Samudra, Sāmudra: 38 definitions


Samudra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Sāmudra (सामुद्र) refers to one of the six varieties of “salt” according to Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra II.15.16 (also Carakasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna I.88-89), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We cannot see any reference to the salt in Ṛgveda. But most of the non-Ṛgvedic Saṃhitas, Brāhmaṇas and Upaniṣads refer to salt in the name of lavaṇa or saindhava. [...] Kauṭilya (Arthaśāstra II.15.16) mentions six varieties of salt [viz., Sāmudra].

Sāmudra (sea-salt) refers to “castor-oil” and is mentioned in a list of remedies for indigestion.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., āranāla gruel]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., sāmudra (sea-salt)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

2) Sāmudra (सामुद्र) or Sāmudramatsya refers to “fish found in sea” and are classified as “aquatic” (apcara) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—The text [māṃsa-prakaraṇa] says the three fold division of meat [such as aquatic (apcara)...]. Here different types of meat and their properties are discussed in detail. The properties of [viz., fish found in sea (sāmudra-matsya)], are also well detailed herein.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Sāmudra (सामुद्र, “oceanic”):—One of the six types of habitats (deśa).—These geographical habitats are divided according to their bhūtas. Jāṅgala has a predominance of Kapha and Pitta. Skilled physicians should account for the nature of the habitat when treating a patient. The word is used throughout Ayurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

2) Sāmudra (सामुद्र) refers to “fish found in seas and marine water”. It is also known as sāmudramatsya. In the science of Āyurveda (ancient Indian healthcare), the meat of a fish (matsya) is used and prepared in balanced diets. Sāmudra fish decrease gases and are useful for the eyes. The Dhanvantarinighaṇṭu is a 10th-century medicinal thesaurus (nighaṇṭu) containing characteristics and synonyms of various herbal plants and minerals.

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Sāmudra (सामुद्र) refers to “oceanic water”, as mentioned in verse 5.3-4 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] if, berained by it, stainless rice-pap kept in a silver bowl (remains) unputrid and undiscoloured, it (is) to be drunk as Gangetic (water). Otherwise, (it is) oceanic (water) [viz., sāmudra]; this (is) not to be drunk except in the month of Āśvayuja”.

Note: Sāmudra [sāmudram] (sc. ambu) (“oceanic water”) has been turned mthso-chu (“ocean-water”); it is considered to be impure.—Bhishagratna (Suśrutasaṃhitā I.45.7) thinks that the terms “Gangetic” and “oceanic” water have been chosen according as the rain in question has evaporated from the Ganges or from the ocean.

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Samudra (समुद्र) refers to classification of a temple/buidling (prāsāda), according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 63. The temple is mentioned being part of the group named Nāgara, which contains twenty different Prāsādas (temples/buildings). The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (vastu)

Samudra (समुद्र) refers to one of the hundred types of Temples (in ancient Indian architecture), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—It is quite difficult to say about a definite number of varieties of Hindu temples but in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa hundred varieties of temples have been enumerated. For example, Samudra. These temples are classified according to the particular shape, amount of storeys and other common elements, such as the number of pavilions, doors and roofs.

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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Samudra (समुद्र).—Gave śankha to Pṛthu; the lavaṇa samudra encircles Jambūdvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 15. 19: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 15. 13.

1b) Agni at Viśvasya (Viśvavyaca, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa) located in Brahmasthāna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 22: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 24.

1c) 1,000×1,000×10 crores.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 97.

1d) The seven seas; source of the waters;1 lord of rivers;2 southern ocean sacred to Pitṛs;3 rise as the moon waxes and go down as the moon wanes as also at moon rising and setting every day; the rise is estimated to be about 115 inches in height;4 the residence of the Lord.5

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 2. 34. Vāyu-purāṇa 27. 26: 56. 57.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 8. 6.
  • 3) Ib. 22. 39.
  • 4) Ib. 123. 32-4.
  • 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 22.

2) Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—See samudra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 128, 131-5.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sāmudra (सामुद्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.47, IX.44.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sāmudra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Samudra (समुद्र) is the Sanskrit name for a deity to be worshipped during raṅgapūjā, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra 3.1-8. Accordingly, the master of the dramatic art who has been initiated for the purpose shall consecrate the playhouse after he has made obeisance (e.g., to Samudra).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Sāmudra (सामुद्र) refers to “persons who live close to the sea”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The five constellations from Maghā form the third maṇḍala: if Venus should reappear in it, crops will suffer; there will also be suffering from hunger and robbers. Cāṇḍālas will prosper and there will be an intermingling of castes. If Venus, who so reappears in the said maṇḍala, should be crossed by a planet, shepherds, hunters, the Śūdras, the Puṇḍras the border Mlecchas, the Śūlikas, forestmen, the Draviḍas and persons who live close to the sea [i.e., sāmudra] will be afflicted with miseries”.

2) Samudra (समुद्र) [or Kṣīrasamudra?] refers to a country belonging to “Prāñc or Prāgdeśa (far-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Ārdrā, Punarvasu and Puṣya represent the eastern division consisting of [i.e., Samudra] [...]”.

Source: Brill: The Indian System of Human Marks

Samudra (समुद्र) (by Utpala) refers to a collection of verses attributed to Samudra found in a tenth-century (with variants in thirteenth-century) commentary on the Bṛhatsaṃhitā.—The version referred to as Utpala’s Samudra derives from the commentary of Bhaṭṭotpala, which places its date before the tenth century CE, and from Yogīśvara’s thirteenth century commentary, which contains fewer verses, all but three of which are found in Bhaṭṭotpala.—Although Utpala does not always identify verses from Samudra, parallels cited in the Vīramitrodaya (Vm) indicate that those unidentified verses also derived from Samudra.

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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Samudra (समुद्र) refers to the “ocean”, according to the Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta 3.20 (“The Śikṣāṣṭaka Prayers”).—Accordingly, as Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu said said: “[...] Now let me repeat all the pastimes of the Antya-līlā, for if I do so I shall taste the pastimes again. [...] In the Eighteenth Chapter is an account of how the Lord fell into the ocean (samudra-patana) and in ecstasy saw in a dream the pastimes of a water fight between Kṛṣṇa and the gopīs. In that dream, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu saw Kṛṣṇa's picnic in the forest. As Lord Caitanya floated in the sea, a fisherman caught Him, and then the Lord returned to His own residence. All this is recounted in the Eighteenth Chapter. [...]”.

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

1) Samudra (समुद्र) represents the number 4 (four) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 4—samudra] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

2) Samudra (समुद्र) refers to a “billion” (1,000,000,000) in various lists of numeral denominations, according to gaṇita (“science of calculation”) and Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—We can definitely say that from the very earliest known times, ten has formed the basis of numeration in India. While the Greeks had no terminology for denominations above the myriad (104), and the Romans above the milk (103), the ancient Hindus dealt freely with no less than eighteen denominations [e.g., samudra]. Cf. Yajurveda-saṃhitā (Vājasanyī) XVII.2;  Taittirīya-saṃhitā IV.40.11, VII.2.20.1; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā II.8.14; Kāṭhaka-saṃhitā XVII.10, XXXIX.6; Anuyogadvāra-sūtra 142; Āryabhaṭīya II.2; Triśatikā R.2-3; Gaṇitasārasaṃgraha I.63-68.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samudra in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Samudra (समुद्र) refers to the “oceans”, according to the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Accordingly, [while describing a haṭha-sādhana (foreceful practice)]: “[...] On the fifth day, in the middle of the night, he draws near the Yakṣas and Nāgas, stops the oceans (samudra), and death [no longer] exists for him. Within six days, the yogin masters [the power] of attracting fruit and [subdues] the [Yoginī] Guhyakā. When he remains [in the hole] until the seventh day, he sees the gods in the sky and the various Siddhas. He hears divine speech. The signs spoken of earlier are certain to arise. [...]”

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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vajrayana

Samudra is the name of a mahāsiddha, of which eighty-four in total are recognized in Vajrayāna (tantric buddhism). His title is “the pearl diver”. He lived somewhere between the 8th and the 12th century AD.

These mahāsiddhas (e.g., Samudra) are defined according to the Abhayadatta Sri (possibly Abhayākaragupta) tradition. Its textual origin traces to the 11th century caturāsiti-siddha-pravṛtti, or “the lives of the eighty-four siddhas”, of which only Tibetan translations remains. Samudra (and other Mahāsiddhas) are the ancient propounders of the textual tradition of tantric or Vajrayana Buddhism.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Samudra (समुद्र) refers to the “(seven milky) oceans”, according to the Vāruṇī Pūjā [i.e., Varuni Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Immersed in the heat of a flaming fire impelled by wind, seed syllables etc., a very young, bright colored, beautiful liquid, widely diffused, settled down, born of a Hūṃ, becoming pure liquefied immortality, becoming divine like Pātāla, with seven milky oceans (sapta-kṣīra-samudra), attract to one's self the five ambrosias”.

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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Samudra (समुद्र) is the name of an ancient king, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Crossing above the ocean with his army, in a moment Rāghava reached the city Velandhara on Mt. Velandhara. Two kings, Samudra and Setu, like oceans hard to restrain, began to fight excitedly with Rāma’s vanguard. Nala captured Samudra and Nīla, long-armed, captured Setu and led them to Rāma, wise in their master’s business. [...]”.

2) Samudra (समुद्र) is the name of an ancient Ācārya, according to chapter 7.8 [The abandonment of Sītā].—Accordingly, as Muni Deśabhūṣaṇa said to Rāma: “One day as Acala was standing in the arena, he saw Aṅka being beaten by door-keepers and had him conducted into his presence. Acala gave him Śrāvastī, his native land, and the two ruled together, unique friends. One day they became mendicants under Ācārya Samudra, died in the course of time, and became highest gods in Brahmaloka”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

1) Samudra (समुद्र) refers to an “ocean”, according to Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi.—Accordingly, “In one minute living being there are organisms infinite times the emancipated souls. Thus the entire universe is densely filled with one-sensed beings with no interspace. To become a being with more than one sense is as difficult as finding out a very small piece of diamond buried in the sands of an ocean (bālukā-samudrabālukāsamudre). Even among these most of them are endowed with imperfect senses (i.e. less than five senses). Hence birth as a five-sensed being is as rare as gratitude among the good qualities. [...]”.

2) Samudra (समुद्र) refers to the “ocean (of worldly existence)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “All the connections arising from the ocean of life [com.—bhava-samudra-jāta] are the abode of bad luck for human beings [and] thus, in the end, [the connections] are exceedingly tasteless”.

Synonyms: Abdhi, Sāgara, Vārdhi, Ambudhi.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

1) Samudra (समुद्र) or Samudrasūri is the name of a teacher mentioned in the Bṛhadgaccha-gurvāvalī (dealing with Jain lineages history) (in Sanskrit/Prakrit/Gujarati), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The information provided by the Bṛhadgacchagurvāvalī for the teachers [e.g., Samudra-sūri] includes their literary achievements, reference to installation of images, and, the case arising, their feats in debates with non-Jains. [...]

2) Samudra (समुद्र) or Samudrasūri is the name of a teacher belonging to the añcala-gaccha, according to the Añcalagaccha-paṭṭāvalī (dealing with Jain lineages history).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: Teachers, Saints and Sages

Samudra (समुद्र) is another name for Samudapā: one of the eighty-four Siddhas (Siddhācāryas) of the Sahajayāna school, according to sources such as the Varṇaratnākara of Jyotirīśvara (i.e., the Varna-Ratnakara by Jyotirishwar Thakur).—The Sahaja-Yana is a philosophical and esoteric movement of Tantric Buddhism which had enormous influence in the Indian subcontinent and the Himalayas.—Many of these Mahāsiddhas [e.g., Samudra-pā] were historical figures whose lives and mystical powers were the subject of legends. They are often associated with teachings belonging to Hinduism, Buddhism, Ajivikism and Jainism such as the Nath Tradition.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Samudra (“ocean”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Kurubas (a tribe of South India). The Kurubas are sub-divided into clans or gumpus, each having a headman or guru called a gaudu, who gives his name to the clan. And the clans are again sub-divided into gotras or septs (viz., Samudra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Samudra.—(EI 10), an epithet of Śiva. Note: samudra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Samudra.—(EI 16), same as sapta-ambhodhi; name of a mahā- dāna; also means 4 (rarely 7). Note: samudra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Samudra in India is the name of a plant defined with Hedychium spicatum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Gandasulium sieboldii (Wall.) Kuntze (among others).

2) Samudra is also identified with Prosopis cineraria It has the synonym Adenanthera aculeata (Roxb.) W. Hunter (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Hooker’s Journal of Botany Kew Gard. Misc. (1853)
· Flora of the British India (1892)
· Systema Naturae, ed. 12 (1767)
· Monandr. Pl. Scitam. (1825)
· Regnum Vegetabile, or ‘a Series of Handbooks for the Use of Plant Taxonomists and Plant Geographers’ (1993)
· Asiatic Researches, or ‘Transactions of the Society’ (1795)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Samudra, for example extract dosage, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samudra (समुद्र).—a (S sa for saha With, mudrā Seal.) Sealed or stamped.11

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samudra (समुद्र).—m (S) A sea or an ocean. Pr. samudrāsa dukhaṇēṃ śimpīnta auṣadha. 2 Used figuratively of anything illimitable, unfathomable, incomprehensible; also for any vast collection or aggregation (as of the Deity, of human life, of language, science, perfections, powers, virtues). It thus forms some useful compounds; as bhavasamudra, saṃsāra- samudra, brahmajñānasamudra, māyāsamudra, guṇasamudra, śabdasamudra. samudrākhālacā Lying along the seashore. samudrācēṃ arghya samudrāsa Used where of gifts received a portion is given back to the donor. samudrācēṃ mīṭha ḍōṅgarācē avaḷē (miḷaṇēṃ) Said of the meeting or coming together of distant or very different persons, or things, or matters. sātā samudrāñcyā palīkaḍē Beyond the seven seas, i. e. exceedingly remote (extra flammantia maenia mundi). sātā &c. ṭhēvaṇēṃ To hold as exceedingly precious: also to place beyond the reach of harm; or to take extremely great care of. samudrānta jāūna or paḍūna kōraḍā or sukā, also samudrānta kōraḍā or sukā Used of an unlucky wight whom no affluence of advantages and facilities can benefit. 2 Used also of one who, wallowing in iniquity, lays claim to innocence and purity. samudrānta suī pāhaṇēṃ or śōdhaṇēṃ To look for a needle in a bundle of hay.

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sāmudra (सामुद्र).—a (S) Relating to the sea, marine, oceanic.

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sāmudra (सामुद्र).—n S A spot or mark on the body.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

samudra (समुद्र).—m A sea or an ocean. a Sealed.

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sāmudra (सामुद्र).—a Marine, oceanic. n A mark on the body.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र).—a. Sealed, bearing a seal, stamped; समुद्रो लेखः (samudro lekhaḥ); समुद्रे नाप्नुयात् किंचिद्यदि तस्मान्न संहरेत् (samudre nāpnuyāt kiṃcidyadi tasmānna saṃharet) Manusmṛti 8.188.

-draḥ 1 The sea, ocean.

2) An epithet of Śiva.

3) The number 'four'.

4) Name of an immensely high number; शतं खर्वसहस्राणां समुद्रमभिधीयते । शतं समुद्रसाहस्रं महौघमिति विश्रुतम् (śataṃ kharvasahasrāṇāṃ samudramabhidhīyate | śataṃ samudrasāhasraṃ mahaughamiti viśrutam) || Rām.6.28. 37.

5) A particular configuration of stars and planets.

-drā 1 The plant zedoary.

2) The Śamī tree.

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Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—a. (-drī f.) [समुद्रे भवः अण् (samudre bhavaḥ aṇ)] Sea-born, marine, as in सामुद्रं लवणम् (sāmudraṃ lavaṇam).

-draḥ A mariner, voyager; a sea-faring merchant; कोट्यापरान्ताः सामुद्रा रत्नान्युपहरन्तु ते (koṭyāparāntāḥ sāmudrā ratnānyupaharantu te) Rām.2.82.8.

-dram 1 Sea-salt.

2) The cuttle-fish bone.

3) A mark or spot on the body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र).—(1) name of a Buddhist convert: Divyāvadāna 376.19 ff.; (2) name of another convert, in a vaguely similar story: Avadāna-śataka ii.61.4 ff.; (3) name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 246.16.

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Samudrā (समुद्रा).—name of a rākṣasī: Mahā-Māyūrī 241.31.

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Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—v.l. °drika, subst. (so [Boehtlingk and Roth]) or adj., (having to do with) chiromancy (in Sanskrit as subst., and perhaps so here): °dra-(v.l. °drika-)-jñānavidhijñaś ca naimittikas Lalitavistara 268.4 (prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र).—mfn.

(-draḥ-drā-draṃ) Sealed, stamped. m.

(-draḥ) A sea, an ocean. E. sam before undi to be wet, and rak aff.; or sa for saha with, and mudrā a seal; also thence signifying a limit, (i. e. bounded by continents,) or a jewel, (the receptacle of gems,) or sam with, udra an otter; or sa with, muda pleasure, or sam together, uda water, and to give or have, aff. ka, &c.

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Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—mfn.

(-draḥ-drī-draṃ) Marine, sea-born, &c. n.

(-draṃ) 1. A spot or mark on the body. 2. Sea-salt. 3. Cuttle-fish-bone. m.

(-draḥ) A mariner, a voyager. E. samudra the sea, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र).—i. e. I. sam-und + ra, m. A sea, the ocean, [Pañcatantra] 157, 25; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 68, 6. Ii. sa-mudra (cf. mudrā), adj. Sealed, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 188.

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Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—i. e. samudra + a, I. adj. Marine, sea-born. Ii. m. A mariner, a voyager. Iii. n. 1. Seasalt. 2. Cuttle-fish bone. 3. (i. e. sa -mudra + a, see mudrā), A spot or mark on the body (cf. the next).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र).—1. [masculine] the gathering of the waters above and under the firmament, either the sky as the aerial ocean, or ocean, sea i.[grammar] (there are 3,4, or 7 enumerated); [figuratively] a large Soma-vat.

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Samudra (समुद्र).—2. [adjective] sealed.

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Sāmudra (सामुद्र).—[adjective] oceanic, marine; [masculine] mariner, sailor, [plural] [Name] of a people; [neuter] sea-salt.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Samudra (समुद्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a work. Quoted by Padmanābha. Oxf. 110^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samudra (समुद्र):—[=sam-udra] [from sam-ud] a m. (n. only, [Ṛg-veda vi, 72, 3]; ifc. f(ā). cf. udra, an-udra; for sa-mudra See p. 1168, col. 2) ‘gathering together of waters’, the sea, ocean (in Veda also ‘the aerial waters’, ‘atmospheric ocean or sky’ cf. [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 3]; in [Viṣṇu-purāṇa ii, 4], seven circular concentric [elsewhere 3 or 4] oceans are named, viz. lavaṇa, ‘salt-water’; ikṣu, ‘syrup’; surā, ‘wine’; ghṛta, ‘clarified butter’; dadhi, ‘curds’; dugdha, ‘milk’; jala, ‘fresh water’; in later language the Ocean is often personified as king of the rivers), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the number, four (four principal oceans being reckoned by some, one for every quarter of the sky), [Gaṇitādhyāya]

3) [v.s. ...] a large Soma vessel, [Ṛg-veda vi, 69, 6; ix, 29, 3 etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of an immensely high number (1 with 14 cyphers), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] configuration of the stars and planets (when the 7 pl° are situated in the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th, 10th and 12th houses), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] = rukma, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya, [Harivaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] of various authors (also with sūri), [Catalogue(s)]

10) [v.s. ...] of the son of a merchant born on the sea, [Buddhist literature]

11) [v.s. ...] of other men, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

12) [v.s. ...] of a [work] quoted by Padmanābha, [Catalogue(s)]

13) [v.s. ...] of a place, [ib.]

14) Samudrā (समुद्रा):—[=sam-udrā] [from sam-udra > sam-ud] f. Name of two plants (= śaṭī and śamī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Samudra (समुद्र):—[=sam-udra] [from sam-ud] mn. Name of two Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] of various metres, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Nidāna-sūtra etc.]

17) [=sa-mudra] b mf(ā)n. (for sam-udra See p. 1166, col. 3) having a stamp or seal, stamped, sealed, marked, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mudrārākṣasa]

18) Sāmudra (सामुद्र):—1. sāmudra mfn. ([from] sam-udra) relating to the sea, oceanic, marine, [Kauśika-sūtra; Suśruta; Mahābhārata] etc., [Vāgbhaṭālaṃkāra]

19) declared or related by Samudra, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

20) m. a mariner, voyager, sailor, [Yājñavalkya]

21) the son of a Karaṇa and a Vaiśyā (who lives from the produce of the sea), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) a kind of gnat, [Suśruta]

23) [patronymic] of Citra-sena, [Mahābhārata]

24) ([plural]) Name of a people, [Rāmāyaṇa]

25) n. sea-salt, [Caraka]

26) a cuttle-fish bone, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

27) [dual number] (with agneḥ) Name of two Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

28) mn. (?) Name of a peculiar kind of rainwater (which falls in the month Āśvayuja or Āśvina), [Suśruta]

29) 2. sāmudra n. ([from] sa-mudra) an impression or mark on the body, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samudra (समुद्र):—(draḥ) 1. m. A sea, ocean. a. Sealed, stamped.

2) Sāmudra (सामुद्र):—(draṃ) 1. n. A spot or mark on the body; sea salt; cuttle-fish bone. a. Marine.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samudra (समुद्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Samugga, Samudda, Samudra, Sāmudda, Sāmuddaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samudra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samudra in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र):—(nm) an ocean, a sea; [kaṃpa] sea-quake; ~[gāmī] seafaring; -[taṭa/tīra] sea shore; ~[taṭavartī] coastal; [taṭīya vyāpāra] coastal trade; [maṃthana] churning of the ocean (In Indian mythology, the ocean was churned by the gods, and the demons taking [śeṣanāga] as the churn-string and the [maṃdarācala] (mountain) as the churn staff. It is supposed to have yielded, among other things, goddess Lakshmi:, nectar and poison; -[yātrā] voyage, travel by ship; [vartī] maritime; —[para pula bāṃdhanā] to set the Thames on fire.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Samudra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samudra (ಸಮುದ್ರ):—[adjective] having a stamp or seal; stamped; sealed.

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Samudra (ಸಮುದ್ರ):—

1) [noun] the salt waters that cover the greater part of the earth’s surface; sea; ocean.

2) [noun] a division of these waters, of considerable extent, more or less definitely marked off by land boundaries; a sea.

3) [noun] a very huge number (10,00,00,00,00,00,000).

4) [noun] (math.) a symbol for the number 4.

5) [noun] (astrol.) a particular conjugation of the planets, in which all of them are in second, forth, sixth, eighth, tenth and twelfth houses.

6) [noun] a suffix added to the names of towns (named after water tanks, reservoirs, etc.).

7) [noun] (fig.) the quality or condition of being very plentiful, abundant, profound, etc.

8) [noun] ಸಮುದ್ರದ ಕಿಚ್ಚು [samudrada kiccu] samudrada kiccu a fire the ocean is believed to have; the marine fire; ಸಮುದ್ರ ನಂಟು, ಉಪ್ಪಿಗೆ ಬಡತನ [samudra namtu, uppige badatana] samudrada naṇṭu, uppige baḍatana (prov.) starving amidst plent.

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Sāmudra (ಸಾಮುದ್ರ):—[adjective] of, belonging, related to, getting from or involving a sea or ocean; marine; oceanic.

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Sāmudra (ಸಾಮುದ್ರ):—

1) [noun] a man who sells overseas; a overseas merchant.

2) [noun] salt produced through the evaporation of seawater; sea-salt.

3) [noun] the bone of the cuttle-fish (that floats on the sea-water).

4) [noun] any of the marks, signs on the body of being.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Samudra (समुद्र):—n. sea; ocean;

context information

Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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