):—[=a-vyakta] mfn. undeveloped, not manifest, unapparent, indistinct, invisible, imperceptible, [Upaniṣad; Pāṇini; Manu-smṛti] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] (in [algebra]) unknown as quantity or number
3) [v.s. ...] speaking indistinctly
4) [v.s. ...] m. (= paramātman) the universal Spirit, [Manu-smṛti ix, 50]
5) [v.s. ...] Name of Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) [v.s. ...] of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) [v.s. ...] of Kāma, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] a fool, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) [v.s. ...] Name of an Upaniṣad
10) [v.s. ...] (also) a young monk who has not finished his studies, [Śīlāṅka]
11) [v.s. ...] n. (in Sāṅkhya [philosophy]) ‘the unevolved (Evolver of all things)’, the primary germ of nature, primordial element or productive principle whence all the phenomena of the material world are developed, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Sāṃkhyakārikā etc.]
12) Āvyakta (आव्यक्त):—[=ā-vy-akta] [from āvy-añj] mfn. quite clear or intelligible, [Rāmāyaṇa vii, 88, 20.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Avyakta (अव्यक्त):—[a-vyakta] (ktaḥ) 1. m. Vishnu. n. Supreme being; unknown quantity or principal. a. Unapparent.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Avyakta (अव्यक्त):—(3. a + vyakta)
1) adj. nicht zur Erscheinung gebracht, nicht deutlich, nicht offenbar, unsichtbar, unbemerkt, unmerklich, unentschieden (asphuṭa) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 239.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 80.] saṃyuktametatkṣaramakṣaraṃ ca vyaktāvyaktaṃ bharate viśvamīśaḥ [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 1, 8.] [KAIVALYOP.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 11, 3.] svayaṃbhūrbhagavānavyakto vyañjayannidam [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 1, 6. 7. 11. 12, 29.] avyaktaprabhavo brahmā [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 70, 19.] āgamo me tato vyaktaḥ [4, 35, 26.] dehī [Bhagavadgītā 2, 25.] bhāvaḥ [8, 20.] avyaktarāgastvaruṇaḥ [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 4, 25.] avyaktānukaraṇa die Nachbildung eines unarticulirten Lautes [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 57. 6, 1, 98.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 87.] avyaktarasa [Suśruta 1, 169, 19. 172, 2.] avyaktam adv.: bālaḥ kalamavyaktamabravīt [Brāhmaṇavilāpa 3, 21.] In der Algebra unbekannt: gaṇita [Algebra 112.] rāśi [131. 185.] avyaktasāmya [324.] —
2) m. a) Thor, Narr [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 239.] — b) der noch nicht zur Erscheinung gelangte Urstoff: brahmā viśvasṛjo dharmo mahānavyakta (v. l. ktam) eva ca . uttamāṃ sāttvikīmetāṃ gatimāhurmanīṣiṇaḥ .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 50.] — c) Viṣṇu [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 64.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 80.] — d) Śiva [Medinīkoṣa] — e) Kāma [Medinīkoṣa] —
3) n. das Unentfaltete, der noch nicht zur Erscheinung gelangte Urstoff: mahataḥ paramavyaktamavyaktātpuruṣaḥ paraḥ [Kaṭhopaniṣad 3, 11.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 2. 10. 14. 16. 58.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 928.] [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 19, 22.] buddherivāvyaktam (kāraṇam) udāharanti [Raghuvaṃśa 13, 60.] = prakṛti [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 239.] = paramātman [Medinīkoṣa t. 80.] = ātman [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] = mahadādi (sonst = vyakta) [Medinīkoṣa] Vgl. u. 2,b.
--- OR ---
1) = avyaktavāc ( [Halāyudha 2, 232]) undeutlich redend [ŚIKṢĀ] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 4, 268.] —
2) b) = paramātman [Halāyudha 5, 56.] — f) Titel einer Upaniṣad [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 325.] —
3) = prakṛti [Kapila 1, 136.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 342.] im Sāṃkhya eine der acht Prakṛti (neben buddhi, ahaṃkāra und den 5 tanmātra) [Sânkhya Philosophy 4. 5.] saptadaśako rāśiravyaktasaṃjñakaḥ enthält die fünf Elemente, Manas, Buddhi, Ahaṃkāra, die fünf Sinnesorgane, Ātman, Rajas, Tamas und Sattva [Mahābhārata 3, 13917.]
--- OR ---
Āvyakta (आव्यक्त):—(2. ā + vyakta) adj. vollkommen deutlich: vākyamāvyaktapadam [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 88, 20.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Avyakta (अव्यक्त) [Also spelled avyakt]:—(a) not manifest, not apparent; imperceptible; indistinct; hence ~[tā, avyakti] (nf); [avyaktivāda] impersonalism; [avyaktivādī] impersonalist; impersonal(istic).
See also (Relevant definitions)