Mahabharata, Maha-bharata, Mahābhārata: 11 definitions


Mahabharata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahabharata in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mahābhārata (महाभारत).—Compiled by Vyāsa Kṛṣṇadvaipāyana;1 the moon of, arose from Vyāsa.2

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 5.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 18, 45.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahabharata in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Mahābhārata (महाभारत).—An important and famous itihāsa (historical) scripture belonging to the smṛti section of the Vedic scriptures. The Mahābhārata narrates the history of the great Kuru dynasty of kṣatriyas (warriors) that was annihilated by the Kurukṣetra war. Contained within the Mahā-bhārata is the Bhagavad-gītā.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahabharata in Dhanurveda glossary
Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Martial Arts Traditions: A Survey

Mahābhārata (महाभारत) is the name of a Sanskrit text partly dealing with the ancient Indian science of martial arts (dhanurveda).— Sections of the Mahābhārata describe wrestlers and wrestling and boxing bouts, such as Bhīma’s famous fights with Jarāsaṃdha and with Duryodhana.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahabharata in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Mahābhārata (महाभारत) is the longest Indian epic poem in Hindu literature which also has a lot of philosophical connotation. Mahabharata means “The great narrative of the battle of the Bharatas”. The Bharatas, as mentioned in the Rig Veda, lived in the country of the Upper Granges and the Yamuna River. According to Hindu mythology it is believed that Mahabharata was written by Veda Vyasa. The main action of Mahabharata revolves around the contest of Pandavas and Kauravas and the contest is set in the strategic and fertile plain of Delhi. The Kauravas were the hundred sons of Dhritarashtra and their capital was Hastinapur, the Pandavas on the other hand were the five sons of Pandu.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Who were the Hunas

The Mahabharata text, ancient tradition and epigraphic evidence unambiguously suggest that the date of Mahabharata war and the epoch of Yudhishthira era to be around 3162 BCE or 3163 BC. Mahabharata text and Aryabhata clearly inform us that the epoch of Kaliyuga commenced before Mahabharata war

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahabharata in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahābhārata (महाभारत).—n (S) The great sacred epic poem of the Hindus, narrating the war which occurred amongst the descendants of bharata, the younger brother of rāma.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mahābhārata (महाभारत).—n The great sacred epic poem of the Hindus.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mahabharata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahābhārata (महाभारत).—Name of the celebrated epic which describes the rivalries and contests of the sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra and Pāṇḍu. (It consists of 18 Parvans or books, and is said to be the composition of Vyāsa; cf. the word bhārata also); महत्त्वाद्भारतत्वाच्च महाभारतमुच्यते (mahattvādbhāratatvācca mahābhāratamucyate)

Derivable forms: mahābhāratam (महाभारतम्).

Mahābhārata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and bhārata (भारत).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahābhārata (महाभारत).—n.

(-taṃ) Name of the great epic which details the history of the sons of Dhritarastra and Pandu.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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