Nilakantha, Nīlakaṇṭha, Nila-kantha, Nilakamtha: 29 definitions


Nilakantha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nilakantha in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

1) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ, “blue throat”):—One of the eleven epithets of Rudra, as adressed to in the second chapter of Śrī-rudram. These names represent his various attributes.

2) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Kālañjara, one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, which is one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas and presiding deities (e.g., Nīlakaṇṭha) is found in the commentary on the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Nilakantha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) refers to the “blue-necked one”, and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] obeisance to Thee the blue-necked (i.e., Nīlakaṇṭha), the creator, the supreme soul, the universe, the speed of the universe and the cause of the bliss of the universe. You are Oṃkāra, Vaṣaṭkāra, the initiator of enterprises, Hantakāra, Svadhākāra and the partaker of Havya and Kavya offerings always”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ).—The God enshrined in Kālañjara hill; an epithet of Śiva;1 narrated to Pārvatī that at the request of Brahmā and other gods he devoured the Kālakūṭa poison that came out of the churning of the ocean;2 praise of, by Rāma;3 by gods.4

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 20. 15; 157. 23.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 25. 90; Vāyu-purāṇa 54. 3-94.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 25-31.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 54. 97-101.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.99, IX.44.103) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Nīlakaṇṭha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Caṇḍa, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (e.g., Caṇḍa) has a further eight sub-manifestations (e.g., Nīlakaṇṭha), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Nīlakaṇṭha according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Caṇḍa) having a blue color and good looks; he should carry agni, śakti, gadā and kuṇḍa. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Nilakantha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) is the name of a Brāhman from Vārāṇasī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 74. Accordingly, as a Nīlakaṇṭha said to Bhīmabhaṭa: “... I am Nīlakaṇṭha, the son of a Brāhman named Śrīkaṇṭha, who lived at Vārāṇasī; and after all the ceremonies had been performed for me, and I had learnt knowledge in the family of my spiritual preceptor, I returned home and found all my relations dead...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Nīlakaṇṭha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: Mālatīmādhava of Bhavabhūti

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) was the grandfather of Bhavabhūti. The name of his father was Nīlakaṇṭha and his mother’s name was Jātukarṇī.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[«previous next»] — Nilakantha in Vyakarana glossary
Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ).—Author of वैयाकरणसिद्धान्तरहस्य (vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntarahasya) a commentary on the Siddhanta Kaumudi of Bhattoji Diksita.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Nilakantha in Ayurveda glossary

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) or Nīlakaṇṭharasa refers to various Ayurvedic recipes defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever) and the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 4, Hikkā: hiccough and Śvāsa: asthma). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, as an ayurveda treatment, it should be taken twith caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., nīlakaṇṭha-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) refers to a “peacock” and is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., nīlakaṇṭha (peacoke)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., kāṃsamūlapiṣṭa] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Nīlakaṇṭha (=Nīlkaṇṭha) in the Hindi language is another name for Trāyamāṇā, a medicinal plant identified with Gentiana kurroo Royle. from the Gentianaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.57-59 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Other than the Hindi word Nīlkaṇṭha (=Nīlakaṇṭha), there are more synonyms identified for this plant among which sixteen are in Sanskrit.

Veterinary Medicine (The study and treatment of Animals)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

1) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) (lit. “one who has dark blue throat”) is a synonym (another name) for the Pigeon (Kapota), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

2) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) (lit. “one who has a blue neck”) also refers to the Peacock (Mayūra).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) is the name of Vidyārāja (i.e., “wisdom king”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Nīlakaṇṭha).

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

1) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) or Nīlakaṇṭhalokeśvara refers to one of the various forms of Avalokiteśvara having their Sādhana described in the 5th-century Sādhanamālā (a collection of sādhana texts that contain detailed instructions for rituals).—His Colour is yellow his Āsana is the vajraparyaṅka; his Mudrā is the samādhi; his Symbol is the ‘bowl of jewels’; his Companions are ‘two serpents on either side’.—One Sādhana only is devoted to the worship of this form of Lokeśvara, which is almost identical with that of Amitābha, his sire, whose image he bears on his head. Indeed, this mark of descent and the sacred thread he wears, constitute the only points of difference between them. Amitābha being a Dhyāni Buddha, has no father. Nīlakaṇṭha, according to the Sādhana, is accompanied by two serpents.

The Dhyāna (meditation instructions) of Nīlakaṇṭha is described in the Sādhanamālā as follows:

“The worshipper should think himself as the god Nīlakaṇṭha, who is yellow in colour and whose jaṭāmukuṭa is adorned with the crescent and the effigy of Amitābha. He sits in the vajraparyaṅka attitude on a red lotus, on which is spread the skin of black deer. He exhibits the Samādhi-mudrā with his two hands carrying the kapāla (bowl) filled with a variety of gems. His sacred thread is made of the deer-skin (eṇeya-carma). He wears the tiger-skin, and bears no ornaments (on his person). His throat shows the blue pill (of poison). The two sides of the god are occupied by two cobras with jewels on their hoods and tails entwined with each other. They look towards the god. Thus mediating...”.

[Apparently, the conception of this god has been modelled on the Hindu deity Śiva, who is said to have saved the world from destruction by swallowing the poison that issued from the mouth of Vāsukī, the lord of serpents, while the gods and demons were churning the ocean together. The poison, could it have entered Śiva’s stomach, would surely have destroyed him, but it remained in his throat, and as the colour of the poison is said to be blue, there is a blue spot in the white throat of the god. That is the reason why the name Nīlakaṇṭha (Blue-throat) has been given to Śiva. As this particular form of Lokeśvara has also the same name, it may well be that its origin was the Hindu god Śiva Nīlakaṇṭha.]

2) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) or Nīlakaṇṭhalokeśvara refers to number 17 of the 108 forms of Avalokiteśvara found in the Machhandar Vahal (Kathmanu, Nepal). [Machhandar or Machandar is another name for for Matsyendra.].


“Nīlakaṇṭha is one-faced and two-armed, and sits on a lotus in the Vajraparyaṅka attitude. He carries the bowl of gems in his two hands arranged in the Samādhi mudrā”.

The names of the 108 deities [viz., Nīlakaṇṭha] possbily originate from a Tantra included in the Kagyur which is named “the 108 names of Avalokiteshvara”, however it is not yet certain that this is the source for the Nepali descriptions.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nilakantha in Jainism glossary
Source: Tessitori Collection I

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) or Nīlakaṇṭhakathā refers to one of the 157 stories embedded in the Kathāmahodadhi by Somacandra (narrating stories from Jain literature, based on the Karpūraprakara), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Kathāmahodadhi represents a repository of 157 stories [e.g., Nīlakaṇṭha-kathā] written in prose Sanskrit, although each of them is preceded by a verse. Together, they stage a large number of Jain characters (including early teachers). [...]

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) is the father of Jānījayadeva and grandfather of Jānī Mahāpātra (2nd half of 17th century): a disciple of Paṇḍitarāja. Jānīmahāpātra was a Gurjaragauḍa of Melatavāla family. As the manuscripts of his works are found in Bikaner, probably he was a native of Rajasthan.

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Nīlakaṇṭha is the name of a king mentioned in the “Bhārat Kalā Bhavan of Harirāja” (984 A.D.). Nīlakaṇṭha who belonged to the Pratihāra dynasty. An inscription from Chanderi in the Guna District (in the former Gwalior State) of Madhya Bhārat (11th century A.D.)  mentions Nīlakaṇṭha who was followed in succession by Harirāja, Bhīmadeva, Raṇapāla, Vatsarāja, Svarṇapāla, Kīrttipāla, Abhayapāla, Govindarāja, Rājarāja, Vīrarāja and Jaitravarman.

This inscribed copper plate (mentioning  Nīlakaṇṭha) was purchased from a resident of Tikamgarh (formerly Orchha State), now in Madhya Pradesh. It is dated in V.S. 1040 on the occasion of a solar eclipse (corresponding to 30th July 984 A.D.). The grant was made in favour of the Brāhmaṇa Deda who belonged to the Bhāradvāja-gotra, the three pravaras and the Vājasaneya-śākhā.

Source: Jainworld: Jain History (h)

Nīlakaṇṭha (Rajora Garh or Rājorgarh) is situated forty-five kms. to the south-west of Alwar. In the tenth century A.D., its name was Rājyapura and it was capital of the Baḍa Gurjara Rājputs. Jainism made marked progress during the reign of the Baḍa-Gurjaras. Jaina saints performed penances in some caves. By their inspiration, their followers constructed magnificent temples, and images in them.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nilakantha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकंठ).—m (S Blue-throated.) A name of śiva. So called because his throat was stained blue by the poison produced on churning the ocean, and which he swallowed. 2 The Indian jay, Coracias Indica or Bengalensis.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकंठ).—m A name of śiva. The Indian jay, Coracias Indica or Bengalensis.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nilakantha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ).—

1) a peackock; केकाभिर्निलकण्ठस्तिर- यति वचनम् (kekābhirnilakaṇṭhastira- yati vacanam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.3; Meghadūta 81; कस्त्वं, शृली, मृगय भिषजं, नीलकण्ठः प्रियेऽहम् (kastvaṃ, śṛlī, mṛgaya bhiṣajaṃ, nīlakaṇṭhaḥ priye'ham) Subhāṣ.

2) an epithet of Śiva.

3) a kind of gallinule.

4) a blue-necked jay.

5) a wag-tail

6) a sparrow.

7) a bee.

-ṭham a radish. °अक्ष (akṣa) = रुद्राक्ष (rudrākṣa) q. v.

Derivable forms: nīlakaṇṭhaḥ (नीलकण्ठः).

Nīlakaṇṭha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nīla and kaṇṭha (कण्ठ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) or Kālakaṇṭha.—m.

(-ṇṭhaḥ) 1. A name of Siva. 2. Gallinule. 3. A sparrow. 4. A wagtail. 5. A peacock. 6. Morunga, (Hyperanthera morunga.) 7. A blue necked jay. E. nīla, blue or black, and kaṇṭha the throat; also kālakaṇṭha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ).—[adjective] blue-necked; [masculine] peacock, [Epithet] of Śiva, a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—guru of Gaṅgārāma Jaḍin (Tarkāmṛtacashaka). Hall. p. 76.

2) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—guru of Mahādeva Dinakara (Siddhāntamuktāvalīprakāśa). Hall. p. 74.

3) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Nārāyaṇa Paṇḍita, grandson of Kṛṣṇa Paṇḍita, brother of Khaṇḍerāya (Paraśurāmaprakāśa). W. p. 312.

4) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Ananta, brother of Rāma (Muhūrtacintāmaṇi 1601). Oxf. 335^b.

5) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Ananta Bhaṭṭa, elder brother of Rāmacandra Bhaṭṭa (Rāmavinoda 1614). Bp. 84.

6) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Viṣṇu, father of Viṣṇu, father of Nīlakaṇṭha, father of Nāganātha, father of Nṛsiṃha, father of Nāganātha, father of Jñānarāja (Siddhāntasundara). W. p. 231.

7) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Bhaṭṭa Gopāla, father of Bhavabhūti. Preface to Mahāvīracaritra.

8) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—father of Maṇirāma (Ṛtusaṃhāracandrikā 1757).

9) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—father of Rāmakṛṣṇa (Rasendrakalpadruma). Oxf. 321^b.

10) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—father of Jagajjīvana, grandfather of Veṇīdatta (Pañcatattvaprakāśa). L. 1436.

11) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—father of Bāla Paṇḍita, grandfather of Śiva Bhaṭṭa (Padamañjarīkuṅkumavikāśa). Bik. 271.

12) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—poet. Pmt.

13) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Āśaucaśataka.

14) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Āśvalāyanaśrautasūtraṭippaṇa.

15) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Kuṇḍamaṇḍapavidhāna. Called Kuṇḍamaṇḍapasiddhi. Bp. 260.

16) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Kṛṣṇapūjāprayoga. Khn. 92.

17) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Kokilādevīmāhātmyasaṃgraha. NW. 502.

18) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Gādādharīṭīkā. Rādh. 12. Jāgadīśīṭīkā. Rādh. 12. Pañcalakṣaṇīkroḍa. Hall. p. 35.

19) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Cīmanicaritra. B. 2, 132.

20) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Dāyabhāgaṭīkā. NW. 160.

21) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Nārāyaṇagītā. Oxf. 302^a.

22) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Prakṛtivihārakārikāḥ. K. 10.

23) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Pratimāpratiṣṭhā. K. 184.

24) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Bālārcāpaddhati. Ben. 42.

25) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Vivāhasaukhya. Bp. 261.

26) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Vairāgyaśataka.

27) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Śaṅkaramandārasaurabha. B. 2, 134.

28) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Śabdaśobhā, grammar.

29) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Śrāddhavivekaṭīkā. NW. 104.

30) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Saurapaurāṇikamatasamarthana. K. 250.

31) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Svarāṅkuśabhāṣya.

32) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Ananta, grandson of Cintāmaṇi: Gṛhapraveśaprakaraṇaṭīkā jy. Gocaraprakaraṇaṭīkā. Grahakautuka. Grahalāghava. Jaiminisūtraṭīkā Subodhinī. Jyotiṣakaumudī. Ṭoḍarāja. Tājika. Tithiratnamālā. B. 4, 146. Daivajñavallabha. Praśnakaumudī. Praśnatantra. Bik. 328. See Praśnanīlakaṇṭha. Makaranda. Pheh. 9. Muhūrtacintāmaṇiṭikā. NW. 538. Varṣatantra. Varṣaphala. Vivahaprakaraṇaṭīkā. Np. I, 160. Saṃjñātantra. Sāraṇikoṣṭhaka. B. 4, 206. See Nilakaṇṭhī.

33) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Rāma Bhaṭṭa: Kāśikātilaka.

34) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Śaṅkara Bhaṭṭa: Kuṇḍoddyota.

35) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—author of the Anyāpadeśaśataka, Nalacaritra nāṭaka, Vairāgyaśataka, Śivatattvarahasya, Śivalīlārṇava, see Nīlakaṇṭha Dīkṣita, son of Nārāyaṇa Dīkṣita.

36) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—author of Śabdaśobhā, see Nīlakaṇṭha Śarman, son of Janārdana.

37) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Ṭoḍarānanda. Devīpr. 79, 14. See Ṭoḍarānanda.

38) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Ratnatrayaparīkṣā and—[commentary], vedānta.

39) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—author of Saurapaurāṇikamatasamarthana, see Nīlakaṇṭha, son of Govinda Sūri.

40) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Ananta, grandson of Cintāmaṇi. He was father of Govinda, grandfather of Ananta, Cintāmaṇi and Mādhava (Tājikaṭīkā). He composed his Tājika in 1587.

41) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Jayaśarman Sūri, wrote in 1755: Jaiminisūtraṭīkā Subodhinī.

42) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Raṅgabhaṭṭa: Kātyāyanītantraṭīkā Mantravyākhyāprakāśikā. Śaktitattvavimarśinī and—[commentary]. Saptaśatīkavacavivaraṇa.

43) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Śaṅkara Bhaṭṭa and younger brother of Nṛsiṃha, father of Śaṅkara Bhaṭṭa: Kuṇḍoddyota.

44) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Pratiṣṭhāprayoga (preceded by his Jalotsarga).

45) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Grahādiphalatantra jy.

46) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Buddhiprakāśa.

47) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Vyavahāratattva.

48) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—Siddhāntadarpaṇa jy.

49) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Janārdana, composed in 1637: Śabdaśobhā [grammatical]

50) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—son of Bhāskara: Dānadīdhiti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—[=nīla-kaṇṭha] [from nīla > nīl] mfn. blue-necked, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a peacock, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature; Suśruta] a species of gallinule or water-hen (= dātyūha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a wagtail, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a sparrow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the blue-necked jay, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Ardea Sibirica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a species of plant (= pīta-sāra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva (as having a black throat from swallowing the poison produced at the churning of the ocean), [Rāmāyaṇa; Hitopadeśa] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] Name of the celebrated [Scholiast or Commentator] on [Mahābhārata] and of other authors (also -dīkṣita, -nāga-nātha, -bhaṭṭa, -bhāratī, -miśra, -śarman, -śāstrin, -śivācārya, -sūnu, -sūri, ṭhācārya), [Catalogue(s)]

10) [=nīla-kaṇṭha] [from nīla > nīl] n. a radish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] Name of a Tīrtha, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nīlakaṇṭha (नीलकण्ठ):—[nīla-kaṇṭha] (ṇṭhaḥ) 1. m. Shiva; a gallinule; sparrow; peacock; blue jay; morunga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nilakantha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nilakantha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nīlakaṃṭha (ನೀಲಕಂಠ):—

1) [noun] any male peafowl, esp., one of a species (Pavo cristatus) with black or dark blue neck; peacock.

2) [noun] the house sparrow, Passer domesticus of Passerinae family.

3) [noun] the bird Perdix chinensis.

4) [noun] a snake; a serpent.

5) [noun] any of various families (esp. Acrididae) of leaping, plant-eating orthopteran insects with powerful hind legs adapted for jumping; a grass-hopper.

6) [noun] the bird Coracias benghalensis of Coraciidae family with brown body having blue wings and head; Indian roller.

7) [noun] Śiva, whose neck is (dark) blue.

8) [noun] a metrical foot having one long and one short syllable followed by two long syllables.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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