Samudra, aka: Sāmudra; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Samudra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

1) Sāmudra (सामुद्र, “oceanic”):—One of the six types of habitats (deśa).—These geographical habitats are divided according to their bhūtas. Jāṅgala has a predominance of Kapha and Pitta. Skilled physicians should account for the nature of the habitat when treating a patient. The word is used throughout Āyurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

2) Sāmudra (सामुद्र) refers to “fish found in seas and marine water”. It is also known as sāmudramatsya. In the science of Āyurveda (ancient Indian healthcare), the meat of a fish (matsya) is used and prepared in balanced diets. Sāmudra fish decrease gases and are useful for the eyes. The Dhanvantarinighaṇṭu is a 10th-century medicinal thesaurus (nighaṇṭu) containing characteristics and synonyms of various herbal plants and minerals.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Vāstuśāstra (architecture)

Samudra (समुद्र) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 63. The temple is mentioned being part of the group named Nāgara, which contains twenty different Prāsādas (temples/buildings). The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vāstuśāstra book cover
context information

Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.

Purāṇa

1a) Samudra (समुद्र).—Gave śankha to Pṛthu; the lavaṇa samudra encircles Jambūdvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 15. 19: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 15. 13.

1b) Agni at Viśvasya (Viśvavyaca, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) located in Brahmasthāna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 22: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 24.

1c) 1,000×1,000×10 crores.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 97.

1d) The seven seas; source of the waters;1 lord of rivers;2 southern ocean sacred to Pitṛs;3 rise as the moon waxes and go down as the moon wanes as also at moon rising and setting every day; the rise is estimated to be about 115 inches in height;4 the residence of the Lord.5

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 2. 34. Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 26: 56. 57.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 8. 6.
  • 3) Ib. 22. 39.
  • 4) Ib. 123. 32-4.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 22.

2) Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—See samudra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 128, 131-5.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Samudra (समुद्र) is the Sanskrit name for a deity to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Samudra).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

In Buddhism

Vajrayāna (Tibetan Buddhism)

Samudra is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the pearl diver”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (eg., Samudra) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Samudra (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

(Source): Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

samudra (समुद्र).—a (S sa for saha With, mudrā Seal.) Sealed or stamped.11

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samudra (समुद्र).—m (S) A sea or an ocean. Pr. samudrāsa dukhaṇēṃ śimpīnta auṣadha. 2 Used figuratively of anything illimitable, unfathomable, incomprehensible; also for any vast collection or aggregation (as of the Deity, of human life, of language, science, perfections, powers, virtues). It thus forms some useful compounds; as bhavasamudra, saṃsāra- samudra, brahmajñānasamudra, māyāsamudra, guṇasamudra, śabdasamudra. samudrākhālacā Lying along the seashore. samudrācēṃ arghya samudrāsa Used where of gifts received a portion is given back to the donor. samudrācēṃ mīṭha ḍōṅgarācē avaḷē (miḷaṇēṃ) Said of the meeting or coming together of distant or very different persons, or things, or matters. sātā samudrāñcyā palīkaḍē Beyond the seven seas, i. e. exceedingly remote (extra flammantia maenia mundi). sātā &c. ṭhēvaṇēṃ To hold as exceedingly precious: also to place beyond the reach of harm; or to take extremely great care of. samudrānta jāūna or paḍūna kōraḍā or sukā, also samudrānta kōraḍā or sukā Used of an unlucky wight whom no affluence of advantages and facilities can benefit. 2 Used also of one who, wallowing in iniquity, lays claim to innocence and purity. samudrānta suī pāhaṇēṃ or śōdhaṇēṃ To look for a needle in a bundle of hay.

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sāmudra (सामुद्र).—a (S) Relating to the sea, marine, oceanic.

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sāmudra (सामुद्र).—n S A spot or mark on the body.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samudra (समुद्र).—m A sea or an ocean. a Sealed.

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sāmudra (सामुद्र).—a Marine, oceanic. n A mark on the body.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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