Mahabharata, aka: Maha-bharata, Mahābhārata; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mahabharata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Mahābhārata (महाभारत).—Compiled by Vyāsa Kṛṣṇadvaipāyana;1 the moon of, arose from Vyāsa.2

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 5.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 18, 45.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Mahābhārata (महाभारत) is the longest Indian epic poem in Hindu literature which also has a lot of philosophical connotation. Mahabharata means “The great narrative of the battle of the Bharatas”. The Bharatas, as mentioned in the Rig Veda, lived in the country of the Upper Granges and the Yamuna River. According to Hindu mythology it is believed that Mahabharata was written by Veda Vyasa. The main action of Mahabharata revolves around the contest of Pandavas and Kauravas and the contest is set in the strategic and fertile plain of Delhi. The Kauravas were the hundred sons of Dhritarashtra and their capital was Hastinapur, the Pandavas on the other hand were the five sons of Pandu.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Mahābhārata (महाभारत).—An important and famous itihāsa (historical) scripture belonging to the smṛti section of the Vedic scriptures. The Mahābhārata narrates the history of the great Kuru dynasty of kṣatriyas (warriors) that was annihilated by the Kurukṣetra war. Contained within the Mahā-bhārata is the Bhagavad-gītā.

(Source): ISKCON Press: Glossary

India history and geogprahy

The Mahabharata text, ancient tradition and epigraphic evidence unambiguously suggest that the date of Mahabharata war and the epoch of Yudhishthira era to be around 3162 BCE or 3163 BC. Mahabharata text and Aryabhata clearly inform us that the epoch of Kaliyuga commenced before Mahabharata war

(Source): academia.edu: Who were the Hunas
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

mahābhārata (महाभारत).—n (S) The great sacred epic poem of the Hindus, narrating the war which occurred amongst the descendants of bharata, the younger brother of rāma.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahābhārata (महाभारत).—n The great sacred epic poem of the Hindus.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahābhārata (महाभारत).—Name of the celebrated epic which describes the rivalries and contests of the sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra and Pāṇḍu. (It consists of 18 Parvans or books, and is said to be the composition of Vyāsa; cf. the word bhārata also); महत्त्वाद्भारतत्वाच्च महाभारतमुच्यते (mahattvādbhāratatvācca mahābhāratamucyate)

Derivable forms: mahābhāratam (महाभारतम्).

Mahābhārata is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and bhārata (भारत).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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