Laghu: 29 definitions


Laghu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Laghu (लघु) refers to “light” and represents a particular dietetic effect according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Accordingly, the dietetic effect laghu is associated with the following conditions: Food utensils made of Ketakīpatra (screw pine leaf).

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Laghu (लघु) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “light”, “active”, “nimble” etc., and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhitā or the Carakasaṃhitā.

2) Laghu (लघु, “light”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Laghu is the characteristic of a drug referring to its ‘lightness’, while its opposing quality, Guru, refers to its ‘heaviness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine).

The quality of Laghu, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Vāta (bodily humour in control of motion and the nervous system), while it aggrevates the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Ether (ākāśa), Air (vāyu) and Fire (agni).

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Laghu (लघु) refers to “light” (e.g., water), as mentioned in verse 5.1-2 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] vitalizing, refreshing, pleasing one’s stomach, satisfying, stimulating one’s intellect, thin, of indistinct taste, savoury, cold, light [viz., laghu], (and) nectar-like (is) Ganges water fallen from the sky; (as it is), however, touched by sun, moon, and wind (in falling), it is largely dependent upon place and time so far as its wholesomeness and unwholesomeness are concerned”.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Laghu (लघु):—Light / lightness; one among 20 gurvadi gunas. opposite of guru guna; caused due to activated vayu, agni, akasha mahabhutas; denotes physiological & pharmacological lightness; manifested by lightness in the body, easy to digest, stimulates agni, decreases all body tissues, pacifies kapha, aggravates vata, heals wounds;

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Laghu (लघु, “light”) and Guru (“heavy”) refers to one of the ten counterpart-couples of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Guru (“heavy”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth, water and the associated actions of “building/bṛṃhaṇa”; while Laghu (“light”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of fire, air, ether, space and is associated with the action “reducing/laṅghana”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Laghu (लघु).—One of the five sons of Yadu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 2; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 7; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 2.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Laghu (लघु).—A term used in the sense of light or short as contrasted with गुरु (guru) meaning heavy or long, which is applied to vowels like अ, इ (a, i) etc. cf. ह्रस्वं लघु (hrasvaṃ laghu) P.I. 4. 10;

2) Laghu.—Brevity; brief expression; cf. लघ्वर्थे हि संज्ञाकरणम् (laghvarthe hi saṃjñākaraṇam) M.Bh. on P.I.2,27 Vārt. 6 also संज्ञा हि नाम यतो न लघीयः (saṃjñā hi nāma yato na laghīyaḥ);

3) Laghu.—Small, as qualifying an effort in writing or explaining something as also in utterance; cf. व्योर्लघुप्रयत्नतरः शाकटायनस्य (vyorlaghuprayatnataraḥ śākaṭāyanasya) P.VIII.3.18.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Laghu (लघु) or La refers to the hrasva (short) letter in a verse.—The whole chanda literature has several technical terms, by which it is controlled. Single letters are used to denote a specific instance. The letter ga stands for guru letter while the letter la stands for laghu letter. In a verse the letter which is guru is also known as dīrgha (long) and which is laghu is also known as hrasva (short). The dīrgha letter consists of two mātrās while the hrasva letter consists of one mātrā.

Laghu can be identified as menu, kāhāla (daṇḍa) or śara, and the guru symbols can be identified as the shape of tāṭaṅka, hāra or keyūra.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Laghu (लघु) or Laghusaṃyoga or Laghusañcaya refers to one of the three yogas or saṃyogas: rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “the laghu-sañcaya is light syllables and quick tempo e.g. ghāṭa maṭa maṭa ghaṭa matthi ghaṭu ghaṭu ghaṭu”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Laghu (लघु) or Laghusattva refers to “(one who is) weak”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Svātī will delight in keeping birds, deer, horses; will be grain merchants; dealers in beans; of weak friendship; weak (laghu-sattva), of abstemious habits and skilled tradesmen. Those who are born on the lunar day of Viśākhā will grow trees yielding red flowers and red fruits; be dealers in gingelly seeds, beans, cotton, black gram and chick peas and worshippers of Indra and Agni. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Laghu (लघु) refers to the “light” (i.e., “the body becoming light”) according to the Bhāṣya (commentary) on the Pātañjalayogaśāstra Sūtra 3.42.—Accordingly, “... [The yogin] who has mastered the connection [between body and space] becomes light (laghu). Because he is light, he can walk on water. Then, having walked on merely a spider’s thread, he walks on a ray of light. Then, he moves in the ether as he wishes”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

1) Laghu (लघु) refers to a “quick (casting)” (of hawks), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[Hunting by Hawking] is to be practised in various ways. [...] The casting [of hawks] is of two kinds—Hastamoka and Muṣṭimoka. [...] These two kinds of casting are to be practised according to the distance of the quarry. The casting should be ‘clean,’ quick (laghu) and easy, so that the attack may be a surprise”.

2) Laghu (लघु) refers to “light (food)” (suitable for the diet of a Hawk), according to the Śyainika-śāstra.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] Cool water should he given to them now and again; they shold be given the flesh of Kalaviṅka and of Vāja not kept for a long time, and such other light (laghu) and tasteful food as they can digest. By degrees the quantities should be increased for their health. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Syllables in a pada are also classified as metrically short (laghu "light") or long (guru "heavy"): a syllable is metrically short only if it contains a short vowel and is not followed by consecutive consonants in the same pada. All other syllables are long, by quality (having a long vowel or diphthong) or by position (being followed by a consonant cluster).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Laghu (लघु) [=Laghutā?] refers to the “lightness (of body and thought)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Gaganagañja said to Ratnapāṇi: ‘Son of good family, the thirty-two dharmas are included in sixty-four dharmas. What are those sixty-four? [...] (29) spiritual friends is included in the wish to listen and serving; (30) adequately grasping is included in the lightness of body and thought; (kāyacitta-laghu) (31) intensive reflection is included in being free from lassitude and desire; (32) heroic reflection is included in never neglecting causes or effects’. Son of good family, the thirty-two dharmas are included in these sixty-four dharmas”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Laghu (लघु, “hot”) refers to one of the eight types of Sparśa (touch), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the touch attribute to the body are called touch (sparśa) body-making karma (e.g., laghu).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Laghu in India is the name of a plant defined with Aquilaria agallocha in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aloexylum agallochum Lour. (among others).

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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

laghu (लघु).—a (S) Light, not heavy. 2 Small or little. 3 Short;--as a vowel. 4 Light, trifling, of little worth or estimation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

laghu (लघु).—a Light. Small; short. Trifling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Laghu (लघु).—a. ([ghu] or [ghvī] f.) [लङ्घेः कुः, नलोपश्च (laṅgheḥ kuḥ, nalopaśca) Uṇādi-sūtra 1.29]

1) Light, not heavy; तृणदपि लघुस्तूलस्तूलादपि च याचकः (tṛṇadapi laghustūlastūlādapi ca yācakaḥ) Subhās.; रिक्तः सर्वो भवति हि लघुः पूर्णता गौरवाय (riktaḥ sarvo bhavati hi laghuḥ pūrṇatā gauravāya) Meghadūta 2 (where the word means 'contemptible' also); R.9. 62.

2) Little, small, diminutive; धर्मोऽयं गृहमेधिनां निगदितः स्मार्तैर्लघुः स्वर्गदः (dharmo'yaṃ gṛhamedhināṃ nigaditaḥ smārtairlaghuḥ svargadaḥ) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.253; Śiśupālavadha 9.38,78.

3) Short, brief, concise; लघुसंदेशपदा सरस्वती (laghusaṃdeśapadā sarasvatī) R.8.77.

4) Trifling, trivial, insignificant, unimportant; कायस्थ इति लघ्वी मात्रा (kāyastha iti laghvī mātrā) Mu.1.

5) Low, mean, despicable, contemptible; Śiśupālavadha 9.23; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.16; कथं प्रत्याख्यानलघुर्मित्रावसुः पुनरपि मन्त्रयते (kathaṃ pratyākhyānalaghurmitrāvasuḥ punarapi mantrayate) Nāg.2. 1/11.

6) Weak, feeble.

7) Wretched, frivolous.

8) Active, light, nimble, agile; लघु भवत्युत्थानयोग्यं वपुः (laghu bhavatyutthānayogyaṃ vapuḥ) Ś.2.5.

9) Swift, quick, rapid; किंचित् पश्चाद् व्रज लघुगतिः (kiṃcit paścād vraja laghugatiḥ) Meghadūta 16; R.5.45.

1) Easy, not difficult; महार्णवपरिक्षेपं लङ्कायाः परिखालघुम् (mahārṇavaparikṣepaṃ laṅkāyāḥ parikhālaghum) (mene) R.12.66.

11) Easy to be digested, light (as food)

12) Short (as a vowel in prosody).

13) Soft, low, gentle.

14) Pleasant, agreeable, desirable; दर्शनेन लघुना यथा तयोः प्रीतिमापुरुभयो- स्तपस्विनः (darśanena laghunā yathā tayoḥ prītimāpurubhayo- stapasvinaḥ) R.11.12,8.

15) Lovely, handsome, beautiful.

16) Pure, clean.

17) Sapless, pithless.

18) Young, younger; दीव्यत्युच्चैर्लघुरघुपतिः किं नु वा स्यात् किमन्यत् (dīvyatyuccairlaghuraghupatiḥ kiṃ nu vā syāt kimanyat) Mv.6.53.

19) Without attendance or retinue; अनोकशायी लघुरल्पप्रचारश्चरन् देशानेकचरः स भिक्षुः (anokaśāyī laghuralpapracāraścaran deśānekacaraḥ sa bhikṣuḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.91.5. -m. Name of the Nakṣatras Hasta, Puṣya, and Aśvinī. -n.

1) A particular measure of time (= 15 Kāṣthas).

2) Agallochum, or a particular variety of it. -ind.

1) Lightly, meanly, contemptuously; लघु मन् (laghu man) 'to think lightly of, despise, slight'; प्रथमोपकृतं मरुत्वतः प्रतिपत्त्या लघु मन्यते भवान् (prathamopakṛtaṃ marutvataḥ pratipattyā laghu manyate bhavān) Ś.7.1.

2) Quickly, swiftly; लघु लघूत्थिता (laghu laghūtthitā) Ś.4 'risen early'.

-Com. -āśin, -āhāra a. eating little, moderate in diet, abstemious.

-uktiḥ f. a brief mode of expression; Kull. on Manusmṛti 5.64.

-utthāna, -samutthāna a. working actively, doing work rapidly.

-kāya a. light-bodied. (-yaḥ) a goat.

-koṣṭha a.

1) having a light stomach.

2) having little in the stomach.

-kaumudī Name of an epitome of the सिद्धान्तकौमुदी (siddhāntakaumudī) by Varada-rāja.

-krama a. having a quick step, going quickly.

-khaṭvikā a small bedstead.

-gargaḥ a kind of fish.

-godhūmaḥ a small kind of wheat.

-citta, -cetas, -manas, -hṛdaya a.

1) light-minded, low-hearted, little-minded, mean-hearted; अयं निजः परो वेति गणना लघुचेतसाम् (ayaṃ nijaḥ paro veti gaṇanā laghucetasām) Mb.

2) frivolous.

3) fickle, unsteady.

-cirbhiṭā colocynth.

-jaṅgalaḥ a kind of quail (lāvaka).

-tālaḥ (in music) a kind of measure.

-dundubhiḥ a kind of drum.

-drākṣā a small stoneless grape.

-drāvin a. melting easily.

-nāman m. agallochum.

-nālikā a musket.

-patrikā the Rochanā plant.

-parṇī, -karṇī Name of a plant (Mar. moravela).

-pāka, -pākin a. easily digested.

-pākaḥ digestibility.

-puṣpaḥ a kind of Kadamba.

-pramāṇa a. short.

-prayatna a.

1) pronounced with slight articulation (as a letter).

2) indolent, lazy.

-badaraḥ, -badarī f. a kind of jujube.

-bhavaḥ humble birth or origin.

-bhāvaḥ ease, facility.

-bhojanam a light repast.

-māṃsaḥ a kind of partridge.

-mātra a. having small property.

-mūlam the lesser root of an equation.

-mūlakam a radish.

-meruḥ (in music) a kind of measure.

-layam a kind of fragrant root (vīraṇamūla).

-rāśi a. composed of fewer terms (as the side of an equation)

-vāsas a. wearing light or pure clothes; Manusmṛti 2.7.

-vikrama a. having a quick step, quick-footed.

-vṛtti a.

1) ill-behaved, low, vile.

2) light, frivolous.

3) mismanaged, ill-done.

-vedhin a. making a clever hit.

-śekharaḥ (in music) a kind of measure.

-sattva a. weak or fickle-minded.

-samutthāna a.

1) rising quickly.

2) swift of foot; अलघुना लघुसमुत्थानेन सैन्यचक्रेणाभ्यसरम् (alaghunā laghusamutthānena sainyacakreṇābhyasaram) Daśakumāracarita 2.3.

-sāra a. worthless, insignificant.

-hasta a.

1) light-handed, clever, dexterous, expert; शिक्षाविशेषलघुहस्ततया निमेषात् तूणीचकार शरपूरितवक्त्ररन्ध्रान् (śikṣāviśeṣalaghuhastatayā nimeṣāt tūṇīcakāra śarapūritavaktrarandhrān) R.9.63.

2) active, agile. (-staḥ) an expert or skilful archer.

See also (synonyms): laghvī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laghu (लघु).—mfn. (-ghuḥ-ghuḥ or ghvī-ghu) 1. Light, not heavy. 2. Swift, quick. 3. Sapless, pithless. 4. Beautiful, pleasing. 5. Small, little. 6. Light, vain, frivolous. 7. Insignificant, mean, low. 8. Weak, feeble. 9. Clean, pure. 10. Short, (as a vowel.) 11. Easy. 12. Soft. 13. Young. 14. Pure. 15. Brief. n. Adv. (-ghu) Quickly, swiftly. Subst. (-ghu) 1. A black kind of Aloe-wood or Agallochum. 2. The root of the Andropogon muricatum. f.

(-ghuḥ) A plant, (Trigonella corniculata.) f. (-ghvī) 1. A slight or delicate woman. 2. A small light carriage. E. laghi to go, Unadi aff. ku, and the nasal not inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laghu (लघु).—i. e. laṅgh + u, I. adj., f. ghu and ghvī, comperat. laghutara and laghīyaṃs, superl. laghutama and laghiṣṭha, 1. Light, [Pañcatantra] 76, 18; easy, [Pañcatantra] 202, 4; laghīyaṃs, Very light, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 119. 2. Insignificant, [Pañcatantra] 68, 6; 172, 4 (innoxious). 3. Quick, [Pañcatantra] 55, 11. 4. Beautiful. 5. Clean, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 70. 6. Little, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 301; small, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 38; narrow, [Pañcatantra] 170, 24. 7. Young, [Pañcatantra] 253, 13; younger, [Pañcatantra] 220, 3. 8. Feeble, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 209; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 28. 9. Mean, lev, [Cāṇakya] 68 in Berl. Monatsb. 1864, 411; living in a low position, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 71. 10. Vain, frivolous. 11. Short, as a vowel, Śrut. 3. 12. A way of flying (of birds), [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 57. Ii. acc. sing. n. ghu, adv. Quickly, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 81, 13 ([Prakrit]). Iii. f. ghvī. 1. A delicate woman. 2. A light carriage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laghu (लघु).—([feminine] laghvī & laghu) swift, quick, light, easy, soft, gentle (sound), pleasant; insignificant, small, low, mean; short (prosod.), young or younger.

— [neuter] [adverb], [with] man slight, despise ([with] kṛ mock, scoff*).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Laghu (लघु):—mf(, or u)n. (a later form of raghu, q.v.) light, quick, swift, active, prompt, nimble, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (also said of a [particular] mode of flying peculiar to birds, [Pañcatantra]; applied to the Nakṣatras Hasta, Aśvinī, and Puṣya, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā])

2) light, easy, not heavy or difficult, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

3) light in the stomach, easily digested, [Suśruta]

4) easy in mind, light-hearted, [Harivaṃśa; Kālidāsa]

5) causing easiness or relief, [Sāṃkhyakārikā]

6) well, in good health, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) unimpeded, without attendance or a retinue, [Mahābhārata iii, 8449]

8) short (in time, as a suppression of the breath), [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

9) (in prosody) short or light (as a vowel or syllable, opp. to guru)

10) (in gram.) easily pronounced or articulated (said of the pronunciation of va, as opp. to madhyama and guru)

11) small, minute, slight, little, insignificant, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

12) weak, feeble, wretched, humble, mean, low (said of persons), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

13) young, younger (See -bhrātṛ)

14) clean, pure (See -vāsas)

15) soft, gentle (as sound), [Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

16) pleasing, agreeable, handsome, beautiful, [Mahābhārata; Kālidāsa]

17) m. bdellium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) (u) f. Trigonella Corniculata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

19) n. a [particular] measure of time (= 15 Kāṣṭhās= 1/15 Nāḍikā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) a [particular] species of Agallochum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) the root of Andropogon Muricatus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) ind. lightly, quickly, easily etc., [Śakuntalā] (laghu-√man, to think lightly of [Śakuntalā])

23) cf. [Greek] ἐ-λαχύς; [Latin] lĕvis for lēvis, lenhuis; [Lithuanian] lengvŭs, lĕngvas; [Anglo-Saxon] lungre, ‘quickly’; [English] lungs, ‘lights.’

24) Laghū (लघू):—[from laghu] in [compound] for laghu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Laghu (लघु):—[(ghuḥ-ghuḥ-ghvī-ghu) a.] Light; swift; sapless; pleasing; small. m. Aloe wood; measure of time. f. (ghvī) Delicate woman; a light carriage.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Laghu (लघु) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Lahu, Lahua.

[Sanskrit to German]

Laghu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Laghu (लघु):—(a) tiny, small, little, short;light; acute (as [koṇa]); insignificant; low, mean; reduced; ~[karaṇa] reduction; abridgement; ~[kāya] tiny, of tiny form; ~[koṇa] acute angle; ~[gaṇaka] logarithm; ~[citra] miniature; ~[cetā] low-minded, mean, parochial; -[taṃtrikā] nervule; ~[tama] minimum, lowest; smallest; •[samāpavartya] least common multiple (l.c.m.); ~[tara] smaller; lower; ~[tā/tva] insignificance; smallness; meanness; humiliation; •[kī bhāvanā] inferiority complex; ~[peśī] a follicle; ~[mati] fool, foolish; blockheaded; ~[rūpa/rūpī ~rūpacitra] miniature; -[rūpaka] a skit; ~[śaṃkā] urine; making water, urinating; •[karanā] to piss, to urinate; -[saṃskāraṇa] abridged edition, miniform; -[saptarṣi] ursa minor.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Laghu (ಲಘು):—

1) [adjective] having little weight; not heavy; having little weight for its size; of low specific gravity; light.

2) [adjective] easy to do, solve or understand; simple.

3) [adjective] small; tiny; minute; miniature.

4) [adjective] not great in span, range or scope; short.

5) [adjective] not noble; mean; base; petty.

6) [adjective] lacking in physical strength; not strong; weak.

7) [adjective] not having essence, substance.

8) [adjective] attractive; lovely; beautiful.

9) [adjective] not hard, rough or uneven; soft; smooth.

10) [adjective] quick; swift.

11) [adjective] active; agile; lively.

--- OR ---

Laghu (ಲಘು):—

1) [noun] that which is not important or main.

2) [noun] that which is short, small, tiny or minute.

3) [noun] the quality of moving, acting or responding quickly, instantly.

4) [noun] the speed or velocity of (high) wind.

5) [noun] a sapless, jejune, uninteresting thing.

6) [noun] the state or quality of being humble to the extent of becoming weak.

7) [noun] that which is beautiful.

8) [noun] a myrrhlike gum resin; indian bdellium.

9) [noun] skill in using one’s hands; adroitness; dexterity.

10) [noun] a particular manner of hitting in mace-fight.

11) [noun] physical and mental well-being; freedom from disease, pain or defect; normalcy of physical and mental functions; soundness; health.

12) [noun] the grass Vetiveria zizanioides ( = Andropogon muricatus) of Poaceae family, with fibrous, fragrant roots, used for making screens, perfumes, etc.; vetiver.

13) [noun] (pros.) a short syllable or letter (u).

14) [noun] (mus.) a composite unit in measuring time, which has a beat followed by varying number of counts.

15) [noun] (dance.) light movements of movements of hands and feet.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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