Samudra, aka: Sāmudra; 13 Definition(s)


Samudra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Sāmudra (सामुद्र, “oceanic”):—One of the six types of habitats (deśa).—These geographical habitats are divided according to their bhūtas. Jāṅgala has a predominance of Kapha and Pitta. Skilled physicians should account for the nature of the habitat when treating a patient. The word is used throughout Āyurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

2) Sāmudra (सामुद्र) refers to “fish found in seas and marine water”. It is also known as sāmudramatsya. In the science of Āyurveda (ancient Indian healthcare), the meat of a fish (matsya) is used and prepared in balanced diets. Sāmudra fish decrease gases and are useful for the eyes. The Dhanvantarinighaṇṭu is a 10th-century medicinal thesaurus (nighaṇṭu) containing characteristics and synonyms of various herbal plants and minerals.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Samudra (समुद्र) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 63. The temple is mentioned being part of the group named Nāgara, which contains twenty different Prāsādas (temples/buildings). The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Samudra in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1a) Samudra (समुद्र).—Gave śankha to Pṛthu; the lavaṇa samudra encircles Jambūdvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 15. 19: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 15. 13.

1b) Agni at Viśvasya (Viśvavyaca, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) located in Brahmasthāna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 22: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 24.

1c) 1,000×1,000×10 crores.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 97.

1d) The seven seas; source of the waters;1 lord of rivers;2 southern ocean sacred to Pitṛs;3 rise as the moon waxes and go down as the moon wanes as also at moon rising and setting every day; the rise is estimated to be about 115 inches in height;4 the residence of the Lord.5

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 2. 34. Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 26: 56. 57.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 8. 6.
  • 3) Ib. 22. 39.
  • 4) Ib. 123. 32-4.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 22.

2) Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—See samudra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 128, 131-5.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sāmudra (सामुद्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.47, IX.44.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sāmudra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Samudra (समुद्र) is the Sanskrit name for a deity to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (eg., to Samudra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Samudra is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the pearl diver”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (eg., Samudra) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Samudra (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayana
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Samudra (“ocean”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Kurubas (a tribe of South India). The Kurubas are sub-divided into clans or gumpus, each having a headman or guru called a gaudu, who gives his name to the clan. And the clans are again sub-divided into gotras or septs (viz., Samudra).

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Samudra in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

samudra (समुद्र).—a (S sa for saha With, mudrā Seal.) Sealed or stamped.11

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samudra (समुद्र).—m (S) A sea or an ocean. Pr. samudrāsa dukhaṇēṃ śimpīnta auṣadha. 2 Used figuratively of anything illimitable, unfathomable, incomprehensible; also for any vast collection or aggregation (as of the Deity, of human life, of language, science, perfections, powers, virtues). It thus forms some useful compounds; as bhavasamudra, saṃsāra- samudra, brahmajñānasamudra, māyāsamudra, guṇasamudra, śabdasamudra. samudrākhālacā Lying along the seashore. samudrācēṃ arghya samudrāsa Used where of gifts received a portion is given back to the donor. samudrācēṃ mīṭha ḍōṅgarācē avaḷē (miḷaṇēṃ) Said of the meeting or coming together of distant or very different persons, or things, or matters. sātā samudrāñcyā palīkaḍē Beyond the seven seas, i. e. exceedingly remote (extra flammantia maenia mundi). sātā &c. ṭhēvaṇēṃ To hold as exceedingly precious: also to place beyond the reach of harm; or to take extremely great care of. samudrānta jāūna or paḍūna kōraḍā or sukā, also samudrānta kōraḍā or sukā Used of an unlucky wight whom no affluence of advantages and facilities can benefit. 2 Used also of one who, wallowing in iniquity, lays claim to innocence and purity. samudrānta suī pāhaṇēṃ or śōdhaṇēṃ To look for a needle in a bundle of hay.

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sāmudra (सामुद्र).—a (S) Relating to the sea, marine, oceanic.

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sāmudra (सामुद्र).—n S A spot or mark on the body.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samudra (समुद्र).—m A sea or an ocean. a Sealed.

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sāmudra (सामुद्र).—a Marine, oceanic. n A mark on the body.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र).—a. Sealed, bearing a seal, stamped; समुद्रो लेखः (samudro lekhaḥ); समुद्रे नाप्नुयात् किंचिद्यदि तस्मान्न संहरेत् (samudre nāpnuyāt kiṃcidyadi tasmānna saṃharet) Ms.8.188.

-draḥ 1 The sea, ocean.

2) An epithet of Śiva.

3) The number 'four'.

4) Name of an immensely high number; शतं खर्वसहस्राणां समुद्रमभिधीयते । शतं समुद्रसाहस्रं महौघमिति विश्रुतम् (śataṃ kharvasahasrāṇāṃ samudramabhidhīyate | śataṃ samudrasāhasraṃ mahaughamiti viśrutam) || Rām.6.28. 37.

5) A particular configuration of stars and planets.

-drā 1 The plant zedoary.

2) The Śamī tree.

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Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—a. (-drī f.) [समुद्रे भवः अण् (samudre bhavaḥ aṇ)] Sea-born, marine, as in सामुद्रं लवणम् (sāmudraṃ lavaṇam).

-draḥ A mariner, voyager; a sea-faring merchant; कोट्यापरान्ताः सामुद्रा रत्नान्युपहरन्तु ते (koṭyāparāntāḥ sāmudrā ratnānyupaharantu te) Rām.2.82.8.

-dram 1 Sea-salt.

2) The cuttle-fish bone.

3) A mark or spot on the body.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र).—(1) n. of a Buddhist convert: Divy 376.19 ff.; (2) n. of another convert, in a vaguely similar story: Av ii.61.4 ff.; (3) n. of a nāga king: Māy 246.16.

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Samudrā (समुद्रा).—n. of a rākṣasī: Māy 241.31.

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Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—v.l. °drika, subst. (so BR) or adj., (having to do with) chiromancy (in Sanskrit as subst., and perh. so here): °dra-(v.l. °drika-)-jñānavidhijñaś ca naimittikas LV 268.4 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र).—mfn.

(-draḥ-drā-draṃ) Sealed, stamped. m.

(-draḥ) A sea, an ocean. E. sam before undi to be wet, and rak aff.; or sa for saha with, and mudrā a seal; also thence signifying a limit, (i. e. bounded by continents,) or a jewel, (the receptacle of gems,) or sam with, udra an otter; or sa with, muda pleasure, or sam together, uda water, and to give or have, aff. ka, &c.

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Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—mfn.

(-draḥ-drī-draṃ) Marine, sea-born, &c. n.

(-draṃ) 1. A spot or mark on the body. 2. Sea-salt. 3. Cuttle-fish-bone. m.

(-draḥ) A mariner, a voyager. E. samudra the sea, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 203 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Lavaṇasamudra (लवणसमुद्र).—m. (-draḥ) The sea of salt-water. E. lavaṇa, samudra ocean.
Samudrakapha (समुद्रकफ).—m. (-phaḥ) Cuttle-fish-bone. E. samudra the sea, and kapha phlegm.
Samudraphena (समुद्रफेन).—m. (-naḥ) Cuttle-fish-bone. E. samudra the sea, phena froth or foam.
Samudramekhalā (समुद्रमेखला).—f. (-lā) The earth. E. samudra the sea, mekhalā a zone; the seagi...
Samudragṛha (समुद्रगृह).—n. (-haṃ) A sort of pleasure or summer house, built in the midst of wa...
Samudrānta (समुद्रान्त).—n. (-ntaṃ) 1. The nutmeg. 2. The sea-shore. f. (-ntā) 1. A shrub, (Hed...
Samudrayāyin (समुद्रयायिन्).—m. (-yī) A sailor, a navigator, a merchant trading by sea. E. samu...
Samudravelā (समुद्रवेला).—f. (-lā) A wave of the sea. E. samudra, and velā a wave.
Samudravahni (समुद्रवह्नि).—m. (-hniḥ) Submarine fire. E. samudra the sea, and vahni fire.
Samudrarasanā (समुद्ररसना).—f. (-nā) The earth. E. samudra the sea, and rasanā a zone.
Samudrāmbarā (समुद्राम्बरा).—f. (-rā) The earth. E. samudra the sea, and ambara vesture; clothe...
Samudradayitā (समुद्रदयिता).—f. (-tā) A river. E. samudra the sea, and dayitā beloved.
Samudrakāntā (समुद्रकान्ता).—f. (-ntā) A river. E. samudra the sea, and kāntā the mistress.
Samudrayāna (समुद्रयान).—n. (-naṃ) 1. A sea-voyage. 2. A vessel, a ship. E. samudra, yāna going...
Mahāsamudra (महासमुद्र).—nt. or m., a high number, = ten samudra (Sanskrit): °draṃ Mmk 343.21, ...

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