Nimitta: 24 definitions



Nimitta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nimitt.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Nimitta (निमित्त).—The son of Daṇḍapāṇi and father of Kṣemaka.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 15-6.

1b) Science of astrology;1 throbbing of limbs on the right, auspicious, and on the left, inauspicious; the results of such movements;2 gifts of suvarṇa to the Brahmana;3 a list of things that must not come against or cross the path when the king goes on a march; if seen, prayer to Keśava, mitigates effects;4 in connection with the installation of images.5

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 215. 9.
  • 2) Ib. 240. 15; 241. 1 ff.
  • 3) Ib. 241. 4-12.
  • 4) Ib. 243. 2-3.
  • 5) Ib. 264. 9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Nimitta (निमित्त) is another name (synonym) for vibhāva, referring to “determinants”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 6.31 and chapter 7.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

1) Nimitta (निमित्त).—The formal cause of a grammatical operation; cf. निमित्ताभावे नैमित्तिकस्याप्यभाव (nimittābhāve naimittikasyāpyabhāva); given as a Paribhasa by many grammarians like Vyadi, Siradeva and others; cf. also प्रकृत्युपपदोपाधयो निमित्तं प्रत्यये निमित्ती (prakṛtyupapadopādhayo nimittaṃ pratyaye nimittī) M.Bh. on III.1.1 Vart. 2;

2) Nimitta.—Distinguishing sign यः प्रेक्षापूर्वकारी भवति सः अध्रुवेण निमित्तेन ध्रुवं निमित्तमुपादत्ते वेदिकां पुण्डरीकं वा (yaḥ prekṣāpūrvakārī bhavati saḥ adhruveṇa nimittena dhruvaṃ nimittamupādatte vedikāṃ puṇḍarīkaṃ vā), M.Bh. on I.1.26 Vart.5.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Nimitta (निमित्त):—Means; the cause of anything.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsMental sign, image, or vision that may arise in meditation. Uggaha nimitta refers to any image that arises spontaneously in the course of meditation. Paribhaga nimitta refers to an image that has been subjected to mental manipulation.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N (Image, object, sign). Steady meditation support, on which the mind does focus so as to develop samatha concentration (which brings about tranquillity).

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

The object in samatha bhavana is called nimitta.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

mark, sign; image; target, object; cause, condition. These meanings are used in, and adapted to, many contexts of which only the doctrinal ones are mentioned here.

1. 'Mental (reflex-) image', obtained in meditation. In full clarity, it will appear in the mind by successful practice of certain concentration-exercises and will then appear as vividly as if seen by the eye. The object perceived at the very beginning of concentration is called the preparatory image (parikamma-nimitta). The still unsteady and unclear image, which arises when the mind has reached a weak degree of concentration, is called the acquired image (uggaha-nimitta). An entirely clear and immovable image arising at a higher degree of concentration is the counter-image (patibhāga-nimitta). As soon as this image arises, the stage of neighbourhood (or access) concentration (upacāra-samādhi) is reached. For further details, s. kasina, samādhi.

2. 'Sign of (previous) kamma' (kamma-nimitta) and 'sign of (the future) destiny' (gati-nimitta); these arise as mental objects of the last karmic consciousness before death (maranāsanna-kamma; s. karma, III, 3).

Usages (1) and (2) are commentarial (s. App.). In sutta usage, the term occurs, e.g. as:

3. 'Outward appearance': of one who has sense-control it is said- that "he does not seize upon the general appearance' of an object (na nimittaggāhī; M. 38, D. 2; expl. Vis I, 54f; see sīla).

4. 'Object': the six objects, i.e. visual, etc. (rūpa-nimitta; S. XXII, 3). Also, when in explanation of animitta-cetovimutti, signless deliverance of mind (s. cetovimutti, vimokkha), it is said, 'sabba-nimittānam amanasikārā', it refers to the 6 sense-objects (Com. to M. 43), and has therefore to be rendered "by paying no attention to any object (or object-ideas)." - A pleasant or beautiful object (subha-nimitta, q.v.) is a condition to the arising of the hindrance of sense-desire; a 'repellent object' (patigha-nimitta) for the hindrance of ill-will; contemplation on the impurity of an object (asubha-nimitta; s. asubha) is an antidote to sense-desire.

5. In Pts.M. II, in a repetitive series of terms, nimitta appears together with uppādo (origin of existence), pavattam (continuity of existence), and may then be rendered by 'condition of existence' (s. Path, 194f.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Nimitta (निमित्त, “cause”).—What is the meaning of cause (nimitta)? Any event or object which is conducive to successfully complete an activity is called the nimitta.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nimitta.—(SII 1), a sign. Note: nimitta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nimitta in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nimitta : (nt.) sign; omen; portent; cause.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nimitta, (nt.) (cp. Sk. nimitta, to , although etym. uncertain) 1. sign, omen, portent, prognostication D. I, 9 (study of omens=n. satthaṃ DA. I, 92, q. v. for detailed explanation); J. I, 11 (caturo nimitte nâddasaṃ); Miln. 79, 178. Esp. as pubba° signs preceding an event, portents, warnings, foreshadowings S. V, 154, 278, 442; It. 76 (cp. Divy 193, of the waning of a god); J. I, 48, 50 (32 signs before birth, some at DA. I, 61), 59; Miln. 298; Vism. 577. ‹-› 2. outward appearance, mark, characteristic, attribute, phenomenon (opp. essence) D. III, 249; A. I, 256; III, 319, 375 sq.; IV, 33, 418 sq.; J. I, 420; Ps. I, 60, 91 sq. , 164, 170; II, 39, 64; Vbh. 193 sq.—Mental reflex, image (with ref. to jhāna) Vism. 123, cp. DhsA. 167.—Specified e.g. as foll. : oḷārika S. V, 259; pasādaniya S. V, 156; paccavekkhana° D. III, 278; Vbh. 334; bahiddhā-saṅkhārā° Ps. I, 66 sq.; bāla° (opp. paṇḍita°) M. III, 163; A. I, 102; mukha° (=face) D. I, 80; S. III, 103; V, 121; A. V, 92, 97 sq. , 103; rūpa°, sadda° etc. S. III, 10; M. I, 296; Ps. I, 92, 112; samatha° D. III, 213; samādhi° etc. A. I, 256 sq.; subha° (& asubha°) S. V, 64, 103 sq.; A. I, 3 sq. , 87, 200; V, 134; Vism. 178 sq. nimittaṃ gaṇhāti to make something the object of a thought, to catch up a theme for reflection Vin. I, 183, cp. S. V, 150 sq. (°ṃ uggaṇhāti); M. I, 119 (=five sorts of mental images); Nd2 659; DhsA. 53 (=ākāra). See below n-gāhin & animitta. ‹-› nimittaṃ parivajjeti to discard the phenomenal S. I, 188; Sn. 341.—3. mark, aim: in nimittaṃ karoti to pick out the aim, to mark out J. V, 436; Nd2 235, 1d; Miln. 418. ‹-› 4. sexual organ (cp. lakkhaṇa) Vin. III, 129 (n. & a°, as term of abuse); see also kāṭa & koṭacikā.—5. ground, reason, condition, in nimittena (Instr.) and nimittaṃ (Acc.) as adv. =by means of, on account of DhA. III, 175 (Instr.) PvA. 8, 97 (jāti-nimittaṃ), 106 (kiṃ n°ṃ=kissa hetu), 242 (yaṃ n°ṃ=yato nidānaṃ). gahita-nimittena “by means of being caught” Vism. 144=DhsA. 116 (read translation 154 accordingly!). adj. nimitta (-°) caused by, referring to PvA. 64 (maraṇa-nimittaṃ rodanaṃ).—animitta free from marks or attributes, not contaminated by outward signs or appearance, undefiled, unaffected, unconditioned (opp. sa°) S. I, 188; IV, 225 (phassa), 268, 360 (samādhi); M. I, 296 (cetovimutti); A. I, 82; III, 292; IV, 78; Vin. III, 129; Th. 1, 92; D. III, 219, 249; Dh. 92; Sn. 342; Ps. I, 60, 91; II, 36, 59 sq. (vimokha), 65 sq. , 99; Dhs. 530 (read a° for appa°); Vism. 236; DhsA. 223 (absence of the 3 lakkhaṇas); Miln. 333, 413; DhA. II, 172; ThA. 50. See also Cpd. 199, 2115. sanimitta S. V, 213 sq.; A. I, 82.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nimitta (निमित्त).—n (S) Object, purpose, aim, intention, view. Ex. pōṭa bharāyācē nimittānēṃ māṇasēṃ cākarī karitāta. 2 Cause, reason, account, ground. Ex. tō cōrīcē nimittānēṃ phāṃśīṃ gēlā. 3 Instrumental cause. 4 A false plea; a pretence, pretext, sham. Ex. pōṭadukhīcēṃ ni0 karūna gharīṃ rāhilā. 5 False imputation. v yē, lāga, ṭaḷa, lāva, āṇa, ṭhēva, ghē, kāḍha. Ex. tyānēṃ cōrī kēlī nasatāṃ cōrīcēṃ ni0 ālēṃ. 6 Used as prep On account of; for the sake of. Ex. cōrīnimitta māralēṃ; vidyēnimitta śrama kēlā. nimittācā That will furnish pretext for accusation or blame;--said of an article or a business which, although it seems good or fair, is in reality bad or intricate; and which, therefore, by its susceptibility of detriment in the use or management, is likely to bring unmerited censure upon the borrower or manager. 2 That will serve the occasion; that will do for a pretence; as nimittācī dēvapūjā-snāna-bhōjana-dānadharna. nimittācī bāyakō A woman that will pass as a wife: also nimittācā navarā-cākara-putra-ghōḍā &c. nimittāsa For appearance' sake; as a blind; as a make-believe. Ex. hyā kāmānta kōṇhī mōṭhā nimittāsa pāhijē. nimittāsa ṭēṅkaṇēṃ To watch or wait for a pretext; to seek occasion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nimitta (निमित्त).—n Object, aim. Cause, reason A false plea; a pretext. False impu- tation. prep. On account of; for the sake of. nimittācā That will furnish pretext for accusation or blame. ni- mittācī bāyakō A woman that will pass as a wife. nimittāsa For appearance's sake; as a blind. nimittāsa ḍhēṅkaṇēṃ To wait for a pretext.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nimitta (निमित्त).—[ni-mid-kta Tv.]

1) A cause, motive, ground reason; निमित्तनैमित्तिकयोरयं क्रमः (nimittanaimittikayorayaṃ kramaḥ) Ś.7.3.

2) The instrumental or efficient cause (opp. upādāna); धर्मार्थकाममोक्षाणां निमित्तान्यविरोधतः (dharmārthakāmamokṣāṇāṃ nimittānyavirodhataḥ) Bhāg.3.7.32.

3) Any apparent cause, pretext; निमित्तमात्रं भव सव्यसाचिन् (nimittamātraṃ bhava savyasācin) Bg.11.33; निमित्तमात्रेण पाण्डवक्रोधेन भवितव्यम् (nimittamātreṇa pāṇḍavakrodhena bhavitavyam) Ve.1.

4) A mark, sign, token.

5) A butt, mark, target; निमित्ते दूरपातित्वे लघुत्वे दृढवेधने (nimitte dūrapātitve laghutve dṛḍhavedhane) Mb.7.74.23; निमित्तादपराद्धेषोर्धानुष्कस्येव वल्गितम् (nimittādaparāddheṣordhānuṣkasyeva valgitam) Śi.2.27.

6) An omen, prognostic (good or bad); निमित्तं सूचयित्वा (nimittaṃ sūcayitvā) Ś.1; निमित्तानि च पश्यामि विपरीतानि केशव (nimittāni ca paśyāmi viparītāni keśava) Bg.1.31; R.1.86; Ms.6.5; Y.1.23;3.171.

7) Means of knowledge; तस्य निमित्तपरीष्टिः (tasya nimittaparīṣṭiḥ) MS.1.1.3.

8) Function, ceremony; एतान्येव निमित्तानि मुनीनामूर्ध्वरेतसाम् (etānyeva nimittāni munīnāmūrdhvaretasām) (kartavyāni); Mb.12.61.6. (nimitta is used at the end of comp. in the sense of 'caused or occasioned by'; kinnimitto'yamātaṅkaḥ Ś.3. nimittam, nimittena, nimittān 'because of', 'on occount of'.)

Derivable forms: nimittam (निमित्तम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nimitta (निमित्त).—nt. (masc., nimittā ime Lalitavistara 109.8, 193.16, verses; besides the Sanskrit mgs., the following seem worthy of distinct listings; all seem to be also in Pali, for which Childers must be consulted to correct and supplement [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]), (1) (sign, mark, and so) external aspect or feature, appearance (but not only visual; compare Abhidharmakośa La V-P. i.28 saṃjñā nimittodgrahaṇātmikā, la notion consiste dans la préhension des caractères; commentary nimitta = vastuno 'vasthāviśeṣa, les diverses conditions ou manières d'être de la chose; quite similarly Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra), defined, yat saṃsthānā- kṛtiviśeṣākārarūpādilakṣaṇaṃ dṛśyate, tan nimittam Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 228.6—7; each of the 5 objects of sense-perception has or consists of a nimitta, compare Suzuki, Studies, 156, end: na jātu rūpa-nimittam udgṛhītavān na śabda-ni° na gandha- ni° na rasa-ni° na sparśa-ni° Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 42.3—4; na nimitta- saṃjñāyām api pratitiṣṭhet Vajracchedikā 21.10, 19; compare 8—9 above, na rūpapratiṣṭhitena…na śabda-(etc.); duḥśraddadhaṃ etu…nimittasaṃjñīn’ (gen. pl., for °inām) iha bāla- buddhinām Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 57.7 (verse)…for fools who form notions based on appearances; nimittacārīṇa (gen. pl.) bravīti dharmam Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 120.3 (verse) …to men who follow appearances; anitya-saṃjñānimitta-kāmehi Mahāvastu i.54.6, desires for what is impermanent, (mere) name and appearance (wrongly Senart's note); (for the Bodhisattva about to attain enlightenment) śūnyā nimittā Mahāvastu ii.341.12; 344.9, appear- ances (especially probably as objects of the senses) are void (wrongly Senart); so (Buddha) cakṣuṣā rūpaṃ dṛṣṭvā na ca nimitta- grāhī bhaviṣyan na cānuvyañjanagrāhī Mahāvastu iii.52.6, and with the other senses, incl. manasā dharmāṃ vijñāya, na ca etc. (10—)11, when he perceives the objects of sense he is not one who grasps appearances or minor marks (Pali also associates nimittaggāhin and anuvyañjanaggāhin in the same way); similarly Śikṣāsamuccaya 357.2, of Bodhisattvas; saced…bodhisattvo…rūpe (and below with vedanāyāṃ, saṃjñāyāṃ, saṃskāreṣu, vijñāne, the 5 skandhas) carati, nimitte carati (he operates in, on superficial appearance) Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 683.4 ff., also…rūpaṃ nityam iti carati, nimitte [Page298-a+ 71] carati 8, etc.; (2) personal, physical mark or trait or characteristic, especially of the body, but also of dress or orna- ment: mūrdhāto upādāya yāvat pādeṣu nimittaṃ paśyati Mahāvastu iii.148.3 (the following details include muñja-mekha- laṃ!); nimittāni 19; as basis for prognostication by soothsayers (compare nimittika, nai°), te tasya nimittam udgṛhītum ārabdhā(ḥ) Divyāvadāna 579.20; (3) (sign, in sense of) hint, suggestion of something wanted; sometimes with avabhāsa, q.v., as in Pali, see Childers s.v. obhāsa, 298; avabhāsa-nimittaṃ Śikṣāsamuccaya 131.6 (designed by a monk to extract donations); na bodhisattvo dānapatiṃ vā dṛṣṭvā nimittaṃ karoti Śikṣāsamuccaya 268.6; so probably Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.36.12 sā kāmarāgādhyavasitā nimittam upadarśayati, showed an intimation (of her desire). Cf. naimittika(-tā, -tva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nimitta (निमित्त).—n.

(-ttaṃ) 1. Cause, motive, instrumental cause. 2. Mark, sign, spot, trace, token. 3. Omen. 4. A butt, a target. 5. Pretext. E. ni before, mi to measure, kta affix, also with kan added nimittaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nimitta (निमित्त).—[ni-mitta] (vb. ), n. 1. Aim, mark, Mahābhārata 5, 3480. 2. Sign, omen, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 50; [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 8, 17. 3. Cause, motive, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 8, 20, 6. 4. Instrumental cause, Mahābhārata 3, 10743 (the cause on which the life of a prince was dependent, cf. 10744 and 10739). 5. ºtam acc., ºtena instr., ºtāya dat., adverbially, On account of, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 48, 28; 90, 12; 30, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nimitta (निमित्त).—[neuter] mark, aim, sign, token; presage, omen; reason, cause, [especially] the efficient cause; in the obl. cases = because or on account of; adj. caused, produced, occasioned by (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nimitta (निमित्त):—n. (possibly connected with ni-√mā above) a butt, mark, target, [Mahābhārata]

2) sign, omen, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc. (cf. dur-n)

3) cause, motive, ground, reason, [Upaniṣad; Kapila; Varāha-mihira; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. (in all oblique cases = because of, on account of cf. [Pāṇini 2-3, 23; Patañjali]; mfn. ifc. caused or occasioned by; ttaṃ√yā, to be the cause of anything, [Kādambarī])

4) (in [philosophy]) instrumental or efficient cause (opp. to upādāna, the operative or material cause), [Vedāntasāra; Bhāṣāpariccheda]

5) = āgantu

6) deha

7) ādeśa

8) parvan, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nimitta (निमित्त):—(ttaṃ) 1. n. Cause; mark; omen. adv. For the sake of.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Nimitta (निमित्त):—n.

1) Ziel (nach dem geschossen wird) [Halāyudha 2, 313.] calaṃ nimittaṃ viprarṣe sadā sūryasya gacchataḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 4632.] vedhin das Ziel treffend [5, 3480. 6, 1658.] —

2) Zeichen, Anzeichen, Vorzeichen, Omen [Amarakoṣa.3,4,14,79.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa.3,3,163.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha.3,270.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 118.] [Oxforder Handschriften 184,b,6.] nimittaṃ yattvayā dṛṣṭaṃ bāhuke daivamānuṣam [Mahābhārata 3, 2925. 2928.] na cotpātanimittābhyām (bhikṣāṃ lipseta) [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 50.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 203. 3, 171.] dadarśa viparītāni nimittāni [Mahābhārata 16, 1.] [Bhagavadgītā 1, 31.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 51, 38.] [Suśruta 1, 30, 5. 104, 17.] jña [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 86.] nimittaṃ sūcayan [Śākuntala.8,17. 63,11. 101,14.] [Vikramorvaśī.7,4.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S.5,16. 21,35. 36. 27,c,7. 42] [?(43),10. 30. 47,78. 48,8. 50,7. 52,108. 53,6. 57,1. morgenländischen Gesellschaft 14,569,12. Bhāgavatapurāṇa.1,14,2. 5.] Vgl. durnimitta . —

3) Veranlassung, Grund, Ursache, das Bestimmende [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 14, 79. 28, 218.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1513.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 2, 11. 7, 14. 25, 4, 45.] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 1, 4.] rephanimittasaṃśayāt [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 11, 5.] akṣarāṇyeva sarvatra nimittaṃ balavattaram [17, 13.] vairāgyeṇa nimittena prakṛtilayaḥ [Sânkhya Philosophy 8.] [Jaimini 1, 3.] [Kapila 3, 67. 68.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 42.] [Mahābhārata 1, 2178. 5, 1036. 13, 1458.] [Śākuntala 44. 189.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 92, 5.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 255.] [Pañcatantra II, 35.] [Hitopadeśa I, 156.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 30, 25.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 84.] tasya tyāge nimittaṃ kim [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 20, 6.] saptamī [Kāśikīvṛtti] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 57.] dhātvaṃśalopanimitta ārdhadhātuke pare [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 4.] nāmartyo vidyate martyo nimittāyurbhaviṣyati so v. a. sein Leben soll so lange dauern als dasjenige besteht, wonach es bestimmt wird, [Mahābhārata 3, 10738.] yatheme parvatāḥ śaśvattiṣṭhanti surasattamāḥ . akṣayāstannimittaṃ (so lange dauernd als die Berge) me sutasyāyurbhaviṣyati [10739.] nimittamasya (d. i. die Berge) mahiṣairbhedayāmāsa [17043. fg.] nimitta causa efficiens neben upādāna causa materialis [Vedānta lecture No. 40.] mayaiva te nihatāḥ pūrvameva nimittamātraṃ (blosses Werkzeug) bhava [Bhagavadgītā 11, 33.] dravatvaṃ syandane heturnimittaṃ saṃgrahe tu tat [Bhāṣāpariccheda 155.] Alle obliquen Casus adverbialisch in der Bed. wegen gebraucht [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 3, 23, Vārttika von Kātyāyana.] kanyānimittaṃ viprarṣe tatrāsīdutsavo mahān [Mahābhārata 5, 6069.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 48, 28. 58, 24.] [Suśruta 1, 2, 10.] [SĀṂKHYAK. 57.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 24, 10.] strīnimittena [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 90, 12 (99, 15 Gorresio).] vanavāsanimittāya bhartāramidamabravīt [30, 1.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. dieses zur Veranlassung —, zum Grunde habend, veranlasst —, hervorgerufen durch [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 4, 6, 3.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 10, 111. 11 80.] viṣanimittā (pīḍā) [Nalopākhyāna 14, 19.] tannimittābhiḥ kathābhiḥ [Daśaratha’s Tod 2, 5.] [Suśruta 1, 4, 9. 45, 1. 254, 17. 2, 1, 5.] [Śākuntala 95, 14.] [] zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad] [?S. 76. Scholiast zu Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 5.] animittanimittena dharmeṇa durch keine besondere Ursache hervorgerufen, uneigennützig [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 15, 14.] Vgl. a . —

4) falsche Lesart für nimiṣa [Rgva tch’er rol pa 384.] — Nach [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] hat das Wort noch die Bedeutungen āgantu, deha, ādeśa und parvan, welche weder [WILSON] noch [Śabdakalpadruma] kennen. — Vgl. naimitta, naimittika .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Nimitta (निमित्त):—n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) —

1) Ziel (nach dem geschossen wird). —

2) Zeichen , Anzeichen , Wahrzeichen , Vorzeichen , Omen.

3) Veranlassung , Grund , Ursache , das Bestimmende , causa efficiens , Werkzeug. ttaṃ yā die Veranlassung sein , die Schuld tragen [Kād. (1872) 214,3.] Alle obliquen Casus (Abl. , Gen. und Loc. nicht zu belegen) werden adverbialisch in der Bed. wegen gebraucht. Am Ende eines Comp. dieses zur Veranlassung , zum Grunde habend , veranlasst — , hervorgerufen — , bewirkt durch.

4) * = āgantu , deha , ādeśa und parvan.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nimitta in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nimitta (निमित्त) [Also spelled nimitt]:—(nm) a cause, reason; factor; purpose, motive; (ind) for the sake of, on account of; —[kāraṇa] instrumental/efficient cause; —[mātra] only an instrument, only instrumental.

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